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inquiries have abundantly enabled tured it with a vain and presumpthem to give. It is of no small tive spirit, not unlike that of a young, importance to the honour of our and ignorant pedagogue. Nothing literary history, that notices and seems at present to be in the way of anecdotes should be collected of our gradually taking a rank in the authors and their works, before all scale of literary nations, but ouravatheir cotemporaries, or their im. rice; and the extraordinary opportumediate descendants, shall have nities we have had of making moleft the stage. The fame of some ney, as it is termed, are at least some men, whose works really deserve apology for our immoderate love of not to be forgotten, lives now gain. This is the sin, which most chiefly in the recollections of their easily besets us,and debases much of personal acquaintances. It will the native generosity of literature. be our pleasure to revive, guard, and magnify their worth ; and if in
Romani pueri longis rationibus assem
Discunt in partes centum diducere. Dithe great republick of letters their
cat dignity should be still thought in Filius Albini, si de quincunce remota considerable, it should be remem
est bered that the emoluments of lite Uncia, quid superat ? Poteras dixisse, rature also were then inconsidera
Triens. Eu ! ble, and the prospect of fame,
Rem poteris servare tuam. Redit Un
cia, quid fit! from our intercourse with Europe, Semis. An hæc animos ærugo & cura exceedingly obscure. Literary
peculi men have always, in this extensive Cum semel imbuerit, speramus carmi country,been too widely separated,
Posse linenda cedro, et levi servanda to enjoy the advantages of lettered
cupresso ? Ars. Poet. v. 325. intercourse. There has been little to excite emulation, nothing to · From what we have said, it will generate an esprit du corps, and perhaps be perceived, that the inthe hope of posthumous fame has, quiries we shall make into former from our remote situation, always American publications, will relate been too faint to stimulate to soli- chiefly to works of literature and tary exertions.
scholarship. We shall not howIt does not come within our ever entirely neglect works relatplan to review works, which have ing to this country, though pubappeared since the revolution, un- lished in Europe, by men who less they are recommended by have lived or travelled among us. some peculiar, or hitherto unno. We are sensible,that we shall find ticed excellence. Within the last much difficulty in procuring many thirty years many domestick mag. books, whose titles and merit we azines and reviews have taken up- know ; and we particularly solicit on themselves the trouble of giv- printers, antiquaries, and men ining an account of works, as they terested in the literature of this appeared ; but these journals, en- country, to furnish us with curijoying only a temporary and local ous information, and with curious importance, which it was necessa- works. One of the objects of the ry to preserve by not offending, Athenæum, which has been so libhave almost invariably praised erally established in this town, is, without discrimination, and thus, gradually to collect all the Ameras we think, kept our literature in ican works of merit into one grand a state of imbecility, or rather tinc. and accessible repository, and we now formally renew the promise, acter. We can never in this which we have formerly made, country possess many of the that any books, sent to us for re- luxuries and elegances of the view, whether old or new, shall be fine arts, but we may learn to en. faithfully deposited there. The joy the more refined and loftier time we hope is not far distant, elegances of literature and taste. when this town shall possess an in. These can never be entirely destitution, and a library, which need based by sensuality, never can be not shrink from a comparison completely pressed into the cause with any in this country, and be of corruption. God grant that our worthy of commendation even in expectations may not be disapEurope. The spirit of literary pointed, for we think we discern encouragement seems to be at the dawn of better days. Novus last awakened among us, and it is sæclorum nascitur ordo.' not too late to redeem our char
AMERICAN LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL
Col. Gibbs's grand Collection of sky consists chiefly of the minerals Minerals.
of the Russiar, empire. It is parONE of the most zealous cul- ticularly rich in gold and copper tivators of mineralogy in the Uni- ores, chromates of lead, the native ted States, is Col. George Gibbs, iron of Pallas, Beryls, Jaspers, &c. of Rhode Island. And his taste The Russian speciineas alone are and his fortune have concurred in about six thousand in number. making him the proprietor of the The remainder are chiefly German most extensive and valuable as- and Swiss. To these Mr. Gibbs sortment of minerals that probably has added all the newly discovered exists in America. This rich col- minerals, a complete collection of lection consists of the cabinets English, Swiss, and Italian specipossessed by the late Mons. Gigot mens, including the ancient marD'Orcy, of Paris, and the Count bles, porphyries, &c. the muriates Gregoire de Razamowsky, a Rus- and carbonates of copper from sian nobleman, long resident in Chili; the spinel and oriental ruSwitzerland. To which the pre- bies, of which this is the third comsent proprietor has added a num- plete collection existing. Also, a ber, either gathered by himself on large geological collection. The the spot, or purchased in different whole consists of about twenty parts of Europe. The collection thousand specimens. A small of M. D'Orcy is particularly rich part of this collection was opened in the productions of the French to amateurs at Rhode-Island, the mines : Such as the phosphates, last summer, and the next, if circarbonates, and molybdates of lead; cumstances permit, the remainder the iron ores of Bangory, Framont, will be exposed. In giving this acand the Isle of Elba ; the silver of count of a collection, so much wishSt. Maria and d'Allemont; the ed for in the United States, it may mercury of Deuxponts ; a great be justly acknowledged, that it is variety of marbles, calcedonies and principally by the assistance of the agates, quartz, calcareous, and sçavans of France, that it was renother spars from France and dered so complete ; and that if different parts of Europe. The it should prove useful to our councollection of the Count Razamow- . try, the proprietor will share the
Vol. V. No. 1. H
pleasure with De d'Aumont, Dau. Bond, M. D. Professor of Materia buison, Struvo and Bournon. Medica. William Donaldson, M.
D. Professor of the Institutes of Medical College of Maryland. Medicine. The Medical and
The legislature of Maryland, on Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland the 18th of December, 1807, pass- are appoineed the Patrons and Vied “ An Act for Founding a Medi sitors of the College ; and their cal College in the City or Precincts President is declared to be the of Baltimore, for the Instruction of Chancellor. Students in the different Branches of Medicine.” This institution is Baudelocque's Midwifery. established upon a liberal plan, Dr. W.P. Dewees, who has been and incorporated in perpetuity. many years known to the public as It consists of a board called the an eminent teacher of midwifery at Regents of the College of Medic Philadelphia, and whose publicacine of Maryland, formed from tions on that subject have gained a the existing board of medical exa- high degree of approbation, has miners for the commonwealth and lately presented to the publick the president and professors ap- “ An Abridgement of Mr. Heath's pointed by the act. It may hold a Translation of Baudelocque's Midproperty to a value not exceeding wifery." This abridgement is also thirty thousand dollars, exclusive accompanied by notes, which add of a lot and buildings. The re- greatly to the value of the work. gents may appoint professors and lecturers, who shall form one learn- Analysis of Balltown Waters ; ed body, under the name of the communicated by Dr. D.Hosack Medical Faculty ; with power to to Dr. Miller of New York. choose their dean, and to do what Presuming that an accurate is necessary for conveying instruc- knowledge of the composition of tion and supporting discipline. Balltown waters may be of publick The Regents must meet at least benefit, and lead to a more general once a year. The faculty shall use of this valuable article of the hold at least one term annually, to Materia Medica, I request the fabegin on the first Monday in No- vour of you to give place in your vember, and continue not less than Repository to the following analyfour nor more than six months. sis, which has been made in France At convenient times, commence- by one of her most celebrated chements may be held, and degrees mists. It may be proper to remark, in surgery and medicine be grant- that the water was carefully sealed ed, after due examination and at the Spring, and conveyed by a other proofs of sufficiency. Each genileman who had been in the student must have attended each habit of drinking it. He observes, course of lectures at least once, “On my arrival at Paris, I drank and frequented the Classes of the two bottles of water, and found no College for two terms; and he difference in the taste or effect must also have been privately and from that experienced last year at publickly examined, and have Balltown, from which I conclude printed and defended a thesis, be that it suffers no alteration fron fore he can be admitted to the ho- transportation.” Analysis of a botnours of the College. The Profes- tle of Balltown water, containing sors appointed by the act, are, twenty-five ounces :...1. Carbonick John B. Davidge, M. D. and James acid gas, or fixed air, three times Cocke, M. D. joint Professors of its bulk. 2. Muriate of soda, or Anatomy, Surgery, and Physiology. marine salt, thirty-one grains. 3. George Brown, M. D. Professor carbonate of lime, supersaturated, of the Practice and Theory of twenty-two grains. 4. Muriate of Medicine. John Shaw, M. D. Pro- magnesia, twelve and an half grains. fessor of Chemistry. Thomas E. 5. Muriate of lime, five grains. 6. Carbonate of iron, four grains. remedy in a great variety of diseaThe chemist proceeds to add, “No ses of debility, and appears to be mineral water of our contineni formed by nature in the best possiis so rich in saline substances of this ble proportions to give it efficacy.” sort. That of Vichy, which is in He adds, “I have no doubt, when great repute, does not contain more known, it must become an importhan the tenth of a grain of the tant object of commerce." carbonate of iron to a bottle ; while Two inferences worthy of notice that of Balltown contains four are to be deduced from the above grains : And it is chiefly to the analysis of this powerful chalybiron that these waters owe their to eate ; that in some diseases, as in nick and deobstruent qualities. An consumption of the lungs, it has other advantage of the American hitherto been improperly employmineral water is, that by its gentle ed ; but that there are also many cathartick operation, it is no less others, for which it has not been calculated to evacuate bile, than to generally used, and in which it give tone to the vascular system. promises to be of great value. On these accounts it is a valuable
FOREIGN LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL
· London, Nov. 1807. Life and Writings of James Bruce, Mr. Thelwall commenced on esq. of Kinnaird, to which will be Monday the 26th, at the In- added, an appendix,of original pastitution for the Improvement of pers, illustrative of the Travels to English Oratory, and the Cure of discover the source of the Nile. Impediments, a course of miscella- This work is expected to make one neous lectures on the genius.com- volume in quarto, and will be emposition, and utterance of the Eng bellished with a portrait of Mr. lish language, and on the means of Bruce and fourteen other engra. improving our national elocution ; vings. including strictures on the causes The world has been gratified of the customary defects in read- during the current month with the ing, recitation, publick speaking, appearance of a comet, which has and conversational delivery ; with been distinctly visible with the criticisms on the elocution of the naked eye, after sun-set. Perhaps senate, bar, pulpit, and stage, and we cannot do better than present sketches of several of the most cel- our readers with an extract of a ebrated characters of the present, letter received from that indeand the preceding generation. The fatigable observer, Mr. Capel Loft lectures are to be accompanied of Troston, near Bury : with readings and recitations from “ I hope you have seen the beauMilton, Shakespeare,Dryden,John- tiful and glorious comet; we saw son, Sterne, Goldsmith, and other it on Tuesday evening, the 6th incelebrated writers ; and with ora- stant. Its light was so intense, torical and critical dissertations on that it bore exceedingly well a reLiterary and historical subjects, and flector with a power of one hundupon such interesting topicks of a red, and a small field of view. temporary and popular nature, as But it appeared best in an achrodo not unnecessarily involve any matick of Dollond's, with a field of disquisitions or considerations of view very considerable and in an party politicks.
excellent night glass of the late Mr. The Rev. A. Murray is employ- Dunn's, the astronomica-lecturer. ed in preparing an Account of the I find no Comet that resembles it, but that of 1647, which however one-eighth of its length, or about cannot be it, if this has its direc- 45'. If its head had 40" diameter, tion northward. In coming to its at that distance it would be full four node, after it passes its perihelion, times the diameter of our earth. if it is now approaching it, as I at Last night, and the night before present believe, it will pass I think last, its coma appeared very dilute considerably near to our earth, as about one degree and a half in it first became · visible nearly on length ; something must be allow
length ; something must the opposite side of the earth's or ed for the great light of the moon ; bit.”
and also (which is more) its dimiIn a letter to Mr. Phillips, dated nution of angular distance from the the 19th, he observes :
sun, by which its train is seen less “ The Comet now visible is so obliquely. Its nucleus remains much the finest of any observable brilliant, and bordering on a gold in England for thirty-eight years colour. The train on Tuesday the back, that I think some account 6th was bright gold colour near the of it cannot be unacceptable. It Comet, fading off in a silvery was first seen, as I understand, on brightness, and terminating in the the 30th of September, near y Li thinnest white fume. I do not bræ. It seems then just to have draw; and if I did, the finest mezpassed its guiding node. The Rev. zotinto would be far from doing T. Rеrough, of Thornger, near
justice to the lucid distinctness and Bury, saw it on the day following. delicate beauty of its appearance. On Thursday the 1st of October, It was perfectly conspicuous even and on Saturday the 3d it was seen to the naked eye on the 6th, and by Mr. Charles D. Leech of Bury ; very beautiful even with a power on Sunday by several. We did not of one hundred, as seen by Matsee it here till our attention had thew Lofft's reflector, which has a been called to it by a letter from field of about thirty-two minutes." Mr. John Mills, of Bury, and ano, In another letter,dated the 20th, ther from an astronomical corres- he says: pondent then in London. Conse- “Last night it was very beautiquently we saw it as soon as the ful, and the nucleus exceedingly clouds broke on the Tuesday even brilliant, with a very sensible and
well defined magnitude. I observcleus was very brilliant and well ed an occultation of a telescopick · defined, of a pale gold colour, very star, by the head of the Comet,
little inferiour in lustre to Arctu which was near y Herculis, it aprus, and exceeding him in appar- peared bright at about 30" distance ent magnitude to the eye. With a from the preceding limb of the very good three and a half foot tel- Comet, and disappeared at once escope of Dollond's, with a power without apparent contact, a litof about 50, and a field of view of tle short of that distance, as a 2o, the nucleus had a very sensible fixed star does, when it suffers an apparent magnitude, I think not occultation by 21, or *h. This less than 40", if not 11. With an is a very curious phenomenon, and excellent night-glass of Dunn's, the proves the density of the head of field of which is 40, the train at the Comet. It was quite otherwise eight in the evening, when clear of with the Comet of 1797, which had the twilight, considerably more no discernible nucleus. I could not than filled the field. As it comes make the apparent diameter of its to us from the opposite side of our nucleus last night, less than 3. orbit, nearly to that in which our Train 20 or 25' broad, and 10 30 earth is at present, if it were then fully in length. It bore, the dimia diameter of the orbit distant from nution of light from approaching us, the train under an angle of 6 the horizon better than y Herculis. would be full ten millions of miles The apparent path of the Comet in length, and its breadth, which I has described since the 1st of Ochave rather enlarged, was about tober, 16° declination, 14° 4° right