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sullen kind of existence. Thus more enjoy their solitary rocks, the Indian, when he quits his na- and, as civilization recedes, the tive haunts, leaves all his ancient energy of their nature revives. properties behind him, contracts It has already been observed, all the vices of civilization, and re- that a tendency to rest is the disturns to his comrades with the tinguishing trait of an Indian. Napestilence. Benevolence may de- ture seems in some climates to light to confer favours ; but if the have protected this indolence by subject renounces them, or turns her own munificence, spontanethem to a purpose destructive of ously pouring her treasures in such himself, a still further distribution abundance, as to supercede the is no longer a blessing, but a curse. necessity of labour. In the island The Indian, even in his natural of Otaheite missionaries have exstate, regards rest as the comple- erted themselves for ten successive tion of enjoyment. The calls of years to disseminate Christianity hunger can alone rouse him from and the arts of social life. Wearied his lethargy, and, when the woods and exhausted in an undertaking, have satisfied the cravings of his proved by experiment to be hopeappetite, he relapses into his for- less, they propose to abandon their mer habits of indolence. This project, and to return to their naconstitutional malady is of itself an tive country. They have cultivainsurmountable obstacle to the ad. ted the soil, with a view to excite vance of civilization. When the a spirit of emulation amongst the earth yields her tributes to the natives ; but their reply is, that hands of such reluctant industry, their parent has already by her they are not hoarded up with a bounty anticipated all the exertions provident caution to alleviate the of her children. Equally unsuc. austerity of the seasons, but bar. cessful have been their efforts to tered away for that pernicious o- promulgate the gospel. The Inpiate, which secures them present dians pertinaciously adhere to their rest. The same propensity, that preconceived habits and opinions, formerly prompted them to dare as the standard of right and wrong, the terrours of their native woods, allowing no other standard of comis now turned into another and a parison to be just. Their Deity more inglorious channel. The is still a fowl, who receives their intoxicating draught is more ea- sacrifice and adoration ; nor have sily procured, than the repast all the efforts of the missionaries which the wilderness, affords, and abated their reverence for one of the manufacture of an idle broom his feathers. Our fair country. or a basket ensures a plentiful sup- women will not relish the savage ply. Daily experience confirms compliment paid to their sex, when the remark, that even the descen- they are informed, that the natives dants of savages, who were born do noi scruple to deprive their in civilized life, and from earliest tender infants of existence, if they infancy have partook largely of its belong to their class ; alledging benefits, still maintain an obstinate no other reason for so doing, than struggle with destiny, rove about the expense of their education. discontented and dejected, the mis. Still the laws are very liberal to
erable victim of cruel experiment, matrimonial alliance ; for every · and living libels on the theories man is allowed as many wives as
of philosophers. Let them once he pleases to have the number be
ing only limited by his competen- his countenance, If, on the other cy to maintain them. As a pledge hand, justice is propitious, the visof the sincerity of the friendship age beams with all the benignity they profess, a loan of a wife is of copper. By a mere turn of the regarded as the highest ; the re- body the case is decided, and the jection of which is atonable only parties litigant satisfied with the by blood. Here a whimsical judgment. inconsistency in their predom. On the recent arrival of a ship inant conceptions of justice and in the harbour of Otaheite, and propriety is worthy of notice. If while she was within twenty miles a fiend asks the same indulgence of the port, the weather being rewith one of their sisters, which markably tempestuous, a canoe amongst their wives it is even dan was discovered by the sailor's brav. gerous to refuse, the brother is ing the inclemency of the elealarmed for the honour of his fam- ment, and with the rapidity of a ily, and the personal security of water-fowl pursuing its course. It the guest is put in jeopardy. To soon appeared that the ship was account for this apparent paradox, the object of its destination, and let it be understood, that, amongst the sequel justified the conjecture. these ardent and uncultivated It bore an important dispatch from minds, a friend is regarded as an his majesty the emperour of Otaintegral part of themselves; hence heite, written with his own hand wherever it is lawful for them to in plain English, informing the have intercourse, a friend may captain that affairs of deep moclaim the same indulgence. As ment prevented his personal atNature has branded an alliance be- tendance ; that the day was deditween a brother and a sister with cated to some ritual observance of incest, they transfer to a friend the theirs, and that, for the purpose of opprobrium which would in that augmenting its festivity, he solicitcase alight upon themselves, if any ed the donation of a rum-bottle. request, short of matrimony, was It is scarcely necessary to add, solicited. He then doffs the char- that the request was immediately acter of a friend, and assumes that complied with; and that, although of a brother.
the couriers in their return underLike the ancient Picts,they delight went trying vicissitudes, the bottle much in tatooing their bodies with and its contents were preserved. every device, which their capricious His majesty, under the patronage fancy may represent. The minister of the emissaries, is expert in the of justice, who hears, rejects, or re- art of writing, and indites not only dresses the complaints of the in- in his native tongue, but likewise habitants, has one half of his body, in English, with a propriety that from the crown of his head to the would put many of our countrysoal of his foot, including even the men to the blush. Probably he eye-lash, by artificial expedient did not dream at the time that he made perfectly black. The other indited the letter, of which the folhalf shines with a light and deli- lowing is an exact transcript, that cate copper hue. When the sup- the pages of the Anthology would pliatit, without the dull formality ever be blazoned by that specimen of a writ or declaration, implores of the literature of Otaheite. We å redress of his grievances, if the will previously to its transcription mind of the judge is inauspicious, remark, that the gentleman, who, he turns to him the sable side of on his return from that country,
after a voyage of four years, oblig- ditious, and this they anxiously ingly favoured us with the origin- adopt. Christianity, on the other al, has given the strong and un- band, opens a new and untried questionable assurance of his hon- scene, altogether variant, which our, that he was present when his they dare not explore. After so majesty penned it, and that neither much labour in experiment, it now himself, or any other than the remains a question for future ages royal personage himself, either to decide, whether all the toil will advised, indited, or dictated, one of not end in the confirmation of their its paragraphs. For the better ancient habits. understanding, we will further Allowing however the converstate, that Matave is the district sion of Indians to Christianity to where his majesty resides, and be a thing within the compass of that the letters 0 and I, in the human enterprize, still the quesword Otaheite, are rejected in the tion remains unanswered, is this a pronunciation of the natives. desirable cvent? It will not be
“Matavæ, Tahete, Aug. 9th, 1506. contended, that, to take the savage SIR,
as he is, with all the headstrong I wish you safe home to your native
passions of the wilderness, and country and a happy meeting with your friends. If you should ever again come
give him the christian Deity to this way, I shall be glad to see you; Worship, would be any important or if you should ever have an opportu- acquisition, either with regard to nity of writing I shall be pleased to his own edification, or .to ours. hear from you.
Begin with the indispensable pre-
paratory knowledge, attempt his Pomare, king of Tahete. civilization, teach him regularity Mr. ****
of life, sobriety of manners, indusThe indefatigable industry of try, and moderation of desires, and, the missionaries has provided the as experience has abundantly tesnatives with grammars in their tified, you dissipate all the mag. mother tongue, which they study nanimous qualities of the forest, with perseverance and success. and give him nothing in exchange A inore convincing proof cannot but a participation of those vices be given of the in:eteracy of their which, when indulged, debase soancient habits, and of their irre- cial life beneath the character of concileable nature to the principles the savage. In fact, the object of of christianity, than this simple our experiment is then neither in fact, that while the missionaries a savage, or a civilized state, but a can inculcate in the minds of the sort of amphibious animal, with natives the rudiments of literature, just enough of his former qualities they cannot persuade parents of remaining to deprive us of all comthe crime, nor make them abstain miseration for his fate, and full from the habit of deliberately mur sufficient of the latter to excite our dering their female infants. This scorn and contempt. Christianity, phænomenon may be accounted if mingled with qualities like these, for in the following manner. In ceases to be such, sinks into the what little of literature they have glooms of superstitious reverence, learned, they find nothing abhor- and we ourselves are, in some rent to their preconceived opin measure, auxiliary to its idolatry ions ; but rather a mode of pre- and debasement. The poet Cow. serving them, and of communicat. per will not be suspected of infi. ing them more certain and expe- delity, and yet, in his character of again
Omai,he is a true though an invol. have mentioned, the Indian, bavuntary witness in our favour. ing a perpetual representative of
social life before his eyes, the par• These therefore I can pity, plac'd taker of his joys and sorrows,might
remote, But far beyond the rest, and with most
find his love the ascendant of his cause,
ferocity ; and those strong habits, Thee gentle savage! whom no love of which no force is competent tbee'
to relax, the hand of affection, Or thine but curiosity perhaps,
might loosen and dissolve. At Or else vain glory, prompted us to draw
all events, the children would folForth from thy native bowers, to shew
low the bent of naternal inclinathee here
tion, and wonder at the passion of With what superiour skill we can abuse their fathers for the forest. In The gifts of Providence, and squander life.
what manner an intermixture of The dream is past, and thou hast found
blood operates, so as to alter habThy cocoas and bananas, palms and its and desires, is a secret hidden yams,
so deep in the dark recesses of And homestall thatch'd with leaves; nature, that it never will be disbut hast thou found
covered, until we can ascertain how Their former charms? And having seen
the soul forms an alliance with the our state, Our palaces, our ladies, and our pomp body. Of equipage, our gardens,and our sports, We are confident, men of enAnd heard our music, are thy simple
larged and expanded minds will friends, Thz simple fare, and all thy plain delight,
not censure the freedom of these As dear to thee as once ?!
strictures, believing, as we do,
that Christianity comprizes views So long then as the Indian na. of the present and a future state tions preserve their identity, we of existence too sublime and pure entertain the opinion, that the to be comprehended by the being, project of their reformation to so- who sees his deity in every cloud, cial life will be idle and abortive. and hears him only in the temIf any one asks how this obstacle pest.' Such premature conversion is to be surmounted, we answer in the earlier ages of Christianity, with confidence, by breaking up when the lips professed what the and confounding this identity alto- mind could not comprehend, has gether. By an intermarriage with stained centuries with blood, the whites, a posterity would arise brought reproach upon its name, in whom the discordant manners and furnished matter of triumph of social and savage life would har- for the infidel alone. Our religion moniously mingle. This likewise is a system that was opened with is a fact attested by experiment. the world we inhabit, and is to conThose who are not unaptly styled tinue to the end of it, gradually the lords of Virginia, amongst unfolding, until all the race of whom may be reckoned some of Adam are comprehended in its the most splendid characters that blessings. The stream of time, adoined our revolution, comprize although its surface is turbulent in an eminent degree, the heroism and threatening, has, even in our without the ferocity of the wilder- day, washed away the mummery ness, and to this day boast of their of Rome, one great obstacle to Indian ancestors. Of all the holds Christianity, and we can but reon the heart of man, matrimony is gard the fears of the immortal the stropgest. In the instance we Burke, that all religion will go
with it, as chimerical, seeing we tance is abortive. If the latter is have the word of Omnipotence to insisted on, it brings us back to the reverse. The whole matter the point from whence we started, in controversy may be compre- and our observations remain to be hended in one plain question, will answered. We feel confident the meditated reformation be ac- that the liberal mind will not cencomplished with a miracle,or with- sure, as for the rest we regard out one ? If our opponents urge them with placid indifference. the former, then all human assis
For the Anthology.
ORIGINAL LETTERS From an American Traveller in Europe to his Friends in this country.
is certainly a work of extreme laMY DEAR SIR,
bour and fatigue ; and though it AFTER waiting impatiently for is open to all the world, yet the a suitable day to ascend Vesuvius, proportion who visit it, is extreme. we have at last accomplished the ly small. It is therefore very naarduous undertaking; arduous in- tural that they should wish that deed it is to ladies, though hun- their friends at least should know dreds of women of refined habits the detail of their exertions, rehave summoned resolution to ac- marks, and impressions, though complish it. The ladies of our they may be convinced, that any party were extremely exhausted, circulating library will afford them and I much feared whether, after much better and more agreeable encountering so much fatigue, they descriptions. Protesting then, that would at last succeed in attaining I write for my own amusement, the summit, but they succeeded, and not for that of my friends, I and certain I am, they will never shall give you some short account attempt it a second time.
of my visit to Vesuvius. But if Vesuvius is one of those topicks my dull description shall inspire a so often discussed, that it has been wish to know more of this celeworn threadbare. Little is left to brated phenomenon, I would refer interest attention, and the most in- you to the witty but incorrect efgenious man can do little more fusions of Dr. Moore; the classicthan repeat, perhaps in a new al remarks of Abbe Richard ; the style, the observations of twenty plain detail of Swinburne ; and the who have preceded him. Still correct, learned, and thorough more difficult is the task of those, statements of that learned commenwho, not professing to possess any tator on Vesuvius, Sir William rare talent at description, shall feel Hamilton themselves impelled, from any Leaving Naples in a carriage at cause whatever, to attempt it. Yet about 10 o'clock, A. M. we prowe are all unwilling to suffer our ceeded on one of the most beautilabours and pains to remain un- ful roads in the world, to Portici. noticed, at least by our friends. The day was uncommonly fine, a'