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Q. 15. By what name ought the Christian Sabbath to be called?
A. It is appropriately called the Lord's day, or the First day of the week. It may also with great propriety be called Sabbath, but not Sunday.
Q. 16. Is the Sabbath an important institution?
Å. It is; for it has been of more utility in preserving the knowledge and worship of God, and hereby promoting the temporal and spiritual happiness of man than all other institutions.
Q. 17. Should the Sabbath be highly prized?
A. It should; for with it is connected our prosperity as individuals and as a nation, and the happiness of the present and future generations. Consequently every exertion should be made to prevent its violation.
16. The Lord then answered him, and said, Thou hypocrite, doth not each one of you on the sabbath loose his ox or his ass from the stall and lead him away to watering? And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, to be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day?
Q. 1. How is the Church of God to be regarded in its distinctive character?
A. It is to be regarded as catholick or particular, visible or invisible, militant or triumphant.
Q. 2. What is meant by the catholick Church?
A. It has a two-fold sense. It means, either all the prosessed friends of Christ, who dwell on the earth, that have entered into covenant with God and His people; or all those, who shall finally be sanctified and saved.(a)
Q. 3. What is meant by a particular Church
. Ă. By it is meant a body of professing Christians, who, embracing the great and essential truths of Christianity, and living in some good measure agreeably to them, covenant to walk together according to the laws, institutions, and ordinances of Christ. Such were the Churches at Rome, Corinth, Galatia, Ephesus, Philippi, Colosse, and Thessalonica.(b)
(a) Eph. 1. 10, 22, 23. That in the dispensation of the fuiness of times, he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth, even in him. And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.
(b) Rev. 2.7. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
Q. 4. What is intended by the Church visible?
A. By it is intended all those, who have, openly and freely, professed the religion of the Bible, and entered into covenant with God and His people, according to divine prescriptions()
Q. 5. What is meant by the Church invisible?
A. By it is meant all those, who have really experienced religion, or who love the Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity and truth, whether they belong to the visible Church or not.(d)
Q. 6. What is to be understood by the Church militant?
A. By it is to be understood all true Christians upon the earth, who, while here in probation, are conflicting with self, sin, Satan, and the world. (C)
What is meant by the Church triumphant?
A. By it is meant all true Christians, who are in a glorified state, or are confirmed in holiness and happiness in heaven.()
Q. 8. What particular act constitutes, or embodies a Church particular?
(c) 1 Cor. 1. 2. Unto the Church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both their's and our's.
(d) 2 Tim. 2. 19. Nevertheless, the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, the Lord knoweth them that are his. 1 Cor. 12, 13, 13. For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body; so also is Christ. For by one Spirit are we all baptised into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
(e) 1 Tim. 6. 12. Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses. Rev. 21. 7. He that overcometh shall inherit all things, and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.
(f) Rev, 5.9. And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof, for thou wast slain; and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation,
It is gen
A. The act of covenanting. Every body of persons must have some bond of union, some covenant, some incorporating act. Q. 9. When did the Church have its origin?
Soon after the apostacy of man. erally supposed, that Adam and Eve repented and believed in the promised Seed. Abel it is certain was a believer.(5) Q. 10. What qualifies for Church membership?
Experimental piety or vital godliness; repentance and faith.()
Q. 11. Are all who profess religion possessed of this qualification?
A. They are not. Some are hypocritical professors. No Church on earth probably is entirely pure.(0)
Q. 12. What is the design of the institution of the Church on earth?
A. The maintenance and diffusion of the truths of religion, the support of Gospel ordinances, the
(g) Gen. 3. 31. Unto Adam also, and to his wife, did the Lord God make coats of skins, and clothed them. It is supposed by some that these were skins of beasts slain and offered in sacrifice, and that this circumstarice is indicative of the faith of our first parents in the great atoning sacrifice Christ, of whom these were a type. Heb. 11. 4. By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness, that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts; and by it he being dead yet speaketh.
(h) Acts 8. 37. And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. *Acts 2. 41. Then they that gladly received his word were baptised; and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.
(i) Matt. 13. 47. Again the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind. Matt. 7. 21, 22, 23. Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father in heaven. Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, Have we not prophesied in thy name? And in thy name have cast out devils?' And in thy name done many wonderful works? And then will I profess unto them, never knew you; depart from me, ye that work iniquity.
promotion of holiness and happiness among mankind, and the edification of the people of God.()
Q. 13. What are the special ordinances of the Church?
A. Baptism and the Lord's supper.().
Q. 14. What is the destination of the Church militant?
A. Its destination is to increase until it shall fill the earth, and to continue to the end of the world.(")
(i) Eph. 4. 11–13. And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ; till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, untó a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ. Eph. 5. 27. That he might present it to himself a glorious church, - not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.
(k) Matt. 28. 19. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptísing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. 11. 24, 25. And when he had given thanks, he break it, and saiil, Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you; this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood; this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of
(1) Isa. 2. 2. And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it. Matt. 16. 18. And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.