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“brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart “ of unbelief, in departing from the living God. “But exhort one another daily, while it is called “To-day; lest any of you be hardened through the “deceitfulness of sin. For we are made partakers “of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence “steadfast unto the end; while it is said, To-day, if “ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts as “in the provocation. For some, when they had “heard, did provoke; howbeit, not all that came “out of Egypt by Moses. But with whom was he “grieved forty years 2 Was it not with them that “ had sinned, whose carcasses fell in the wilderness? “And to whom sware he, that they should not enter “into his rest, but to them that believed not P So “we see that they could not enter in because of un“belief. Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being “made us of entering into his rest, any of you “should seem to come short of it. For unto us “was the Gospel preached, as well as unto them; “but the word preached did not profit them, not “being mixed with faith in them that heard it.” Heb. iii. 12, &c. v
Spiritum Sanctum per Davidem ad novam requiem invitàsse; ad novum illud sabbatum ab ipso mundi exordio diei septimae requie figuratum, novumque indixisse diem quo sub Christo, in Ecclesia, ac coelesti patrià quiesceremus, nisi essemus increduli: unde sic concludit Paulus: “Festinemus ingredi in “illam requiem.” Bossuet.
By common consent of Jews and Christians, we apply this Psalm to the times of Messiah. 1–4. Men are exhorted to sing his praises; to declare his salvation; 4, 5, to acknowledge his supremacy over the gods of the nations, with, 6. the glory and beauty of his sanctuary; 7–9. to give him the honour, the worship, and the obedience due unto him, and, 10 to publish the glad tidings of his kingdom being established: 11—13. the whole creation is called upon to rejoice at this great event. We find, by I Chron. xvi. that David delivered out this Psalm, to be sung on occasion of temporal blessings prefigurative of future spiritual ones.
l. O sing unto the LoRD a new song ; sing wnto the Lord, all the earth.
Jehovah, our Redeemer, is the person whose praises are to be sung. They are to be sung in a “new” song; a song calculated to celebrate new mercies, prefigured by old ones wrought for Israel in former times; a song fit for the voices of renewed and regenerate men to sing in the new Jerusalem, in those new heavens and that new earth, which constitute the new creation, or kingdom of Jesus Christ. And as the mercies of God are universal, extending themselves not only to the Jews, but to all the nations of the earth, all the nations of the earth are therefore exhorted to bear a part in this new song; “Sing unto the Lord a new song; sing unto the “LoRD, all the earth.” Thus St. John, after reckoning up the 144,000, or full number of those who were sealed to salvation from among the tribes of Israel, proceeds to tell us, that he “beheld, and, lo, “a great multitude, which no man could number, of “all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, “stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, “ clothed with white robes, and palms in their “hands.” . All these sung a new song, which none could learn but the redeemed; they “cried with a “loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which “sitteth upon the throne, and to the Lamb.”. See. Rev. v. vii. xiv.o, * o' t , , . . . . . 2. Sing, unto the Lond, bless, his name; show forth his salvation from day to day. o Again are we excited to sing unto the Lord Jesus, and in psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs, to bless his saving NAME. The latter clause of the verse is very expressive in the original, Twn “preach,” or, “evangelize his salvation from day to day;” let it be the constant theme of all your discourses; publish it to the world in every possible way, by your words, and by your actions; and while God allows you breath and life, let one day transmit the glorious employment to another, until it be resumed and continued in heaven to all eternity. 3. Declare his glory among the heathen ; his wonders among all people. The “glory” of Messiah in his incarnation, his life, his death, resurrection, ascension, and kingdom, the “wonders” or miracles by him wrought upon the bodies and souls of men; these were the things “declared among the heathen,” even “among all “people,” by the apostles and their successors; these things are still declared, by the Scriptures read, and sermons preached, in the church, which was gathered originally from among the Gentiles. 4. For the Lord is great, and greatly to be praised ; he is to be feared above all gods. 5. For all the gods of the nations are idols, or, things of nought; but the Lond made the heavens. Christ is to be celebrated, his glory and wonders are to be declared, because he is, in every possible sense, “great ;” great in dignity, in power, in mercy; and therefore “greatly to be praised” by every creature. The heavens and heavenly bodies, adored by the nations, were no gods, but the works of “his” hands, who had fixed his everlasting throne high above them all. At the publication of the Gospel, idolatry fell before it; and what is the world itself but one great idol, which is to fall and disappear in like manner 6. Honour and majesty are before him; strength and beauty are in his sanctuary. Whatarethesplendour and magnificence of earthly courts, when compared with that glory and majesty, the unutterable brightness of which fills the court of the heavenly King 2 Some portion of this celestial light is communicated, through grace, to the Christian church, which is described by St. John, under images borrowed from the figurative sanctuary, and
the earthly Jerusalem, as an edifice composed of gold and precious stones, illuminated by the glory of God and the Lamb residing in the midst of it. See Rev. xxi. 7. Give unto the Lord, Oye kindreds, or, families, or, tribes, of the people, give unto the Lond glory and strength. 8. Give unto the Lord the glory due unto his name; bring an offering and come into his courts. 9. O worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness: fear before him, all the earth. In these three verses, the tribes of the spiritual Israel are enjoined to ascribe to their Redeemer all “glory and strength,” as essentially inherent in him, and by him communicated to his people; to give him the entire “glory of his name,” and of that “ salvation” imported by it; to bring the “sacri“fices” of the new law, and to assemble in the “ courts” of his house; to worship him in that “beauty of holiness” which is constituted by the regular and solemn services of the church; to “fear” and obey him, as the subjects of a King invested with plenitude of power in heaven and earth. 10. Say among the heathen, that the Lord reigneth: the world also shall be established that it shall not be moved: he shall judge the people righteously. In other words—Make proclamation, therefore, O ye apostles and preachers of the Gospel, that a new and eternal kingdom is erected; the usurped empire of Satan is overthrown, and the Lord Jesus, having redeemed mankind, reigneth in the hearts of his people by faith; a community is formed, not upon the plan of secular policy, but upon the divine prin