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happens, I believe, that when a man has

once made a bad contract because he did"nt understand the article, he grows wiser by experience, and takes care to make up his first loss by a better bargain afterwards.” “But, Sir B–,” asked Miss G “ is the skill in making a good bargain to be considered as essential to happiness in the conjugal state.” “Why yes, Madam, I think it is ; for then a man is satisfied with himself and with his lot, and there's no grumbling afterwards.” “But, then,” returned Miss G–, “may not the Lady be dissatisfied with her part of the bargain f" “'Surely,” replied Sir B–, “if she fell in ‘love at first sight;" for in that case, perhaps, she might be too blind to look to the safety of her property: and if she never inquired into the character of the steward before she appointed him to manage her real and personal estate, she must be an unconscionable dame to find fault with his accounts.” “Well, this may be the craft of the market,” observed Lady S –, who could not resist the opportunity of convincing the Baronet that she had not forgotten his recent uncourteous attack, “ and quite worthy of those very sagacious traffickers who support it.” “Just so sagacious,” retorted Sir , “as to know when the goods are vendable, and will be of any profitable use to the purchaser ; but some Europ. Mag. Fol. LXXII, Dee. 1817.

are really fit for no market at all, and can't be got rid of, either for love or money.” Lady S-bit her lip with anger, and in the impulse forgot that she could not do this without depriving it of a certain portion of the carmine by which its ruby hue had been obtained. Mrs. — here took up her friend's cause, and with a scornful smile, that seemed to tell Sir B- his remark was too contemptible to excite indignation, begged to ask the worthy Baronet, drawing out the epithet to the very corners of her mouth, Whether it would not be some extension of the lucrative principles of his prudence, if the traffick which he recommended so earnestly were to admit the Smithfield-bargains of haltered wives? for she could not hel thinking that such maxims and ...; measures were highly deserving of being combined. “O Madam " replied the Baronet, “your suggestion might perhaps be adopted, were it not discovered that there are wives, who are sufficiently adroit to throw the halter from off their own necks upon those of their husbands; and, thinking that the hempen grace better suited their spouses, have, with much affectionate consideration, mingled them among the rest of the horned species 1" “Be it so, Sir,” rejoined Mrs. — ; “ and I would hope that even you will allow it to de no more than what is just, that brutes should herd with brutes to “ Doubtless, Madam ‘’’ cried Sir B—, “ and I have heard of ladies who are somewhat expert at this sort of classification,-they are so ingenious as to make their husbands what they please.” Mrs. — not appearing, or not willing to appear, to understand the Baronet, adjusted that part of the gown which should have covered her shoulder, and then drawing on her glove, with an affected ejaculation of compassionate concern sighed out“Ah Lord help the poor creatures 1 it requires a good deal of ingenuity, I believe, to make any thing of them at all.” “ Not so much, perhaps, Madam, as you would have us think an invention has long been pretty much in fashion among many of the married dames of this land, which very simply and very soon enables them to effect a surprising alteration.” “Indeed! Sir ; and pray what is that? - 3 T

I'm sure it is a pity it should not be generally known.” “Why, as for that,” observed the ãronet, “I rather think it is no secret; its merely breaking through the matrimonial vow and parting before death ; and if a wife once fancies she has found out the art of loving without affection and obeying without the will, perhaps it may be as good an expedient as any. There is indeed another, but then this is sometimes found rather inconvenient in its operation ; and this is, leaving the Seventh Commandment out of the scale of conjugal obedience : an omission which is not at all unlikely to happen, when the paradoxical sentiments to which I have referred become the persuasion of the heart.” This observation of the Baronet produced a mutual emotion between Mrs. and her tutelary friend Lady S-5 the latter, in a whisper, made rather more audible by the accent which her long restrained passion gave to it, turned to the ear of the former with the exclamation— “By G– that is toe bad!" Mrs. —, raising her eyebrows with an effort of unconcern, which her quivering lip shewed her repugnant o strongly contended against, said hassaloud, “O my dear! I am not in the least surprised or hurt at the rudeness of a man, who seems to have just as many ideas of courtesy as a Smithfield droYer I" The Baronet heard the opinions of the Ladies, and was about to answer, when Miss Julia, touching his arm, interrupted him— “My dear papa! I know if Mr. B— would be so good as to sing in his usually delightful style that sweet song of Love has eyes,' you would be convinced that there is such a thing as “ at first sight.’” Mr. B — inade one one of his stagehows to his young panegyrist, and professed himself ready to obey her commands. “Not yet! not yet, child Mr. — has not finished his argument ; and if I am to be bribed by Mr. B–’s vocal talent into a surrender of my conviction, Mr. will not have fair play.” “Why I Sir B l” observed Mr. , “I was only waiting until the battle of repartee had ceased i but in mercy to you, for I verily think you would come off with the worst of it, I must take up my subject.”

“Aye, pray do, Mr. ,” said Miss G——, “for the belligerents are getting too much irritated for self-defence; and as mediation on my part may only involve me in the conflict, I would give them an opportunity of recollecting themselves; iberefore, my good Sir, I beg you to go on.” “ Humph 1” exclaimed Mrs. —aside to Lady S-, “so now we shall have another dose of metaphysical sapience. Heav'n preserve us from these wise lords of the creation 1—A woman's tongue must be silent, I suppose, whenever they choose to utter the sonorous sentimentality of their despotic dictales 1’’ “Never mind, my dear,” replied Lady S-, looking at her watch, “its ion. eleven, and I hope he wont have the merciless assurance to make his sermon more than ten minutes long.” This said, these two congenial minds, folding their arms and shutting their eyes, seemed very deliberately to compose themselves #: a short uap. Mr. — then proceeded in his solution of the dark saying of his wife. (To be continued.) —ON COMMERCE,

Edificat, Mutat quadrata rotundis.”

HE commonwealth of the State is the Tree, whose roots are its agriculture : its industry is its branches, and these bear all its fruits of sustenance; foreign commerce and the arts are its leaves, under whose shade we find enjoyment, ease, and delectation. The great Emperor of the East, King Cyrus, was used to say, “My subjects are the depositories of my riches"—an expression as just as it was noble, as politic as generous. Trade is the useful and necessary connection of every social being with his fellow-creature. We have a moral intercourse of exchange, as well as a material ; all is barler and countneree among mankind. Commerce is so ancient, that as soon as there were two men, there began a reciprocal trading between them, of mutually useful services; there never existed any human society, without the commerce of exchanges. Commerce made the families of men, from families arose communities, the union of these formed empires; cost

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merce, by the intercourse of empires, embraces and connects the whole of this great globe. In the present state of the world, how many kinds of commerce are there Two principal—internal and external: the home trade and foreign commerce. The first connects, maintains, and benefits, the inhabitants of each distinct state or community ; the other counects and approximates ination with nation. What are the branches and fruits of the internal commerce of a State They are these :-Manners, customs, national differences; the politic laws which form the civil rites of general obligation, of which the public law of a people is formed ; the civil law, which determines the lot and the duty of each individual, and secures to him the possession and use of their respective properties; and their exchange among them, which comprehends finance, commerce, or trade, properly so called, manufactures, and products of industry. 'what then remains peculiar to foreign commerce 2 All the same objects, but considered more collectively, and without this the haunts of tigers and of lions would be less dangerous neighbourhoods for human societies than the dwellings of their fellow men. We should distinguish the foreign commerce of different States into two kinds; the trade of production, or the exchange of the excess of one, for the articles of similar abundance which each may desire of the other; and a mercenary commerce, which trafficks in the products of other States, and finds subsistence, and often makes great gains by being the carrier and go-between, the broker of the exchanges of other nations: France and Holland exemplify this distinction. Those nations have been distinguished as commercial which have addicted themselves to navigation, or the carrying trade, to manufactures, or cspecially, to the operations of banking and exchange. Some great kingdoms have neglected these, content to exchange simply the superflur of a fine soil for the various exotics they have desired, of the produce or industry of other lands. Commerce, strictly so. called, is a spring of absolute and great importance to all states.

Circulation is the life-blood of a nation ; to this even taxation gives a stimulus ; what is collected of the people circulates to the heart of the State and flows back again, vivifying all its members. In Hindostan, at this hour, a wellroportioned and well-organized plan of internal revenue, on that prolific and thick-peopled Continent, would in its reflux to a large military establishment, and in an infinity of useful channels of improvement and activity, raise again that fine country, and mild and plastic people, to a point of civilization, intellect, ease, and power, which could soon defy the barbarous Pindarries, and all the other savage and greedy tribes which hover round their confines; break in and ravage their fair fields, despoil their villages, and sweep away their gentle females and interesting infants. A most ingenious and profound French author said, above eighty years ago, that if the King of France should confide to him the Administration of the Finances, his study should be to “diminish his collections and to increase his expense”—to lessen taxation in provinces which are poor, and to increase in them the establishment of expense for the means of improvement, reducing expenses in stations of more ease and greater means ; in the science of Government “benefits are the right arm of authority.” We cannot long take money from a purse, which no means or hand replenishes. 21st Movember, 1817.

—-o-oTo the Editor of the European Magazine.

sin, October 27, 1817.

I WAS much pleased whilst reading,

in your Magazine for September, the subject “Marriage;” the observations there are certainly just, but at the same time deficient. In enumerating the points necessary for reflection before marriage, religion has been omitted ; whether, this happened from an oversight of the writer, or a consideration that it was not one of the points, I leave to himself. But in my opinion it certainly is, and perhaps the first : though often disregarded, it should have been considered, in the subject before me, as instruction is undoubtedly the intent of the author, and where that is the case religion should not be omitted. Perhaps the writer may say, he has included it under “Wirtuous Principles;” it inay be so, but it is certainly

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of sufficient consequence to be considered separate; besides, there are many things appertaining to religion, which are virtuous in themselves in different persons, but when joined become insupportable ; for instance, two persons mar

rying of different denominations of .

Christians, or perhaps a Roman Catholic and a Dissenter, a Unitarian and a Baptist, is sure to bring misery unto both parties, unless one becomes a convert to the other, which is seldom the Case. Again : An irreligious person marrying a religious one, unhappiness ensues, unless a sense of shame in the first brings on a conversion, which sometimes happens ; other instances might be produced, but these I consider sufficent, to prove that religion should not be a secondary consideration. True happiness is to be obtained by the marriage of two persons both religious, and not otherwise. To confirm this idea, I shall not give any particular instance, but refer Inquirers to a book, much in ublic estimation, entitled, “The Reigious Courtship,” which will produce sufficient proofs. The writer may say, perhaps, it was so little thought of he did not mention it;-I answer, the intent of writing is to show, not what mankind are, but what they ought to be; and every Christian will allow, that religion should be more attended to than it is.-Sir, should you think the above worth notice, and acceptable to your readers, an insertion will oblige,

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It so happens that Carrick-a Rede is the only place on this abrupt coast which is suited for the purpose. Here, then, or no where, must be the fishery. But how to get at the rock is the quesA chasm, full 60 feel in breadth, and of a depth frightful to look at, separates it from the adjacent land, in the bottom of which the sea breaks with an uninterrupted roar over the rocks; the island itself is inaccessible on every side, except one spot, where, under the shelter of an impending rock, a luxu'riant herbage flourishes; but the wildness of the coast and the turbulence of the sea make it very difficult to laud here.

In this perplexity there is really to resource, except attempting a bridge of ropes from the main and to the island, which accordingly the fishermen every year accomplish in the summer months, in a very singuiar manner: two strong cablo are calcuded across the


gulph by an expert climber, and fastened firmly into iron rings mortised into the rock on either side. Between these ropes a number of boards, about a foot in breadth, are laid in succession, supported at intervals by cross cords, and thus the pathway is formed, which, though broad enough to bear a man's fool with tolerable convenience, does by no means hide from view the pointed rocks and raging sea beneath, which, in this situation, exhibit the fatal effects of a fall in very strong colouring; while the swingings and undulations of the bridge itself, and of the hand-rope, which no degree of tension can prevent in so great a length, suggest no ver comfortable feelings to persons of wea nerves. Upon the whole, it is a beautiful bridge in the scenery of a landscape, but a frightful one in real life. Description Hamilton.

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The eastern side of Ballycastle Bay terminates in the bold promontory of Fairhead, at the distance of eight miles eastward of the promontory of Bengore already mentioned. The promontory of Fairhead raises its lofty summit more than 400 feet above the sea. It presents to view a vast compact mas of rude columnar stones, the forms of which are extremely gross, many of them being near 150 feet in length, and in the texture so coarse as to resemble black schorle stone, rather than the close fine grain of the Giants Causeway basaltes. At the base of these gigantic columns lies a wild waste of natural ruins of an enormous size, which, in the course of successive ages have been tumbled down from their foundation by storms, or some powerful and more mighty operations of nature. These massive bodies have sometimes withstood the shock of their fall, and often lie in groups and clumps of pillars, resembling many of the varieties of artificial ruins, and forming a very novel and striking landscape.

A savage wildness characterizes this great promontory, at the foot of which the ocean rages with uncommon fury. Scarce a single mark of vegetation has yet crept over the hard rock to diversify its colouring, but one uniform greyness clothes the scene all around. Upon the whole, it makes a fine contrast with the beautiful capes of Bengore, where

the varied brown shades of the pillars,

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jestic promontory of Benmore, com

mouly but improperly known by the name of Fairhead, the Robogdium of Ptolemy. Hamilton justly describes it, as characterized by a wild and savage sublimity. None of the numerous precipices on the coast, indeed, can vie with it in elevation, extent, and grandeur. It is composed of a range of enormous basaltic pillars, according to a measurement made in the summer of 1810, by Professor Playfair, 283 feet high, and resting on a base which makes the whole altitude 631 feet. One of the columns is a quadrangular figure, prismatic, measuring 33 feet by 36 on the sides, and about 200 feet perpendicular. Compared to this what is Pompey's Pillar, or the celebrated column which stod before the temple of Venus Genetrix, at Rome, or the pedestal of Peter the Great's statute at Petersburgh. The precipice towering majestic over an awful waste of broken columns, presents to the spectator the most stupendous colonnade ever erected by nature, and in comparison of which, the proudest monuments of human architecture are but the efforts of F. imbecility to the omnipotence of God. He who does not feel impressions of the sublime on Bellmore, must be incapable of feeling them in any situation. The enormous pillars of this promontory are separable into smaller columns, the line of whose contact is very perceptible in some of the fallen joints. The grey man's path is a fissure in


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