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he hath girded himself: the world also is established, that it cannot be moved.

From the beginning, God, as Creator, was sovereign Lord of the universe. He was also formerly, in a more especial manner, King of Israel. But since that time, a new and spiritual kingdom hath been erected by Jesus Christ, as Redeemer, whom the church now celebrates, and whose praises she sings continually. Risen from the dead, and ascended into heaven, the Lord Jesus reigneth, and shall reign, “till he hath put all enemies under his feet:” 1 Cor. xv. 25. By the glorification of his human nature, he is “clothed with majesty: All power is “given unto him in heaven and in earth;” Matt. xxviii. 18. so that he is “girded with strength;” and through that strength, he hath “established” the new “world,” that is to say, his church, that it “cannot be moved,” or subverted, by all the powers of earth and hell.

2. Thy throne is established of old; thou art from everlasting.

Earthly thrones are temporary; they are set up, and cast down again, neither is any trust to be reposed in them. But the throne of Christ is eternal and unchangeable. Constituted before the foundation of the world, it is to endure when no traces of such a system having once existed shall any more be found.

3. The floods have lifted up, O Lord, the floods

have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves. 4. The Lord on high is mightier than the

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noise of many waters, yea, than the mighty waves of the sea. In the first of these verses, the church appears like a ship in a stormy sea, to which she is often compared. Persecutions and afflictions are those “floods,” those “ waves” of this troublesome world, which threaten every moment to overwhelm and sink her. With a fearful and desponding tone of voice, therefore, she crieth out, “ The floods have lifted “ up, O Lord, the floods have lifted up their voice; “the floods lift up their waves " But immediately she strengtheneth and comforteth herself in the Lord her God: “The Lord on high is mightier than the “noise of many waters, yea, than the mighty waves “of the sea.” He can say to sorrows and temptations, as he doth to the waters of the ocean, “Peace, “be still ; hitherto shall ye come, but no farther:” and his word is endued with equal power in both cases. 5. Thy testimonies are very sure ; holiness becometh thine house, O Lord, for ever. God’s “testimonies” are the promises made in Scripture to the church, that he will be with her, during the afflictions which befall her here below, and will, in time, deliver her out of all her troubles. These “testimonies are very sure;” these promises do not, they cannot, fail. “Holiness,” therefore, which consisteth in obedience and patience, “be“cometh,” is the proper ornament, grace, and beauty of “his house,” and of Christians, those living stones that compose it. Sacred and inviolable is the word of our King; sacred and inviolable should be the loyalty of his subjects.

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The Psalmist, complaining of corrupt and troublous times, in the person of the church, 1–4, prayeth for the downfall of prosperous wickedness; 5, 6. he describeth the cruelty, and, 7–11. reproveth the atheistical folly of those who persecute God's people; 12, 13. he extolleth the blessedness of the persecuted, if they are endued with faith and patience, inasmuch as, 14, 15. the divine promise and their future reward are certain; he, therefore, 16–19. throweth himself wholly upon God, whose mercies never fail, who, 20, 21, cannot be on the side of iniquity, but, 22, 23. will preserve his saints, and destroy their enemies.

1. O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongeth, O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, show thyself. 2. Lift up thyself, thou judge of the earth; render a reward to the proud.

The church, however unjustly oppressed and af. flicted, remembereth that “ vengeance belongeth” not to her, had she the power to inflict it, but “to “God” only, who hath said, “Wengeance is mine, I “will repay :” Rom. xii. 19. To him, therefore, she maketh her supplication, that he would manifest his glory in her salvation; that he would ascend the tribunal, “as judge of the earth,” try her cause, and , avenge her of her insolent and cruel persecutors. 3. LoRD, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked triumph 2 4. How long shall they utter and speak hard things 2 and all the workers of iniquity boast themselves 2 The “ triumphs” of wickedness, the “ hard “speeches,” taunts, and scoffs of infidelity, against Christ, and all who belong to him, are a continual grief of heart to the faithful in the world, who desire nothing so much as to see the empire of sin at an end, and the kingdom of righteousness established. But for this great event they must wait with patience, until the time appointed by the Father, when the iniquities of the world, and the sufferings of the church, shall be full. “I saw under the altar,” saith the well-beloved John, “ the souls of them that “were slain for the word of God, and for the testi“mony which they held. And they cried with a “loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and “true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on “ them that dwell on the earth P And white robes “were given unto every one of them, and it was “ said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little “season, until their fellow-servants also, and their “brethren, that should be killed, as they were, should “be fulfilled.” Rev. vi. 9. &c. 5. They break in pieces thy people, O Lord, and afflict thine heritage. 6. They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless. . Some instances of cruelty, exercised by the enemies against the “people and heritage” of God, are


here specified. “Widows, strangers, and orphans,” are destitute of the help and protection afforded by husbands, friends, and fathers. Christ is become an husband to the church, a father to her children, and the only friend to both in time of need. Else were we all in the state of strangers and orphans, exposed, with our widowed mother, to the unrelenting malice and fury of the great oppressor and murderer.

7. Yet they say, The Lord shall not see, neither shall the God of Jacob regard it. 8. Understand, 3ye brutish among the people : and ye fools, when will ye be wise 2 9. He that planted the ear, shall he not hear 2 he that formed the eye, shall he not see 2 10. He that chastiseth the heathem, shall not he correct? he that teacheth man knowledge, shall not he know P or, he that instructeth the nations, shall not he rebuke; even he that teachethman knowledge?

The Psalmist informeth us, that men are encouraged in their injustice and villany, by a persuasion that God doth not behold or regard what they do to his people. The absurdity of such a conceit is shown from these considerations; that it is God who bestoweth on man the powers of seeing and hearing, and therefore that he himself must needs be possessed of those powers in the highest perfection; that it is God who hath instructed the world, by his revelations, in religious knowledge, and consequently, without all doubt, he cannot be ignorant of the use and abuse which men make of that his unspeakable gift. -

11. The LoRD knoweth the thoughts of man, that they are vanity.

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