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218 Texts from the Old Testament concerning the Holy Spirit.
LECT. wards, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh; and
My Spirit, to My servants the Prophets; and the rest.
Is. 11, 2. 30. And Esaias too, with his majestic voice, says, And the
v. Gen. Jacob also, when he had found Joseph, fell upon his neck ;
and as the loving father, in the Gospels, on seeing his son Luke 15, who had returned from his wandering, had compassion, and ran and fell on his neck, and kissed him. And again in Ezek. Ezekiel, And he brought me in a vision by the Spirit of God into Chaldæa, to them of the captivity. And other texts thou vid. sup. heardest before, in what was said about Baptism; Then will 16. I sprinkle clean water upon you, and the rest; a new heart Ezek.36, also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you; 25-27. and then immediately, And I will put my Spirit within you. Ezek. And again, The hand of the Lord was upon me, and carried me out in the Spirit of the Lord.
plead her cause; for who should deliver her from the rulers?
Ezek. 11, 5.
The gifts of the Spirit in Daniel.
She was led away to death, she was now in the hands of the executioners. But her Helper was at hand, the Comforter, the Spirit who sanctifies every intelligent nature. Come vonTv. hither to me, He says to Daniel; young though thou be, convict those elders who labour under the sins of youth; for it is written, God raised up the Holy Spirit upon a young v. 45. stripling;-in a word, (to cut the subject short,) by the sentence of Daniel that chaste lady was saved. We bring this forward as an instance; for this is not the season for expounding. Nebuchadnezzar also knew that the Holy Spirit was in Daniel; for he says to him, O Belteshazzar, Dan. 4, master of the magicians, because I know that the Spirit of9. the Holy Gods is in thee. One thing he said truly, and one falsely; for that he had the Holy Spirit was true, but he was not the master of the magicians, for he was no sorcerer, μáyos. but was wise through the Holy Ghost. And before this also, he interpreted to him the vision of the Image, which he who had seen it himself knew not; for he says, Tell me the vision, v. Dan. which I who saw it know not. Thou seest the power of the Holy Ghost; that which they who saw it know not, they who saw it not know and interpret.
32. And indeed it were easy to collect very many texts out of the Old Testament, and to discourse more largely concerning the Holy Ghost. But the time is short; and we must confine ourselves to a hearing of suitable length. Wherefore, being now content awhile with passages from the Old Testament, we will, if it be God's pleasure, proceed in the next Lecture to what remains to bring out of the New Testament. And may the God of peace, through our Lord Jesus Christ, and through the love of the Spirit, count all Rom. 15, 30. of you worthy of spiritual and heavenly gifts:-To whom be glory and power for ever and ever.
ON THE HOLY GHOST.
1. In the preceding Lecture, we set forth according to our ability to the ears of your love some small portion of the testimonies concerning the Holy Ghost; and on the present occasion, we will, if it be God's pleasure, proceed to treat, as far as may be, of those which remain out of the New: and as then we restrained our eagerness within bounds in what you heard, (for there is no satiety in discoursing concerning the Holy Ghost,) so now we must say but a small part of what remains. For now, as well as then, we freely own that our weakness is overwhelmed by the multitude of what is written. Neither to-day will we use the subtleties of men, for that were not convenient; but merely call to mind what comes from the Divine Scriptures; for this is the safest course, ac1 Cor. 2, cording to the blessed Apostle Paul, who says, Which things
1 COR. xii. 8.
For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit; &c.
also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth, comparing spiritual things with spiritual. Thus we act like travellers or voyagers, who having one goal to a very long journey, though they with diligence hasten on, yet by reason of human weakness, are wont to take in their way divers cities or harbours.
2. Therefore though the discourses concerning the Holy Ghost are divided, yet He Himself is undivided, being one
Names of the Holy Ghost; the Spirit of Truth, the Comforter. 221
and the same. For as in speaking concerning the Father, at one time the subject of our teaching was how He is the oneonly Cause; and at another, how He is called Father, or agxias. Almighty; and at another, how He is the Creator of all things; the division of the Lectures making no division of the Faith, in that He, the Object of devotion, both was and is, One ;— and again, as in discoursing concerning the Only-begotten Son of God, we taught at one time concerning His Godhead, and at another concerning His manhood, dividing into many discourses the doctrine concerning our Lord Jesus Christ, yet proclaiming without division faith towards Him;—so now also though the Lectures concerning the Holy Spirit are divided, yet we preach faith undivided towards Him. For it is One and the Self-same Spirit who divides His gifts to every 1 Cor. man severally as He will, Himself the while abiding un- 12, 11. divided. For the Comforter is not different from the Holy Ghost, but one and the self-same, called by various names; who lives and subsists, and speaks, and works; and of all ipTÚS. rational natures made by God through Christ, both of Angels yıxāv. and of men, He is the Sanctifier.
3. But lest any from lack of learning, should suppose from the different titles of the Holy Ghost that these spirits are divers, and not one and the self-same, who is alone, the Catholic Church guarding thee beforehand hath delivered to us in the profession of the faith, to "believe in one Holy Ghost the Comforter, who spake by the Prophets;" that thou mightest know, that though His names be many, the Holy Spirit is but one ;-of which names, we will now rehearse a few out of many.
4. He is called the Spirit, according to the Scripture just (3.) now read, For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom. 1 Cor. He is called the Spirit of Truth, as the Saviour says, When John 16, He, the Spirit of Truth, is come. He is called also the Com- 13. forter, as He said, For if I go not away, the Comforter will Ib. v. 7. not come unto you. But that He is one and the same, though called by different titles, is shewn plainly from the following. For that the Holy Spirit and the Comforter are the same, is lb. 14, declared in those words, But the Comforter, which is the &c. Holy Ghost; and that the Comforter is the same as the Spirit of Truth, is declared, when it is said, And I will give you dow, δώσω, Cyr. dú
222 The Spirit of God, of the Father, of the Lord, of Christ, of the Son,
LECT. another Comforter, that He may abide with you for ever, even -the Spirit of Truth; and again, But when the Comforter is shall come whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the give, rec.text. Spirit of Truth. And He is called the Spirit of God, acIb. 15, cording as it is written, And I saw the Spirit of God deMat. 3, scending; and again, For as many as are led by the Spirit of 16. God, they are the sons of God. He is called also the Spirit 1, 32. of the Father, as the Saviour says, For it is not ye that speak, Rom. 8, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you; and Mat. 10, again Paul saith, For this cause I bow my knees unto the 20. Father of our Lord Jesus Christ; . . . that He would grant 14. 16. you to be strengthened by His Spirit. He is also called the Spirit of the Lord, according to that which Peter spake, Acts 5, Why is it that ye have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? He is called also the Spirit of God and Christ, as Rom. 8, Paul writes, But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His. He is called Gal. 4, also the Spirit of the Son of God, as it is said, And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of His Son. He is 1 Pet. 1, called also the Spirit of Christ, as it is written, Searching
what or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was Phil. 1, in them did signify; and again, Through your prayer, and
the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ.
4. Rom. 8,
5. Thou wilt find many other titles of the Holy Ghost besides. Thus He is called the Spirit of Holiness, as it is Rom. 1, written, According to the Spirit of Holiness. He is also called the Spirit of adoption, as Paul saith, For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear, but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. He is also called the Spirit of revelation, as it is written, Eph. 1, May give you the Spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him. He is also called the Spirit of promise,
Eph. Eph. 1, as the same Paul says, In whom also after that ye believed, 13. ye were sealed with that Holy Spirit of Promise. He is also Heb.10, called the Spirit of grace, as when he says again, And hath 29. done despite to the Spirit of grace. And by many other suchv. Cat. like titles is He named. And thou heardest in the foregoing Lecture, that in the Psalms, He is called at one time the good 10. 51, Spirit, and at another the princely Spirit; and in Esaias 12. Sept.
xvi. 28. Ps. 143,