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legal government in England. The inhabitants even of the most distant fettlements under the crown of Great Britain must not adopt any polity that is essentially inconsistent with the Maxima securitas, ordained and required by the common law of England.

The community of free African settlers, however, have already adopted (as I am informed) a small variation from the old English model of numerical divisions, by forming themselves into divisions of dozens, instead of tithings or tens; but as this little change is by no means inconsistent with the true principles and intention of our legal English frankpledge, I am at liberty to acknowledge a most hearty approbation of it, as being an arrangement far more convenient and effectual for securing perfect subordination, peace, and good government, even than the antient legal divi


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sions into tens or decinaries, because each dozen will have one chief or headborough, and one asistant beadborough, to govern and lead a complete complement of ten deciners; so that the division may still with propriety retain the old legal name of a tithing or decenary; and the hundred division may be rendered literally and strictly an hundred families, by appointing one bundreder, two chiefs of fifties, and one town clerk (or clerk of the hundred) over

every eight dozens; whereby the legal bundred, in its civil capacity (for the maintenance of peace, justice, and common right, according to the first principles of cur constitutional polity, the most effectual for all the purposes of good government) will confift of.

1 Hunequally * Who, in the common law, is a high confiable and * jufticiarius,” or justice of the peace.

I Hundreder, or centurion * 2 Chiefs of fifties --- superior constables,

and presiding justices in the

weekly Tithing-courts t'; i Town-clerk, or Clerk of the hun

dred I, 8 Headboroughs being constables in

ordinary. 8 asistant Headboroughs or constables

extraordinary 80 Deciners-masters of families or

householders S, viz. 100 Householders in all, who must equally contribute to support all the burthens of the state, and of course must be entitled to an equal voice in the

+ Or rather, in the courts of four tithings, or dozens collected together,

With a proper salary, to regifter all judgments and debts, and to be allowed two or more affiftants, if necessary, from the best qualified of the deciners, with suitable salaries also for their trouble.

Ś Who, jointly with the chiefs of their several divi. fions, pledge each other, and their respective families or dependants for the publick peace and common right, and are termed in law, boni et legales homines, "good and true men.

common council,” or parliament, of their settlement; which on the African coast is called Palaaver; and if the whole body of householders Thould hereafter, by God's blessing, become too numerous for a personal attendance in their common council they will be all equally entitled to elect a proper number of deputies from their respective divisions to represent them in the supreme council; and that in a due and equal proportion to their numbers; for otherwise their representation would be rendered most banefully delusive and corrupt!




si Captain

And in a military capacity

Mufter master and the same hundred house-,

commissary holders will form a corps of 8 Serjeants militia consisting of

8 Corporals 80 Milites or men of


free militia men Amounting altogether to 100 or armed deci.

ners. To these must also be added the fons, apprentices, and indentured servants of the deci. ners,

viz. all the males of 16 years of age and upwards, who by the common law are required to be armed, and of course to be disciplined in the

use of arms. The average of 200 Privates or rank males above 16 years of


and file. may be stated, I believe, at three to each family, including all the persons above described : so that in a few years, if the settlement fucceeds, there may probably be added to the 100 armed deciners at least

In all

300 militia

men in each hundred division, a corps that may be rendered sufficiently effectual to support the executive justice of a free, legal government, within any extent of


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