Imágenes de páginas

stamp with high value,are referred to fact, much better, though by no with a parent's fondness ; but we hopes means in itself free from exception : the gentleman will favour the publick but it wants the air of originality, with another volume of them and belonging to the first production ; will also continue the publication of partly because it is posterior, and these Reports at Nisi Prius on the partly, perhaps, for the reason same principles, which he has follows given by Dr. Johnson for the geneed in the work before us. Such un- ral superiority of the first poets : usual diligence must be successful; “ the first writers took possession and to every American lawyer, des of the most striking objects for desirous of possessing the Reports of scription, and left nothing to those, Espinasse, we earnestly recommend that followed them, but transcrip. this edition of Mr Day.... tions of the same events, and new

The mechanical part of the book combinations of the same images.” deserves praise : the paper is better Among those parts that have disthan our American press often cm. appointed the admirers of Scott, ploys; the proof sheets have been who open these volumes with erirevised with considerable care, so thusiastick curiosity, the most apthat the book is decently correct, parent are the introductory epistles more so than the London copy, at the beginning of each Cantó. which is certainly not to be saidof one The short parenthetical notices of book in three from our printers ; the the - Minstrel at the beginning and binding is the best we have seen. conclusion of the Cantos in the Lay, The price, though the work is one were universally admired. This of the few American editions worth Mr. Scott was no doubt apprised of, much more than the English, is as he appears by the preface to this three dollars less than the copies im- poem to be very ready in apprehend. ported. This may appear a prop- ing the civil things that have been er place for censure on some of our said of himn by the publick, and to Philadelphia and New York publish. be perfectly convinced of their juste ers, who charge enormous prices on ness. Reasoning with great arith. their editions of English books. metical exactness, he concludes, that, We may specify Bosanquet and Pul- if one page of introduction gave ler's Reports, as uncommonly dear, pleasure, two' pages would delight, and of very villanous execution. four would ravish, and that by a

dozen, his readers must be « lapt in

Elysium." By an equally plausiART. 36.

ble process, though not extending Marmion: a Tale of Flodden Fall so far above Number One, he conBy Walter Scott, Esg. Boston.

cluded, that, if an ancient minstrel, Farrand, Mallory & Co: 2 vols.

the last surviving brother of the 12mo. 1808.

bards of old, in the sadness of de.

crepitude and age, could touch THis poem is, in many respects, the feelings by alluding to his desosuperiour to the Lay of the Last lation, and his lost child, what Minstrel, yet it may safely be assert. could be more natural than that a ed, that no one has read it with modern minstrel, piping on a win. the same pleasure. The descrip- ter's evening before a cheerful wood tions in it are clearly more elaborate ; fire from Ettricke forest, in his own the plot is more studied, and, in parlour, could interest the publick

Vol. V. No. X. 9V

mind, by talking about his boyish crimes considered infamous, and, of tricks and whippings, or describing course, inconsistent with the char. the wholesome puddings, and good acter of a hero A man may kill blind man's buff of Christmas Eve. half a dozen in fair battle, without Far be it from us, like our old Pu. much imputation on his moral char. ritanick ancestors, to : Tires : acter ; there are even some exam

ples amongst the Theseuses and «Quarrel with minced pies or disparage Æneases of a man's ruiming a wc"Our best and dearest friend plum por- man and leaving her, without being o ridge, OI. 's , thought a worse hero ; but to forge 1:20.2 116 117

ai letter is generally considered a on the contrary, should our Govern

great meanness., Mr. Scott was our favour, us with a proclamation aware that it would be very injudifor Thanksgiving, we hope to show

cious to make his hero a faultless ourselves, even before. Christmas monster : but he ought to have left Eve, their zealous, admirers; but something pleasing in him besides his that which is good in a patty pan, "falcon bright"and his brawny brave. may be very bad in a poem, and

ry The other principal hero, de Wild Mr Scott should remember, that a ton, who is probably meant to relieve mạn may be pious overmuch More the bad impression of Marmion's especially is this true, when these, character, is but a milk and water or similar important subjects are composition, when he appears in prodiscussed, in such lines as these :

pria persona, and when he is dis.

guised under the Palmer's dress, be Por omens we in Livy cross

appears so differently, that we can At every turn“ locutus Bos."

scarcely believe it the same man. As grave and truly speaks that ox, As if he told the price of stocks,

Bad man as Marmion was, however, Or held in Rome republicani ; he held it out to the last, like a The place of common councilman. brave fellow, without any finching

1 . O PP.) or twitching of conscience. Gentle Reader, is this i Hudibras that speaks orier Wohar Satria With dying hand above his bead,

He shook the fragment of his blade, The character of the hero may mit And shouted « victory." be objected to this poemdus This iste ni same Marmion is a bad man, alvery which, with the rest of his last bad man: 1 he makes nothitg of words, though we must allow it to stealing a nun from her convert, be excellent poetry, contains but an and afterwards leaving her to be indifferent moral. " taken, and scarved to death in a dark Yus We have said that the descriptions 'cold, stone cellaro)." Another of his in this poem larei elaborate, and we ways and menas is, forging letters, add, that many of them are extreme. with a view to lead away silly #6. fyri beautiful. The descriptions of men. To be sure he is a very brave edresgeglarey Tafter all, too frequent : man, and withalieonsiderably gene førscher mere curiosity of it, and to

FOUS";'ingomuch as hevis allowed to see how peatly awauthor cáp dress - have thrown a handfubdbflisilver lúpka Grifing subject handsomely, we among the heralds, when he went the pleased torhive a few of them. through the gate of Norham castle. That of King Harnes,id the fifth canBat in England, whatever it may be to, is the best of this kind, though here, forgery is ranked' amoog those we think it inferiour' to a very simi.

lar one of Lord Howard in the Lay. onset ; and the faintness of the van. But every reader is surprised, at quished : at once, all is confusion, least, when he finds the poet relat- and all distinctness... ing, at every turn, the cloth his he- In observing on the plan of this ro is dressed in, its texture and qual, poem, some have affected to fear, ity, and the place wlience it was lest a spirit of imitation might inunbrought, and not even letting it slip date the world with metrical roman. his notice, if a lady puts off her veil ces, and have advised Mr. Scott, as to cool herself. This is another he' values. bis own fame, and the caricature of a very necessary peace of the Commonwealth,'to emprinciple viz. that description should ploy his talents about something else. not be vague and general; but there Yet it seems rather tyrannical, when is as much danger to be apprehend a man has discovered a new field in ed of exceeding, as of falling short the region of poetry, where he is gath. in the application of general princi- ering many fruits and powers, for ples. It is the overdone as well as another to say to him, for God's the come tardy off, that while it sake, my good sir, come out, and do pleases the unwary, makes the judi- not think of touching any thing cious grieve. We will now mention more, for if you do, a crowd of fools one or two of the best passages. will follow and collect nothing but The interview of Constance with weeds. ,. Men do not now need her judges, in the second canto, and to be told, that it is bad reasoning to particularly her speech on that occa. argue from the abuse of any thing sion, are in the highest style of po: against its merits. Private events etry. When she stands before those are equally fitted for poetical purpomarble hearted ecclesiasticks, a con- ses since they are equally calculated demned criminal, the despair that to excite interest as the great revopetrifies her soul impartsi a deadly lutions, that form the basis of epick chill to the reader ; his healu throbs narrations ; and he that proscribes inwith horror at the impressivew pro- vention, in order to avoid the curse phetick imprecations of the dying of servile imitators, scarcely reflects maiden ; and when she descends into on the consequences of his princi. the dark vault, when the priests with ple.'. . draw,and the cold rock closes around Upon the whole, if we should con. her, so fine is the description, that clude, as we began, by alluding to the soul sinks into itself in a kindred the Lay of the Last Minstrel, we despair. The battle, which occushould say, that the author had laypies part of the sixth canto is, for ished on that his most favourite and picturesque effect, fully equal to any poetical images and characters, and thing of the kind in the compass of that for incerest, no. character in poetry. We take a station with the Marmion will parallel the vagrant squires , on an adjoining hill, when Minstrel. Reading them, as we read the freshening Western blast has all poems after the first perus. I, for brushed away the smoke, the battle the beauty of particular passages, is displayed before usy a picture and they stand with few exceptions on not a description. We see, as if «cxactly the same footing If we aspresent, every circumstance, the siinilate them to natural objects, the line where the contending armies Lay is . fresh and sparkling like the meet ; the banners of different war- opening rose-bud,wet with the dųwof riours waving in the air ; !he rush of morning ; the Marmion is the same rose at once unfolded and desiccated its climate in the vernal morths, deja by the noon-day sun.

ther more comfortable, nor less inju. rious to the existence of the valetu

dinarian and the convalescent, than I ART. 37.

the blasts of the eastern states fresh

from the ice-bound shores of NewAn Oration delivered before the Med.

foundland. ical Society of South Carolina, at

In March, according to the thertheir anniversary meeting, Dec. 24,

mometrical observations of Dr.John1807, and published at their request. By Joseph Johnson, M. D. Presi

son, the temperature of the air ia

one instance, sunk 32° in seventeen dent of the Medical Society of South Carolina. Charleston, printed by

hours, in another was augmented Marchant, Willington & Co. pp.

27° in thirty one hours, and in the

course of the month of February, 24. 8vo. 1808.

fluctuated between 24° and 69° of This oration, which might with Fahrenheit. The quantity of rain more propriety' receive the appella- which fell during this period, was tion of a diary, is a concise account proportional to the variations of the of meteorological variations, and of weather; in February it amounted the nature and effects of the diseases to 7. 3. inches, and in March to 6. at Charleston, during the year 1807. 6. inches. As a record of the physical changes

Thç spring baving been so backward, in the atmosphere, and of the exten

the accession of summer was as rapid in sive range of certain diseases, which proportion, and the eleventh of June appear intimately connected with was one of the hottest days,to which our these peculiar states of the weather, climate is subjected; the thermometer it is interesting both to the physi

standing at 92%, in a very cool situatice,

and at 94°, generally, through the city. cian and the naturalist. The remem

The average heat of July, was 86o. The brance of this year will not readily endemial causis commenced about the be obliterated in a city, in which eighteenth of August, which was aggraOne tenth of its inhabitants were vated by the extremely hot weatber from swept away by the destructive force

the first to the fifth of September, when

the thermometer, at doon, in the coolest of disease. The nature of the local

situation, raised from 90° to 9901. Sepsituation of Charleston,and the long tember was, from sickness and death, continuance of the heat of its cli. the blackest month ever recorded in mate, have usually rendered it in the Charleston, there having been 328 intersummer and autumnal months almost ments, of which 114 were from endesiai invariably fatal to constitutions,

causus ; and at least one fourth of the

inhabitants were affected with the induwhich have not been accustomed to

enza about the last of the month, its effects from infancy. The last year was marked by the peculiar By « endemial causys” we previrulence of its diseases. They sume is here meant the disease, to were not only more widely ex. which strangers resident in that city tended, but also more fatal than had are peculiarly exposed, while the inbeen observed for many preceeding habitants, or natives, whose consti. years. It was ushered in by such tutions are assimilated to the cliunusual variations of temperature, mate, enjoy a degree of comparative that were they to be considered as security ; hence it has been poputhe result of the operation of an uni- larly denominated the “ Stranger's form cause, would doubtless render Fever.” After reading the above

statement, we cannot avoid the re. valuable obituary tables, one of mark, that there appears to exist an which is reported by the City Marintimate connexion between the heat shall, and the other from Dr. Johnand dryness of season and the energy son's Dispensary and private prace and extension of disease. In Bos- tice. The year 1807 terminated ton it has often been the subject of the existence of 2203 persons, of observation, that the dryest are gen; whom 1.611 were Placks. There erally the most unhealthy seasons : were 328 interments in the month the eloquent pen of Dr. Rush has of September. The number of Af. recorded the same fact in his historicans imported into that city a. ry of the bilious remitting fever of mounted to 15676 and 1112 of these Philadelphia, and its truth would were sacrificed to the “ Endemial appear confirmed by the later ob causus” and other diseases of the servations of Dr. Johnson. # From country. “The proportion of deaths the twenty sixth of July to the among them has greatly increased; eighteenth of August," says he, at first a twenty ninth part of the « there had been but one shower;. number imported died; but now a and nove from the second of Octo fourteenth of the whole. A great ber to the fifth of Noyember. All proportion of deaths from tetanud

the ponds and many of the wells and worms occurs in the summer , and springs were dry. The atmos.' months ; convulsions, pulmonick

phere was hazy and thick, as if fill. affections, apoplexy, and sore throats ed with a subtle duạt, and the sun, are much more fatal in the first part as if deprived of his rays, appeared of the year. The proportion of of a fiery redness.” For the space deaths among children is distressing, of three months and ten days, there one 'fifth and, in some years, one fell but one inch and four tenths of fourth of all that are born, die under. rain.

five years of age ; among these how, It appears from the “ Oratiou” ever, the number of deaths is one of Dr. Jobnson, that the influenza, seventh less in proportion than in, which became so general in the Eas.' New York. Of the deaths under tern states, in the latter part of sum- the head of consumption the nummer and the commencement of au, ber amounts to an average of tumn extended to South Carolina, rather less than one sixth ; of these and was experienced in its greatest it is fair to remark, that many cases severity about the middle of Octo." are brought to us from the North ber. Its effects in that part of the ern states, on account of the mild. union were severe, and the mortali- ness of our climate in the winter; ty, particularly in the interiour of season. In New York from one the state, was far beyond what usu. fourth to one third of all that die, ally results from this comparatively perish by this complaint." mild disease. The dysentary was Among the deaths in the year also more acute than usual. 1806, we noticed one marked against

The oration is closed with two the Cow.Pock.

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