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place amongst the most brave and courageous of Erin's noble and pa triotic sons. Their deference to the Sabbath exposed them to reproach and persecution, and a worthless officer placed them in the very heart of danger. They suffered for Christ's sake, but,

The mount of danger is the place

Where we behold surprising grace. And so it was with them. They were required to stand on that very bridge over which the enemy intended to force their way into the town. Their position was exceedingly perilous, but “ the cloud” was their defence. It rose as by a miracle, and literally covered them in the day of battle. Well might David say, “Except the Lord keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain." Here we find the Lord was singularly present with his servants. He was there not only to defend, but to deliver them. And when the Lord thus interposes, he can save by many or by few. Eleven

pious men, under the sbadow of divine protection, not only repelled a furious rebel host, but actually saved the whole town from destruction. So true it is that “ they who know their God shall be strong and do exploits."

But what was the result? No doubt many perished, but not one of those devoted inen suffered. They fought valiantly to the very last, and then left the field without a wound. But Simpson! that poor recreant who bartered his conscience, his brethren, and his God, fell lifeless at their feet. What a spectacle! The Sabbathbreaker was shot dead on the spot! but those who kept the holy day escaped unhurt! Such a fact deserves our notice; and we cannot but regard it as a striking comment on the language of a just and holy God, who has said, “ Them that honour me I will honour, but they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed."

WM. BAGGALY. Liverpool, Dec., 1851.



By The Rev. WM. BAGGALY, OF LIVERPOOL. " TREAD softly, brother Thompson should meet again until “the resur'. is dying," I said to myself, when en- rection of the just." tering this good man's room. His Years have passed away since then, estimable partner, and their ever- but the scenes witnessed at William affectionate friend Miss Doyle, now Thompson's death-bed are still fresh Mrs. Thomas Bradburn, were watch- in my recollection, and can never be ing over him with the deepest soli- forgotten. It may be proper to recitude. All was silent. Indeed, they mark here, that our departed brother were too much affected to speak, but joined our Connexion in Birminga significant shake of the head ap. ham, when there were but few to peared to say, “He's almost gone?” patronize its principles, or even to I walked gently round to the foot of own its name. Such a man would the bed, and stood gazing on our be a blessing to a Church at any dying friend. He was evidently en- time; but especially so when its gaged in prayer. His eyes were limited numbers and feeble interests closed and hands uplifted, as if in required more than ordinary atten. the very act of commending his soul tion and energy to keep it alive. His to God who gave it. In a short time enlightened mind and superior taI was recognized, and he wished to lents qualified him for extensive usetell me all his mind. He was both fulness; and to his co-operation with happy and resigned. The Lord was such early and valued friends as with him. The blissful realities of Harris, Linegar, Beswick, Mrs.Price, eternity were opening to his view, Mrs. Hodgkinson, Mrs. Warren, and and he longed to depart and be with others, we are much indebted for our Christ. I prayed with him and then present position both in Birmingham withdrew, not expecting that we and the surrounding district. He

was a local preacher, and exercised his talents in that capacity for years with great acceptance. One of his errands of mercy to Woodside, now in the Dudley Circuit, no doubt laid the foundation of that serious and protracted affliction which brought him to a premature grave.

His long-tried and confidential friend Mr. Pember, now of Manchester, prepared some valuable memorials of him, which were useful to the writer when preaching his funeral sermon in Oxford-street Chapel, Birmingham. Those papers are still in our possession; but as this brief account is not intended to assume the form of a memoir, we shall pass over the entire sketch of his useful life, and simply furnish a few brief reminiscences of his triumphant death.

For several years brother William Thompson walked on the borders of the grave. His friends and medical attendant thought of every successive affliction, " This will take him off; he cannot survite this.” But though they were fre. quently mistaken, it was evident that every attack loosened a pin in his frail tabernacle, and at length it was dissolved.

On several occasions, when he thought his end was near, and having only his wife or a particular friend with him, he would say, " Tell them I die in the faith. I feel the blood of the Atonement is efficacious on my behalf. I believe the Saviour died to atone for sin, and above all that he died for me! His favourite lines were

God is love! I know, I feel,

Jesus weeps and loves me still. And, at other times, when exposed to great sufferings, or severe temptations, he would exclaim, With Christ in the vessel, I'll smile at the

storm. As the summer closed, and cold, damp, winterly weather came on, our brother was attacked by his old complaint--a disease of the lungs. Confirmed dropsy followed, and thus all hope of his recovery passed away.

Mr. Pember says, “I was called up on the 23rd of November, about half-past two o'clock in the morning,

as Mr. Thompson wished to see me, supposing he had not many hours to live. Not expecting such a sudden summons from my friend, and being informed as soon as I awoke that he was dying, I hurried to him with feelings better imagined than expressed. When I entered his room, a scene presented itself which cannot be described. My weak and dying friend, Mr. Thompson, was there, with a body emaciated and worndown, but with a mind as strong as a giant. His pious ejaculations, his fervent prayers, his expressions of confidence in God, and his hope of glory, almost overwhelmed me. O Mr. Pember,' he said, “I am glad you are come. I have had such a manifestation from God! I thought my tabernacle would bave sunk under it. The Lord has been pleased to reveal himself to me so that my cup runs over. I've glory in view.

Come, ye angelic convoys, come,

And lead the willing pilgrim home, &c. I want to sing one of the songs of Zion. If my wife had not restrained me, I would have sung her such a song as she never heard before.' And such were his feelings that, if allowed, he would bave aroused the whole neighbourhood with expressions of his happiness and glorious prospects.

“But such exertions soon overpowered him. When relieved, however, from the oppression of his heart and lungs, he would break out againYe wheels of nature, speed your course,

Ye mortal powers decay;.
Fast as ye bring the night of death

Ye bring eternal day. And again, in rapturous exultation, he exclaimed, Glory! glory be to his holy name; he is precious, I feel his grace is sufficient. Many times have I been fearful that in this hour my faith and confidence would not support me, and that in the prospect of death I should be overcome with perplexing fears; but, through the abundant mercy of my gracious Redeemer, I have obtained the victory over death, hell, and the grave. O grave, where is thy victory? O death, where is thy sting?' I have obtained the victory through Jesus Christ my Lord. Oh!' he exclaimed, this precious moment has cost me many

prayers and strong cries. I have On another occasion his friend enprayed long and fervently that he tered the room, and gently inquired, would give me grace to sustain me “Is all well ?" Mr. T. heard him, in this trying hour.'

and immediately replied, “Not quite.” "To a young gentleman who had “I was somewhat surprised," said showed him some attention during Mr. Pember," fearing the enemy had his illness, and who was then present, gained some advantage over him, but he said, “O Mr. --, allow me to I was happily mistaken ; for on rerecommend to you the religion of minding him that the Redeemer was Jesus Christ as the best portion you still the same, and that he could save can possess in this world. It will to the very uttermost, he said, with serve you in health and affliction, in much composure, It will soon be prosperity and adversity, in life and better. I shall soon be in glory, in death. Oh, what should I do now through mercy; and the fact that he without it? Seek it, then, while you can cleanse a poor, wretched and are young.'"

polluted soul like mine, and admit it After this he began, contrary to into his presence, is almost overexpectation, to revive a little : but in whelming." a few weeks his affliction returned On Thursday, Feb. 11th (con. with renewed violence, and on the tinues our friend), I found him in 5th of February he gave up all hope, his chair between eight and nine and supplied his friend with a list of o'clock in the morning. His eyes persons whom be wished to carry were closed, and he breathed just him to the grave. On the 9th he like a dying man. After a short time, thought himself a little better, but, he revived a little, and proceeded to fully aware of the deceitful nature of express, though faintly, his unshaken his complaint, he said, "I have given confidence in God. "Glory! glory! up everything that I love: I have I have glory in view! I believe," given up my wife ; I have also given said he, “God is answering our up the love of life, which is the prayers, and that I shall this day be dearest thing in the world, but I in glory. Yet I pray that I may wait have given that up; and I cannot all his righteous will. I have been see what purpose could be accom- more favoured by the Lord than any plished in my continuing longer in man. He has answered my prayers, the body, except it be to show the and yet it seems mysterious that he strength of grace and the goodness should grant me the greater blessing of God."

and yet withhold the lesser, by de“That night I was again called up laying to cut short his work in about half past one," continues Mr. righteousness and taking me to himPember, " as he expected to be gone. self. I have the testimony of his I found him weak and languid ; but Spirit that I am accepted through the though faint he was still pursuing." Beloved. Soon after five o'clock he had a severe Oh, how I will shout his praise, fit, and when recovering from it he When I do get to heaven !" said, with apparent disappointment. The same day, about two o'clook, I “What! are the angels gone without found him very weak; but, as he said, me? Is the blessed convoy returned still in the body. “I am," he said, “as without me? Well," said he, evi- happy as a man can be that is worn dently trying to compose himself to down by suffering and affliction. I resignation," if it pleases Him to must be excused entering upon a decontinue me a little longer in the scription of those joys that now prebody, I'll suffer all his righteous will, sent themselves to mind; that must and to the end endure." At another remain as an introduction to my song time, looking at his weak and ema- should I get on the other side Jorciated body, he said, " It will soon dan. I feel I am about to go into be glorified, and made like unto those dark waters, but I have obChrist's glorious body, according to tained the victory through Jesus his mighty working, whereby he is able Christ our Lord.” to subdue all things unto himself," At night I left him, but it was with an impression that I should aged mother and affectionate wife. shortly be summoned to his room How natural was such a feeling! and again; and so it was, for I had yet, on further reflection, he was scarcely retired when he became afraid he had sinned by cherishing much worse. He was attacked by it, and the only thing which appeared an apoplectic fit, and wished to see to comfort him was, that he knew he me. I went, and found him rather had asked, not on his own account, extravagant in some of his expres- but on theirs, and that in submissions, though perfectly rational, and sion to the will of God. still holding fast his faith in Christ. He lingered about a week after He said to me, with some emotion, this, but he had done with the world. “I have been in the waters; I have His eyes were generally closed; and been in the waters of Jordan. They if friends came to see him, they were are rather cold, but I shall go in requested not even to whisper in his again soon; I long to pass over to liearing, as he wished to have his the other side.” Another attack came thoughts constantly fixed on things on, and it was with difficulty he could above. be kept in bed ; when he said, in a In this happy frame he conmanner peculiar to himself, “I want tinued till the 26th of February. to spring, I want to spring upwards, He could not say much; but his why restrain me:

mind was stayed on heaven, and he O Jesus, lover of my soul,

calmly waited for the coming of the Let me to thy bosom fly!"

Lord. A short time before his change He recovered a little towards three came, his affectionate wife said to or four o'clock, and remained better him, “ William, are you happy?" To for a while.

which he emphatically replied, “Oh, Next morning he was gasping for yes ! happy, very happy!" The same life, but still panting for immortality. day, at about a quarter to eight At one time he said, “I would not o'clock, he breathed his soul into the change my lot for all the world calls hands of the Redeemer, and thus rich or great. No; I will not now gained that exceeding weight of turn back, I would rather go for- glory for which he had so long and ward." At another time, when there zealously contended. was thought to be some little hope of Genuine piety always insures a relife, he prayed that, if it were the ward. Here it gives peace, and in will of God, he might be raised up the world to come a crown of life again, and enabled to provide for his which fadeth not away.


cience?-how will it appear at the 1. I will endeavour to keep the judgment ?" Sabbath holy. I will avoid conver- 5. I will endeavour to repress all sation on worldly topics, and will not undue regard to the praise or censure allow myself to think on any matter of men, by recollecting that God is of common business, nor to read a witness of all that I do or think. literary or professional books on this 6. I will guard against selfishness holy day.

as the "abominable thing which the 2. Special hindrances excepted, I Lord hates.” When I detect myself will endeavour to maintain secret in being especially pleased with a devotion statedly, at least twice a day. good action, because it is done by

3. I will recollect every day that I myself, or done by another through am mortal.

my advice, I will condemn the little4. When any doubtful thing is to ness of such feelings as below the be done, I will ask myself, “How dignity of Christian principles. In will it bear the eve of God's omnis- all such cases, I will not speak of

myself without some obvious reason; first, because it may cherish pride; and secondly, because it may exhibit the appearance of pride to others.

7. I will consider myself as sacredly accountable to God for my improve ment of the influence attached to my station ; and will endeavour to distinguish betwixt the respect which is given to my office, and that which would in other circumstances be given to myself.

II. Care of my tongue.

1. When I am angry I will never speak, till I have taken at least as much time for reflection as Atheno dorns prescribed to Cæsar.*

2. I will never talk to an angry man.

3. I will never talk to a man intoxicated with strong drink.

4. I will receive admonition from my friends with candour and thankfulness; and will be careful not to make a peevish reply to anyone who gives me advice, though it be officious or even impertinent.

5. That I may be kept from speaking amiss of my Christian brethren, I will pray for them.

6. With the exception of cases in which Christian prudence requires secrecy, I will consider it sinful to say anything of others privately which I would not say openly. In general I will deal in secrets as little as possible.

7. I will not mention the fault of another, when I have not good reason to hope that some valuable end will be answered by my doing so.

III. Self-examination.

I will regard the Bible as the only infallible test of character. With this in my hands, if I am deceived as to my spiritual state, it will be my own fault.

I am satisfied that one great reason why so many real Christians live doubting, and die trembling, is the neglect of self-examination.

* This prescription was—" Always repeat the twenty-four letters of the Greek alphabet before you give way to the im. pulse of anger." *. A prescription still more worthy than that of the heathen philosopher to be re. membered, is-"When in anger repeat the Lord's Prayer before you give utterance to your feelings."

1. I will beware of relying upon official religion. I will never take it for granted that I am a Christian because others consider me so; nor because my profession and station require that I should be a Christian.

2. Judging of myself, I will make due allowance for the restraints I have been under from my early education, from dear Christian friends, and from regard to public opinion; and will never ascribe to Christian principles the absence of faults which I am under no temptation to commit.

3. In any doubtful case, where good and bad motives are mingled as excitements to action, I will not con. clude that the good motives influence me, without the most serious scrutiny.

4. I will watch my heart under affliction. As the severest strokes that I have felt hitherto have been my greatest mercies, I will not, like the perverse child that attempts to resist or escape correction, try to break away from the rod of my heavenly Father ; but will give him my hand, and beg him to repeat his strokes, when he sees it necessary to purify my soul from sin.

IV. Studies.

1. I will read no book without the expectation of real benefit, and will consider that as lost time which is spent in reading without attention and reflection.

2. I will never covet the reputation of knowing everything.

3. I will never speak confidently when I am in doubt, nor scruple to say that I am ignorant when I am so.

4. Having suffered severely by late studies at night, I will never pursue any serious study after ten o'clock in the evening.

5. I will not read any book which I should be unwilling to have known that I have read, or the reading of which I shall probably recollect with regret on my dying bed.

6. Since my time for study is so much restricted by frail health and various engagements, I will consider it as a sacred duty to spend no time in the attitude of study, without direct and vigorous application of my mind to some very important subject.

7. I will not hold myself at liberty to neglect duties that are plainly de.

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