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and govern'd by the mere Will of a single person, it is plain the Fourth Monarchy was not to be so. And how well this Character agrees with the Roman Empire, and the various Forms of its Government, I need not say. But then the Kingdom of the Seleucide was certainly a Monarchy, like that of the three foregoing; and in no remarkable things, that I know of, at all differing froni them; and therefore not in the least answering to this Character of the Fourth Kingdom in Daniel.
4. Not one of the Distinguishing Characters of the Fourth Kingdom does intirely agree with that of the Seleucide. And certainly ’tis strange, if the Prophet should describe a Kingdom by a great many particular Characters, and not one of them
appear in History to agree to it. The Kingdom of the Seleucide was far from being as strong as Iron, and from breaking to pieces and subduing all things. Its feet, or lowest Ages, were no way made up part of Iron, and part of Clay ; i. e. of two different constituent Branches, the one strong and hardy, and the other weak and brittle ; It had not at its conclusion ten Toes, or ten Horns, i. e. Ten distinê Kingdoms : Nor is it possible therefore that it should have such a little Horn as arosc among
them, or after them, and which should depress three of them, and should have eyes and a mouth to speak very great ihings. Nor did any remarkable Duration of Antiochus's Profanation, include a time, times, and a division, or part, of time, i, e. just three Chaldean Years and a Month, or 110 Days. All which, from the two foregoing Prophecies of Daniel, appear to be the certain Characteristicks of this Fourth Kingdom, and, as we shall see hereafter, do exactly agree with the Roman Empire. So that in truth, to speak freely, that extravagant Liberty of Fancy, and of Interpretation, which can suit these Characters to the Kingdom of the Seleucida, might almost as well suit them to that of England or France, or indeed to any Kingdom in the World.
3: The Kingdom or Church of our Saviour Christ was to be first set up, during the Continuance of these Four Kingdoms : But it was not set up, till long after the Conclusion of the Kingdom of the Seleucide : 'Tis therefore impossible that that Kingdom should be the Fourth Kingdom in Daniel.
In the Days of these Kings, says the Prophet, mall the God of Dan.ij. 44. Heaven set up a Kingdom which thall never be destroy’d. And again, the Stone which was cut out without hands, that is, our Ver. 45. Saviour and his Kingdom, brake in pieces and destroy'd all those Four Kingdoms. Now fure 'tis not poslible that the Stone Thould break the Kingdoms to pieces, unless it was cut out of the Mountain, and in being, during their continuance. And yet 'tis certain from History, that the Kingdom of the Sea leucide was at an end a long time before our Sayiour was born. Nay, Antiochus Epiphanes is by this Prophet, on another occalion, said to be in the latter time of that Kingdom ; who yet Dan.viij. 23. dy'd about 190 Years before the beginning of our Saviour's Ministry; and so about 100 Years before his Birth. The least of which Spaces of Time is yet greater than the whole Duration of that Kingdom of the Seleucida, at the time of his Profanation of the Temple; as the very Dates thereof in the Books of the Maccabees do abundantly tcftify. So that 'tis perfectly vain, and wholly inconsistent with this moft eminent Character [that our Saviour's Kingdom was to be set up in the days of these Four Kingdoms, ] to make the Kingdom of the Seleucida, which ended so long before, the Fourth
of those Kingdoms.
6. As the Fourth Kingdom was to be in being before the first setting up of our Saviour's Kingdom, so was it also to continue in being until his second coming to set up his own Kingdom, which can no way agree to the Kingdom of the Seleucide, nor indeed to any but the Roman Empire. The Words are express; I bebeld, and the Little Horn (which grew Dan.vij.21,22. up among the Ten Horns of the Fourth Kingdom) made War wish the Saints, and prevailed against them, until the Ancient of days came, and Judgment was given to the Saints of the most High; and the time came that the Saints possessid the Kingdom. And more clearly elsewhere : I beheld then, because of the voice of the great Ver. 17. words which the Horn fpake, I beheld even till the beast was slain, and his body deftroy'd, and given to the burning flame. And if we would know when this
was that the Fourth Beast or Kingdom, with its Little Horn, was to be utterly destroy'd, the Ver...io words foregoing will put it past
doubt, that it was to be at the
Day of Judgment. Nay, this Argument is so decretory, that if we should allow the Coming of Christ to be his first Coming in the Flesh, or his Coming to destroy Jerusalem by Titus, yet
is it absolutely impossible to belong to Antiochus Epiphanes, as #Mede, p.875
others would have it. For this Little Horn continued till the 881.& p.919.- Coming of the Ancient of Days in the express words of Daniel : 925. Dr. More Whereas Antiochus had been dead long before either of thofe Appendix to times, as we have already seen: and so he cannot possibly be that Dar24 Sr. Little Horn of the 4th Kingdom there spoken of. If this be nat Prophet
. 1. 2. Demonstration, I know not what is to be so esteem'd in these c.13. Creffener matters. They who desire to see this proposition more largely Demonft. 1. 2. insisted on, and prov'd to be not only true in it felf, but alc.8. & Append.
most universally own'd to be so both by the Jewish and ChriDuplici Melliz ftian Church in all Ages, need only consult the # Authors quoAdventu, p.s» ted in the Margin, and they will find abundantly enough for
doc. Mr. Ste their satisfaction; and those who will not take so much pains Number of the as to consult them, may receive some content by the short AcBeast, chap. s. testations * transcrib'd from some of them, and hereunto anat large. Vid. nexed ; it being a Point which the Papists, tho' sorely against & Petri Moli. their interest, are forc'd to consent to as much, if not more næi Vatem.l.4. than the Protestants themselves. c. 19, donc
Dr. Allix de
* The Roman Empire to be the fourth Kingdom of Daniel, was believed by the Church of Israel, both before and in our Saviour's time; received by the Difciples of the Apostles, and the whole Christian Church for the first 400 years, without any known contradition. And, 1 confess, having so good ground in Scripture, it is with me tantum non Articulus Fidei, Listle less than an Article of Faith. Mede p. 899,900.
Hæc tria Vos Judæi fatemini (1.) Deum Nebuchadnezari eam feriem regnorum exhibuisie cum quibus Judzis aliquid negotii intercessit: Scilicet Chal. dæorum, Medo-Persarum, Græcorum, & Romanorum. Id veftri Scriptores à 1600 annis uno ore fatentur: nec, præter unum aut alium inter Christianos Interpretes scripturæ novi qui id in dubium revocet. donc. Allix De duplici Yeliz Adventu. P.5.
All agree that the fourib Kingdom, is the Kingdom of the Romans; as well the Ancients, and the Jewish Church, both before and after Christ, and the Christian Church, for the firjt 400 years; as the Moderns. Calovius in 6.9. Daniel.
That the fourth Beast, is the Roman Empire is certain, and agreed upon by all shat profess the name of Chriß. Malvenda, Ibid. The Beast out of the Sea, in the apocalypse, doos evidently allude to the fourth
Beaft 6.7. Daniel.
Beast in the 7th Chapter of Daniel; and 'tis molt clear and evident, that that fourth Beast of Daniel is ihe Figure of the Roman Empire in an Idolatrous State. Alcalar. in Apocalyps. Se&t. 3. v. 1. Chap. 13.
The fourth Kingdom is the Kingdom of the Romans 3 and so all take it to be. Maldonate in c. 7. Daniel.
This fourth Beast, according as all interpret it so be, and as the master it Self does Mew it, did represent the figure of the Roman Empire. Pererius in
Some would have the fourth Kingdom to be the Rule of Alexander's Succefsors: But they should have remembred that the Golden Head was the Babylonians, and the Second Kingdom was the Persians, the Third then must be the Grecians, and the Fourib the Romans. But at present I cannot but admire, that there should be some pious Men, who should inke the fourth Beast to be the Macedonian Kingdom. For they should have confider'd, that the third Beast has four Heads, which dres operly few the fourfold Division of the Greek Empire after Alexander's Death. - And then that the fourth Beaft has Ten Horns. And that they were but Four, and not Ten that continued she Reign of the Greek Monarchy after Alexander. Theodoret. in c. 7. Daniel.
Ergo dicamus quod omnes Ecclesiastici Scriptores tradiderunt, in consummatione Mundi, quando regnum destruendum est Romanum, decem futuros Reges qui orbem Romanum inter se dividant; & undecimum surrecturum esse Regem Parvulum, qui tres Reges de decem Regibus superaturus St.&c. Hieron. in Daniel 7.
Scholium 1. It may not be here improper to take notice of that almost unobservd, but most eminent Prophecy of the Four Monarchies, particularly of the last, or the Roman Em. pire, which we find in the first half of the Book of Foel. Where under the notion of four small Beasts, or Animals, as in Daniel and the Revelation, under that of four Great ones, the four famous Monarchies are to be understood ; and by the Fourth, (which here, as well as in Daniel and the Revelation is most largely insisted on,) we are to understand the Roman Empire. And I cannot but think any other Interpretation to be groundless, and without any Foundation in History. Hear some of the Words of that remarkable Book. The Word of Joel i. & ij. the Lord that came to Joel, the Son of Pethuel. Hear this, je Old Men, and give ear all ge inhabitants of the Earth. Hath this been in your days, or even in the days of your Fathers? Tell ye your children of it, and let your children tell their children, and their children another generation. That which the Palmer. worm hath left, bath the Locust eaten ; and that which the Locust
hath left, hath the Canker-worm eaten; and that which the Canker-worm hath left, hash the Carter-pillar eaten. — For a Nation is come up upon my land strong, and without number; whose teeth are the teeth of a Lion, and he hath the cheek-teeth of a great Lion. He hath laid my Vine waste, and barked my Fig-tree; he hath made it clean baré, and cast it away; the branches thereof are made white. Blow ye the Trumpet in Zion, and found an alarm in my holy Mountain : Let all the inhabitants of the Land rremble ; for the day of the Lord comerb, for it is nigh at band. A day of darkness, and of gloominess; a day of clouds, and of thick darkness; as the morning Spread upon the Mountrins ; a great people and a strong; there hash not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, even to the years of generation and generation.
A fire devoureth before them, and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a defolate Wildernejš, yea, and nothing Mall escape them. The appearance of them is as the appearance of horses, and as horsemen, so mall they run. Like the noise of chariots on the tops of mountains Mall they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people fet ir barrel araj. Before their face the people shall be much pained, all faces shall gather blackness
. They shall run like mighty men, ihey fall climb the wall like men of war, they shall march every one on his ways, and they Jall not break their ranks. The earth shall quake before them, the heavens (ball tremble, the fun and the moon shall be dark, and the ftars Mall withdraw their shining; and the Lord shall utter his voice before his army, for his camp is very great: for he is strong that executeth his word : for the day of the Lord is great,
very terrible, and who can abide it? Therefore also now, faith the Lord, turn je even to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning : and rent your heart
, and not your garments, and turn unto the Lord your God: for he is gracious and merciful, sow 10 anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil. Who knoweth if he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him, even a meat-offering and a drink-offering unto the Lord your God? Blow the Trumpet in Zion, Sanctify a Fajt, call a folemn Assembly. Gather the people,