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is to come.
(Unless wesweepthem fromthedoor with cannons) to endure. I have some of 'em in Limbo Patruni,
Enter the Lord Chamberlain.
Cham. Mercyo' nie, what a multitude are here! As much as one sound cudgel of four foot They grow stilltoo; from all parts theyare coming, (You see the poor remainder) could distribute, as if we kept a fair ! Where are these porters, I made no spare, sir.
These lazy knaves ?--Ye have made a fine hand, Port. You did nothing, sir.
) fellows. Man. I am not Sampson, nor Sir Guy, nor Col- There's a trim rabble let in : Are all these [have brand", to mow 'em down before me: but, if I Your faithful friends o'the suburbs? We shall spar'd any, that had a head to hit, either
young Great store of room, no doubt, left for the ladies, old, he or she, cuckold or cuckold-maker, let nie When they pass back from the christening. never hope to see a chine again; and that I would 15 Port. Please your honour, not for a cow, God save her.
We are but men; and what so many may do, I'ithin. Do you hear, master Porter ? Not being torn a-pieces, we have dođe:
Port. I shall be with you presently, good master An army cannot rule 'em. pupps:-Keep the door close, sirrah.
Clam. As I live,
Port. What should you do, but knock 'em By the heels, and suddenly; and on your heads down by the dozens? Is this Moretields to muster Clap round fines, for neglect: You are lazy Knaves; in? or have we some strange Indian with the And here ye lie baiting of bumbards ', when great tool come to court, the women so besiege Ye should do service. Hark, the trumpets sound; us? Bless me, what a cry of fornication is at door 25 They are come already from the christening: O' my christian conscience, this one christening Go, break among the press, and find a way out will beget a thousand: here will be father, god- To let the troop pass fairly; or I'll find father, and all together.
AMarshalsea,shall holdyou play thesctwo months. Man. The spoons will be the bigger, sir. There Port. Make
there for the princess! is a fellow somewhat near the door, he should be 301 Man. You great fellow, stand close up, or P'LL a brasier' by his face, for, o' my conscience, make your head ake. twenty of the dog-days now reign in's nose; all Pori. You i' the camblet, get up o'the rail; I'll that stand about him are under the line, they need peck you o'er the pales else.
[E.reunt. no other penance: that fire-drake* did I hit three
SCENE IV. times on the head, and three times was his nose 35
The Palace. discharg'd against ine; he stands there like a mor- EnterTrumpets,sounding; then two Aldermen, Lord tar-piece, to blow us up. There was a haberdashers Major, Garter, Cranmer, Duke of Norfolk with wife of small wit near him, that rail'd upon me his llurshal's staf, Duke of Suffolk, two Noble'till her pink'd porringer fell off her head, for men beuring two great stunding bowls for the kindling such a combustion in the state. I miss'd 40 christening gifts; then four Noble:ren bearing a the meteor once, and hit that woman, who cry'd canop:', under which the Dutchess of Norfolk, out, clubs ! when I might see from far some forty godnother, bearing the child richly habited in a trunchioneers draw to her succour, which were muntle, sc. Train borne by a Lady: then follow the the hope of the strand, where she was quarter'd. Durchioness of Dorset, the other godmother, und They fell op; I made good my place; at length 45 Ladies. The troop pass once about the stage, and they came to the broomstaff with ine, I defy'd'em Gurter speaks.still
; when suddenly a file of boys behind'em,loose Gar. Heaven, from thy endless goodness, send shot, deliver'd such a shower of pebbles, that I prosperous life, long, and ever happy, to the high was fain to draw mine honour in, and let 'em win and mighty princess of England, Elizabeth! the work: the devil was amongst 'em, I think,50 Flourish. Enter King, and Train.
Cran. [Kneeling]. And to your royal grace, and Port. These are the youths thatthunder at a play- the good queen, house, and fight for bitten apples'; that no audi- Ty noble partners, and myself, thus pray;ence, but the tribulation of Tower-bill', or the All comfort, joy, in this most gracious lady, liinbs of Limehouse, their dear brothers, are able 55)Heaven ever laid up to make parents happy,
" It was anciently the custom for all ranks of people to go out a-maying on the first of May. of Guy of Warwick every one has heard.—Colbrand was the Danish giant, whom Guy subdued at Winchester. 3 A brusier signifies a man that inanufactures brass, and a reservoir for charcoal occasionally heated to convey warmth. Both these senses are here understood, ^ A fire-drake is both a serpent, an, ciently called a brenning-drake, or dipsas, and a name formerly given to a l'illo'tk Wisp, or ignis fatuus. A fire-drake was likewise an artificial firework. 5i.e. the brasier. • The prices of seats for the vulgar in our ancient theatres were so very low (viz. a penny, trvo-pence, and sir-pence, each, for the ground, gallery, androoms :--the boxes were somewhat higher, being a shilling and half-a-crozin), that we cannot wonder if they were filled with the tuniultuous company described by Shakspeare in this scene; especially when it is added, that tobacco was smoaked, and ale drunk in thein. Dr. Johnson suspects the Tribulation to have been a puritanical meeting-house. * A public whipping. To bait bumbards is to tipple, to tie at the spigot. Bumbards were large vessels in which the becț was carried to soldiers upon duty: they resembled black jacks of leather.
May hourly fall upon ye!
Als great in adniration as herself;
(When heaven shall call her from this cloud of Cran. Elizabeth.
darkness) King.Stand up,lord.—[Thekingkissesthe child. 5 Who, from the sacred ashes of her honour, With this kiss take my blessing: God protect thee! Shall star-like rise, as great in fame as she was, Into whose hand I give thy life.
And so standfix'd:Peace,plenty,love,truth,terror, Cran. Amen.
[digal : That were the servants to this chosen infant, King. My noble gossips, ye have been too pro- Shall then be his, and like a vine grow to him; I thank ye heartily; so shall this lady,
10 Wherever the bright sun of heaven shall shine, When she has so much English.
His honour, and the greatness of his name, Cran. Let me speak, sir,
Shall be, and make new nations : He shall flourish, For beaven now bids me; and the words I utter Anil, likea mountain cedar, reach his branches Let none think flattery, for they'll find’em truth. To all the plains about him:-Our children's chilThis royal infant, (heaven still move about her!) 15 Shall see this, and bless heaven.
[dren Though in her cradle, yet now promises
King. Thou speakest wonders.] Upon this land a thousand thousand blessings, Crun. She shall be, to the happiness of England, Which time shall bring to ripeness: She shall be An aged princess ? ; many davs shall see her, (But few now living can behold that goodness) And yet no day without a deed to crown it. A pattern to all princes living with her,
20 Wouid I had known no niore! but she must die, And all that shall succeed : Sheba was never She nust, the saints must have her; yet a virgin, More covetous of wisdom, and fair virtue, A most unspotted lily shall shie pass Than this pure soul shall be: all princely graces, To the ground, and all the world'shall mourn her. That mould up such a nighty piece as this is, King. O lord archbishop, With all the virtues that attend the good, 25 Thou hast made me now a man; never, before Shall still be doubled on her : truth shallnurse her, This happy child, did I get any thing: Holy and heavenly thoughts still counsel her: This oracle of comfort has so pleas'd me, She shall be lov’d, and fear'd: Her own shall bless That, when I am in heaven, I shall desire Her foes shake like a field of beaten corn, [her, Toseewhat this child does,andpraise my Maker.And hang their heads with sorrow: Good grows 30 I thank ye all.To you, my good lord mayor, with her:
And your good brethen, I am much beholden; In her days, every man shall eat in safety, I have receiv'd much honour by your presence, Under his own vine, what he plants; and sing And
shall find me thankful. Lead the way, The merry songs of peace to all his neighbours: lords; God shall be truly known; and those about her35 Ye must all see the queen, and she must thank ve, From her shall read the perfect way of honour, She will be sick else. This day, no man think And by those claim their greatness, not by blood. He has business at his house ; for all shall stay,
Nor'shallthis peace sleep with her: But as when This little one shall make it holy-day, T'he bird of wonder dies, the maiden phenix,
[Exeunt. Her ashes new create another heir,
E PIL OG U E.3
'T Sten to one this play can never please For this play at this time, is only in
All that are here: Some come to take their ease, The merciful construction of good ruomen; And sleep an act or tuo; but those, we fear, For such a one we sheru'd'em*: If they smile, We're frighted with our trumpets; so, 'tis cleur, 50 And say, 'twill do, I know, within a while They'll suy, 'tis naught: others, to hear the city Alt ihe best men are ours; for 'tis ill hap, Abus'd extremely, and to cry,--that's witty! If they hold, when their ladies bid 'em clap. Which we have not done neither : that, I fear, All the expected good we are like to hear
* These lines, to the interruption by the king, seem to have been inserted at some revisal of the play, after the accession of king James. ? Theobald remarks, that the transition here from the complimentary address to king James the first is so abrupt, that it seems to him, that compliment was inserted after the accession of that prince. If this play was written, as in his opinion it was, in the reign of queen Elizabeth, we may easily determine where Cranmer's eulogium of that princess concluded. He makes no question but the poet rested here:
And claim by those their greatness, not by blood. All that the bishop says after this, was an occasional homage paid to her successor, and evidently inserted after her demise. : Dr. Johnson is of opinion, with other Critics, that both the Prologue and Epilogu e to Henry VIII. were written by Ben Jonson, * In the character of Katharine.
CORI O L AN U S.
CAIUS Marcius CoriolanUS, a noble Roman.
TITUS LÄRTIUS, Generals against theVolscians.
Young Marcius, Son to Coriolanus.
Soldiers, Common People, Servants to Auti-
The SCENE' is partly in Rome; and partly in the Territories of the Volscians and Antiates.
we become rakes': for the gods know, I speak
this in hunger for bread, not in thirst for revenge. A Street in Rome.
2 Cit. Would you proceed especially against Entera Company of mutinous Citizens with states, Caius Marcius? clubs, and other wcapons.
5 All. Against him first: he's a very dog to the 1 Cit. BEFORE we proceed any further, hcar commonalty, me speak.
2 Cit. Consider you what services he has done Alt. Speak, speak.
for his country? i Cit. You are resolv'd rather to die, than to 1 Cit. Very well; and could be content to give famishi?
10 him good report for 't, but that he pays himself All. Resolv'd, resolv'd.
with being proud. 1 Cit. First, you know, Caius Marcius is chief All. Nay, but speak not maliciously. enemy to the people.
i Cit. I say unto you, what he hath done faAil. We know,'t, we know't,
mously, he did it to that end: though soft-coni Cit. Let us kill him, and we'll have corn at 15 scienc'd men can be content to say, it was for his our own price. Is 't a verdict ?
country, he did it to please his mother, and to be All. No more talking on't; let it be done : partly proud; which he is even to the altitude of away, away.
his virtue. 2 (it. One word, good citizens.
2 Cit. What he cannot help in his nature, you 1 Cit. We are accounted poor citizens; the pa-20 account a vice in him : You must in no way say, tricians, good; What authority surfeits on, would he is covetous. relieve us: If they would yield us but the super- i Cit. If I must not, I need not be barren of acfluity, while it were wholesome, we might guess, cusations; he hath faults, with surplus, to tire in they relieved us humanely: but they think, we repetition. [Shouts within.] What shouts are these? are too dear: the leanness that aftlicts us, the 25 The other side o'the city is risen: Why stay we object of our misery, is as an inventory to particu- prating here to the Capitollarize their abundance; our sufferance is a gain to All. Come, come. them.-Let us revenge this with our pikes, ere i Cit. Soft; who comes here?
· The whole listory is exactly followed, and many of the principal speeches exactly copied from the Life of Coriolanus in Plutarch. Good is here used in the mercantile sense. Alluding to the pro, verb, as lean as a rake; which perhaps owes its origin to the thin taper form of the instrument made use of by hay-makers. Dr. Johnson observes, that Rækel, in Islandick, is said to mean a cur-dog, and this was probably the first use among us of the word rake As lean as a rake is, therefore, as lean as a dog too worthless to be fed. 3
Enter Menenius Agrippa.
And mutually participate, did minister ? Cit. Worthy Menenius Agrippa; one that Unto the appetite and affection common hath always lov'd the people.
Of the whole body. The belly answer'd, — 1 Cit. He's one honest enough; 'Would, all the 2 Cit. Well, sir, what answer made the belly? rest were so !
5 Nien. Sir, I shall tell you. With a kind of Men. What work's, my countrymen, in hand: smile, Where go you
Which ne'er came from the lungs", but even thus-With bats and clubs? The matter? Speak, I (For, look you, I may make the belly smile pray you.
As well as spcak) it tauntingly reply'd 2 Cit. Our business is not unknown to the se- 10 To the discontented members, the inutinous parts nate; they have had inkling, this fortnight, what That envy'd his receipt; even so most fitly we intend to do, which now we'll shew 'em in As you malign our senators, for that deeds. They say, poor suitors have strong breaths; They are not such as you. they hall know, we have strong arms tvo.
2 Cit. Your belly's answer—What! Ålen. Why, masters, my good friends, nine 15 The kingly-crowned head, the vigilant eye, honest neighbours,
The counsellor heart'; the arm our soldier, Will you undo yourselves ?
Our steed the leg, the tongue our trumpeter, 2 Cit. We cannot, sir, we are undone already. With other muniments and petty helps Men. I tell you, friends, most charitable care In this our fabrick, if that they Have the patricians of you. For your wants,
201 Men. What then? Your suffering in this dearth, you may as well 'Fore me, this fellow speaks!—what then? what Strike at the heaven with your staves, as lift them
then? Against the Roman state; whose course will on 2 Cit. Should bythecormorantbellyberestrain'd, The way it takes, cracking ten thousand curbs
Who is the sink o' the body,Of niore strong link asunder, than can ever 25 Men. Well, what then? Appear in your impediment: For the dearth, 2 Cit. The former agents, if they did complain, The gods, not the patricians, make it: and What could the belly answer ? Your knees to them, not arms, must help. Alack,
Men. I will tell you; You are transported by calamity
If you'll bestow a small (of what you have little) Thither whereinore attends you; and you slander 30 Patience, a while, you'll hear the belly's answer. The helms o'the state, who care for youlike fathers, 2 Cit. You are long about it. When you curse them as enemies.
Men. Note nie this, good friend ; 2 Cit. Care for us !--True, indeed !—They Your most grave belly was deliberate, ne'er car'd for us yet. Suffer us to famish, and Not rash like his accusers, and thus answer'd: their store-houses cramm'd with grain ; inake 35" True is it, my incorporate friends," quoth he, edicts for usury, to support usurers; repeal daily " That I receive the general food at first, any wholesome actestablished against therich;and " Which you do live upon; and fit it is; provide more piercing statutes daily; to chain up • Because I am the store house, and the shop and restrain the poor. If the wars eat us not up, " Of the whole body: But, if you do remember, they will; and there's all the love they bear us.
40 I send it through the rivers of your blood, Men. Either you must
“ Even to the court, the heart, to the seat'o' the Confess yourselves wond'rous malicious,
brain; Or be accus'd of folly. I shall tell you
" And, through the cranks and offices of man, A pretty tale; it may be, you have heard it; ". The strongest nerves, and small inferior veins, But, since it serves my purpose, I will venture 45“ From me receive that natural competency To scale't'a little more.
“ Whereby they live: And though that all at once 2 Cit. Well, I'll hear it, sir; yet you must not “ You,my good friends,” (this says thebelly) mark think to fob offour disgrace with a tale: but, an't 2 Cit
. Ay, sir; well, well.
[ine, please you, deliver.
Men, “'Though all at once cannot Men. There was a time, when all the body's 50" See what I do deliver out to each; members
" Yet I can make my audit up, that all Rebell'd against the belly; thus accus'd it :- “ From me do back' receive the flour of all, That only like a gulf it did remain
" And leave me but the bran.” What say you to't? I' the midst o' the body, idle and unactive, 2 Cit. It was an angwer: How apply you this ? Still cupboarding the viand, never bearing Men. The senators of Rome are this good belly, Like labour with the rest; where the other in- And you the mutinous members : For exanine struments
Their counsels, and their cares; digest things Did see, and hear, devise, instruct, walk, feel, rightly,
To scale is to disperse. The word is still used in the North. The meaning is, Though some of you have heard the story, I will spread it yet wider, and diffuse it among the rest. Disgraces are hardships, injuries. Where for whereas. *i.e. with a smile not indicating pleasure, but contempt. i.e. exactly . The heart was anciently esteemed the seat of prudence. Seat for throne.
Touching the weal o' the common; you shall | Men. Nay,theseare almost thoroughlypersuaded;
[you, You, the great toe of this assembly?
5 Mar. They are dissolv'd: Hang’em! [verbs; 2 Cit. I the great toe? Why the great toe? They said, they were an-hungry; siglı'd forth proMen. For that, being one o' the lowest, basest, That, hunger broke stone walls; that, dogs inust poorest,
[sent not Of this most wise rebellion, thou go'st foremost : That, mcat was made for mouths; that, the gods Thou rascal, that art worst in blood to run, 10 Corn for the rich men only:-With these shreds Lead'st first, to win some vantage'.
They vented their complainings; which being But make you ready your stift bats and clubs;
ansu er d, Rome and her rats are at the point of battle, And a petition granted them, a strange one, The one side must have bale?.~Hail, noble (To break the heart of generosity', [caps Marcius !
15 And make bold power look pale) they threw their
As they would hang them on the horns o the
(moon, Mar. Thanks.. What's the matter, you dissen- Men. What is granted them? [doms,
Mar. Five tribunes, to defend their vulgar wise That, rubbing the poor itch of your opinion, 20 Of their own choice: One's Junius Brutus, Make yourselves scabs?
Sicinius l'elutus, and I know not s’death! 2 Cit. We have ever your good word. [flatter The rabble should have first unroof'd the city,
Mar. He that will give good words to thee, will Ere so prevail'd with ine: it will in time
Enter a Messenger.
Mes. Where's Caius Marcius ?
Mur. Here: What's the matter? To make him worthy, whose offence subdues him,
Mes. The news is, sir, the Volces are in arins. And curse that justice did it. Who deserves greatDeserves your hate: and your affections are (ness,
Mar. I am glad on't; then we shall have means
to vent A sick man's appetite, who desires most that Which would increase his evil. He that depends 35
Our musty superfluity :-See, our best elders. Upon your favours, swims with fins of lead, [ye?
Enter Cominius, Titus Lartrus, with other Senators; And hews down oaks with rushes. Hang ye! Trust
Junius Brutus, and Sicinius Velutus. With every minute you do change a mind; 1 Sen. Marcius, 'tis true, that you have lately And call him noble, that was now your hate, The Volces are in arms.
(told us; Him vile, that was your garland. What'sthe matter, 40_ Nfar. They have a leader, That in these several places of the city
Tullus Aufidius, that will put you to't.
I sin in envying his nobility:
Com. You have fought together.
[and he Men. For corn at their own rates; whereof, Mar. Were half to half the world by the ears, The city is well stor d.
Upon my party, I'd revolt, to make
Only my wars with him: He is a lion
Com. It is your former promise.
Mar. Sir, it is; And feebling such as stand not in their liking, And I am constant.-Titus Lartius, thou Below their cobbled shoes. They say, there's grain 55 Shalt see me once more strike at Tullus' face: Would the nobility lay aside their ruth', [enough! What, art thou stiff? stand'st out? And let me use my sword, I'd make a quarry Tit. No, Caius Marcius; With thousands of these quarter'd slaves, as high I'll lean upon one cratch, and fight with the cther, As I could pitch * my lance.
Ere stay behind this business.
· The meaning is, Thou art a hound, or running dog of the lowest breed, lead'st the pack, when any thing is to be gotten. ? Bale is an old Saxon word for misery or calamity. 3 i. e. their pitys compassion. * The old copy reads--picke my lance; and so the word is still pronounced in Staffordshire, where they say--picke me such a thing, that is, throw any thing that the demander wants,
Meaning, To give the final blow to the nobles. Generosity is high birth. viz. tbat the Polces are in urms.