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in execution, variety, and utility, and gage the heart, to charm the ear, and durability, are combined in so eminent to delight the eye. She will ever be a degree, they must carry with them sought after by the curious mind, and irrefragable proofs of a superior hand, she will never disappoint the true adand an infinitely larger portion of wis- mirer. Art, exalted and adorned as dom.
she certainly is, will ever look up to Nature has ever stood unrivalled — nature as her great original—as the she must ever remain so. Her trea- beautifier of all her productions—as sures have never been, and it is cer- the charm of all her fascinations—the tain they never will be, exhausted. source of all her excellence. Art, She pours forth her beauties and lux- when uncorrupted, will be content to
uriances with an unsparing and lavish follow nature, will delight to acknows hand, in every possible variety, to en- ledge her superiority.
A FAREWELL TO THE YEAR.
From the Spanish of L. Baylon.
For glossy curls in gladness shook
That night, that now are damp and cold. 2. Come, fill the cup, and let us pour
For us no more those lovely eyes shall shine, Our blessing on the parting year. Peace to her slumbers ! drown your tears in The years that were, the dim, the gray,
wine. Receive this night, with choral hymn, A sister shade as lost as they,
Thank Heaven, no seer unblest am I,
Before the time to tell, And soon to be as gray and dim. Fill high: she brought us both of weal and When moons as brief once more go by,
For whom this cup again shall swell. woe, And nearer lies the land to which we go.
The hoary mower strides apace,
Nor crops alone the ripened ear ;
And we may miss the merriest face
Among us, 'gainst another year.
Expects in peace her yellow prey : And think of friends that sleep beneath the The oak’s broad leaf, the rose's bloom,
Together fall, together lie; And undistinguished in the tomb,
Nay, droop not : being is not breath;
'Tis fate that friends must part, Howe'er they lived, are all that die. Gold, beauty, knightly sword, and royal But God will bless in life, in death,
The noble soul, the gentle beart. crown, To the same sleep go shorn and withered So deeds be just and words be true, down.
We need not shrink from Nature's rule;
The tomb, so dark to mortal view,
Is heaven's own blessed vestibule;
And solemn, but not sad, this cup should To welcome in the infant year,
flow, Whose star hath now for ever set! Though nearer lies the land to which we Alas, as round this board I look,
NOLLEKENS AND HIS TIMES.*
We will not occupy room with prefa- ed since the days of Boswell's Johntory remarks on this very amusing son than we have been with Mr. work, which may be much more agree- Smith's desultory, rambling, topograably devoted to the illustration of our phical, and anecdotical miscellany of author. Simply premising, therefore, every thing which could interest a litethat we have not been more entertain- rary gossip during half a century,
Nollekens and his Times : comprehending a Life of that celebrated Sculptor, &c. &c. By John Thomas Smith, Keeper of the Prints and Drawings in the British Museum. 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1828.
with a few years to boot, we shall know why he left him his gold-laced proceed at once to communicate a hat. "Why, to tell you the truth, my part of our pleasure to our readers. dear Joey,' answered Barry, 'I fully
Mr. Smith was for three years a expected assassination last night: and pupil of Nollekens, an acquaintance of I was to have been known by my laced nearly sixty years' duration, and one hat.' This villanous transaction, which of his executors ; so that he was well might have proved fatal to Nollekens, fitted for the task he has here dis- I have often heard him relate; and charged. Nollekens himself was the he generally added, “It's what the son of an indifferent painter (original Old Bailey people would call a true ly from Antwerp), born in England in bill against Jem.' 1737, a Roman Catholic in the little “ The patrons of Nollekens, being religion he professed, and for ten characters professing taste and posyears a student under Scheemakers. sessing wealth, employed him as a reIn early life he obtained several pre- ry shrewd collector of antique frag. miums for models from the Society of ments; some of which he bought on Arts; and in 1760 went to Rome. his own account; and, after he had Here he wrought, and among other dexterously restored them with heads productions acquired fame and emo and limbs, he stained them with tolument from busts which he made of bacco-water, and sold them, soreGarrick and Sterne ; and about this times by way of favor, for enormous period we find the following records :
My old friend, Mr. George “ Whilst Mr. Nollekens was at Arnald, A. R. A., favored me with the Rome, he was recognised by Mr. following anecdote, which he received Garrick with the familiar exclamation immediately from Mr. Nollekens, conof, “What ! let me look at you! are cerning some of these fragments. you the little fellow to whom we gave Jenkins, a notorious dealer in antiques the prizes at the Society of Arts?' 'Yes, and old pictures, who resided at Rome sir,' being the answer, Mr. G. invited for that purpose, had been commissionhim to breakfast the next morning, and ed by Mr. Locke of Norbury Park, kindly sat to him for his bust, for to send him any piece of sculpture which he paid him 121. 128. ; and I which he thought might suit him, at a have not only often heard Mr. Nolle- price not exceeding one hundred kens affirm that the payment was made guineas; but Mr. Locke, immediately in 'gold,' but that this was the first upon the receipt of a head of Mibusto he ever modelled. Sterne also nerva, which he did not like, sent it sat to him when at Rome ; and that back again, paying the carriage and all bust brought him into great notice. other expenses. Nollekens, who was With this performance Nollekens con then also a resident in Rome, having tinued to be pleased even to his second purchased a trunk of a Minerva for childhood, and often mentioned a pic- fifty pounds, found, upon the return of ture which Dance had made of him this head, that its proportion and chaleaning upon Sterne's head. During his racter accorded with his torso. This residence in Italy be gained the Pope's discovery induced him to accept an gold inedal for a basso-relievo. Bar- offer made by Jenkins of the head itry, the historical painter, who was ex- self; and two hundred and twenty tremely intimate with Nollekens at guineas to share the profits. After Rome, took the liberty one night, Nollekens had made it up into a figwhen they were about to leave the ure, or, what is called by the vender
: English coffee-house, to exchange of botched antiques, restored it,' hats with him ; Barry's was edged which he did at the expense of about with lace, and Nollekens's was a very twenty guineas more for stone and lashabby plain one. Upon his return- bor, it proved a most fortunate hit, for ing the hat the next morning, he was they sold it for the enormous sum of requested by Nollekens to let him one thousand guineas ! and it is not
at Newby in Yorkshire. The late Exchange of London, as a holder to a celebrated Charles Townley and the considerable amount.” late Henry Blundell, Esqrs. were two In 1771, enriched by such rascally of his principal customers for antiques. pursuits, he was elected an associate, Mr. Nollekens was likewise an indefa- and in the following year a royal acatigable inquirer after terracottas, exe- demician; and his practice in London cuted by the most celebrated sculp- increased to the utmost extent. He tors, Michael Angelo, John di Bologna, then married a Miss Welch (daughter Fiamingo, &c. The best of these he of Justice Welch, and the Pekuah in reserved for bimself until the day of Rasselas); an admirable match, if pehis death. The late Earl of Besbo- nuriousness and selfish wretchedness rough and the late Lord Selsey were could make a match admirable. He much attached to Mr. Nollekens at was not surpassed by Elwes himself; this time,-but his greatest friend was and of her likeness, praised be the the late Lord Yarborough. For that sex! we never read of a sufficiently nobleman he executed many very consi- miserly prototype. derable works in marble, for which he “ During the time (says his biograreceived most liberal and immediate pher) I was with him, he now and payment. Nollekens, who wished then gave a dinner, particularly when upon all occasions to save every shil- his steadfast friend Lord Yarborough, ling he possibly, could, was successful then the Hon. Mr. Pelham, sent his in another mancuvre. He actually annual present of venison ; and it is succeeded as a smuggler of silk stock- most surprising to consider how many ings, gloves, and lace; his contrivance persons of good sense and high talent was truly ingenious, and perhaps it visited Mrs. Nollekens, though it prowas the first time that the custom- bably was principally owing to the good house officers had ever been so taken character her father and sister held in in. His method was this : all bis society. Dr. Johnson and Miss Wilplaster busts being hollow, he stuffed liams were often there, and they genethem full of the above articles, and rally arrived in a hackney-coach, on then spread an outside coating of plas- account of Miss Williams's blindness. ter at the back across the shoulders of When the doctor sat to Mr. Nollekens each, so that the busts appeared like for his bust, he was very much dissolid casts.-His mode of living when pleased at the manner in which the at Rome was most filthy : he had an head had been loaded with hair, which old wolnan, who, as he stated, did for the sculptor insisted upon, as it made hin,' and she was so good a cook, that him look more like an ancient poet. she would often give him a dish for The sittings were not very favorable, dinner, which cost him no more than which rather vexed the artist, who, three-pence. Nearly opposite to my upon opening the street-door, a vullodgings,' he said, there lived a pork- garity he was addicted to, peevishly butcher, who put out at his door at the whined— Now, doctor, you did say end of the week a plateful of what he you would give my busto half an hour called cuttings, bits of skin, bits of before dinner, and the dinner has been gristle, and bits of fat, which he sold waiting this long time.' To which the for two-pence, and my old lady dished doctor's reply was, Bow-wow-wow !! them up with a little pepper and a lit- The bust is a wonderfully fine one, tle salt; and with a slice of bread, and very like, but certainly the sort of and sometimes a bit of vegetable, I hair is objectionable ; having been made a very nice dinner.' Whenever modelled from the flowing locks of a good dinners were mentioned, he was sturdy Irish beggar, originally a street sure to say, 'Ay, I never tasted a bet- pavior, who, after he had sat an hour, ter dish than my Roman cuttings.' refused to take a shilling, stating that By this time, the name of Nollekens he could have made more hy begging! was preity.well known on the Stock Doctor Johnsch also considered this
31 ATHEXEUM, vol. 1, 3d scries.
bust like him; but, whilst he acknow- the table of what was at this time ledged the sculptor's ability in his art, called the Royal Academy Club; and he could not avoid observing to his so strongly was he bent upon saving all friend Boswell, when they were look- he could privately conceal, that he did ing at it in Nollekens's studio, . It is not mind paying two guineas a-year amazing what ignorance of certain for his admission ticket, in order to points one sometimes finds in men of indulge himself with a few nutmegs, eminence :' though, from want of which he contrived to pocket privateknowing the sculptor, a visitor, when ly; for as red-wine negus was the viewing his studio, was heard to say, principal beverage, nutmegs were us• What a mind the man must have ed. Now it generally happened, if from whom all these emanated !'» another bowl was wanted, that the
“ His singular and parsimonious ha- nutmegs were missing. Nollekens, bits were most observable in his do- who had frequently been seen to pockmestic life. Coals were articles of et them, was one day requested by great consideration with Mr. Nolle- Rossi, the sculptor, to see if they had kens; and these he so rigidly econo
not fallen under the table ; upon mised, that they were always sent which Nollekens actually went crawlearly, before his men came to work, ing beneath upon his hands and knees, in order that he might have leisure pretending to look for them, though at time for counting the sacks, and dis- that very time they were in his waistposing of the large coals in what was coat pocket. He was so old a stager originally designed by the builder of at this monopoly of nutmegs, that he his house for a wine-cellar, so that he would sometimes engage the maker of might lock them up for parlor use. the negus in conversation, looking at Candles were never lighted at the him full in the face, whilst he slyly, commencement of the evening ; and and unobserved as he thought, conwhenever they heard a knock at the veyed away the spice : like the fellow door, they would wait until they heard who is stealing the bank note from the a second rap, lest the first should have blind man in that admirable print of been a runaway and their candle wast- the Royal Cock-pit, by Hogarth.-1 ed. Mr. and Mrs. Nollekens used a believe it is generally considered, that flat candlestick when there was any those who are miserly in their own thing to be done ; and I have been as- houses, almost to a state of starvation, sured that a pair of moulds, by being when they visit their friends or dine in well nursed, and put out when compa public, but particularly when they ny went away, once lasted them a are travelling, and know that they will whole year!”
be called upon with a pretty long will, My old school-fellow, Smith, the -lay in what they call a good stock of grocer, of Margaret-street, has been every thing, or of all the good things frequently heard to declare, that when- the landlord thinks proper to spread ever Mrs. Nollekens purchased tea before them. This was certainly the and sugar at his father's shop, she al case with Nollekens when he visited ways requested, just at the moment Harrowgate, in order to take the water she was quitting the counter, to have for his diseased mouth. He informed either a clove or a bit of cinnamon, to his wife that he took three halftake some unpleasant taste out of her pints of water at a time, and as he mouth ; but she never was seen to ap- knew the bills would be pretty large ply it to the part so affected ; so that, at the inn, he was determined to inwith Nollekens's nutmegs, which he dulge in the good things of this world; pocketed from the table at the Aca- so that one day he managed to get demy dinners, they contrived to accu- through a nice roast chicken, with mulate a little stock of spices, without two nice tarts and some nice jellies.' any expense whatever.”
Another day he took nearly two “ He for many years made one at pounds of venison, the fat of which
was at least two inches thick ;' at ry was by far the best he ever cast breakfast he always managed two for a busto.” muffins, and got through a plate of “ To prove the wonderfully sagatoast; and he took good care to put a cious and retentive memory of Mrs. French roll in his pocket, for fear he Garrick's little dog Biddy, and how should find himself hungry when he much it must have noticed its master was walking on the common by him- when rehearsing his parts at home, I self."
shall give (says Mr. S.) the following Mrs. Nollekens appears to have most extraordinary anecdote, as nearly been one of the most unamiable wo as I can, in the manner in which Mrs. men that ever existed. Take the fol- Garrick related it to me a short time lowing as an example out of many : before her death. • One evening, af" At the corner of her house there ter Mr. Garrick and I were seated in was a small part of the street railed our box at Drury-lane Theatre, he in, on which she gave a poor woman said, Surely there is something leave to place a table with a few ap- wrong on the stage, and added, he ples for sale upon a bit of an old nap- would go and see what it was. Shortkin. To this miserably-hooded wi- ly after this, when the curtain was dow she was seen to go, when she in- drawn up, I saw a person come fortended to treat the family with a dum- ward to speak a new prologue, in the pling, with the question of Pray, dress of a country bumpkin, whose Goody, how many apples can you let features seemed new to me; and me have for a penny ?' • Bless your whilst I was wondering who it could kindness! you shall have three.' possibly be, I felt my little dog's tail * Three!' exclaimed the lady, smiling, wag, for he was seated in my lap, his *no, you must let me have four ;' and usual place at the theatre, looking totouching her left thumb with the fore- wards the stage. « Aha!' said I, finger of her right hand, she continued, what, do you know him ? is it your for there's my husband, myself, and master ? then you have seen him two servants, and we must have one practise his part ?'' a-piece.' Well,' observed the mise “During my long intimacy with rable dependent, you must take Mr. Nollekens, I never once heard him them.'»
mention the name of the sweetest bard “With the drapery of the bust of that ever sang, from whose luxuriant George III., Nollekens had more anx- garden most artists have gathered iety and trouble than with any of his their choicest flowers. To the beauother productions : he assured Mr. ties of the immortal Shakspeare he was Joseph, the Associate of the Royal absolutely insensible, nor did he ever Academy, that after throwing the visit the theatre when his plays were cloth once or twice every day for performed; though he was actively nearly a fortnight, it came excellently alive to a pantomime, and frequently well, by mere chance, from the fol- spake of the capital and curious tricks lowing circumstance. Just as he was in Harlequin Sorcerer. He also recolabout to make another trial with his lected with pleasure Mr. Rich's wondrapery, his servant came to him for derful and singular power of scratchmoney for butter; he threw the clothing his ear with his foot like a dog ; carelessly over the shoulders of his and the street-exhibition of Punch lay-man, in order to give her the mo- and his wife delighted him beyond exney, when he was forcibly struck with pression. the beautiful manner in which the • Miss Welch brought down upon folds had fallen; and he hastily ex- herself his eternal hatred, by kindly claimed, pushing her away, Go, go, venturing to improve him in his spelling. get the butter.' And he has frequent- She was a friendly and benevolent ly been heard to say, that that drape- woman; and I am indebted to her