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changes, which it is unneceffary to point out. Inoculation has had but a very flight effect.
• In the bills of mortality for London, from the year 1730 to 3775, there died, on an average each year, under two years of age, 8450 out of 158go that were baptized, the proportion of which is nearly as 8 in 15: by the same bills of mortality, from 1775 to 1785, there died annually, under two years of age, 6800, and were baptized annually, 14250, which shews the proportion to be not so much as 7 in 176
Throughout England, the proportion in large towns is similar; in remote villages, the deaths are fewer in proportion ; in those parishes near, more than in those in populous towns numbers being continually sent to be nursed in the adjacent country. This observation is one that Buffon takes notice of; by the number of infant deaths being proportionably more in parishes in the vicinity of Paris than in the parishes in that city.' Practical Observations on the Puerperal Fever. By Philip Pitt
Walli, M.D. 8vo. Iso 6d. Dilly. When we found that the author spoke with so much confié. dence on the success of his method of treating this very dangerous disease, we suspected that, in many instances, he had miftaken triling febrile complaints, in the puerperal ftate, for the true fever. Our suspicion was not, however, well-founded; yet, with a very similar method, we cannot boast of so much success : this perhaps may have arisen from the disease having been neglected in its first stages.
Dr. Wallh thinks the fever a common putrid one, changed in its appearance, from the peculiar circumstances of the puerperal state. In this opinion we entirely agree: we had adopted it very early, when the disease became first the subject of public difcuffion; and, if necessary, could support it by numerous obfervations. The circumstances which influence its symptoms are, extreme irritability, and an inflammation of the peritonæum or omentum, from the previous pressure:
Dr. Walsh first recommends an emetic, in imitation of Ma Doulcet; but thinks naufeating medicines increase the irritability, Tartar emetic is joined with the ipecacuanha; a cooling "laxative glyfter succeeds ; then an opiate in a moderate dole ; and, the following morning, a cooling purging medicine of the saline kind is given. The opiate is accompanied with the anodyne liquor of Hoffman, and is not increased in dose : in fome instances it seems to be lessened, and at last omitted. The laxative is, however, continued, and the dose of the ano. dyne liquor is frequently increased. Bleeding, he thinks, injurious; and, if at all admissible, it is fo in the early stages, in Arong robust patients, where the fever is not epidemic, or atteaded with great malignancy. At the first attack, fomentations were used with freedom; and, during the operation of the falts,
cordials are given in proportion to the proftration of strength The bark and blisters, in our author's hands, seem to have been of little service, or seldom employed. This method is easily practised, and we have no reason to think that it will not often succeed. The disease is happily not common; but it is so often fatal, that we have thought of employing other measures : they cannot be less successful. Dr. Walth would have no reason to fear that opiates would increase the irritability, if given in full doses, and with proper additions. We were led to think them useful by finding that no medicine, with equal success, prevented topical congestions during the course of fevers.
On the whole, as a practical work, these Observations are very valuable : in other respects we cannot speak of them with great commendations. The Preface is confused and incorrect ; nor is the language of the pamphlet, in general, lo perspicuous and exact as we wished to have found ita
N O V E L S. The Sorrows of the Heart. A Novel. In Trvo Volumesó izmo
55. fewed. Murray. The editor tells us that these letters are original ones ; and we see no reason to diftrust his account. The letters are well written ; and, though the adventures are such as may be sup: posed to happen frequently, yet they are related in a manner that renders the story interesting and affecting: Of the hero, it may be truly said that
• Misfortune claim'd him as her own: His own conduct was blameless; yet he is betrayed in his love, and deprived of the sympathetic feelings of a friendly heart closely attached to him. At lait hê dies. We parted with him with less regret, as he had reached the desired haven where the wicked cease from troubling. We have nothing to reprehend in these volumes, except that suicide is spoken of too favoure ably. We have much to praise in the conduct and the sentiments of the hero. Lord Winvjorth ; or, the Memoirs of an Heirs A Novel. In
Three Volumesi 12mo. 756 6d. Allen. This is said to be the author's first production, and, so far as he knows, on an entire new plan. There is indeed some no. velty in the conduct of the story, and in the delineation of the characters. The latter are not new; but they are sufficiently discriminated from the usual company to which we are introduced in fimilar productions. The author's address, in cono cealing the event, deserves great commendation: in fome parts the interruptions given to the explanation are too artificial, too obviously intended; yet curioficy is kept in anxious expect. ation, and we are not satisfied but in the very moment when Vol. LXIII. Marck, 17874
I 2 mo.
the explanation cannot any longer be advantageously concealed, The plot is also unfolded with great dexterity; and the denouement is an interesting part of the work. The author's poetry, which is very frequently interspersed, seldom rises above mediocrity. Lucinda Osborn. A Novel. In Two Volumes. By a Young Lady. ,
55. Jewed. Geary. • We shall trouble our good friend, Mr. Peters, to put on his full suit of regimentals, that he may transform his favourite Lucinda, and your favourite Sophia, from a pair of insignificant spinsters, into a pair of wives. Heavens, what a transformation! a greater I verily think there cannot well be, nor a more agrecable."
This is one of the concluding passages which have dropt from the pen of our Young Lady,' who seems to speak with much confidence on a subject of which we must suppose her ignorant. Yet, on the whole, we cannot severely blame her, because one of her heroes is forty years old : we hope that, in her next work, the will make him fixty; and then the reviewer may perhaps be tempted to take off his spectacles and lisp his passion, with an attempt, at least, at youthful ardour, and the lady be enabled to speak ftill more positively. We shall wait with impatience for this moment. We would pay our court in any thing consistent with our integrity; but we cannot highly praise this novel. The story and the characters are common, the language never rises to elegance, and the events are anticipated. The denouement is entitled to fome praise : the method is common ; but it is managed with an address which renders it interesting
DI V Ι Ν Τ Τ Υ, The Advantages of Sunday Schools ; a Difcourse. Preached for
the Beneft of ibat useful and excellent Charity, at St. Mary's Church, in Manchester. 410. 15. Cadell.
This Discourse is very animated and eloquent. The best of the old topics applicable to charity schools, and fome newer ones suggelted by the Sunday establishments of this kind, are presented in brilliant and pathetic language. What is said in the notes, on the good old method of catechizing in the charehes, å eferves attention. All the notes we do not think equally jàdicious. One, however, in which is mentioned a method adopted at Manchester, toward the support of the Sunday fchools, we shall subjoin, for the confideration of those worthy and benevolent persons in other parts of the kingdom, who are inclined to favour this promising scheme of reformation,
" There is one regulation in Manchester which deserves the attention of every other part of the kingdom where it may not bappen to be already adopted. It is not unusual, in many places, for the church-warden or minister to diftribute the offer
tory money amorgst the poor and necesitous people that may casually attend the service. It was once so here. But the bemefaction to any individual, in such a case, could be but small; the relief, of consequence, could be but very transient and inadequate ; clamorous might take place of modeft poverty, and artificial forrow is often louder than real; and it was sometimes observed, that the sacred pittance was only abused to improper purposes of drunkenness and disorder. Hence a resolution was formed of devoting it to the purpose of educating poor boys and girls; one of these charity schools is annexed to every church; and, in this decent and orderly town, where the sacraments are monthly, and where it is not uncommon to fee 150 communicants at the altar, the fund is generally found sufficient for this excellent purpose. The children are, occasionally, catechized by their minister, and grow up into useful members of society, citizens, and Chriftians. Sunday Schools, recommended. A Sermon. By John Bidlake, A. B.
Is. Law. This Sermon is an elegant performance, to which the bene. volence of the design adds an additional lustre. The author recommends the new inftitution, from the best motives, with considerable eloquence. He speaks, however, of enlarging the design. We must protest against any addition to the earliest plans. To read correctly, to be instructed in the tenets of a true, a social, a benevolent religion, should be the only object. "To praise God and to keep his commandments, to learn their Malter's will and to do it, will make them better men, and enable them to become good citizens. We were sorry to see a work which breathes so much philanthropy, debased by the author's expressing a strong presumption that the punishment of the wicked is to be as eternal as the happiness of the good.' Six Letters to a friend, on the Establishment of Sunday Schoolse By Pbilip Parsons, A. M.
is. 6d. Becket. In these Letters the benevolent author gives some account of the original of Sunday schools, warınly reconi mends, and eagerly defends them from the objections of their opposers. His zeal in their favour makes him rather diffuse; but it adds a spirit and animation to his arguments. We have already observed, that reading only should be taught, together with the principles of a liberal, social, and benevolent religion : Mr. Parsons thinks the same, and supports his opinion by various arguments. His address to parents is clear and pointed; that to children plain and affectionate, though we think somewhat too long. "We Thall select a part of his answer to those who suppose the charity may supersede, the Sunday schools. To this answer we may add, that the number educated in most charity schools is much more limited than that of the objects of this new inftitution.
• I make not the least doubt, but that if the keen opposers of this benevolent plan were to see what I have here written, Q?
they would ask me with satirical asperity--" And, pray, what more can your Sunday school do?”– What more, my good friend! I should answer,' with God's blessing it may do much more :-it certainly attempts much more ;-it attempts to make a rational impression on the minds of children ;-it pays pecu: liar, and gentle, and affectionate attention to them ;-it puts proper books into their hands, and kindly guides their under, standing;mit encourages them, by the occasional visits of their minister and well-disposed neighbours. What! and are all these advantages nothing ?-are all these no more, and of no greater weight, than may be expected in the common routine in the heavy mill-horse round of charity schools : -Oh, you know but little of human nature if you think so.'--But you, my friend, do not think so: such a judgment is only to be formed by those who look no deeper than the surface: they who know the depths of the human heart, know that there are adyantages on which may be built the most rational and durable hopes."
We think this work capable of doing much service. The Christian Pastor's Review of his life and Labours. A Sermon.
By Samuel Palmer. Published at the Request of the Hearers. Svo. 6d. Buckland.
This Sermon is a sensible and practical performance. Its chief interest must have arisen from its being preached on the autbor's completing the 20th year of his ministry in his own congregation. In that situation, it is a pathetic and affecting
review of the changes which had happened, of the incidents to which mortality is subject. The text, for this purpose, is well chosen ; it is from Acts xxvi. 22. Having, therefore, obtained help of God, I continue to this day, witnessing both to small and great.'-We see less propriety in its being selected in the subsequent situations. On the whole, we think with the author, who tells us that, after he had transcribed it for the press, he could not satisfy himself that there was any thing in it worthy of publication. Authors are seldom fo candid. A Sermon on Profane Swearing: By S. Smalpage, M. A. 410.
Walli:. An elegant and forcible exhortation to avoid a crime for which there is no temptation ; a vice highly offensive not only to those whose religion is untainted, but to every one whole taste is refined, and whose companions have been the wise, the virtuous, and the elegant. It was well observed, that no one swore whose understanding was not deficient, and who, unable to fill up a sentence, had recourse to expletives, in which he was equalled, perhaps excelled, by the lowest of the mob. Will our young men of fashion and ability submit to an imputation fo opprobrious ? Apoftolical Conceptions of God, propounded in a Course of Letters
to a Friend, 8vo. 25. Dodsley. Since our conceptions' are not quite fo apostolical as those of the author, we find ourselves sometimes at a loss to comprehend