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London, Tublisbed bv termission for the European. Hagazine by. 2. Asperne 32, Cornbill jany kiye

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EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

AND

LONDON REVIEW,

FOR

DECEMBER, 1817.

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MEMOIR OF

BEESTON LONG, Esq. [WIDE A PORTRAIT, ENGRAVED BY HENRY MEYER, FROM AN ORIGINAL PAINTING

BY W. OWEN, ESQ. B.A.] " There are not more useful members in a Commonwealth than merchantsThey biod

mankind together in a mutual interchange of good offices; distribute the gifts of Nature; find work for the poor, add wealth to the rich, and magnificence to the great."

ADDISON, Spec. 69. T

The efforts of despotism and the power Britain to apply all these valuable of conquest bave indeed been put in characteristics of commercial usefulaction by the arcb eneiny of our land ness to a class of its inhabitants, who by between the necessities of those whom the integrity of their industry, the re be subdued to his yoke and the prosspectability of their connexions, the perity of our national interests. But virtuous stedfastness of their princi even tyranny like bis, infurialed as it ples, and the well.carned affluence of was by the concurrent defeat of his their condition, have reflected the high. adverse projects, has no otherwise sucest hooour upon their country, and ceeded, than by proving to those whose bave raised the name of a British mer. wants he would have sacriticed to his chant to that pre-eminence of honour- will, that the privations which he would able distinction which is acknowledged bave inflicted could only be alleviated without reserve in every quarter of the by the resourees of a people, who as globe.

merchants were alope able to provide Nothing can be more evident than the remedy, and who as the opponents that the property of usefulness which to bis phrenzied enmity could alone the author of our motto has attached break through the barriers by which to the mercantile character in general, he would liave prevented the co-opemust receive its warrant of truth from ration of their beneficial influence ; an those qualities which we have thus enu. influence which was as generously ap: merated ; and it is equally clear, that plied as it was vigorously exerted, and the good faith of our countrymen, sube which, as the result has proved, made its stantiated by the assent of the whole way through every conflict of countercivilized world, has produced an essen action, to the beiter conviction of the tial benefit to the common-weal, not victims of his overbearing selfishness'; only of this country, but of every

while he hiinself has fallen by his own vation under the canopy of Heaven. unwieldy ambition, and now depends

We believe that this assertion may be for the articles of his subsistence upon safely made, when the extent of cope those very merchants whose country cern and the multiplicd ramifications he once, in the blindness of bis pride, of intercourse are considered by wbich stigmatized as a nation of shopkeepers 3 the trade of the British Empire is and bas the mortification of knowing, carried 01. And so undeviating has that the measures wbich be adopted to been the effect of its liberal system, thwart the progress of their commerce that in do period, whether of peace have proved the most accelerating causes or of war, has this extent been cir. of its success" Such jog ambition cumscribed, or this intercourse impeded. fiods."-It is not, however, because we

triumph over the depressed fortunes of and this cotintry saw berself re-instated this sanguinary despot that we have by the prowess of her arius in that emithus remarked upon the futility of bis nence wbich her well-earned indeperplans, and the subversion of his views; dence substantiated. She became the but rather because the universal con medium of that restoration of reciprocal currence of opinions and the experience interests by which the intercourse of the of facts have sbewn that such designs remotest poiots of the commercial world were incompatible with the personal was re-established. comfort and inconsistent with the civil To all this contest of honourable peradvantage of mankind.

severance against the most active prin. Perhaps there is not a page in the ciples of lawless force, she had not only history of man in his associated slate,, maintained her owo claims, but those which displays more of the ignorance also of every power with which she had of unregulated passion on the one hand, been allied ; and the merehants of our and more strikingly evinces the justice land might justly be considered, from of well-tempered decision on the other, the unsparing sacrifices which they made than that which records the antisocial to uphold the finances of their couotry, perverseness of this mau's presumption, as the tutelary guardians of her prosand the noble-ininded perseverance of perity, and the efficient vindicators of the merchants of our country. When those foreign and domestic dependencies bis incendiary decrees were acted upon with which her trade was essentially by the slavish agents of his oppression, conibined. in every port and every town of the We have adverted to this epoch of European Continent, the unshakeu for- national difficulty, only to demonstrate titude of a few British capitalists dared the importance of the mercantile intethe hazard and overcame the obstacles rest as connected with the general weal of his tyrannons envy, by compelling of the British Empire We might go him to submit the insolence of his domi- farther, and prove, that this interest is nation to the cupidity of his avarice : the basis of all its external and internal it was thus that the storehouses of Eng- greatness ; but we are aware of the ex. Jand became the depositories of the pansive nature of the position, and conproduce of every region ; and the well viaced as we are of the positive fact, we known probity of her traders made them wish not to adduce argument when ex the Trustees of the oppressed nations. perience recognizes no valid question Heavy as was the pressure upon her in on the contrary side. Suffice it to say, dustrious activity, the elastic spirit of that our exchange with every pation is her mercantile enterprize, rose superior at this moment greatly in our favour. in its energies above the arbitrary power This must materially result from Ibe that sought to weigh it down. It was in credit of our commercial men, as well vain that the ambitious desperation of as from the prominent advantages wbich her inveterate foe interposed the narrow British connection never fails to produce shadow of his baod between the sun of to the foreign trader. her power and the millions whom she If we look back but a few years aud cherisbed with its rays. Her navy rode contemplate the difficulties which optriumphant over every sea, and ber pressed us as a people, and the numemerchantmen were bailed with joy, rous obstacles with which we bad to wherever they carried their stores, even contend, both from within and from in the very teeth of his multitudinous without--and then take a comparative bosts. At length this haud fell power view of our present condition, we shall Jess by the intrepidity of British valour, perceive that nothing but the patriotic and the despotic conqueror of the Euro feeling of the nation at large, assisted peau Continent was in bis turn numbered by an unwearied industry and perscvor. among the vanquished-- Peace was res ance op the part of our merchants, could cued from his grasp, and the freedom even have extricated us from the burof commcrée was restored to the equi. dens of the past, and enabled us to prepoise of its rigbts.-Great Britain was our commercial resources both ihe beam of its balance, and her good at home and abroad in that security faith regulated the scale. No sooner from successful rivalship, and that sta. was the preponderating influence of the bility of means to maintain our supe. despot reuewed, than treaties of the riority wbicli we now possess. Ifiodoed, most equable construction were formed, after a duration of warfare, such as our

serve

country never before had been called blishments, will see instances of our upon to endure, a conflict involved us merchants distinguished above all other in the greatest expenditure of blood and contributors by the munificence of their treasure ever recorded in our bistory,' gifts ;—and their liberality seems to the return of peace should have found have encreased with that públic necesus so far exhausted as to require a pausesity, in which their own resources were of our energies for the recovery of our so deeply involved. strength,.-and if in that interval the High as this noblemindedness cxalts nations around us, weakened almost to their name in the estimation of all who extinction by their struggles against the know how to value its purity of worth ; common adversary, should have been yet these estimable qualitications of reduced to that state of privation which their hearts are not the only endowdeprived them of the immediate power ments by which they can claim the of taking up their former engagements, affectionate respect of their conntryit is not to be wondered at that a general men—their cultivated understandings staguation of business, and a propor- and their effective talents, as men of tionate diminution of its profits should education and sound judgment, bave have ensued.-But the season of trial is placed them among the most enlightened past, and the various channels of foreign of our public functionaries. By a comcommunication being again open, our bination of intelligence and wealth, as commerce bas recovered its activity, etlicacious as it is substantial, they bave and the same prosperous flow of univer- become the guardians and regulators sal trade, with all its concurrent benefits, of that fountain of our national prohas rewarded our inflexibility of priu- perty and finance, the Bauk of England; ciple and frmness of endurance. "Yet while many, who have been wisely seit must be mentioned to the eternal lected by the assent of all communities, honor of the capitalists of Great Britain, as members of the Senate, and are that in the most alarming period of her justly reckoned among the most juperil, and in the lowest ebb of ber pros- dicious and eloquent of our represenperous course, the love of couutry rose tatives. To them also has been consuperior to the love of gain ; and they signed the direction of our East India were found anong the foremost ranks territories, first added to the British of the loyal defenders of their native dominions by their industry, and finally soil, both in pecuniary and personal establisbed by the co-operative wisdoin service.

of our legislative councils. There is, however, a trait in their When a body of men thus rise into character wbich gives a higher lustre to eminence and distinction by that salu. it than all the reputation which they tary influence which the acquirements bave so deservedly reaped from their in- of ibe mind and the acquisition of ricbes tegrity, by their liberal supplies to the must always preserve over the sentipumerous institutions of this truly ments and arrangements of society, it Christian land ; its Charities have been naturally follows that they gradually priocipally supported through all our ascend to those stations of rank and dig. national exigencies and whatever were nity which blend them with the nobi. the losses or the difficulties which they lily of the country ; and it is no de. bad to encounter, they never lost sight grading recollection of the origin to of tbe necessities of the poorer classes : which some of the first families in the and the miseries which they acknow. empire owe their hereditary honors, ledged, they compassioned and relieved that it can be traced back to the wellwith a promptitude that numbered acquired affluence and unstained rethem among the most virtuous, as well spectability of their mercantile proge. as the most wealthy friends of mankind, nitors. From this imperfect sketch of And still further, their generous com that meritorious claim wbich the Briiniseration of the sufferings of their tish merchant possesses to our veneraforeign neighbours, while groaning un. tion and esteem, it will appear that he der the iron yoke of a sanguinary is the benefactor of mankind--the orna. Usurper, proved that their compassion ment of his country- the friend and was as free from prejudice as their stay of that part of society wbich conhounty was from all sellish reservation. stitutes the sphere of his public action Whoever reads over the yarious lists or of his private life. of benefactors to our charitable esta in the estimable individual whose

OF

RECENTLY DECEASED.

his heart, amply warrauts the truth of Tube philosopher was born at Ge

Memoir we have thus prefaced, we

have BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER an example that en bodies every excellence of the character which we have

EMINENT PERSONS delincated ; and the testimony which all classes of his fellow-subjects bear to

No. XXV. the superior qualities of his head and

JEAN ANDRE DE LUC, F.R.S.

THIS tbe application.

The biography of a man whose life neva, in 1796.7. He became professor has been divided between the avoca of philosophy and geology at Gottingen; tions of cominerce and the duties of a but being nominated to some literary good citizen, is not likely to compre. office by the Queen, he relinquished bis hend those varieties of descriptive de German appointments, and settled in tail which contribute to the amusement England. Besides his academic honours of the general reader. But we bave the in this country, he was member of se satisfaction of making our appeal to veral foreign learned bodies ; and corthose wbo have the happiness of know. responded with a number of the most ing him, when we add, that the whole distinguished scholars in Europe. Few of his civil, commercial, and social individuals stand higber for the useful path has been marked by those instruc pature of their pursuits, nor many for tive evidences of virtuous principle the zeal and talent with which they have wbich deserve the bute of eulogium, applied themselves to the acquisition of and afford a living lesson for the instruc. knowledge, important to their fellowtive imitation of all who would be re creatures in this world and the world to »pected and beloved by those whose coine. Mr. de Luc devoted his long life respect is bonor and whose regards are to the study of geology and meteoropraise.

logy, with the view to explain the

structure and composition of the eartb; BEESTON LONG, Esq. is the son and, like the immortal Newton, his phiof Beeston Long, Esq. of Bishopsgate- losophical investigations only led him street, who was Chairman of the West to the tirmer conviction of the truth of India merchants, and Governor of the the Holy Scriptures, which be defended Royal Exchange Assurance Company with enibusiasm against the dariag inHe was born at his father's City resi. novations of false principles, and insidence, in the year 1757, and was edu. dious attacks of modern illumination. cated at the Reverend Mr. Blacking's Not satisfied with researches in the best Academy, at Greenwich. In July 1787, scientific publications extant, Mr. de he was inarried at Bishopsgate-church, Luc travelled over the greatest part of to Frances Louisa, daughter of Sir Rich. the Continent, to verify by experience ard Neave. He is a Director of the and examination the opinions which the Bank of England, of wbich he was perusal of the bighest authorities inelected Deputy Governor in the year duced him to adopt. He thus added 1905, and Governor in the year 1808. experiment to theory ; and it must be In the year 1817, he was chosen Chair- acknowledged, to bis bondur, that the man of the London Dock Company, science of geology, which has in our and fills the same situation in the Com- days assumed a rank apportioned to its millee of West India merchants. He value, is deeply indebted to bis inquiries is a member of most of the commercial, and discoveries. His labours were inbenevolent, and philanthropic societies cessant, and learned men of all pations, in London.

as well as statesmen, and even sore. He bas one sister and two brothers, reigns, were proud to reuder every astbe Right Hon. Charles Long, Treasu sistance in his pursuits, to a person so rer of the Army Pay-office, Whitehall; beneficially and wortbily employed. Bis and the Rev. William Long, of Stavd. laudable anxiety to demonstrate the field, near Saxmundam, in Suffolk. authenticity of the sacred writings, led

His present residence is Coombes, in him to the diligent apalysis of the pri. Surrey, and in Leadewhall street, where milive organization of ihe globe, and the firm of Long and Company has the couvulsions which it has experience been long known as the oldest and most ed. He bas, by this course been enrespectable house in the Jamaica trade, abled to adduce many strong facts ja Established in London.

corroboration of the Mosaic history i

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