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ing his high respect and esteem for Sir their investigation, and the edict coeGeorge, although he differed froin bim cludes with orders for its public diffu. with respect to the Tartar ceremony. sion through the Tartar and Cbisere After the arrival of the Einbassy, an dominions of the empire." Edict is received by them, styled the Mr. Ellis, adverting to the extraor. Vermillion Edict, from its being written dinary difference between the statements in iok of that oulour by the Emperor's in the Pekin Gazetle and the Vermillion own band.

Edict, and those in the Emperor's Let“This edict is certainly satisfactory; ter to the Prince Regeot, observes,the statement given of the proceedings “I am inclined to offer the followof the Embassy is nearly correct, and ing explanation of these contradictory bis Majesty, as in the Pekin Gazette, proceedings. This weak and capricious throws the entire blame of the abrupt Monarch, soon after the flagrant outdismissal of the Embassy on his own rage bad been committed under the spinisters. It commences by briefly impulse of angry disappointinent, may stating the occurrences at Tien-sing. be supposed to bave become alarmed The two Chinese Commissioners are at the consequences of his own violence, blamed for taking upon themselves the and the habitual notions of decorum beresponsibility of allowing the Embassa- longing to Chinese characler and usage, dor to proceed, after his refusal to per- resuming their influence, produced the forni the prostrations at the banquet; partial reparation and apparently canthey are also accused of conniving at did explanatiou contained in the Gazelle the departure of the ships; and here the and verinillion edict. intended return from Tien-sing is dis “This interval of repentance and motinctly arowed. The appointment of deration was short, and either at the two superior Commissioners to conduct suggestion of Ministers adverse to the the discussions respecting the ceremony semblance of concession to foreigners, at Tong-chow is next stated; they are or from the returning haughtiess of charged with baving sent a confused pational feeling and personal character, report from that place, and are said to it was determined by the Emperor to bare been compelled to avow on the justify his violence by a false statement day preceding the arrival of the Em. of the conduct of the Embassador, and bassy' at Pekin, that the ceremony had in this spirit the letter to the Prince not yet been practised; but it is asserted Regent was composed. It may be costhey then pledged themselves for its jectured, and not without reason, that performance on the day of audience. The Edict to the Viceroy of Canton was The alledged sickness of the Embassaa adapted to the peculiar circumstance of dor is mentioned, and censured as con. that province in being the resort of tumelious, and the English Commis- Europeans, and an overbearing tone was sioners are made to say in addition assumed to prevent the assuinptions of to a repetition of the same excuse, foreigners likely to arise from the that the interview must be deferred until slightest appearance of concession. the recovery of the Embassador. The * Little credit is certainly due to Emperor proceeds to declare that it was Imperial Edicls, and the different stateBot until some few days had elapsed ments of the occurrences at Yuen-minthat he became acquainted with the yuen given in the Gazelle and Vermilpight journey of the Embassador and lipp Edict, compared with that conthe want of the Court dresses, and tained in the letter to the Prince bis Majesty asserts that had these cir. Regent, shews the Emperor's disregard cumstances been known to him at the of truth and consistency. Joasmuch as time, he would bave postponed the the intercourse hetweeu the two coun. audience and completion of the cere tries is concerucd, the weight of official sony to another day. The weak and authority is cerlainly due to the letter, equivocating conduct of the Chinese for the Edicts were ocit ber addressed, Coromissioners, who are said to have por were they supposed to have come seriously injured the public affairs, is to the knowledge of the Embassador ; severely censored; and the Einperor they are therefore only important as takes shame to himself for having been evidences of the general disposition of the viction of their imbecility and de the Chinese Goverordent, or as instan. ceptions. Allusion is made to the crimes ces of fluctuation in a mind knowa to of all the four Chinese Coinmissioners be at once timid and capricious." having becu referred to thc Boards for Mr. Ellis thus closes his Darrative of

the diplomatic proceedings on this im- date wreck of the Alceste in the Straits portant subject :

of Gaspar, the consequent visit to Ba" It is impossible to reflect without tavia, the passage thence to Simon's some mortification upon the result of Bay, and the voyage to England, calling the two British embassies to the Court at St. Helena by the way, are fully deof Pekin: both were undertaken för tailed by Mr. Ellis. the express purpose of obtaining, if not Freely as we have extracted from additional privileges, at least increased this valuable and interesting work, we security for the trade.: the failure of feel that we have communicated to the both has been complete; in the latter public but a very inadequate notion of instance, certainly accompanied by cir. its contents. even with reference to the cumstances of aggravated dissatisfac- particular topic to which we have retion. To the mode in which Lord Ma- stricted our quotations. There were carlpey's Embassy was conducted, I am many minor circumstances attendant inclined to give the most decided ap on the negociation with the Court of probation; and, whatever may have Pekin, which our limits will not perinit been my private opinion upon the par us to relate, but a knowledge of which ticular question of compliance with the is essential to an accurate understand. Chinese ceremonial, I am not disposed ing of the subject. to maintain that any substantial advan The description which Mr. Ellis gives tage would have resulted froni the mere of the country through wbich the Emreception of the embassy, nor to consi- bassy passed, both on their way to the der, that the general expediency of the Chinese capital and on their return, and measure itself has been affected by the his remarks on the character and maucourse of resistance adopted, in defer. ners of the natives, are bighly amusing; ence to undoubted talent and great and afford a great fund of information local experience

relative to this enorinous empire and “ Royal embassies, arowedly compli- extraordinary people. mentary, but really directed to conimercial objects, are, perhaps, in them. selves, sumewhat anomalous, and are A Praciical Example Book on the Use certainly very opposite, not only to of Baps, conluining Problems and Chinese feelings, but even to those of Exercises to be worked and filled up all eastero nations; among wbom trade,

by Students in Geography ; designed altbough fostered as a source of revenue, as an Auxiliary to that Study, for the is never reputed honourable. If, there Use of Schools and privale Siudents. fore, it still be deemed advisable to By J. Robertson, Surry Housc Acuassist our commerce by political inter demy, Kenninglon Cru88. 4to. pp. 38. course, we must look to that part

Trese Problems and Exercises are of our empire where something like designed to furnish the student in geoterritorial proximity exists. The intimate connexion that must hencefor: graphy with a course of practical in

struction on the use of maps, and to ward be maintained between our pos facilitate a knowledge of the topograsessions in Hindostan and Nepaul, point phical situation of places on the earth. out the supreme government of Bengal The whole is arranged in the form of as the medium of that intercourse :

an example book, with proper spaces tbere the representative of armed power left for the insertion of the answere ; a will encounter its fellow; and, if ever

mode which, it is presumed, will afford impression is to be produced at Pekin, mush convenience to the instructor, it must be from an intimate knowledge while it renders an essential service to of our political and military strength, the pupil. rather than from the gratification produced in the Emperor's mind by the reception of an embassy on Chinese Selections from ihe l'orks of Fuller and terms, or the moral effect of justifiable

Couin, with some sccount of the Life resistance, terminating in rejection."

and I'rilings of these eminent Die The Embassy and suite, quitting

vines. By the Rev. Arthur Broome, Whampoa, arrive at Macao on the 22d

lale kof Baliol College, Oxford. Se

cond edilion, enlarged. of Javuary; thence they sail for Ma

248. nilla, which they reach on the 3d of Fehrtary, and from which they depart We strongly recommend this volume on the oth of February. The unforlu, to the aotice of our readers.

1210. PP


Princess Charlotte.








Lord Byron.

IT 'T was -last month our sorrowful task to announce some of the heaviest

tidiogs that ever blotted the page of history, and in continuation of our mouroful duty, we have now to add such further particulars, connected with that national calamity, as we were precluded from inserting at an earlier period.

The death of a King forms an epoch in the history of a nation; and scarcely less importance is attached to the mortal dissolution of a youthful Prince or Princess, destined by birth to wield the sceptre of regal authority. In the one instance, however, more than in the other, according as the passions of men are brought into play, the character of the sovereign, when retrospectively examined, is not always justly appreciated; his vices, although not actually great, yet may prove heavy in the balance when weighed against his virtues; and his crimes may arise in freshened colours from his ashes, whilst the memory of the good he has done" is interred with his bones.” Hence thc feelings of a nation on the death of a Monarch, wbatever exterpal demonstrations of mourning may be displayed, are liable to be affected by various circumstances not always obviously perceptible; the look of sorrow is not constantly seen indicating the distress of the heart, when the tomb opens to receive the Father of his people; and the garb of melancholy will not always conceal the glow of exultation, when a tyrant quits this scene of his mortal existence. When a kingdom, therefore, is freed, by the hand of death, from oppressive authority, the circumstances attending the event which set it free arc scarcely ioquired into, the natural curiosity which attaches an interest to every thing connected with elevated rank, is forgotten in the contcntinent of the moment; and the fractured

chain is left neglected in the dust, whilst the newly unfettered limbs again try their natural powers. But when Providence issues the mandate to take bence the mighty and the good, the anxiety to pry into the most minute circumstances connected with the event which have awakened the cry of lamentation, becomes insatiable; the living subject can scarcely be persúaded, tbat death, in his ordinary form, should invade the palace ; and that the governors and the governed are equally amenable to the laws of mortality.

Such is the nature of the feelings which have been excited by the melancholy occurrence that has recently spread its gloom over the British Empire ; and the particulars of which, while they are vecessary to prove that there was no neglect in the chamber of suffering Royalty, also show the awful impression of the hand of a Superior Power, who, in the immutable depths of his own intelligence, for purposes which human reason cannot unveil, hath permitted the arrow of destruction to fall there, “ that the dead may alarm the living." We have not indeed, fortunately, to lament the loss of a Sovereign; but, in the death of the Princess Charlotte and her infant child, this country may be said to have beheld vanish, in one moment, the bopes of the national happiness of two generations; for, impossible as it is to conjecture what might have been the conduct of the son, bad he lived to fill bis place in the line of succession ; yet, nevertheless, the most favourable anticipations might have been rationally indulged, from the knowo character of the parents under whose guidance bis first steps in life would have been directed. If, however, the regrets for the loss of the infant might bave been softened by the impossibility of raising the veil of futurity, the interest wbicb filled every breast for the fate of the mother, was founded on more solid expectations of welfare to the country; the disappointment of which, from the uncertainty of human life, bad never been contemplated.

The character of the Princess had developed itself at a very early age. Her understanding expanded at once into masculine strength; and her maoner of thinking displayed an originality, which, if it led occasionally to eccentric sallies, and deviations from the beaten tract, as far as concerned the girl under preceptorial controul, was likely to be productive of the most important firmness and decision of conduct in the future Monarch. Every opening feature of her mind was, indeed, characteristic of the country which


her birth ; while many circumstances too well koown and too récent to require to be repeated or particularised, raised her in the estima. tion of its inhabitants, and endeared her to them in a singular and extraordinary degree. The hopes which the realm had thus formed of her, were further strengthened by her conduct since her union with Prince LEOPOLD ; scarcely a day having passed since that happy moment, which has not been distinguished by some trait marking her superior worth, and genuine excellence. Domestic in her habits, ardent in her affections, benevolent and frank in her disposition, constitutional in her priociples, sincere in her re. ligion, and dignified in her mind, she shone not less elevated by her good. ness than by her rank.

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A Princess thus endowed with the noblest virtues, could not fail to All a place in every British heart ; while the interest she had excited in all ranks of society deepened, as the moment drew near in which she was to become a mother; and such was the anxiety of every individual, that expectation almost sick eoed with the natural delay which occurred, from the time that the first symptoms of that event were announced, until the mournful botification of its lamentable issue.

Her Royal Highness was of a full habit of body; and although her diet was extremely light, consisting principally of fish and potatoes, yet she was inclined to obesity.

A few days previous to the commencement of labour, Sir RICHARD CROFT, supposing that the loss of blood would prove beneficial to the Princess, desired the attendance of Mr. Neville, the surgeon, at Esher, to take a few ounces of blood from a vein in ber arm. Mr. N. after applying a bandage just above the elbow, made four punctures, but not succeediog in opening a vein so as to occasion a flow of blood, Sir RICHARD advised him to open one on the back of the hand, which was much distended, and of course evident to the eye. How many times the Princess was bled we cannot satisfactorily learn: we are told, however, that this was not the only time by two or three. Iu cases of plethora, the loss of a few ounces of blood increases the propelling powers of the body, and, by relieving the braio, gives vigour to the whole system; but in corpulent subjects it requires considerable experience and judgment to decide on the propriety of the measure, for its debilitating effects are considerably greater on them than on an emaciated woman, and the labour is in general more tedious. It has been intimated to us, that Sir RICHARD Croft thought proper to decrease the mass of blood in the case of the Princess, on account of general obesity : but we can scarcely believe that any practitioner would have recourse to bleeding with a view of diminishing it.

The Princess first experienced symptoms of approaching labour on Sunday the 2d of November. She was, however, very well, and look exercise in the Park. On the following day, labour commenced. On Tuesday the 4th of November, unfavourable symptoms appeared ; and Sir RICHARD CROPT was then first inclined to think that the labour might be tedious, and the event not so favourable as he had anticipated. The presence of Dr. Sous was therefore requested, that in case of any untoward occurrences he might be consulted. Immediately after the Doctor's arrival, Sir Richard acquainted him with the state of the labour; when, after taking the circumstances into consideration, and the state of her constitution, Dr. Sıxs gare bis decided opinion, that nature was fully equal to the task of accomplishing delivery; in wbich, Dr. Barlise perfectly coincided. The subsequent deplored particulars are so well known, that we shall not now recapitulate. them.

After the delivery was completed, and the Princess safe in bed, Sir RICHARD Crort left the room; and baving comminunicated the result of the labour, all adjourned to rest. Mrs. GRIPSITAS also went to a small room adjoining that of her Royal Highness's, the door of wbicb was left open,

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