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their contraction; and we are rather surprised at Dr. Adair's. mentioning it as one of the causes of their action, since the subject has, we apprehend, been often explained. In reality, the expanfile power of the internal air counteracts the weight, as we see, when it is partially taken off by a cupping glass; or when it is more generally lessened on mountains, or increased, by diving in deep water. Every one who has afcended in balloons, that we have conversed with, complains of no inconveniencies in breathing, from the rarefaction of the air. The late travellers to the summit of Mount Blanc expressly tell us that they felt no difficulty of respiration.
In general, however, the History is properly and correctly detailed. We need not givenany regular analysis of the work, fince it will be easily underftood of what subjects it must confift, We shall select a specimen of the author's manner, from what he says on morbid determination.
I have remarked, $. 48, that as an equal distribution of the blood to every part of the body is a most effential cause of health, so, when in the course of circulation, too much or too little blood is transmitted by the arteries to any particular organ, many very dangerous diseases may be produced,
. From what has been said on the subject of progressive motion, it may eally be conceived, that when it is too violent, as in fevers, the blood cannot be equally distributed; hence the great futhing of the face under violent exercise and high fevers ; on the other hand, when progressive motion is weak, determination must be irregular; an instance of which we have in dropsical and other cold swellings.
" The proportion of blood sent to each organ does not so much depend on its bulk, as on its peculiar structure, nature, and functions,
• Thus the lungs, though not equal in bulk to one-sixth part of the body, circulate as much blood in the same space of time as all the rest of the body; and baron Haller computes that the brain receives one-third of the whole mass of humours, though its bulk is only one-eighth of the whole body, It has been already observed, that the blood does not flow with equal force or velocity to every organ,'
We shall select one other short passage, on account of its uțility, and to extend its circulation.
"In 1766, when I resided at Andover, several of Sutton's pupils inoculated in that neighbourhood. Soon after several patients, chiefly women, applied to me.
• Their complaints seemed in general to be complicated with hysterical or hypochondriacal symptoms, a few were dropfical and consumptive, Of more than 20 of these patients, several Jied ; and in all I could trace their complaints up to the Suttonian inoculation. In 1780, I transmited my observations on
that subject to my ingenious friend Dr. Duncan, who published them in the 8th volume of his Medical Commentaries, to which I refer the reader; and shall jutt observe, that baron Dimsdale, in his diary of the inoculation of the great duke of Russia, seems to have abated considerably of the cooling and repellent Tegimen.
• This opinion is confirmed not only by fir William Watson's experiments at the Foundling Hospital, but by the successful practice of the late Mr. Clarke, at Castle-Carey, who, instead of parging, gave his patients a gently sweating medicine every night, till the eruption was compleated; so that the mode of determining the humours to the skin, more congenial to the nature of the disease, seems to have been fully as successful with respect to the immediate iffue, and I believe much safer with regard to future health.'
The late Ds. Dealtry of York entertained, we find, the same opinion relating to the injurious effects of Sutton's method.
In the second essay Dr. Adair points out very fully and fatisfactorily the difficulties of attaining medical knowlege. From these difficulties, he shows how inadequate the knowlege and practice of a quack muft be to the relief of any one disease, This part of his work is executed with great judgment, and displays an extensive knowlege of his profeffion --A new noftrum has been lately advertised at Bath : the medicine and its preparer are of course subjected to a severe criticism. We have feen and examined it: we think, with Dr. Adair, respecting its effects alone ; but he should recollect that it is joined, in the cure of dropfies, with fome pills, to which much of its power is, we believe, owing: we suspect them to be Bâcher's tonic pills, which we know to be an useful and efficacious medicine, The inedicine seems to be pure æther, disguised, as Dr. Adair fufpects. It is not, we believe, Hoffmann's anodyne liquor, but Frobenius' æther, quite freed from every particle of acid. The facts relating to the anodyne liquor are, that, in reality, Hoffmann gives no account of the preparation ; but only alludes to it, obfcurely, with all the terrors of an alchemift, whilft he exaggerates its virtues with equal enthusiasm. The receipt came into the hands of his disciples, and we fuspect, was first described more particularly by Schroeder. The recipe was ordered in one of the German dispensatories, and then copied into the Paris and Lyons Dispensatory. It is designed to be introduced into the new edition preparing by our college. It is not, as our author alleges, composed of rettified spirit of wine and sweet oil of vitriol, but of æther and the oil. The sweet oil is what comes over by increasing the heat after the distillation of the æther; and the Lyons Dispensatory orders, that, after a certain quantity of æther is diftilled, the M 4
receiver is to be changed, and the anodyne liquor is then allowed to come over. The receiver is changed at the moment the æther begins to be adulterated with the oil; and the distillation of the anodyne liquor is ftopped when it is too much loaded with it. The Paris, and the New London Dispensatory, direct it to be made extemporaneously, by adding the oil and æther together in proper proportions. We believe that it has never appeared in the Edinburgh Difpenfatory i at least it is not in the seventh edition of 1783, which we suppose to be the last.
We have enlarged a little on this subject, because Hoffmann's medicine is not understood. We know Mr. Ticķell tog well to doubt of his care in the preparation ; but a second distillation, with caustic alkali, is all that it requires. Mr. Tickell's abilities are very good ; and we can easily excuse an eager mind, if, when warm in any pursuit, it should rise into. a little enthusiasm.
Plays, written for a Private Theatre. By William Davies. 8vo.
65. in Boards. Faulder. TH *HIS is not an arraignment from the theatre to the world.
I have little right to challenge the attention of either. It is the fill-born offspring of an almost hidden muse: a work that owes more to nature that tempted, than to art that might have polished.
Something is due to labour, much to observation, but little or nothing to the lopping hand of critical skill. This may be wrong:
: as the world judges, it certainly is not right: but it is out of my power to mend it. What I observed, made deep impression ; and this, in due time, has forced itself into the world.'
This is the author's apology in his account of his design he tells us that he is disgutted with the plays now represented. He wishes to draw the attention of an audience from affected refinement to real life; from the contemplation of manners, cither strained by fashion, or diftant from common appearances, to natural delineations of character, without a studied and artificial series of adventures. Moliere is his hero and his guide. Mr. Davies ought, however, to have reflected, that each nation has its peculiar manners, and particular favourites, Moliere has been often held up to view as a model; and, in England, has been unsuccessful. We mean not to depreciate his merit : 'we know that, in his peculiar line, it is very confiderable: he was the favourite of our earlier years, and is fill our occasional companion, but he is not the favourite of
the English ftage. Our audiences are interested chiefly by complicated fable, peculiar characters, artificial fituations, and glaring colouring. The fimple fable of Moliere is to us uninteresting; his undistinguished characters are infipid; and his little jeux de theatre, the amusement of children. Moit of his plays have been translated ; but they have feldom pleased :an occasional fcene from him has added to the credit of a play. though the whole has seldom been received with eagerness. The Miser is an exception to his usual manner, as well as to the character of his plays which we have afligned, and it succeeds on our stage. The English Tartuffe owed its fame to political circumftances; and its new form, the Hypocrite, to the skill of the representatives of Maw-worm and Charlotte. The Mock. Doctor scarcely makes us laugh, by the broad humour of its farcical incidents. The English play, written more in the manner of Moljese than any other with which we are acquainted, the Drummer, is now represented to empty benches. Perhaps the example of Addison may defend our author in his ill-judged attempt to revive that ftyle, which never was fafhionable, and which is not congenial to an English taste. He answers the objection which may be made, that, in this way, we sink the dignity of comedy by descending too low for our personages, with great propriety : in fact, if we represent nothing vulgar or disgusting, it is a sufficient apology to every objection, that it is a true copy from nature. A scene in Goldsmith's Good-natured Man, viz. that of the bailiffs, in the opinion of some judges, perhaps too fastidious ones, was said to fink so low as to disguft. In the play, when read, it has no such effect; but it appears to be written in the manner of Mr. Davies' admired dramatist.
The comedies are five in number; their titles are, the Malady, in three acts.— The Mode, in five acts.-The Generous Counterfeit, in five acts.--Better Late than Never, in five acts. The Man of Honour, in five acts.'
It is unnecessary to examine the story of each comedy. In general these plays may please in the closet; but for the stage, the plots appear too barren of incident, the characters not fufficiently displayed in the conduct of the pieces, nor marked with such striking colours as to be distinguished in representation. The dialogue is easy and correct, often animated and pleasing ; the characters, in a few instances, are well coloured, though we sometimes hope that, like sir Roger de Coverly's head on the fign, the features are distorted fo as designedly to prevent too close a resemblance. As this is an exception to our general character of the plays, and as such colouring is most suitable to the genius of our stage, we shall select a spe
cimen from a fcene of this kind: we prefer it too, because it requires no previous explanation.
(Handy going, meets Coffin in a hurry.) • Coffin. I perceive he is gone, Mr. Handy-I am a man of no ceremony, you fee; fo returned, when I saw the coast clear. I am feldom found guilty of being too late.
* Handy. So I fee :--and as I said before, I fancy the bufiness of an undertaker muft be very profitable, to allow Mr. Finis to give me ten pounds by way of present.
Coffin. Confound the fellow !-- ten pounds! (afde) he can very ill afford such a premium ; he's but a novice in the branch., But a man of my establishment and reputation must not be outo done by a broken-down bungler neither.There, fir, a fifteen pound note. (giving the note.)
Handy. Sir, this convinces me that you are a gentleman; and you may rest assured, when the breath pops out of the body -meanwhile this money fhall turn to a better account in my hands than yours, master Coffin.
• Cofin. (alarmed) What, fir! when the breath pops out of the body !~What the devil, is your master not dead?
Handy. In custom, but not in law.
Cofin. In custom, but not in law ! fir, I, I don't compre, hend this, the news-paper announced him dead.
* Handy. Very true; that made him only dead in custom ; but I can assure you, Mr. Coffin, that he is not dead in law.
• Coffin. (impatient). Confound your law and custom too !--I say is your master dead ? (very loud.)
Handy. Don't be so loud, moderate your heat; I'm not hard of hearing
Coffin Cacan any man in my fituation be filent? Sir, is he dead, I say, or not dead ? (louder.)
Handy. (low) In custom, as I said before, but not in law; for the phyfical tribe have only three-fourths done bim over yet,
Coffin. Well, weil, (insinuating) that softens the matter, my good friend if the faculty have been tampering with him, I may expect him soon.
Handy. Yes, yes, the faculty have pronounced him incurable, and have withdrawn their attendance, and voluntarily too; which is something fingular, they shou'd give up the chace, when the scent lay fo profitable.
Coffin. True, fir, true, 'tis a very taking profession; but it does not become me to rail against the faculty neither, for they are steady promoters of our branch :- for dispatch is the very soul and principle of our trade; and eighteen patients out of twenty they convey over to us, when the pulse won't yield a fec, as they call it in the way of business. Well, Mr. Handy, with your leave I'll take your master's dimenfions, (Reclufe ftarts) and prepare for his deposit, as we call it in the way of bufiness,