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Sunt bona, sunt quædam mediocria, sunt mala plura. -MART.



By George Cheyne Shattuck, M. DThe History of Don Francisco de Mie Being the Dissertations to which the randa's attempt to effect a revolution in Boylston Prize Medals were adjudged. South America, in a series of Letters. By To which is prefixed, the Publick Aca geotleman who was an officer under count of their Adjudications. Publishthat general, to his friend in the United ed by Farrand, Mallory & Co. and States. To which are annexed, sketches Hastings, Etheridge & Bliss, Boston ; by of the life of Miranda, and geographical Hopkins & Bayard, New-York; and notices of Caraccas. Boston Oliver & Hopkins & Earle, Philadelphia BelchMunroe. 1200. pp. 300.

er & Armstrong, Printers. 8vo. PP. An Enquiry into the chymical charac-. 196. ter and properties of that species of Coal, Jately discovered at Rhode Island · to

NEW EDITIONS. gether with observations on the useful The Middleser Collection of Church application of it to the arts and manu- Musick; or, Ancient Psalmody revived. factures of the eastern States. Boston. Containing a variety of plain psalm Printed by Snelling and Simons. Devon- tunes, the most suitable to be used in dishire Street. 12mo. pp. 21.

vine service; to which is anpered, a An'address to the citizens of Massa- number of other pieces of a more del chusetts, on the causes and remedy of cate and artificial construction, proper our National Distresses. By a Fellow to be performed by a choir of good MuSufferer. Boston, printed at the Reper- sicians occasionally, in Schools and Pub tory-Office. pp. 13.

lick Religious Assemblies. Second edi A new literary paper has been issu- tion, revised, corrected, and enlarged ed by Messrs. Oliver & Munroe, of this Boston, printed and sold by Manning & town, entitled the “ Boston Mirror.” Loring, No. 2, Cornhill. The establishments of “The Emerald," Begone Dull Care ; or, How will be and “The Times" are united in this pub- end? a comedy, in five acts; as performlication, price 3 do'ls, per ann.

ed at the Thcatre-Royal, Covent Garden The constitution and associate statutes By Frederick Reynolds. Boston, pob: of the Theological Seminary in Andover; lished by E. Larkin, No. 47, Cornhill. with sketches of its rise and progress. Greenough & Stebbins, printers. Published by order of the trustecs. Bos. The Ancient History of the Egyptians, ton. Published by Farrand, Mallory, and Carthagenians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Co. Belcher and Armstrong, printers. Medes and Persians, Macedonians and

Grecian's. By Mr. Rollin, late principal A Sermon preached at the opening of of the University of Paris, professor of the Theological Institution in Andover: eloquence in the royal college, and me and at the ordination of Rev. Eliphalet ber of the royal academy of inscriptions Pearson, LL. D. Sept. 28, 1808. By Rev. and belles lettres. Translated from the Timothy Dwight, D. D. president of French ; in eight volumes. Vol. V. The Yale college. Boston. Printed by Bele twelfth edition, illustrated with maps. cher and Armstrong 8vo. pp. 56.

Boston, published and sold by Hastings, Three Dissertations on Boylston Prize Etheridge and Bliss. Questions for the years 1806 and 1807. The sixth and last volume of the famo

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ily Expositor ; or, a paraphrase and ver- Farrand, Mallory, and Co. Boston, have sion of the New Testament; with critic issued proposals for publishing a system cal notes, and practical improvement of of exchange operations between the princach section, in six volumes. Containing cipal places of Europe. Containing the the epistle of Paul the apostle to the He- names and divisions of the different brews, jamcs, 1. Peter, 11. Peter, 1 John, . monies; the usances of Bills ; the times 11. John, 111. John, Jude, Revelations. of grace, payment, protest, and the By P. Doddridge, D. D. To which is course of exchange between relative pla. prefired, a life of the author, by Andrewces in Europe, as respectively establish. Kippis, D. D. F. R. S. and S. A. From ed; the manner in which their respec. the eighth London edition. 8vo. pp. 621. tive accounts are kept, and the manner 8. Etheridge, printer, Charlestown. of reducing bank to current money; with

a reciprocal deduction of the different WORKS ANVOUNCED. monies calculated upon the order of exDoctor Ramsay, (the celebrated His change, &c. In the manner of the torian) has issued Proposals for publish French system of Joseph Rene Ruelle,by ing a History of South-Carolina, from its Peter Kuhn, jun. Esq. late consul of the first settlement in 1670, to 1808. The United States of America, near the rework will be put to press in November publick of Liguria. To which will be next.

added, the weights, qualities, and names Wm. Hilliard, of Cambridge, Mass.) of all current coins, foreign and ancient, has issued proposals for publishing by &c. &c. It will appear on a fine wove Subscription, An American Biographis paper, in an 8vo. size of between 3 and cal and Historical Dictionary, contain- 400 pages, and delivered to subscribers, ing an account of the Lives, Characters, in boards at 4 dollars. and Writings of the most ancient per Proposals are issued by E. Bronson sons in North America, from the first and others, Baltimore, for publishing a discovery of the country to the present new periodical work, to be entitled, Setime, and a Summary of the History of lect Reviews, and the Spirit of the Forthe several Colonies, and of the United eign Magazines. States. The work to be printed in one Manning & Loring intend publishing, vol. 8vo. containing soo pages. Price by Subscription, a new' and improved to Subscribers,two dollars and fifty cents. edition of Psalm and Hymn Tunes, sung

George W. Woodman of New-Bed at the Chapel of Lock Hospital. This ford, proposes publishing that valuable work, (compiled by the celebrated Maand scarce book, entitled,“ Thoughts on DAN,) comprised in about 200 royal Religion, and other linportant Subjects ; quarto pages, printed on a fine and thick newly translated from the French of paper, and on a page of the size of the Blaise Pascal. To which are added,me last London edition, and no alteration moirs of his life and writings. To be of any kind in the Musick shall be pere comprised in one vol. 8vo. of about 400 mitted. The price to subscribers, stitchpages, on a fine wove paper, and deliv- ed in a printed paper covering, will be cred to subscribers at two dollars. .. two dollars fifty cents.

Hopkins and Earle, Philadelphia, and


NOTE. [*** We regret that our readers are deprived of the Retrospective Review for this number, by the accidental loss of ihe manuscript; and hope that the following abstract will not be without interest.


Abridgement of the Trial, in an action, in which Sir Jolio Carr, Kat was Plainni,

and Messrs. Hond and Sharpe, Defendants : damages laid at £2002 The trial took place in Guildhall, on the 25th of July, 1808, before Lord Ellenborough and a special Jury: taken düwn in short hand, by Thomas Jenkins.

• TH1$ abridgement shall contain contained several caricatures, exhiball that is material. The reader will iting Carr in the most ludicrous find in it every principal point touch. light, that he was there represenied upon by Mr. Garrow, the leading ed as a stupid writer, a gleaner of counsel for the plaintiff ; the whole of insipid stuff, a fool, a lunatick, and what was said by the Judge, and by as so nearly like a mere vagabood, the Attorney General, who was the as to carry about his wardrobe in a leading counsel for the defendants, pocket handkerchief ; that the de with the sole exception of what the fendants had said, that they had a latter said by way of return for the ród in picklé for Carr, and that they trade-like compliment's paid him by would do for him ; that the effect of Mr. Garrow, and which interchange all this had been a clearly pror. of compliments I omit for the sake ed damage to Cart ; that Sir of decency.

Richard Phillips had, merely from The case, as stated by Mr. Gar. the effect of this attack, been detertow, was this. That Sir John Carr red from purchasing the intended (whom hereafter I shall call' Carr, new work, for which, otherwise, he not perceiving that he has any right would have given £700; and that to claim the cramming up of my there must nećessarily have arisen fo pages with his lengthened name) the plaintiff other damages, of which was the author of several works it would be impossible to estimate which he had sold for considerable the amount. The evidence first sums of money ; that he was about given, was to prove the publication to publish a new work of the nature of the “ Pocket Book," and then of his former works, which had evidence was produced of a continut hitherto been well received by thë tion of the publication after notice publick ; that, at this juncture the of action, which evidence in aggradefendants published the libel in vation having been objected to be question, called, “ My Pocket Book;" the Attorney General, the following that the evident object of this work conversation took place between the was utterly to destroy Carr as an Judge and Mr. Garrow. author, in which object it must suc. Mr. Garrow.— The ground on ceed, unless censured by the verdict which I offer it, is this : I say, that of the jury ; that the “ Pocket these defendants meant to publish to · Book," besides ridicule in words, the world, a work, the object of

which is, to render Sir John Carr to me surprising. Reflection upon ridiculous. I say, this publication personal character is another thing. of these defendants, is false and Mr. Garrow. I am not contend. scandalous. Can it be doubted that ing that the defendants may not enI may prove, that the defendants deavour to shew, that the plaintiff's have continued that publication, to book is a ridiculous one; but, they sbew the extent of the injury, and must not endeavour to destroy the the spirit of the offending party ? plaintiff altogether, as an author. Lord Ellenborough. But we must Lord Ellenborough.-I do not allow a latitude to the free discus. know that. Suppose a person pubsion of the merits and demerits of lishes a book containing sentiments authors and their works; otherwise that are injurious to publick morals; we may talk indeed of the liberty of of infinite mischief to the publick the press, but there will be in reality taste : or bad maxims of government ; an end of it.

or any thing else that ought to be deMr. Garrow-Suppose I had a cried; are we not to be at liberty to wen on my neck, or had any other expose that work ; aye, and expose deformity. Am I to be held up to the author of it too, as far as he is conridicule, to gratify the malice of an nected with that work, and that, in individual, who chooses to be my the most pointed language of wit, enemy, and is that individual to con- 'humour, or ridicule ; the more point. tinue to expose me, after notice give Red and forcible, the better? He who en to him of his misconduct ? That does so, if the work be ridiculous, notice is given to him by the service or a bad óne, confers a favour on, of a process, which is the commence. by producing a benefit to, the pub. ment of the action.

lick. That it destroys the repu* Mr. Altorney General.The an- tation of an author, and puts an end swer to all this, is, that you can to the circulation of his works, is bring another action, if you are dam. nothing, if his works be worthless. .

nified by any subsequent publication. Mr. Locke published an answer to .' Lord Ellenborough. -We must sir Robert Filmer ; would any body

really not cramp observations upon give twöperice, after that, for the authors and their works. They works of sir Robert Filmer? What should be liable to exposure ; to then ? was Mr. Locke to be made criticism, and ever.' to ridicule, if the subject of an action, for destroytheir works be ridiculous į other. ing the reputation of sir Robert Fil'wise, the first who writes a book up mer? Not at all. It was a reputaon a subject will maintain a monop- tion that ought to have been destroyed, oly of sentiment and opinion upon and was destroyed; for which the it. You must never shew the ab- world has been greatly indebted to surdity of it, although it be absurd, Mr. Locke. I really do not know that is, you can never do it with ef- where we are going to To talk of fect. This would tend to the per- 'the liberty of the press, if one petuity of errour. A bad book man may not write freely, on the might appear, it would propagate work of another, lest he should errour, and so we should go on to destroy the reputation of that other, the end of time. How any body would be idle. Shew me an attack could conceive that , an action is on the moral character of this plainmaintainable, for publishing a work, tiff, or any attack on bis character un. exposing another work to ridicule,is connected with his books, and I shall

Vol. V. No. X.

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be as ready as any man, who ever tion, which appears to have been sat here, to protect him in that char. gone into by the Attorney Gener. acter ; but I cannot hear of malice, al, for the purpose of obtaining a on account of turning his works into repetition of this evidence so compli ridicule.

mentary as well as useful to his cli. Mr Garrow.-They prevent'the ents, Lord Mountnorris said, in sale of all the plaintiff's works, by terms, if possible, still more explicit, this immoderate ridicule of him, by that after a most attentive perusal wholesale, as an author.

of both the work and the criticism, Lord Ellenborough -- They do so. he was induced, by the impression They depreciate his character as an produced on his mind by the latter, author, conceiving they have a right not to purchase the former, though to do so.

he was before disposed to make that * Mr. Garrow. Then let them . purchase. shew that they have done it fairly. Sir Richard Phillips's Examina. :, Lord Ellenborough. No, they need tion might have been very short; but not. YOU must show that they owing to his own indiscretion, it was have done it unfairly.

rendered very long ; and as he apMr. Garrow. So I do, my pears to have been considered as the Lord, by the exhibition of this fron- real cause of the action against tispiece ; which shews, that this Messrs. Hood and Sharpe, the book is not a fair criticism, but a ma- whole of this Examination shall be lignant slander.

given. He was examined by Mr. Lord Ellenborough. Go on with Dampier, and cross-examined by the your case.

Attorney General. Evidence was then given to prove Q. Did you, sir Richard Phil. that Carr was the author of other lips, purchase of sir John Carr, : works. Lord Valentia was called book, called, “The Northern Sum. to prove, that the “ Pocket Book," mer; or, a Tour round the Baltic?". was intended, in his opinion, to ex. A. I did. pose Carr's Irish Tour to ridicule. Q. And also a “ Tour through Lord Mountnorris, under whose Ireland ; and another along the name a letter has been published, Rbine ?" A. I did. stating that he “ attended solely and Q. They are all in quarto, I be conscientiously on behalf of sir John lieve ? A. They are. Carr," said, upon bis oath, that “he Q. What was the purchase mog. had read the Pocket Book, and also ey for each ? A. The price of the the Siranger in Ireland ; that he had first was fixed by Mr. Hayley, who compared them both, chapter and introduced sir John Carr to me. chapter ; that he considered the Q. Will you state the sums which former as intended to ridicule the you paid for these books ? A. Four latter ; that the caricatures are so hundred pounds for “ The Northern strongly drawn, that it was impossi. Summer ; or, Tour round the Bal. ble to mistake their application to tic,” and in consequence of a small sir John Carr ; and, finally, that he increase in the quantity, I added 3. should have bought the Stranger in nother 1001. of my own accord. Ireland, but would not after reading Q. So that he had 5001. for his the Pocket Book, the latter having book ? A. Yes, he had. Mr. depreciated the former so much in Hayley, of whom I have a high o his opinion.” In a cross-examina. pinion,settled the price of that book

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