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among the very best we have seen in approved pattern. If you ask what the west, and on either side are beauti- they raise in their gardens, then, we ful shade trees. The villages are built answer, everything that can be raised on rising ground and generally contain in a garden. Most prominent in apseveral streets. We were told that pearance was the cabbage. Some of the five villages now contain about the readers of THE GUARDIAN may 1700 people. While everything about think that they have seen fine beds of them is very plain, it is very neat and cabbage, for instance in Lancaster Co., clean. Each .community seems to be and so have we—but when we saw complete within itself as it possesses these cabbage fields, we almost had to everything necessary to carry on its confess that we never saw cabbage beaffairs. While agriculture may be re-fore. The same may be said of all garded as the chief pursuit, it is yet other kinds of vegetables. They claim not the only one by any means. They that they ship their sauer kraut east, bave among them two woolen mills, west, north and south. But the surtwo saw mills, two grist mills and a prising thing about these vegetable tanpery. These, we were told, run on farms, to us was, their neatness. The full time with a full set of hands and rows are as straight as a line. Not a even then the orders cannot be filled at weed can be seen anywhere. Pennsyltimes. The people in appearance are vania farmers used to be troubled with robust and strong. You have no trou- | what they called fall-grass. In Iowa it ble to guess their nationality as they is vulgarly called fox-tail, and every carry with them the characteristic fea- Iowa farmer knows how utterly im postures of the Teutonic race. When you sible it is to keep it out of the corn and see the dress of one man and one potato fields. But amidst this wilderwoman you have a sample dress of all- ness of vegetables we did not notice a both young and old. The men wear single stalk. In every garden you can pants and blouse of blue denims, while see men and women at work hoeing and the women wear a blue print. Every | raking the ground. But I never saw mao, woman and child that we saw in men and women in the same garden, as these villages was arrayed in blue- the sexes are not allowed to associate while the men wore straw hats of their even while at work. In every garden own make and the women had a ker- or field you will notice a large tank chief tied about the head. This is which is kept filled with water-drawn their dress for summer, while in the hither by ox teams—and thus it matters winter they wear gray woolen cloth of not how dry the season, these gardens their own manufacture. The dress will not suffer as long as there is water seems plain enough but scrupulously in the Iowa river. clean. Among them all we saw not Farming is done on a large scale. one who was slovenly or careless in dress. The older men seem to do the work
Their mills and factories are roomy about the villages, barns and garand well built. The barns are very dens, while the younger ones labor in large and are all situated on the out the fields. As an illustration of how skirts of the village. The dwelling the work is pushed forward by mere houses are nearly all built of wood - force of numbers, we will give an ina few brick. They are generally large stance. On Thursday we passed by an and comfortable, and are all unpainted. immense wheat field covered as thickly Paint they claim is an evidence of with shocks of grain as any field we pride and a worldly feeling. The sides ever saw. On Tuesday following we of some of the houses are nearly cover- / passed by the same field and found it ed with creeping vines of various kinds. plowed again for next year's crop. The fences about their yards are of the Likely fifteen or twenty teams did the most primitive style. The house yards work, or perhaps even more. They have are generally small and well filled with fine orchards and raise all kinds of fruit trees and grape vines. Their fruit that can be raised in this latitude, gardens are something almost wonder- though they do not seem to make fruit ful. These are of immense size and ar-culture so inuch of an object, probably ranged into beds and lands of the most I because it does not pay so well.
They thresh their grain by attaching of goods, especially for the winter. their separators to the engines of their We supposed of course that the people factories and grist mills. Thus you came here because they could buy may perhaps see a dozen teams hauling cheaper-while at the same time the the wheat and oats to the separators quality of the goods was superior. and as many more hauling away the While their manufactures are superior straw and stacking it near the barns. in quality, we found that we could buy Others again are bauling away the as cheaply nearer home, and indeed grain. We saw three such separators buy their own goods at that. It is at work and they presented a lively wonderful how soon foreigners fall into scene indeed. Every one appears to our Yankee ways on coming into this be doing something, yet no one seems to country. These people have long since be in a hurry. As they have all things learned to rate their goods by the traffic in common, one does not seem anxious of the outside world. But that they to do more than another. At one of are perfectly honest in all their dealings the villages we noticed a number of we have no doubt whatever, and that wagons hauling the straw to a barn is much in their favor, in this age of where it was to be stacked. Here it hurry to get rich at any price. was thrown on a one-horse power straw. We would like to tell the readers of carrier, by which it is carried to the THE GUARDIAN something about the retop of the stack, and there on the ligious beliefs and customs of this instack were eight men, strong and teresting people, but at this point we hearty, stacking that straw, whereas find ourselves utterly unable to give the three men would ordinarily be consid- desired information. They are deeply ered sufficient. Between two of the religious in their profession at least. villages they have constructed an arti- They are somewhat ascetic in their tenficial lake covering many acres of land. dencies, as they seem to think it a This is certainly a beautiful body of great virtue to withdraw from the water, along the banks of which the world as much as possible. They claim road leads from one village to the other. to depend entirely on Inspiration for On this lake they have a steamer which their knowledge as to what is to be seems to carry on a regular traffic be-done among them. There is one who tween the towns. They use ox and stands at the head and through this horse teams. Their horses are large person, they claim, God communicates and heavy such as a person sees on an His will to them. Below this chief are old-fashioned Pennsylvania farm. The elders who take part in the government, oxen are among the largest we ever but they are subordinate, all the while, saw in this land of large cattle. It to the Chief Ruler, who is also supposed seems to us that these people are the to be inspired. Thus by the Inspired only ones suited to drive ox teams here Prophet they claim to receive the will in the west, because it requires not a of Christ. They hold service every day little patience to do so, and as these and have prayers in the evening where people are never in a hurry, they are the faithful are expected to be present above all others calculated to work unless they have a good excuse for abwith this slow, lazy and, sometimes, sence. These prayer services are held stubborn animal.
in their meeting houses. They do not We were in their stores. As they go to law among themselves or with are up with the times in agriculture outsiders, but if there happens to be and manufactures, one might suppose any dispute between any of the memthat they would be the same in their bers, which the elders cannot settle, stores. But they are not by any means. then it is settled by the Inspired ProTheir stores are about like the Pennsyl- phet who receives his knowledge of the vania village stores of twenty-five years matter from above. They have a cateago. What they contain is principally chism which they use in the instruction what they manufacture, except such of their children. This is part of the inthings as they are compelled to ship in. struction which the children receive in Often had we heard people speak about the day schools. Marriage is not congoing to the colonies to lay in a stock sidered as a thing particularly honorable. Cəlibacy is far more honorable. still a heathen, and Christians were The young people-boys and girls surprised that the beautiful lady of Bindo not associate with each other. That gen should elect to be “unequally is considered a dangerous thing. The yoked together ” with an unbeliever. men eat at a table by themselves and He had, however, promised to become the women do likewise. Yet the young a Christian, and his personal appearance manage these matters as among other completed the conquest. After all, such people, only that no young man can unions are not unusual. It is thus that marry until he is twenty-four. They the tender vine clings to the giant oak. have many curious sayings among them Duke Robolaus soon forgot his prowhich would take too much space to mises, and treated his bride with great mention here. They claim that they cruelty. He forbade her to mention must not remain longer than one hun-the name of Christ, and required her to dred years at any one place and when live in an obscure castle. Here she the hundred years are up they must bore a son, who became her great comseek out another home. But our letter fort in all her sorrows. is already too long and we must stop In a warlike expedition Duke Robohere with a story that has been inter-laus was slain, and his widow returned esting to us, and we hope will be to the with her boy to her home at Bingen. readers of THE GUARDIAN.
She now devoted herself entirely to the education of her son, and was gratified
to see him growing up in the admoniBLESSED RUPERT: A LEGEND OF tion of the Lord. He had his father's BINGEN.
beauty and his mother's gentle, loving
heart. The children all loved him, for BY THE EDITOR.
he always sought to make them plea
sure. Once he brought a company of The old town of Bingen, on the hungry boys to his mother and said : Rhine, is celebrated in legend and song. “ Mother, feed these hungry boys. ReWho has not heard the tale of the member, they are also your children !" wicked bishop, Hatto, of Bingen, who When his mother proposed to build a was devoured by mice as a judgment magnificent castle," he said: “Let us for his cruelty to the poor? And what first feed the hungry and clothe the lover of poetry does not remember the naked, for they are our brethren.” On beautiful ballad of the dying soldier another occasion, when he saw a begwho “was born at Bingen-at Bingen gar-boy shivering in the cold, he took on the Rhine.” We remember, how-off his mantle of state and cast it around ever, a legend of Bingen which is less the shoulders of the sufferer. romantic, but has the merit of having, On a beautiful spring morning Ruin part at least, an historic foundation. pert once took a long walk along the It is the story of a young nobleman, bank of the Rhine. Growing weary who, for his tender piety in a wicked he took a seat under a spreading oak age, is still venerated as the Blessed and fell asleep. Then he had a dream Rupert.
which was not like the ordinary fleeting A thousand years ago there dwelt in visions of the night. He saw an aged the castle of Bingen, a maiden, who, man, dressed in a long robe, standing for her beauty and piety, was celebrated on the bank of the river. A company in all the land. Her father was known of happy boys were playing around as the Duke of the Rhine, which meant, him, and one by one he took them and in those days, that he was commander-dipped them in the flood, from which in-chief of the emperor's forces in all they rose more beautiful than before. that region. From all parts of Ger- At the same time an island appeared to many there came suitors for the hand rise in the river, charming as a scene of the beautiful Lady of Bingen, but in Paradise, covered with trees full of she chose at last to wed Duke Robolaus, luscious fruits, and enlivened by the of Saxony, a celebrated warrior, but, songs of innumerable feathered warbalas! a harsh and brutal man. Likelers. To this island the old man led most of the Saxons of that age, he was the boys and arrayed them in garments
as white as snow. Full of strange long
THE NOBLEST ART. ings, Rupert ran to the reverend man and asked him whether he might not join the company of boys and live on
In the days of the pious Frederick of the beautiful island. “ Nay!” said the
the Palatinate the country was seriously old man. “This is no place for thee.
threatened by its enemies. One day at Thy faith and works have rendered thee
table, the prince inquired of his nobles :
“My lords, if you should lose your proworthy of enjoying the higher delights of heaven and of beholding the coun
perty and be driven into exile, what tenance of God's glorified saints.”
would you do to make a living ?” Then And, behold! at the words there ap
one said, “I can fight and I will be a peared a rainbow on the beautiful is
soldier.” Another said, “I can carve land, and looking upward, Rupert saw
Jin wood ;” and still another expressed
the intention of becoming a minstrel, a company of angels, with golden pinions, surrounding the Christ-child who
| because he could sing and play the lute. shone in indescribable glory. Two
But the pious knight, Otto von Gruenangels came forward holding between
rad, said modestly: “I can pray; and them a mantle, which Rupert recognized
from this moment I will devote myself as the one which he himself had given
to the practice of this art, so that we to the beggar-boy, and reverently laid
may not need the others.” “Sir knight," it on the shoulders of the Christ-child, |
said the elector, “Your art is the noblest who said : “ Rupert, thou hast clothed
of them all." the naked and fed the hungry; therefore thou shalt receive an abundant reward in my celestial kingdom." Full
TEACHING AT HOME. of delight Rupert extended his arms towards the Christ-child, but the charming vision vanished, and he awoke.
A German author has well said : From this moment Rupert appeared
“ The world is governed from its nurto belong no longer to this world. He
series." The instruction received at determined to visit the Holy Land, to
home sinks deeper into the memory and worship at the places most sacred to
exerts a more profound influence on the Christians; but it was not to be. Af
life of the scholar than all the learning ter becoming the founder of an institu- |
of the schools. The boys and girls who tion for the relief of the poor he died, in
have been well instructed at home are the arms of his mother, before he bad
easily recognized in Sunday School. attained his twentieth year. Men then
They are the scholars who are most began to call him “Blessed Rupert.” |
ready to answer questions, and who in Many stories were related concerning
every way cause their teachers the most his sanctity, and in due time his name
pleasure. Let fathers and mothers was entered on the calendar of the
gather their children around them and church. The mantle which he had
teach them the facts of Scripture hisgiven to a beggar, and which he thought
tory and the doctrines of the faith. he saw in his dream, was recovered by
| They can give them no greater treasure his mother, and is said to be still pre
than gems from the heavenly treasury. served at Eubingen. The legend is simple but it illustrates the truth that
The highest form of Christian life is earthly fame is worthless compared | with heavenly favor. “And the world
1 self-denial for the good of others. — The passeth away and the lust thereof; but
| Rev. Dr. Park. he that doeth the will of God abideth forever.”
ST. NICHOLAS for December is at hand. It
is up to the general standard of this excellent An eminent Christian chose, as the magazine-perhaps it is superior to many emblem on his seal, a star with the in
numbers issued heretofore. It is an admirable
Christmas number-having over one hundred scription: “I cling to Heaven, but I
pages of good stories, instructive sketches, serve mankind." A true Christian is
18 beautiful pictures and poems for every body. like a star.
| Published by CENTURY Co., New York.
A BRAVE GIRL.
chickens were “peeping" loudly, and
she remembered that they were still “Oh, Daddy !" called a clear, girlish without their dinner. voice.
As she passed around the corner of “Yes, Lindy; what's wanted ? the house with a dish of corn in her
“Ma wants to know how long it 'll hands, the wind almost lifted her from be 'fore you're ready."
the ground. It was certainly blowing “Oh, tell her I'll be at the door by with greater violence than during the the time she gets her things on. Be morning. sure you have the butter and eggs all Great tumble weeds went flying by, ready to put into the wagon. We're turning over and over with almost lightmakin' too late a start to town."
ning-rapidity; then pausing for an inButter and eggs, indeed! As if stant's rest, were caught by another Lindy needed a reminder other than gust and carried along, mile after mile, the new dress for which they were to be till some fence or other obstacle was exchanged.
reached, where they could pile up in “Elmer and I can go to town next great drifts, and wait till a brisk wind time, can't we, Ma ?" she asked, enter from an opposite direction should send ing the house.
them rolling and tumbling all the way “Yes, Lindy; I hope so," was the back. But Lindy did not notice the reply. “But don't bother me now; tumble-weeds. The dish of corn had your Pa is coming already, and I have fallen from her hands, and she stood not my shawl on yet. Yes, Wilbur; looking straight ahead with wide-open, I'm here. Just put this butter in, Lin- terrified eyes. dy; I'll carry the eggs in my lap. What was the sight that frightened Now, Lindy, don't let Elmer play with her ? the fire or run away."
Only a line of fire below the horizon. And in a moment more the heavy Only a line of fire, with forked flames lumber wagon rattled away from the darting high into the air and a cloud door, and the children stood gazing of smoke drifting away from them. A after it for awhile in a half-forlorn beautiful relief, this bright, changing manner. Then Lindy went to do her spectacle, from the brown monotony of work, Elmer resumed his play, and the prairie. Bon everything was moving along as But the scene was without beauty for cheerfully as ever.
Lindy. Her heart had given one great After dinner, Elmer went to sleep, bound when she first saw the red line, and Lindy, feeling rather lonely again, and then it seemed to cease beating. went out-of-doors for a change. It she had seen many prairie fires; had was a warm autumnal day, almost the seen her father and other men fight perfect counterpart of a dozen or more them, and she knew at once the danger which had preceded it. The sun shone her home was in. What could she, a brightly, and the hot winds that swept little girl, do to save it, and perhaps through the tall grass made that and all herself and her little brother, from the else so dry that the prairie seemed like destroyer which the south wind was a vast tinder-box. Though her parents bringing straight towards them? bad but lately moved to this place, Only for a moment Lindy stood, Lindy was accustomed to the prairies. white and motionless; then with a She had been born on them, and her bound she was at the well. Her course eyes were familiar with nothing else; was decided upon. If only time and yet, as she stood to-day with that brown, strength were given her! Drawing two upbroken expanse rolling away before pails of water, she laid a large bag in ber until it reached the pale bluish-gray each, and then, getting some matches, of the sky, the indescribable feeling of hurried out beyond the stable. She awe and terrible solitude which such a must fight fire with fire. That was her scene often inspires in one not familiar only hope; but a strong, inexperienced with it stole gradually over her. But man would have shrunk from starting Lindy was far too practical to remain a back-fire in such a wind. long under such an influence. · The She fully realized the danger, but it