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Handy. You'd not be so loft to feeling, as to take his mea fure before he's dead ?
• Coffin. Custom makes it familiar us.---As for losing my feeling, fir, ha! ha! not that I say it, there's not a man in the city of Bath, that has a finer feeling than I have. Why, fir, I had intelligence the other day of a dying nabob, whom our good friends, the faculty, had turned over to our management, by declaring that he had not above five hours to live. --This intelligence made it neceffary for me to go post to his lodging to secure his conveyance; but unfortunately could not get light of the body; a Mr. Shroud, a little trifling insignificant fellow, having got possession of the house before me, was promised the job. However mortifying the circumstance, I did not think it prudent to withdraw from the premises ; so hiding myself for two days and two nights in a coal-hole, on the morning after the second night's watch, I heard a great confusion in the house: so I ventured out of my hiding-place-whipped into the bed. room, and found my object in a very good way.
• Handy. What do you mean by a good way, Mr. Coffin :
• Coffin. A dying, a dying, fir; and as I faid before, having a very fine feeling, with this finger and thumb I felt a pulse in his throat rather quick-I concluded he must be in great pain ; and so out of pure humanity, I scientifically preffed it a little, and the poor gentleman gave it up very quietly ;-I then whipped this rule out of my pocket, (I never move about with out my pocket companion) took his dimensions, and fecured the job; and it turned out a very profitable one indeed.
• Handy. Had not your feelings been so very fine, the nabob might not have wanted your allistance quite so foon.
Coffin. O! poor gentleman, as for that matter, when the faculty have pronounced fentence that a patient cannot live fix hours from that time I think if a patient might by chance out-live the judgment of the faculty three or four days, 'tis of very little consequence to a man, when it comes to that, you know, whether he lives four days or four minutes.
• Coffin. Certainly.--And for my part, when a fellow-creatúre is in pain, or troubled with a bad conscience, as these nabobs in general are, I think one cou'd not do a more humane action than to give them a lift, as we call it in the way
of business. And if you please, Mr. Handy, to give me a light of your maller, i'll soon determine the number of hours he has to live, only by grasping his pipe a little.'
In our opinions, ' The Mode' andThe Generous Counterfeit' are the best plays in this collection. The plot of the former is unravelled with very great address; and the conduct of the latter, though intricate, is never improbable. We think Mr. Davies, with a little more attention in the line which we have endeavoured to point out, may become a suc
cessful writer for the stage. His taste seems, on the whole, too fastidious: if we attempt to refine or analyse our pleasure too nicely, we may lose its poignancy, or find the ingredients infipid or unwholesome, while the compound is pleasant and falutary.
Sylva; or, a Discourse of Fore? Trees. By 1. Evelyn, Ela.
F. R. S. With Notes by A. Hunter, M. D. F.R.S. 419.
21, 155. in Boards. Cadell. TH "HE numerous editions of Mr. Evelyn's work are fufficient
evidences of its merit. The author was one of the first members of the Royal Society : eager in the pursuit of learning, he collected vast stores of science both from England and Italy; and, in his retirement, which, from the political state of his own country, and his peculiar connections, became a measure of prudent precaution, he matured his various acquifitions, and improved them. The foreits of England were its ornament and its defence : we have reason to suppose, on good authority, that, when the famous Spanish armada was destined to invade, to conquer England, its commanders were instructed not to leave the kingdom till at leait they had deftroyed the forest of Dean. The necessity of fuel, the demands of a numerous and a bulky navy, had began, in our author's time, to lessen the number of the ' monarchs of the wood :' he complains that the plantations were not fufficiently numeroos to supply the waste ; and, for near eighty years afterwards, the complaint would have had a much better founda.? tion. It has been the great object of the Society of Arts to encourage plantations ; and yet we have reason to think that the next age will find the oak, proper for ship-building, still more scarce than it is at present. It would indeed require very large supplies to be equal to the demand of a nation which trades to fo great an extent as England does at present, and which preserves the navigation act so inviolate.
The Sylva contains a description of the trees which adorn our forests and plantations; the method of propagating them is explained; their properties, both mechanical and medical, in general ascertained. The feveral accounts are enlivened by entertaining anecdotes, the different applications of the tree itself, or its wood, and various quotations from ancient au-, thors. The concluding chapters treat of the diseases of trees, their decay, and the various accidents to which they are frequently exposed. Indeed, in every part of the work Mr. Evelyn displays very extensive information, accurate philofophical views, and a considerable ihare of polite literature; the
Sylva is debased only by a credulity fomewhat too eager. The author does not always appear to be superior to a belief in magic. The language, to a polished ear, may appear harsh and antiquated; but it has a rugged energy, more captivating than polished periods, and better adapted to its subject. It is terse, expressive, and sometimes sublime.
We could not avoid saying so much of a work, which, before it received the fostering aslistance of Dr. Hunter, begar to fink into the vale of oblivion. The philosophy had assumed an antiquated form ; for chemistry had, in many respects, elucidated the physiology of vegetables, had analysed their food, and investigated their successive progress, almost from the period of their animation. Many of the facts were, in Mr. Evelyn's time, very little understood; he often doubts, and sometimes errs. In all these respects he is corrected by his very able and accurate editor ; whose notes are numerous, extensive, and generally satisfactory. He has supplied the new discoveries respecting vegetation, has added accurate references to the system of Linnæus, as well as the modern improvements in the propagation of the different trees.
On the whole, as the work now appears, it comprehends every kind of useful information on the subject. Experience has corrected some of Mr. Evelyn's accounts of the uses to which different woods may be most commodiously applied, wbich Dr. Hunter has not subjoined. In this instance only he seems not to have been fufficiently careful. The plates, in Dr. Hunter's edition, are numerous, and executed with accuracy and neatness. ! As the work is not modern, and of a miscellaneous kind, it would be neither proper nor easy to select an adequate speci
The notes chiefly relate to the text, except when the editor explains the modern systems of vegetation. Independent, however, of these corrections, there are many improvements in the management of trees and gardens : some of these were published in the Georgical Essays of the editor, and fome now first appear. They are however, in general, too long to be transcribed.
To this edition, the Terra of Mr. Evelyn is annexed : this work has already been the subject of our remarks, in our Forty-fixth Volume, p. 130. It was then published by Dr. Hunter, who had elucidated and explained it in the same manner as the Sylva. They are proper companions to each other; and we owe our thanks to Dr. Hunter for the very advantageous form in which he has sent them into the world.
Travels in North America, in the Years 1780, 1781, and 1782.
By the Marquis de Chaftellux. Translated from the French.
opposite sentiments. By the Englishman they will be read with indignation and disgust, as they contain numerous misrepresentations of the conduct of his countrymen, with encomiums, equally exaggerated, on their foes ; by the natural historian, with a cool contempt of the academician's rea marks; by the politician, with eager expectation; and, by the more indifferent enquirer, with pleasure and with intereft. If we divest ourselves of either of the former characters, the work will appear highly entertaining : it gives a lively picture of a state of society with which we have been hitherto little acquainted : it paints the appearances of nature in her savage wildness, and delineates the struggles of art in rendering the country habitable, with its gradual success in the conteft. The marquis travels through America as a friend and an ally : he sees a great and rising kingdom in every Itep ; fimplicity and innocence dance before him with playful gambols ; and, captivated with the nnrefined manners to which he is every where a witress, he does not perceive that, with the luxuries of Europe, the Americans have every where imported its vices. They do not form a nation, in that early state of infancy, which has been represented : every page of their boasted panegyric shows that their excesses are only prevented by want of means to supply them; that the infection is deeply rooted, and only requires a proper soil, with a genial funshine, to expand and come to maturity.
The marquis's partiality is easily accounted for. We have formerly observed that, in France, liberty was the darling theme; and American liberty, it was supposed, might be securely wished for. With this ardor the marquis went to America ; and his Travels were transmitted to France in the heat of the war, when it was of consequence to support the ardor of the friends to America in Europe. Nothing discoutaging, nothing unfavourable, could then be expected to: escape ; and, to a fanguine young Frenchman, neither might probably have appeared. Yet there is one lesson apparent, through both these volumes, viz. that, even in the best circumstances, the comforts of society must be far beyond the reach of the present inhabitants ; that the industrious European, who attempts to emigrate, mult experience greater hardhips in America than he would encounter in Europe ; and, in return, will probably be condemned in general to solitude,
in security, and almost constant anxiety. America is, in many respects, a new world : it must be established by the " elements' which has not yet ceased : the inhabitants are sur. rounded by the native fierce tyrants of the woods; they are surrounded by men, who can at least claim the rights of prior possession, and who will not easily yield. But what can we say of the translator, who, probably born under the protection of England, displays not a fair and open enmity, but a rooted virulence; and bears not the sword of the warrior, but the knife of the assassin ? We fpeak not too strongly. If there is a circumstance which can make the English name odious, it is displayed in open daylight; if there is a fact that can make the meanest Englishman contemptible, it is assiduously enlarged on, and the odium applied to his country.
Yet this man was in England during the war; was, he tells us, in our camps and hospitably received in our houses. Can we be surprised then that our national affairs did not succeed? is it not more furprising, if this should appear not a solitary instance, that we exift as a nation. To finish his character, we shall remark that the marquis praises colonel Wadsworth ; and the translator adds, that he cannot forbeas adding his testimony to this brilliant, but exaggerated eulogium.' (Vol. I. p. 31.) We can only observe, that if it be exaggerated it cannot be just; and, though confessedly not juft, yet the translator will confirm it. Perhaps every reader will recollect Dr. Johnson's account of the obsequious Frenchman, in his fpirited imitation of one of Juvenal's Satires.
The marquis lands at Rhode Tand, and sets out from Newport for Philadelphia : he then goes to Stoney Point, to Welt Point, to Albany, and to the fatal Saratoga : he returns, through the back country, to the centre of North America, which Penn destined for its capital. In this country he thinks himself transported to the wilds of Thrace; and indulges his fancy with images which could have no existence, or with which he was personally unacquainted. He surveys the great cataract called Totohaw-fall, which precipitates itself from a height of feventy-feet. This description is magnificent; but the marquis treads in air, and sees nothing of common dimenfons. In the description of general Washington, where we hear in one page of Cæsar, Trajan, Alexander, and even of Apollo ; where we are entertained with majestic height and great talents, we are not informed of one thing which he said or did to advantage, except eating kickery-nuts, and toasting
** I had seen all the camps in England; from many of which dratings and engravings had been taken. Tra
vol. i. p. 129.