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George William, Elector of Hesse-Cassel, S. ---------William Prince of Hesse, G.S.Frederick of Hesse, G.G.S. .... Caroline of Hesse, G. G. D - - - Mary Louisa of Hesse, G.G. D. Charles of Hesse, S. ---------Frederick of Hesse, G.S.-----Christian of Hesse, G.S. -----Mary of Hesse, Queen of Denmark. G. D.
47 ; her sons.
44 74 4() 15 18 | 6 73 46 46
45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52
G Ages. 53 No. 20, G.G. D. 54 No. 30, §§§ her children. 55 Julia of Hesse, G.D. -------- 44 56 Louisa of Hesse, G.D.-------- 28 57 Frederick of Hesse, S. -------. 7 58 William of Hesse, G.S. ...... : 0
Frederick of Hesse, G.S. --- - - - 27 George of Hesse, G.S.-------- 24 Louisa of Hesse, G.D. -------- 23 Mary of Hesse, G.D. ---- - - - - 21 Augusta of Hesse, G.D. - - - - - - 20 WII. Descendants of Louis A of England, Queen of Denmark, neart Daughter of George II. she died 175 11. No. 28, G.S. No. 53, No. 29. G. G. D. No. 54, No. 30, G.G.D. No. 31, G.D. Sophia of Denmark, Queen of Sweden, D.-------------Gustavus King of Sweden, G.S. Gustavus of Sweden, G.G.S.-- - Sophia of Sweden, G.G. D. ---Amelia of Sweden, G.G. D. ---Wilhelmina of Denmark, Electress of Hesse-Cassel, D. -- 70 No. 45, G.S. No. 46, G.G. S. No. 47, G.G. D. No. 48, G.G. D. Louisa of Denmark, wife of Charles of Hesse-Cassel, [No.48.] D --67
land, Queen of Prussia, only laughter of George I. [she died 1757]. 84 Frederick Willian 111. King of Prussia, G.G.S. ----------45 Frederick William Prince of Prussia, G.G.G.S... -- - - - - - - See Frederick Lewis of Prussia, G. G. G.S. -----------------so Frederick Charles of Prussia G.G.G.S. ----------------15 Frederick Henry of Prussia, G.G.G.S.----------------13 Wilhelmina of Prussia, G.G.G. D. 14 Louisa of Prussia, G.G.G. D... 9 William Frederick of Prussia, G.G.G.S. ----------------93 92 Frederick of Prussia, G.G.G. D. 21 Frederick Charles Henry of Prussia, G. G.S. -------------- sts Frederick William Charles, G.G.S.34 Henry of Prussia, G. G.G.S.---- s Mary of Prussia, G.G.G. D.---- > Frederica of Prussia, Duchess of York. G.G. D. ------------ so
120 No. 71, G.G. G.D. 121 No. 72, G G G. D. 122 Charles XIII. King of Sweden, G.S.-------------------- 69 123 Sophia of Sweden, Abbess of Quedlenberg, G. D. - - - - - - - - 64
From the foregoing account it will be seen, that the three persons nearest the throne, being married and having children, are the King of Wurtemberg, Prince Paul his brother, and the Princess Frederica Buonaparte, their sister. This would be a grievous prospect, if we did not recollect, that although there is now no grandchild of George III. yet all his sons, aud probably more than one of his daughters are still of an ::ge, at which a proper marriage might be hoped to produce offspring. The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester are little more than 40 years of age, and have been uot much above a year married. It must, however, be confessed that, until we have a more certain prospect of issue from the British branch, the public attention will be turned to the two young Princes of Brunswick, the sons and grandsons of the two illustrious Dukes of Brunswick who lost their lives in the fields of Jena and Waterloo. These young Princes were educated in England: but that is but a stuall alleviation of the repugnance we feel at having a foreign king; and this is a consideration which i. and * in hit ters all the recrete which the loca
our own lovely and excellent Princess excites.
Our readers will not fail to observe with interest, the state of the electoral family of Hesse, the venerable age of the Elector, and his two brothers, and their numerous children and grandchildren; and the circumstance, that the three wives of the three elder Princes are still living (two of them being in their own right, as well as their husbands, in succession to the British crown) will not be easy paralleled.
The attention of the public has been much directed to the state of the Succession to the Throne. The only inconvenience seriously to be apprehended, if we can banish from our minds the loss of a Princess whose virtues justified a hope that she would indeed have been a British and a Constitutional Monarch, is that which would arise from a rapid succession of short reigns. A curious calculation has been made on this subject: it is rather amusing than of any real value. There are fourteen English Princes and Princesses, who stand in the order we have already given. The following Table is formed on a medium between the Northampton Table of Observations, and the probability of life in London. The females are marked (F.):
Quin sit Pulchru M, QUID TU R PE, QUID UTILE, Quid Non. --
Journal of the Proceedings of the late Embassy to China ; comprising a correct Narrative of the public Trumsactions of the Embassy, of the Voyage to and from China, and of the Journey from the Mouth of the Pei (10, to the Return to Canton : interspersed with Observations upon the Face of the Country, the Poli, w, the Moral Character, and Munners, of the Chinese Nation. In One Wolume, 4to. uniformly with Sir George Staunton's Account of the former Embassy, illustruled with Maps, a Portrait of Lord Amherst, and Seven Coloured Plates of Pietrs, &c. By Henry Lollis, Esq. Secretary of Embassy.
(Continued from page 351.) To: Embassy, accordingly move
about a mile down the river. Further discussions, take place next day. with the Mandarins. “At one o'clock we were summoned to a conference with the secretary Mandarins attached to Soo and Kwang, accompanied by Chang. . The secretary who had been with us in the morning, opened the conversation by communicating the contents of an imperial edict just received. In this the Emperor directed the Embassador to proceed to Tong-chow, where he would be met by two Mandarins of still higher rank than Soo and Kwang, whose names were Ho and Moo; the former a Koong-yay, or Duke, and connected with the Emperor by mirriage, and the other President of the tribunal of ceremonies. Before tuese Mandarins he would be required to practice the Tartar ceremony; and thai on condition of his also performing it in the Imperial presence, he would be admitted to the honour of an audience; or, secondly, that the Emperor would be equally satisfied with the Embassador's practising before Soo and Kwang.
The Mandarin proceeded to say, that Kwang and Soo, aware of the Emperor's determination upon the subject of the ko-tou, were anxious to be able to add to their report, that he would be ready to practice the ceremony as he had proposed, either before Kwang and Soo here, or at Tong chow. Lord Amherst, conceiving that the demand of previous practice might arise from a desire more completely to understand, by ocular demonstration, what he meant to do, was at first disposed to consent to a private exhibition before Soo and Kwang, as under all circumstances he would naturally prefer persons with whom he was acquainted, to strangers. It being, however, necessary to understand the exact
drist of the proposal, several questions.
were put to the Mandarins, directed to that object. It first appeared, from their answers, that a pledge was required in this form, from the Embassador. To meet this motive Lord Amherst solemnly declared, that he would most conscientiously adhere to the strict letter of the proposed arrangement. It struck me from the first, that something more
than mere pledge was meant, and that
possibly a repetition of the yellow curtain scene, with increased ceremony, was intended ; or that, as the previous practice was, in every point of view, more discreditable than even the performance of the ko-tou, it was thus demanded from a conviction, that, if complied with, there could be no danger of the Embassador hesitating at the audience: My surmise proved just, for, on being further questioned, it appeared that the !. was to take place before the figure of a dragon, the imperial em. blem. Lord Amherst, on becoming acquainted with this latter circumstance, declared, that after this explanation he must refuse his assent altogether: that the Practice, if meant as a pledge, was
nugatory, as there could be no certainty of what he might do afterwards; and that the circumstances under which it was proposed rendered it wholly inadmissible, for there was no probability of his doing that at Tong-chow, which he had refused at Tien sing. Kwang and Soo were in possession of his sentiments upon the subject, and that who: ever inight be the Mandarins deputed to Tong chow, they would produce no change in his determination; he had already given a solemn promise to adhere strictly to the ceremonial he had proposed, and that he should have no hesiiation to give a written declaration to the same effect. The Mandarins caught at this last proposal, which they said was perfectly satisfactory, and complimented Lord Amherst upon his acuteness and wise conduct. “The Mandarin who had taken the principal share in the discussion, seized Sir George's hand, saying, “So then, if 20 Mandarins were to come to Tongchow, the Embassador would not do more than he had promised to Soo and Kwang. Sir George having answered in the affirmstive, he said, with earnestness, “This is important; this is essential.” The satisfaction thus expressed by the Mandarin had of course no connection with the interests of the Embassy; it merely referred to the effect that #: failure or success of the intended negociation at Tong chow would have upon Soo and Kwang; should the other Mandarins obtain the conspliance of Lord Amherst upon the disputed point, the difficulties that had occurred would necessarily be attributed to a want of ability on the part of Soo and Kwang; but if, on the contrary, the Embassador persisted in his determination, the written pledge now obtained was the last concession that could be made, and they therefore would have the merit of having done the utmost. In compliance with the wishes of the Mandarius, the written declaration contained an exact description of the proposed ceremony. “ I omitted to mention, that in the conference of the morning, the Mandarins had, in describing the ceremony, used gestures, which led us to imagine that some Mandarin would actually la his hands on Lord Amherst to mar when the genuflexion should be performed. Under this impression, Sir George informed him, that touching the person, according to our notions, was highly offensive; the proposal was
readily withdrawn, and injunction by voice was substituted. To this no objection was made, although probably the words San-kwei-keu-kou will be used. It is not quite clear, however, whether signals by action will not be finally adopted. Even before the conference commenced, the boats had been ordered to advance, and we have again our heads towards Pekin.” The Embassy proceeds slowly up the river; and on the 20th August arrive at Tong-chow. “ After dinner, Soo and Kwang visited Lord Amherst; and after shortly mentioning the accommodation provided on shore, and aranging that Lord Amherst should establish himself there to-morrow, they entered upon the question of the ceremony, observing that all looked well but this unfortunate difference; the Emperor's disposition was most favourable, and it would be much to be regretted if this also could not be arranged to the mutual satisfaction of the parties: they were not, it seemed, removed from their charge. This latter circumstance gave Lord Amherst an opportunity of commencing his reply, by expressing the gratification he fest in their still continuing the medium of communication. He then proceeded to state, that the circumstances attending Lord Macartney's reception having been admitted by both parties, he begged leave to repeat to them his former statement; that the commands of his Sovereign directed him rigidly to adhere to that precedent; that however, from an anxious desire to gratify the wishes or his Imperial Majesty, he was prepared to perform the Tartar ceremony, on one of two conditions; either that a subject of his Imperial Majesty should perform the same before the Prince Regent's picture, or that a formal declaration should be made by the Emperor, that any Chinese Embassador, who hereafter appeared at the English Court, should, if required perform the ko tou before our Sovereign : the object, Lord Amherst added, of these conditions was, to prevent the proposed ceremony being construed into an act of homage from a dependent Prince. “Kwang replied shortly to this statement, remarking that the fact of Lord Macartney's not having complied with the Chinese usage was by no means generally admitted, and that the imputation of considering his Britannic Majesty a dependent Prince was sufficiontly' disproved by the employment of persons of their rank to conduct the Embassador to Court. Lord Amherst answered, that he should never have brought forward the precedent of Lord Macartney, unless the circumstances attending it had been too well authenticated to admil of the least doubt: that though much lattered by their appointment, he could not have expected less from the gracious dispositions of his Imperial Majesty, Well, said they, the object of the Embassy is to strengthen the friendly relation between the two countries, and surely a single circumstance should not prevent its attainment. Lord Amherst strongly stated his anxiety to make every effort, consistent with the commands of his Sovereign, to effect this desirable end. They then regrelled that there was so little prospect of persuading the Embassador io comply with the Emperor's wishes, and communicated the dismissal of the officer at Ta-koo for allowing the ships to depart: Soo-ta-jin added, such also will be our fate. The Embassador expressed his hopes that their apprehen: sions would prove groundless, and assured then that if they did not succeed no others would; in fact, had strangers been sent that night, he had not intended to have been so unreserved in his communications. On the 21st of August, Lord Amherst and the two Coininissioners dine ashore. In the afternoon they are visited by six inferior Mandarins, by whom they are treated with the greatest insolence. The object of this visit is to apprise the Embassy, that the Koong-yay, and Moo-ta-jin have been deputed to instruct the Embassador in the performance of the Tartar ceremony. Lord Amherst in reply, with much dignity and moderation, restraining the feelings which the conduct of these persons is calculated to excite, confines himself to remarking that he shall be ready to discuss that and other points when he meets the Koong-yay. The next day the Embassy go to the public hall of Tong chow. “We were received by Ho (Koongyay), , Moo-taojin, Soo, and Kwang; our visitors of yesterday evening were ranged, among others, on the right hand. There being no appearance of offering chairs, Mr. Morrison observed, that his Excellency would converse when seated; to this the Koong yay replied, that he intended to stand, and that the Embassador must also remain
standing ; to this Lord Amherst did not object. The Koong-yay then informed his Excellency that he and Moo-ta-jin had been despatched to see him perform the Tartar ceremony. To this Lord Amherst not having immediately returned an answer, the Koong-yay inquired what was his intention; Lord Amherst replied, that he had been deputed by his Sovereign to the Emperor of China, for the purpose of manifesting the sentiments of regard and veneration entertained towards his Imperial Majesty, and that he had been instructed to approach his Imperial presence with the ceremonial which had proved acceptable to Kien-Lung, the illustrious father of the Emperor. The Koong-yay answered, ‘what happened in the 58th year, belonged to that year; the present is the affair of this embassy, and the regulations of the celestial Empire must be complied with: there is no alternative.” – Lord Amherst said that he had entertained a confident hope that what had proved acceptable to KieuLung would not have been refused by his Imperial Majesty. The Koongyay, with vehemence asserted, “That as there is but one Sun, there is only one Ta-whang-te: he is the universal Sovereign, and ali must pay him homage." Lord Amherst, with great moderation, overlooking this absurd pretension, declared that he, entertaining the utmost veneration for the Emperor, and looking up to him as a most potent Sovereign, was prepared to approach his presence with a demonstration of respect which he should have refused to any other monarch; that he had delivered an official paper describing exactly the particular ceremonial which he proposed to perform ; this. he concluded, had been submitted to his Majesty, and his Excellency conceived it would have satisfied his 1mperial mind. Kwang, to whom Lord Amherst looked, declared that he had not dared to transmit the document “ The Koong-yay resumed, by saying that the Tartar ceremony must be complied with, and that as several years had clapsed since the last e bassy, they were sent to see the Embassador per. form it correctly ; that the estimation in which our country was held by his Imperial Majesty was sufficiently shewn in his having sent persons of the rank of Soo and Kwang, to conduct the Embassador to Court; that as we read Chinese books, we must be aware of the