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nies, and he was a man perfectly con numerous difficulties which present versant in everything that relates to the themselves in bringing into full operaconstruction of machinery : he had mi- tion such a complicated piece of manutely examined it, and knew the ef- chinery, it would be difficult to confects of each part, though he had not vey an adequate opinion of the merits received anything like a scientific ed- of this invention. We have from time ucation. If he had, we should in all to time examined its progress in detail; probability have been indebted to him and we have no hesitation in saying, that for scientific discoveries as well as the arrangement by which the supply practical improvements. The most of water to the steam-pipes is effected beautiful and useful invention of late by Mr. Gurney, is one of the most times, the Safety-lamp, was the re- beautiful specimens of ingenuity we ward of a series of philosophical ex- have ever witnessed, among all the cuperiments made by one thoroughly rious applications of the steam-engine, skilled in every branch of chemical either for stationary purposes, or for science. The new process of refining propelling vessels. The difficulties sugar, by which more money has been are almost insuperable, in order to remade in a shorter time, and with less concile the necessary power required risk and trouble, than was ever perhaps for propelling a carriage of this kind, gained from an invention, was discover- with the prejudices or fashion which ed by a most accomplished chemist, and prevails, with regard to the appearwas the fruit of a long course of expe- ance of a stage-coach. The necessity riments, in the progress of which, of consulting appearances has, in fact, known philosophical principles were greatly added to the difficulties of constantly applied, and one or two bringing this invention to perfection, new principles ascertained.
as a vehicle for passengers. But it
appears to us that the ingenious inGURNEY'S STEAM COACH. ventor has at length vanquished all This beautiful specimen of mecha- his obstacles, both with regard to nical invention appears at length to be maintaining an uniform speed, at disbrought to a state of perfection, be- cretion, of at least 10 or 11 miles an yond which we hardly think it possi- hour; and, from having the centre of ble to make any essential improve- gravity below the horizontal line of ment. We had lately an opportunity the axles, the risk of overturning of witnessing the operation of this ma seems to be entirely obviated. chine through the Albany-road, and We understand a carriage will be streets adjacent to the Regent's Park; completed to carry passengers, in the and we should say its progress could environs of London, in three weeks or not have been less than at the rate of a month from the present time. Tak12 miles per hour; and in some part ing into consideration the perfect of the road, where the rain had not control of the engine, and the uniforrendered the gravel extremely heavy, mity with which it is now capable of the speed of the carriage could not being managed by an ordinary conhave been less than 14 miles an hour. ductor, we should say there was From the late improvements made by scarcely a possibility of its not ultiMr. Gurney with the view of produc- mately superseding the use of horses ing a uniform supply of water to the in running four-wheel carriages, for boiler, (or rather the steam-generating the conveyance both of goods and pas. pipes); and also in order to produce a sengers. We believe it is estimated regular blower or current of air through that the expense of conveyance may the fire chamber, the difficulties which be reduced to one-half or two-thirds presented themselves in the earlier of the present average charge of stagestages of the invention to maintain an coaches. adequate supply of steam, appear to be completely obviated.
Mr. Brande, in his recent Lecture To persons not acquainted with the on Vegetable Chemistry, says, “Salt
SALT AS A MANURE.
UTILITY OF STORMS.
has been very much extolled for a of the tree, will be destroyed, and the manure ; I believe that a great deal blights will immediately cease. more has been said of it than it deserves ; it certainly destroys insects, but I do not believe what has been Dr. Huxham, in reference to epidesaid of its value. We are not to infer mic diseases, remarks, that he often that because a manure is found to be observed them abate greatly, both useful on one soil in a certain climate, in their number and violence, after that it shall prove equally useful in stormy and heavy rains, the contagious others ; experience must direct us in effluvia and morbid congestions of the this particular.
atmosphere being thus dispersed. In
this way, he continues, even tempests MUSHROOMS, POISONOUS AND INNO themselves very frequently prove salu
tary, stagnant air being, no less than A student of medicine at Paris, M. stagnant water, liable to corruption, Letellier, has just published a work unless often put into motion. The sacontaining descriptions of edible and lubrity occasioned by the agitation of deleterious mushrooms, with lithogra- the air, which is more general, perphic figures done by himself. It would haps, on the sea-coast, than in any appear that M. Letellier tested the other situation, was noticed with great qualities of all the mushrooms which interest by the ancients. Augustus he has described by eating of them Cæsar was so strongly impressed with himself, taking care to note, with im- its beneficial influence, that he built passible sang-froid, all the circum- and dedicated a temple to Circius, a stances of pain and other effects pro- wind so powerful that it frequently duced. We cannot but look upon such blew down the houses of the people. dangerous experiments with produc- The inhabitants of Gaul, also, as tions of this class as a very unwarrant- Seneca informs us, gave public thanks able sporting with health, if not with to this exceedingly tempestuous life.
wind, in consequence of its clearing AN ASTRONOMER'S DREAM. the atmosphere and rendering it Kepler, in his “Somnium Astrono- healthful. micum," imagines the planets to be huge animals swimming round the sun DISCOVERIES IN THE ARCTIC REGIONS, by means of fins, which act on the If we compare the map of these etherial fluid as those of fishes do on countries but ten years ago with that water. Their regular periods of re- which now exists, we shall see at one volution, of course, will be somewhat glance how much geography has been on the same principle with the annual benefited from these arctic voyages. visits which the herring, &c. pays to We now, for the first time, have obour shores. Lucretius was not much tained undeniable proof that the great nearer the truth when he called them continent of America is insulated, and the flaming walls of the world, that the idea of its being joined to “flammantia mænia mundi.”
that of Asia by a slip across Behring's Strait, like the bridge of a pair of
spectacles, as some Germans, and our Whenever you see the branch of a countryman, Admiral Burney, would tree blighted, or eaten by insects, pro- have it, is destitute all foundation. cure a shoemaker's awl, and pierce the We now know, that, from Behring's lower extremity of the branch into the Strait to the Strait of the Fury and wood; then pour in two or three drops Hecla, this northern coast of America of crude mercury, (which is the quick- presents an undulating line, whose exsilver in common use) and stop up the treme latitudes extend from about 67 hole with a small stick. In about to 71 deg.; and that it is indented by forty-eight hours, the insects not only many good harbors and large rivers : upon that branch, but upon all the rest whereas, before Franklin's expedi
B LIGHT IN FRUIT TREES.
tions, the maps had no line of coast, the one of which the elements were but only two points, one of which was determined by Damoiseau, whose name erroneously laid down, and the other it bears, and the periodic time of which doubtful ; the rivers and lakes were is 6.75 years. It is almost needless drawn ad libitum, which are now plac- to say, that from this body there can ed, the former in their proper direc- exist no rational cause of apprehension; tions, and the latter in true shapes and at its nearest approach to the earth it dimensions.
will be more than 44 millions of miles THE COMEt or 1832 (DAMOISEAU's). distant from it, and might approach
Some mischievous wag has been millions of miles nearer without occaterrifying the old women, as well in sioning any serious consequences. In petticoats as without, both in this 1770, a comet approached within country and on the continent, with 2,062,500 miles. Lalande estimates fearful prognostications of the destruc- at 35,750 miles the distance at which tion of the world in the year 1832, by a comet might produce upon the earth a ballistic visitation from a comet any sensible effect.
self headlong into the passion of the Illicit traffic is carried on to a great scene, opened his way with irresistible extent in the department of the Rhine force to the heart, and became beauby dogs educated for that purpose. tiful with genius and sensibility. In the district of the Sarreguemines Louis XV. wept—"albeit unused to alone, from March 1827 to March in the melting mood;" and the ugly Le the present year, 58,277 dogs crossed Kain was from that day acknowledged the Rhine on this unlawful pursuit. to be the most profound and pathetic Of these, 2,477 lost their lives in the actor on the French stage. adventure ; but the remaining 55,800 got clear off with their spoil, barking a hoarse laugh at the custom-house In the prison at Ghent, spirits are officers. It is supposed that they car- sold, but pens and paper cannot be ried with them 140,000 kilogrammes obtained without a special application of contraband goods.
to the governor.
DR. CHANNING'S REMARKS ON NAPOLe Kain was the ugliest player on
LEON. the French stage. The actresses, of In the broad principles which Dr. course, were all his enemies; and, at C. lays down, we agree without the his début, the boxes turned a look of smallest qualification ; and, in general, disgust on his disagreeable face and we go along with their application alungainly figure. The young actor, so. But occasionally, we think, he filled with the courage of despair, re- warps and strains them to get them to solved to play Orosmane before the reach Napoleon. We think that, in court, and at once decide his fate. many instances, he is unjust to the The audience, prevented perhaps by great subject of his analysis-but etiquette from expressing their dis- that, in most, he is fair and rightdain, became gradually accustomed to while, in all, his mannei of judging his appearance; and the first act was is equally strong, severe, original, and scarcely over when his destiny was ably-argued. He has achieved that indeed lixed. He had thrown him- most rare of all intellectual faculties-
that of blending the most close and logi- that the works which he then produccal reasoning, with the kindliest chari- ed were much inferior to those of his ties of humanity. He proves that good former days; a fact of which, of feeling and good sense are always on course, he was not himself conscious. the same side—that right and expedi- One morning, the late Mr. Christie, ent are almost convertible terms. to whom had been entrusted the sale We think America has greater cause by auction of a fine collection of picto be proud of Dr. Channing than of tures belonging to a nobleman, having any writer she has yet put forth. arrived at a chef-d'ouvre of Wilson's,
was expatiating with his usual eloSIR W. JONES AND MR. DAY. quence on its merits, quite unaware One day, upon removing some books that Wilson himself had just before at the chambers of Sir William Jones, entered the room. This, gentlemen, a large spider dropped upon the floor, is one of Mr. Wilson's Italian picupon which Sir William, with some tures ;-he cannot paint any thing like warinth, said, “ Kill that spider, Day, it now.” " That's a lie !” exclaimed kill that spider !” · No,” said Mr. the irritated artist, to Mr. Christie's Day, with that coolness for which he no small discomposure, and to the was so conspicuous, “I will not kill great amusement of the company ; that spider, Jones! I do not know “ he can paint infinitely better!” that I have a right to kill that spider! Suppose when you are going in your coach to Westminster Hall, a superior This wine, which is frequently menbeing, who, perhaps, may have as tioned by ancient writers, is obtained much power over you as you have by making an incision in the bark of over this insect, should say to his the palm tree, and inserting a quill or companion, “Kill that lawyer! kill reed through which the juice exudes. that lawyer!' how should you like It is extremely pleasant to the taste, that, Jones ? and I am sure, to most but strongly intoxicating ; and you people, a lawyer is a more noxious are frequently much amused in the animal than a spider.”
East, by observing its effects upon the lizards, which, as
leave the tree, run up and suck the The great Marshal Saye was very juice. They immediately become infond of gaiety, and used to say, “ The toxicated, and in that condition lie French troops must be led on gaily.” about, looking up stupidly in your His camp was always a gay scene; face. Parrots and other birds also and it was at his camp-theatre that he sip the palm wine, but have
ver been gave the order for battle. The prin- observed to be the worse for it. cipal actress used to come forward and say, “ There will be no play to
EDUCATION IN FRANCE. morrow,
account of the battle At a recent meeting of the Society which the Marshal intends giving ; in Paris for the promotion of elementhe day following we shall act · The tary instruction, one of the secretaries Cock of the Village,' and · The read a paper, from which it appears, Merry Intriguers.'
that the number of children in France to whom it is desirable to communi
cate this instruction is about 5,500,000, Towards the close of Wilson's life, -2,750,000 boys and as many girls ; annoyed and oppressed by the neglect that the number of communes is 39,381; which he experienced, it is well that fewer than 24,000 of these comknown that he unfortunately had re munes have schools for boys ; that. course to those means of temporary the schools in those communes, to the oblivion of the world, to which disap- number of 27,000, receive 1,070,000 pointed genius but too frequently re children; that the number of girls sorts. The natural consequence was, educated at schools does not exceed
430,000; and, consequently, that if they were stripped of their purple, 4,000,000 of children are still in need of and cast naked into the world, would instruction. Great hopes are, howe- immediately sink to the lowest rank ver, entertained that this desirable ob- of society, without a hope of emergject may be accomplished ; and it is ing from their obscurity.
He might said that, in the next session, a law have added, that most of them deserve on the subject will be proposed for the to be compelled to make the expericonsideration of the French chambers. ment.
TALES OF A GRANDFATHER.
SINGULAR SUPERSTITIONS OF THE
The King of Prussia has recently Sir Walter Scott has nearly finished issued the most severe orders against a second series of this excellent and duelling, which has increased, to a interesting school-book, which has fearful degree, in his Majesty's dobeen more successful than could have minions. He directs that all disputes been anticipated, even by those who shall be referred to a Court of Honor. comprehend the extent and versatility of his genius. Upwards of 15,000 copies of the first series have been already sold ; and from the tone in If a huntsman, on going out in the which it has been spoken of at Paris, morning, sees a fox cross his path, or we expect that the French translation meets an old woman or friar, he imwill become as popular on the conti- mediately returns home again; as he nent as the original is at home. is persuaded that, in the first instance,
he will meet with no game, and in the
other, that he will shoot a man hidden in The Mohammedans, who are an the leaves, or do some other irreparaimaginative people, account for shoot- ble mischief.—The stagnation of the ing or falling stars in the following blood known by the name of night
- The devils, according to mare, is called by them Tokeli. This their opinion, are a very inquisitive Tokeli is represented as a little gnome, set of beings, who endeavor to ascend all covered with fine grey hairs, but to the constellations, whence they of an elegant figure, who lays himself may pry into the actions, and overhear on the chest of sleeping men or wothe discourse of the inhabitants of men, and embraces them nearly to heaven, and perhaps succeed in draw- suffocation. A person who has been ing them into temptation. The angels, thus embraced is in expectation of who keep watch and ward over the soon finding a treasure, as an indemconstellations, hurl a few of the small- nification from the Tokeli for the fear er orders of stars at these ambitious and agitation he has caused. spirits, and thus produce those trailing fires that stream in clear nights over the sky.
The first four volumes of a com
plete History of India have just apMADEMOISELLE BOURGOIN, peared at Paris. They may in some In one one of her conversations with measure be regarded as introductory Bonaparte, insinuated, in the most to the history itself, as they consist flattering terms, the pleasure it would entirely of dissertations on the chrogive her to possess a portrait of his nology, philosophy, laws and literaMajesty. Napoleon, generously as ture of India. condescendingly, instantly complied
ELOQUENCE. with the fair one's request, by pre A professor, whose lectures were senting her with a piece of five francs. generally nearly terminated ere the
students had all arrived, commenced
his observations lately on this neglect, Gibbon, who was no republican, by observing, “ The first who shall in observes, that the generality of princes, future arrive the last, &c.”