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1834.]
CORONER'S INQUESTS.

167 will never let a man be happy, whatever may be his condition in life. No man can be a greater enemy to us than he who tries to fill us with discontent. The following anecdote contains a good lesson: and we would advise our readers to listen to the gude Scotch housekeeper rather than to the Aberdeen Chronicle. The story is cut out of the Bolton Chronicle.

Misery DiscoVERED.-“John," said the housekeeper in a gentleman's family in Aberdeenshire, about 20 years ago, to her fellow-servant the gardener, “ What is't that ails ye? I've kent ye forty years, an' I never saw ye sae humdrum as ye are just now; there's surely something the matter wi' you.”-“ Muckle's' the matter,” replied the gardener, “we are all going wrang together; an' the very State itsel is ruined.”—“ Hout awa, what needs ye mind the State," said the lady, “have na ye the same gude place, the same wages, the same kind master and mistress that ever ye had, and what for should ye vex yoursel' wi' nonsense ? ye're as well now as ever ye was, an ye would only think it."_" That's all that ye ken ?," replied John, 6 but an ye would read the Aberdeen Chronicle ye wad find out how meeserable ye are.”

V. CORONER'S INQUESTS. A GENTLEMAN lately died in the King's Bench prison. He had once possessed considerable estates, and had served the office of High-Sheriff for two counties, and had been a member of Parliament. He was known for his splendid manner of living, and his gay parties in the sporting world : but he died in poverty and in prison, a striking example of the miseries arising from want of consideration and of the changes in the affairs of men. Two medical attendants stated that the immediate cause of his death was disease of the brain (delirium tremens), caused by the excessive use of spirituous liquors. The deceased was in his 38th year. Verdict, “Natural death."

CAUTION AGAINST FIRE. – A poor girl, named Hannah Griffin, was lately burned to death in consequence of her clothes having caught fire whilst she + Much.

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was dusting the mantle-piece. It is impossible to be too careful against fire! Accidents similar to the above are of frequent occurrence : we hope the relation of them may act as warnings. Verdict, “ Accidental death.”-Globe.

GAMBLING.-An Italian, whilst playing lately at rouge et noir, was suddenly taken ill, but he would persist in playing his last stake,—which he lost. His features became convulsed, and he sank on the floor, and in a few minutes died. The gentleman who saw this, said he once witnessed a similar spectacle in St. James's Street on a Sunday evening: a lesson so powerful, that he would have no more to do with gaming, and would take care not to complete " the three warnings.”-Morning Paper,

EVILS OF DRUNKENNESS. Nine men were lately drinking on a Sunday morning at a beer-shop; the landlord turned them out, as it was the time for morning service. They then set off to another beer-shop, and had to cross a 'river. The nine got into a small boat, which was not calculated to carry more than about three. The boat upset, and seven of the men were drowned. Among those that lost their lives were a father, a son, and a nephew. They were all taken out of the water within two hours, but in a state which rendered all attempts to restore them vain.-Globe.

THE GAZETTEER.—No. 11.

Moscow. This is the chief town of that district of Russia which is called by the same name (Moscow.) It was considered the capital of all Russia, till the Emperor Peter the Great built Petersburg. Moscow was considered to be the largest city in Europe, the circumference, within the ramparts, being twenty miles. In the year 1812, the French invaded Russia under Buonaparte, and at length entered Moscow. At this vast distance from home, they were exposed to every kind of hardship and danger, besides the miseries of a northern climate, where the severity of

1834.]
THE GAZETTEER.

169 the frost destroyed thousands of their soldiers, the town of Moscow burst out in flames in different parts, and it was understood that this was done by the governor of the place before he and the Russian army and the inhabitants left it. When Buonaparte saw that he was surrounded by difficulties and distresses, and that no advantages were to be gained by his continuance in Russia, he commenced his retreat : but, from want of provisions, fatigue, excess of cold, and other miseries, the greater part of his army perished. Our limits will not allow us to enter into the particulars of that campaign, so disastrous to the arms of France. We quote the following extract from a little book, called “ Travels in European Russia."

It was at the distance of two miles and a half from Moscow, that we obtained a more distinct view of the city, which stretched before us, in the form of a crescent, to a great extent, and presented to the eye a splendid collection of towers and spires, and domes, gilded, or covered with copper or tin, glittering in the sun, which then shone with great brightness. On the left lay the magnificent palace of Petrovsky, which was built for the accommodation of the Russian sovereigns during their visits to Moscow.

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Moscow has been celebrated for the largeness of its church-bells. It was once considered asasort of religious merit to present a church with bells; and, the larger these were, the more pious the ignorant people believed the givers to be. These bells were generally too large to be rung in the usual way, so that they were fixed immoveably to the beams, and rung by a rope tied to the clapper. They are generally in belfries separated from church. There is one bell which is said to be of the weight of 443,772 lbs., and its value between sixty and seventy thousand pounds. It now lies on the ground. In the year 1737, the wooden building in which it hung, took fire, and the bell fell. The clapper which lies at the foot of the tower is fourteen feet long. “ The bell,” says a traveller, “ looks like a mountain of metal.” It required a great number of men to ring it even by the method of fastening the rope to the clapper.

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NATURAL HISTORY.

THE ARGUS PHEASANT. Pheasants are all beautiful birds ; but there is one sort of peculiar beauty, which is not indeed to be found in this country, but inhabits different parts of Asia. It is called the Argus Pheasant.

There was a story among ancient heathens, that a person called Argus, had a hundred eyes; but of course we know that this must be only a fable; he probably was a very quick-sighted watchful person; and from him we sometimes now hear a person of such a character called Argus-eyed. The story of the ancients goes on to say, that this Argus was killed by a person still more watchful than himself, and that his eyes were transferred to the tail of a peacock. The peacock has beautiful marks like eyes, on his tail; but 1834.] GARDENING.

171 · nobody would now be foolish enough to think that they ever belonged to Argus, or to any body else but the peacock. The particular kind of pheasant of which we are speaking, has beautiful spots on his tail like that of the peacock, and is therefore called the Argus Pheasant. These birds are to be seen stuffed in the British Museum, and in other collections of birds.

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GARDENING. It often happens that a man's wife is a good gardener, and that he has several stout boys and girls without constant employment. These children should be taught to use a hoe and rake at an early age, and thus learn to be industrious. With respect to manure, I am convinced that it is utterly impossible to render a garden profitable without it. There are two modes of obtaining an artificial supply at a cheap rate. Winter tares, or vetches, may be sown in the Autumn, and dug in during the Spring, but winter spinage, if buried in May, is said to be more beneficial. When a cottager is constantly in full work, and has no one at home to help him, a garden (except of a moderate size) may become an injury, rather than an advantage, for it often induces him to work very early and late, and by over exertion he eventually undermines his constitution, and is subjected to premature old age.--A Wiltshire Observer.

To promote the fruitfulness of Pear-trees.The flowers often fall off without producing a single fruit. To prevent this, take a pair of scissors, such as are used for thinning grapes, and go over the bunches of flowers, or rather of flower-buds, as soon as they are long enough to allow the points of the scissors to pass between them, and thin them, leaving only five or six blossoms in each, according to the size, and preferring those with the stoutest stalks, and nearest the centre.

To prevent Snails from ascending Fruit Trees.-A paste of charcoal powder and common oil, laid on the trunk of the tree, in a circle, a few inches from the ground, forms an obstacle which snails cannot pass. Quick lime, laid on land producing nothing but

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