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we are resigned to condemnation, if it it is richly entitled. It contains a should be the will of Heaven, an im. greater proportion of solemn and possibility stares us in the face. For finished musick, than the generalevery subject of condemnation must be as incapable of pious resignation, as

ity of modern compilations ; and Satan is incapable of the hallowed fer. no work of the kind can boast of vors of love.

having so judiciously adapted the

words to the tunes. The musick ART. 4.

is some of it from the splendid Columbian and European Harmony,

collections of Arnold and Calcott, or Bridgwater collection of sacred whence, with the addition of one musick. By Bartholomew Brown, or two parts, such admirable tunes A. M. and others.

as Advent, Sepulchre, Whitsun*There is in souls a sympathy with sounds,

day, and others of a similar style, And as the mind is pitch'd, the ear is pleas'd With melting airs, or martial, brisk, or grave :

have been given to the communiSome chord in unison with what we hear, ty. Other tunes in the book, to Is touch'd within us, and the heart replies.'

COWPER. use an expression of Whitfield, Second edition, improved. Pub

were stolen from the devil.' But kished according to act of Con

the propriety of these pious frauds gress. Boston, Thomas & E. is much to be doubted. To stranT. Andrews. Proprietors, Tho-gers to Lorrain and Moulines mas & Andrews and John West. their musick must be delightful, m. 167. 1804.

and in all respects congruous with From the settlement of New. but it works confusion in the breast

the purposes of publick worship; England to the commencement of

of a man, who has heard the same our revolutionary war, the Ameri- strains in a circle of bacchanalians, can churches were used to the or connected with love ditties from sacred musick of the mother

coun; the piano of his mistress. To say try. At the last mentioned period the least, the practice of accomAmerican composers began to modation should be sparingly and multiply.; Williams and Tansur discreetly adopted. We have gave place to Billings; and fugues heard with pleasure that this valuand fol de rols threatened to ban- able collection is destined to apish simplicity and grandeur from pear in another still more perfect the choir. This revolution in our

edition. sacred harmony was by no means universally pleasing. Many lovers of musick in our universities protested against it. Law, Holyoke, A Discourse delivered at Milton, and others, by their pupils and Sept. 9, 1807, being the day anpublications, began to purify the pointed for the dedication of the corrupted taste of the country ; academy in that place. By Tho. and much within a few years past

mas Thacher, A.M. minister of a has been done, we hope, towards

church in Dedham. Dedham, a thorough reformation. Among H. Mann. 8vo. pp. 24. the singing books which have cɔn- This gentleman is known to the tributed to this reform, the work publick as a masculine and originbefore us is distinguished. It was al writer, and his intimate acquainvery long since sent us for review; tance highly appreciate his talents but by some unfortunate occur. and classical erudition. This perrence, not through intentional dis- formance will not diminish the regard, we have hitherto delayed estimation, in which he is justly to give that notice of it, to which held. If some of the opinions ad

ART. 5.

vanced should be found to require during the time of its continuance, qualification, and the style in a directed the studies of the youth, few instances to need correction, were the first scholars in Europe :

-When I mention the names of the good sense, which abounds, and

Dr. Richard Price, and Gilbert the eloquence, which appears in Wakefield, my intelligent hearers it, will compel the candid reader will assent to what I affirm.' p. 21. to acknowledge, that it was dicta- The occasion of this discourse ted by no ordinary capacity, and naturally led to the important toexecuted by no mean pen. There pick of education ; in treating will no doubt be a diversity of opin- which Mr. T. has proposed and ilion respecting his eulogy

eulogy of

lustrated these several propositions. Franklin.

• First of all, we affirm, that from • This man, in original genius, the primordial ages of man, as far was superiour to all, who were be

as human actions have been develfore him, and of them, who have oped either by history or tradition, come after hiin, there is no one, there have been no examples of who will pretend his claim to lite- genius and talents displayed in elerary eminence is in any degree e

gant literature, which have been qual. In many of the arts and

totally unaided by any species of sciences he has left at a great dis- education.' p. 3. tance many illustrious men in * If there be in any country upon the European world ; in econo- earth an unqualified necessity for a mick and political science, his su- common education diffused through periority has been acknowledged.'

every grade in society, it certainly • Was he not the most accurate is in a government similar to our observer of men and things ever own, I mean a Republican form, known ? p. 6.

in which every man of decent This is praise, which, in rapid con- property and morals, may be a versation, is sometimes lavished

candidate for the highest honour, on an admired author, or a favou. which the people can bestow, and

where every citizen is annually rite speaker ; but in sober compo- called to exercise acts of sovereignsition it can be applied to very ty by electing his rulers.' p. 8. few, if any, of the numerous claim- A further consideration is ofants for renown. That Dr.Frank- fered respecting a common educalin had uncommon nalive powers

tion, i. e. it is necessary for every will not be controverted : but his

member of society, and on certain superiority in economick or politi- what is called in this country, a lib

accounts has an advantage over, cal science' will not now be univer

eral education.' p. 11. sally acknowledged.' His chief

• Religion must be cultivated merit rests on the ease and sim- with close care and attention in the plicity of his style. His philoso- minds of the young. p. 15. phy was often visionary, and he Added to the above, attention had no religion ; his political in- ought to be paid to the personal tegrity is questionable among his morality, decorum and manners of friends, and his moral purity is the youth. For without these, religion,

it jest of his enemies.

venient mask for an impostor, or a If in this instance, as we appre- femcious bigot, waging war with hend, Mr. Thacher gives exces- common sense, property and social sive commendation, all we trust happiness. p. 16. will unite in an after tribute to

* All other parts of literature genuine literary worth. In con

ought to be prefaced with a correct nection with Hackney College'he the Grammar of our own language.'

and theoretical acquaintance with observes :

• To this, it scarcely need be ad-- A succession of instructors, who ded, that a thorough acquaintance

with arithmetick is the basis on mind. Some men appear to be which a true knowledge of mathe- marked out by Heaven for literary maticks, geography, natural and eminence; they seem amidst every experimental philosophy are found- impediment to be escorted, by the ed. We hope that no modern the- command of God himself, to the ory or affectation of improvement, temple of fame by a guard of Anwill ever so far prevail as to les- gels. Yet, we scruple not to add, sen the moment of classical litera- that none of these were ever to be ture, as a branch of instruction. considered as self taught ; but that For besides this important acquire- they derived some advantage from ment, that the Greek and Roman education, either direct or medilanguages are the key necessary to ate. When we hear of the invenunlock the technical terms of all tors of arts and sciences, of those, the arts and sciences-a picture is who, in various branches of learndrawn of the greatest and best un- ing, have given the evidence of inspired men, who ever lived in their mighty mind, without any the most celebrated periods of other assistance than that of a ditime, and their virtues delineated vine afflatus, we seem to assent to in the most sublime and eloquent the idea, which we have been atlanguage.' p. 18.

tempting to refute ; more especial

ly when we hear that men have A few specimens of the sub- been distinguished in rude and stance and manner of this dis- barbarous ages, having no other course will doubtless excite the light to direct, or illustrious prewish to peruse the whole. If any, cedents to follow besides the imwho are thus induced, should feel pulse of a celestial genius. p. 4. either wonder or regret at the

• As an illustration of the case in high whig notions, which run thro? tion in America, the conduct of the

hand, we will compare the revoluit, the one may be diminished and citizens under it, with those of anthe other cease, when it is recol. cient and modern times. Do you lected that similar refined specu- ask respecting the late revolution, lations have in all ages been in- why it was effected with so little dulged by many of those studious blood, unless that necessarily spilt men, whose learning was only sur- ity and refinement towards ene,

in the field ? Why so much humanpassed by their virtue. In the se

mies both foreign and domestick! clusion of profound reading and Such mildness, amid many causes thought, the necessity of restraints and incitements to revenge, as well for the preservation of liberty, and as the means of gratifying it? Why of power for the enforcement of this tenderness was not only exlaw, is not felt, or seen, or acknowl. pressed to those in arms, but was edged, as by those who toil amid those citizens, who had been ene

extended to the vanquished, so that the turbulence and tumult of ac- mies, returned to the bosom of their tive life. The benevolent theorist country, while the cause and memis reluctant to believe that faction ory of their exile are obsolete with is the monstrous growth of every all, and are totally unknown to the soil, and that its fruits are every

rising generation We reply, the where so noxious, as experience

cause is as obvious as the fact. represents. Hence probably the

Those pillars of civil society, the unsubstantial visions on civil lib- for literature, had been long erect

institutions of religion and schools erty, of Price and Priestley, and ed in this country: Their effect many of their literary associates was conspicuous in forming both and admirers. Hence too, we be- the morals and manners of the lieve, the romantick liberality of people ; of course every temple the doctrines of Mr. Thacher on was a city of refuge to the obnoxthe same subject :

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ious part of the community ; every

institution, whether literary or sa*We grant that there are a great cred, was a protection against pervariety of qualities in the human

sonal violence and ini..in

RETROSPECTIVE NOTICES OF AMERICAN

LITERATURE.

UNDER this head we propose to and is confined, not to works of Acommence a review of books in merican authors, as would be imAmerican literature, which have agined frorn the title,but to books, either been forgotten, or have not which relate only to the

general hitherto received the attention they history of the country. The late deserve. Interested as we are in Dr. Homer of Oxford, whose every thing, which relates to the death our antiquaries ought to dehonour of our country, we are not plore, had projected a complete ashamed to express our conviction, work of this description, and the that one reason of the low estima- proposals for his Bibliotheca Unition, in which our literature is held versalis Americana have been long among ourselves as well as in before the publick ; but how far Europe is, that there has yet been he had proceeded in the execution no regular survey of this field of of the work, or whether it will ev. letters. It is supposed to be utter- er te given to the world, we have ly barren, because it is so wide, not been able to ascertain.* In and desolate, because there has Miller's retrospect of the last cennever been a map of the region. tury, there is an interesting sketch But, as in the highest parts of a of our literature, which is the mountainous country, which ap- more valuable, as it is the first atpear at a distance to be covered tempt to give a general outline with eternal snows, you will dis- of the advances we have made, cover in crevices and little spots and the works we have produced. some humble and modest plantsIt has shown us, it is true, the which sufficiently reward the toil- pitiable sterility of our literary hissome ascent of an enthusiastick tory, but it has reclaimed also botanist ; so in the extensive, if some of our treasures, disclosed not copious records of American others, which were hardly suspectlearning, we hope to detect a few ed, and opened a range of enquiry, rare and undescribed specimens, which we doubt not may yet be which may by this means awaken pursued, and to which it will be at least the regard of some future our object in any way to contrihistorian of literature.

It is un

bute. fortunately true, that, while every We are afraid it will be found country in modern Europe has that the further back we go in our produced copious annals of its lit- history, the more monuments and erature,* or maintained regular relicks we shall find of what is ujournals of its new works, this sually called learning ; but the accountry has till within a few years quisitions of our first emigrants had nothing of the kind. There who received their education, and was indeed a thin quarto volume laid in their stores before they crospublished in the year 1789, which sed the Atlantick, can hardly be bears the imposing title of Biblio- claimed as American. This,howtheca Americana ; but it is in the ever, we have the less reason to first place a meagre compilation, regret, as they brought with them chiefly the scholastico-theological scanty hints, which we find in the knowledge of that age, and the journals of foreigners. generation, which immediately suc- In the notices, which we proceeded them, inherited little more pose to insert in future numbers than the rags of their fathers eccle- of the Anthology, of former Asiastical habiliments. The elegance merican works, there is only one of Queen Anne's golden age of liter- department, which we shall entireature seems to have had little co- ly disregard, and that is unfortutemporary influence in this coun- nately the most rich in materials. try. The clergy were still the Theology, or something which principal writers of the times, and has been called so, is the subject the character of a gentleman au- upon which much of our genius thor, who wrote for amusement or and learning has been always emfame, was almost unknown. In ployed, and not seldom wasted. the interval between the com- It would be an endless task to mencement of the last century,and review even the works of tolerathe establishment of literary jour- ble merit in this class, which nals in Great-Britain, maybe have issued from the presses found a few of the most rare and of New-England alone. Here curious articles, which we shall be we are proud to mention the able to present. Since the establish- works of Jonathan Edwards, a ment of the Monthly Review in man, whose powers of mind need the year 1747, it has been the good not have bowed before the genius fortune of some of our writers to of Locke or of Hartley, and whose have their works reprinted, and theological research, in a remote consequently reviewed in Eng- part of an unlettered country, land ; and the political complex. would have been considered credion of this journal has,since the rev. itable to any divine surrounded olution, given some of our authors with learned libraries, and aided an estimation, and procured some by the intercourse of men of erudiof our writers an attention, which tion. But we refuse to enter this others of not inferiour merit have field of literary history, because it failed to obtain. Still however is perhaps not only the best known, we believe, that the connexion of but would be also less generally this country with England has interesting. been just sufficient to place us in Neither shall we trespass upon the the train of their literature, where, ground of that respectable and in-like some of the last couples in a dustrious society, which has already long procession, we have been published several volumes of historrather overlooked through the ical collections ; for their objects weariness of spectators, than dis- are rather archæological than literatinguished according to our real, ary, and extend to the earliest peritho' not pre-eminent merit. We ods of our history, which are so rehave received just enough atten- mote, as to furnish little for our tion to lead us to think too little of review. Still, however, we shall ourselves; and it is perhaps a just be happy to avail ourselves of punishment of our want of nation- their aid, and we especially solicit al curiosity, that we have tak- information, and suggestions on co our notions of our own litera- the subject of early American auTy wealth from the partial and thors, which we doubt not their

La France Litteraire, do. of thc Benedidins. Litteratura Italiana of Tiraboschi, Warton's Hot. of English Poetry, &c. &c.

* Vid. dathology for Scpt. 1807.

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