Imágenes de páginas

C. — His early Services in the Antinomian Controversy, 366-367.

lie was not a man of One Idea, 366. His theory of Natural Ability, 366. His theory of the Order of the Virtues, 366-367.

D. — His early Services in the Unitarian Controversy, 367-371.

He contended aj^inst Wrong Principles, rather than against Men, 367. His Sermon preached seventy-two years ago, 368. His Convention Sermon, 369. His typo of Congregationalism, 370. His relations to the Exclusive System, 368-371. Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, 371.

E. — His early Services in tie Controversy tcu"n the Universalis!*,

371-372. The Ingenuity and Profoundness of his Arguments against Universalism, 372; also 311-312.

F. His early Services in the Utilitarian Controversy, 373-874.

He was a man of Intuitions, 373. His Independence, 373.

G. — His early Services in behalf of the Theology of Religious Re

vivals, 374-380. Letter to a Friend, 374. Influence of Bruinerd upon him, 374; also 373. .

(1) He taught thai God never requires of Men, what they have not

the Natural Power to do, 374-375.

(2) He taught that Sinners not onlg can but should, — and,

when exhorted at all, should be exhorted uniformly, to males for themselves the new heart, 376-379.

a. — All Moral Agency Consists In cnooaiNo, 376.

b. — Holiness Does Not Consist In A Good Nature,


Controversy between his classmate, Gov.
Trcadwell, and his teacher, Dr. Smalley,
377-388. Dr. Asa Burton, 378.

(3) He taught that the Natural Tendency of Truth is to restrain

Hen from Sin, 379-380. Distinction between Natural Tendency and Moral Tendency, 379-380. The animating spirit of his Theology, 380. H. — His early Services in behalf of a Philanthropic Theology, 381-382. He did not adopt a "cast-iron" Theology, 382. His theory of Love to Men, 381-382.

5 2. The Formative Principles of his Theology, 382-411.

A.— He aimed to male his Theology illustrate the Loteliness of God,
He would never tolerate a Doctrine which he doomed Inhuman, 382.

(1) He believed that it is not only possiUe, but it is also easy, to

do all that God commands, 383. Difference between Dr. Emmons and Dr. N. W. Taylor, 383.

(2) He believed that all the Acts of Jehovah are prompted by a

supreme Regard to the Law of Rectitude, 383-384. Hi* Thought on the Day of Judgment, 383.

(3) lie believed that all, even the severest Acts of Jehovah, are

prompted by Infinite Love, 384.

B.— Emmons aimed to make his Theology illustrate the Supremacy of God, 385. The fashionable Complaint against Anthropology and Ethics, 385. His Theology is Objective rather than Subjective, 386. He insists on the Fairness and Equitableness of God, in order to insist on the Divine Supremacy, 385.

(1) Emmons did believe in the Reality of Second Causes; ■'■ the

Laws as real Forces of Xature, 385-386.

(2) He chose to say but little of the Xalural Forces, lest he should

withdraw Attention from the Supreme Dominion ofjehviiih, 386-387. His use of the word Efficient, 387. Causation in God, like Causation in Man, 387.

C He aimed to mate his Theology illustrate the Sovereignty of Divine Grace, 387-892.

(1) He regarded the Atonement of Christ at the Central Truth of

Theology, 387-388; also 307.

(2) He regarded the Atonement as concentrating in its Xatitre,

Origin, and Application, the Free and Sovereign Grace of
God, 388-392.
Reasons for his Theory of the Atonement, 389. His
Theory misunderstood, 389-392. A Distinction mis-
taken for a Denial, 390-392.

D. — He aimed to make his Theological System illustrate the Duty of

Union with God, 392-393.
His Genius is manifested in reducing an entire Science to a few
First Principles, 392.

E. — He aimed to make hit Theology illustrate the Duty of Men to

love themselves, 393-394.
The importance which he attached to this Principle, 393.

F. — He aimed to make his Creed illustrate the Harmony of Dis

interested Submission with Love to Self, Love to Men, Love to
God, 394-403.
Madame Guion, 395. John Calvin, 396. Professor Stuart, 396-401.
Emmons misunderstood, 401. The practical relations of his
Theory, 402-403. Manner of speaking of himself, 402-403.

G. — He aimed to make his Creed Illustrate the Fitness of Humility
and Penitence, 403-404.

His Relations to Professors Woods and Taylor, on tho Doctrine of
Sin, 403.

H. — He aimed to make his Theology both Stimulating and Compre-
hensive, 404-407.
His Genius is seen in his combining these two Qualities, 404. His
regard to Consistency, 405.

L — He aimed to make his Theology Biblical, 407-411.

His Stern words, 407. His Principle, that the Language of the Bible should be the Language of Scientific Theology, 408—109; also 364. Biblical Figures, 408. Divine Actions, 408. His disagreement with Professor Stuart, 409. His Unfaltering Spirit, 409. Paraphrase of his Pharaoh Sermon, 409-411.

§ 3. 77ie Creed of Emmons is generally Misapprehended, 411—430. Sources of this Misapprehension, 411.

A. — He has been supposed to teach that the Soul is a mere Series of
Exercises, 411-417.
Drs. Dwight, Woods, Richards, Anderson, 411-413. His aim to
represent the Soul as Spiritual, 412. Proof that he believed in a
Spiritual Substratum, 412-417. Letter of Dr. Ide, 413-417.

B.—He has been supposed to teach not only the Fact, that God does
secure the Fulfilment of his Decrees; but also the Mode in
which He secures their Fulfilment, 417-419.
He looked further than his Critics look, 417. He did not consider
the Mode, 417-419. Letter of Dr. Ide, 418-419. The Strict-
ness of his Calvinism is seen in his making the Providence, coex-
tensive with the Decrees, of God, 417-419.

C. — He has been supposed to teach that the Soul has no Constitutional

Tendencies which, being themselves devoid of moral Character, are yet the Occasion of moral Character, 420-421. Drs. Fitch, Taylor, and Goodrich, 420. Quotations from Emmons, 420.

D. — He hns been supposed to undervalue the Kindly Spirit of Theo

logical Science, 421-422.
His Genial Expressions, 421 ; also 381-384, 393, etc

E. — His Calvinism has been regarded as too High, and likewise as

too Low, 422-430.

a. His Critics overlook the Fact, that he aimed to teach a Posi-
tive Calvinism, 422.
The Decision and I'ositiveness of his Character, 422.

6. — Bit Critics overlook the Fact, thai he aimed to mate the Es-

sence of Calvinism prominent and coiu/iicuous, 423—426.

The Essence of Calvinism consists in exalting the Sover-

eign Government of God, 423. Emmons's View of

God's Agency in the occurrence of Sin, 423—425. Let-

ter of Dr. Ide, 423-425. Emmons and the Westmin-

ster Assembly, 425. The Essence of Calvinism consists

in Doctrines that awaken Remorse and Self-abhorrence,

425-426. Generic and Personal Sin, 426.

C. — Ilis Critics overlook the Fact, that he aimed to exhibit a Con-

sistent Calvinism, 426-427.

The Semi-Calvinists of his day, 426-427.

d. Ilis Critics overlook the Fact, that he teas an Indcjitndait

Calvinist, 427-430.

He was not a Calvinist by Nature, 427. The value of his

Independent Testimony in favor of Calvinism, 427.

Dr. Ware, of Cambridge, 427. Miss Hannah Adams's

History of all Religions, 428. Emmons's Summary of

his own Views, 428-430. The old Calvinism suscepti-

ble of Improvement, 429-130. Wens, 429-430.

CHAPTER XVII. —The New Era In His Life, 431-447.

i 1. Hit Later Affliction*, 431-438.

Character and death of his daughter Delia, 431-133; of his son Erastus,

4.13-435. Remarkable Funeral Sermon, 434. Character and death of hi*

daughter Sarah, 435-436. Death of Mrs. Emmons, 436-138.

f 2. Hit Retirement from hit Pastorate, and hit Relation! to his Suc-

ctttort in Office, 439-443.

Sound Principles with regard to Continuance in Office, 439. Letter of Resig-

nation, 439. Charge to his Successor, 440-441. Treatment of his Succes-

sor*. 441-443. Dismission of Dr. Smalley, 442. Another Pastor, 442-443.

Mr. Southworth's Testimony with regard to Dr. Emmons, 443. Emmons's

Idol, 443.

I 3. Hit Third Marriage, 443-444.

I 4. The Renewal of hit Public Activity, 444-447.

A. — Hit Service* in the Cause of Anti-Masonry, 444-446.

Hit Consistency and his Influence, as an Anti-Mason, 444-445.

B. — Hit Services in the Cause of Anti-Slavery, 445-416.

His Self-consistency in the Anti-Slavery Cause, 445. He presides

at a Meeting of the Anti-Slavery Society, 446. His visit to

New York and to Hallowell, 445-446.

f 5. Hi* New Popularity, 44C-447.

Hi* philosophical Endurance of Popular Neglect, 446. Remarks of JuJge

Thcron Metcalf, 447.

CHAPTER XVIII. — Sources Of The General Interest In Dr.

Emmons, 448-460.

Confidence of his Friends in his Character, 448. His Faults, 448. Variety

of Excellences, 448-449.

§ 1. The Cheerful Virtues of Emmons, 449-450.

His wise Management of his Wit, 449-450. Usefulness of it, 450.

§ 2. The prolonged Tenacity of his Physical and Mental System,


Vigor in Old Age, 450-452. His last Speech to his Parishioners, 450-451.

Simplicity in speaking of himself, 451. His Logic in his Ninety-sixth Year,


§ 3. The Resemblance between his Outer and his Inner Being, 452—453.

His Uprightness, 452. His Frankness, 452-453.

§ 4. His Conversational Apothegms, and his Socratic Method, 453—454.

The New School and the Old, 454. His Conversation on the Cause of Sin,


§ 5. The Combination of apparently Discordant Attributes in his Char-

acter, 454-457.

His Authority and Simplicity, 454-455. Prudence and Frankness, 455.
Modesty and Self-Respcct, 455. His Method of rebuking an Opponent,
456. Candor and Inflexibleness, 456.

§ G. His Consistency with himself, 457.

His Originality of Feeling, as well as of Thought, 457. His Life is a Study, 457.

§ 7. His Peculiarities of Manner, 457—459.

His Conversation on Optimism, 458. On the Substratum of the Soul, 458.

On Love to Self, 458-459.

§ 8. He was a Representative of the Ancient Divines of New England,

459-460; also 108-109.

Physical Regimen, 459. Personal Acquaintance with the New England Fath-

ers, 460. A recent man but an ancient theologian, 460. His antique use of

Terms, 460. His Hebrew, 460.

CHAPTER XIX—The Closing Scenes In His Life, 461-468.
His Meditations on Old Age, 461.

§ 1. His Meditations on Death, 461—464.

His Familiarity with it, 461-464. His Simple-hearted words, 462-464.

§ 2. His Decline and Death, 464-4C6.

" I am ready," 465. Closing Scene, 466.

§ 3. The Solemnities that followed his Death, 466-468.

His Funeral, 466-468. The Funeral Sermon, 467. His Grave-6tonc, 468.

His Monument, 468.

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