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A Letter to George Stacpoole, Esq. 8vo. Is. 6d. Bell. This Letter contains a review of the most important occurrences in Ireland during the last three years ; comprising, 1. The Proceedings of the National Convention affembled in Dublin, November 1783, and the succeeding Year. II. Rise and Progress of the Bill for effectuating a Commercial Intercourse between the two Nations, on permanent and equitable Principles. III. His Grace of Portland's Reasons for oppofing the Twenty Propofitions sent from the Commons to the Lords of England, for their Consideration. IV. Proceedings of the Irish Legislature on the Twenty Propofitions transmitted from England. V. Opinion of Mr. Fox's minifterial Character. VI. The probable Consequences of any Proposition in the Brirish Parliament, tending to an Union with the Sister Nation. VII. The Present State of the Press in Ireland considered. Most of these subjects are already known to the public. The parrative appears to be faithful; and, in delivering his opinion, the author is candid and ingenuous. An Address to the Nobility and Gentry of the Church of Ireland, as

by Law established. 8vo. 25. Kearsley. This Address relates to the late insurgents in the south of Ireland, who, if the author's representation be just, must have been truly formidable to that kingdom. They openly professed themselves to be Papists, assembled at their respective massa houses, and bound themselves by oaths, at the feet of their altars, to abolish tythes, or to establish some very inadequate commutation in their place ; such, in fact, as would almost annihilate the support of the parochial clergy in Ireland, and ultimately prove the utter subversion of the constitution, both in church and state.

The insurgents having attempted to palliate their proceed. ings with a charge of oppression and exaction on the established clergy, their agents, and proctors, the author of the Address begins by disproving this invidious accusation. He next endeavours to thew that the abolition or reduction of tythe by law, as Ireland is situated, will be in effect a translation of property from the ciergy of the established church to the popith eccle. fiaftics. Thirdly, that the abolition or reduction of tythe will increase, instead of diminishing the burdens of the landlord and farmer. Fourthly, that the present method of raising a maintenance for the national clergy, by payment of tythe, in the manner established by law, is the propereft mode of raising a maintenance for them; and that it is difficulty and almost impracticable, to substitute any other mode of subsistence in its place, confiftently with justice and reason. Fifthly, that the methods of recovering tythe by the law of the land, as it now ftands, have been devised with great equity and moderation, and are neither vexatious, oppressive, nor expenfive. These various arguments are urged with great force by the author, who.concludes with lome observations, tenuing to elucidate the





cause and progress of the disturbance relative to tythes, and to prove that any compliance with the infolent and factious demands of a popish banditti, spirited up by agitating fryars and Romith missionaries, would be as inconfident with justice as with sound policy and the safety of the constitution of Ireland. An Abstract of the Bill for manning the Royal Navy with Volun.

8vo. 15. Nicoll. This Abstract is accompanied with a full Defence of the Prin: ciples' and Operation of the Bill, as contained in Six Letters addressed to William Pulteney, Esq. and in Ten Letters to the Right Hon. William Pitt. Mr. Stevenson, the author, Atrénuously defends the rights of the British seamen, and endeavours to refute all the objections made to the bill, both in and out of parliament.

An Address to Captain Evelyn Sutton. 8vo. 25. Nicoll. As the dispute between captain Sutton and the commodore is fill undetermired, it would be improper for us to make any obfervations on this pamphlet. Instructions for Merchants, Ship Owners, Ship Mafters, &c.

470. Faulder. These Instructions are extracted and digefted from the Navi. gation, the Manifeft, Newfoundland, and Wine Ads of Para liament, paffed last Year, and from the Smuggling Act, paffed in 1784. As the laws of trade are intricate, and the acts of parliament voluminous, an abridgement of this kind mult cerLainly be useful to those for whom it is intended. A Retrospect of the Portraits lately delineated in a Pamphlet called A Short Review of the Political State of Great-Britain. 8vo. 15. 6d. Stockdale.

We have already observed, that the several pamphlets relative to the production entitled, “ A Short Review,' appear to have been written entirely from the motive of deriving a little temporary emolument; and there is nothing in this Retrospect which can exempt it from the fame charge. The Speech delivered, by the Order and in the Profence of the King,

in the Assembly of Notables, held at Versailles, the 22d of Fc. bruary, 1787. By M. De Calonne. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Stockdale.

It is an inconvenience attending a free government, that the ftate of its finances, however much they may happen to be de. fanged, is immediately known to all the world; but a public disclosure, by the royal authority, of the embarrassed revenues of France, is a memorable incident in the civil history of that nation. M. De Calonne begins his Speech with enumerating the molt conspicuous transactions in the French adminiftration, of late years ; among which is mentioned the separation of America from Great Britain, in the following ternis: • After having established a marine, and rendered the French flag respectable throughout the ocean ; after having protected and established the independence of a new nation, which, dismemþered from a rival power, is become our ally, after having


terminated an honourable war by a solid peace, and approved himself to all Europe worthy to be the moderator, the king has, not delivered himself up to a fterile inactivity.'

With regard to the treaties of commerce, he expresses himself thus :

• Already have the treaties of commerce, concluded almoft in the fame moments with Holland, with England, and with Ruflia, banilhed those prohibitory principles, which were equally repugnant to the laws of society and to the reciprocal interests of nations ; cemented the basis of public tranquillity; and demonstrated to all Europe, how much may be done by a prince equally just and powerful, endued with the spirit of peace and moderation, towards multiplying and strengthening the precious bonds of this universal good understanding, so much to be defared for the general interest of humanity.

It appears, that at the end of the year 1783, when M. De Calonne was promoted to the administration of the finances, they were in a very critical state ; but fince that time their fitu. ation is improved, though the plan of economy established by this minister has not yet been able to reduce them into perfect good order.' Ac the end of the year 1776, the deficiency of the revenue was, in sterling money, 1,618,750; and since that period, to the end of 1786, the French government has bore rowed 54,687,5 ol. sterling.

As this Speech was delivered in the presence of the king, fome allowance may be made for the panegyric bestowed on his virtues. In fact, he is described as the father of his people; and if we may judge of M. De Calonne's abilities as a financier, from this specimen, he seems to be a minister worthy of such a fovereign.

M I S C E L L A NE OU S. The Conversations of Emily, Translated from the French of Madame la Comtesse a'Epigny. 2 Vols. 12mo. 55. Jewed. Marshall.

We cannot give a better account of this work than in the words of the very able translator.

• The Conversations of Emily, by mad. la comtesse d'Epigny, a translation of which has been undertaken for the use of young ladies, do not form one of those systems of education offered to the examination of learned men and philosophers, though the book has received from both the most flattering testimonies of approbation'; the best reward an author can either expect or defire : they are the result of a tender mother's observations, who gave up every other pleasure for that of discharging the molt interesting of all duties, superintending the education of a beloved daughter. As nothing escaped her attention that could affect the success of her cares, the soon perceived the insufficiency of the usual means to attain the end the purposed, She discovered in her young pupil an unc

nconquerable averfion to thofe books which are commonly put into the hands of children, and a peculiar inclination to converse with a mother whom the


considered as a friend. This was a ray of intelligence which pointed out to the discerning parent the path prescribed by nature. She then threw aside such books as fatigued without improving the understanding of her child, and composed these Conversations, in which her daughter found the most useful lessons, while the only sought the gratification of a curioûty natural to her age.

• Her learned friends (among whom was J. J. Rousseau) witnesses of the success of her plan, engaged her to communi. cate it to the public.'

The work has been in general well received on the continent, and it merits the success which has attended the publication. The great obje&t of the author is to improve the young mind, by inducing it to reflect properly on every common subject which occurs. This is not done by didactic dogmatic rules: the young pupil gives her opinion, and is led to find that it is not indir putably proper, or striály juft. She changes her sentiments, and probably arrives nearer to the truth, yet when they are examined, there may still appear an error which hould be corrected ; or if not erroneous, a propriety of manner may be necessary which should be attended to. This is not only the most pleasing, but also the most falutary mode of instruction ; for the error which is corrected, is in some degree crushed ja its bud, and the mind acquires strength from the fault. Any extract from conversations of this kind would be too extensive, since the youthful mind mult be conducted by flow iteps. It is fufficient to observe, that the design is executed with great address and strict propriety, and that the work deserves every commendation that we can bestow. The Journal of William Dowsing, of Stratford, Parliamentary

Visitor, appointed under a Warrant from the Earl of Manchefter, for demolishing the fuperftitions Pictures and Ornaments of Churches, &c. within the County of Suffolk, in the Years 1643, 4647; 4to. Is. Nichols.

• Zeal,' we have been long since told, 'is never so well fa. tisfied as when it is employed in teuring.' This genuine de. fcendant of John would still ftrip off every thing in which he resembled Peter: saints and finners, glass and marble, brass and canvass; every thing, which by its form or fashion, by its colouring or arrangement, verged towards popery, was de. ftroyed by this parliamentary visitor. Though real good Proteftants in our hearts, we could not read this Journal, full of havock and desolation, without a figh., We regretted the lofs more, as the temper of the visitor seems not to have been at all times understood; for instance.

*74. Feb. the 23d. At Mr. Capt. Waldegrave's chapel, in Buers, there was a picture of God the Father, and divers other superstitious pictures, 20 at least, which they promised to break, his daughter and servants; he himself was not at home, neither could they find the key of the ekapelo I had not the 6so 8d. yet prae ! mifed it. And gave order to take down a cross.'

In another instance, as he says nothing, we suppose he had the 6s. 88.

• Feb. the 3d. We were at the lady Bruce's house, and in her chapel, there was a picture of God the Father, of the Trinity, of Chrif, and the Holy Ghoft, the cloven congues ; which we gave order to take down, and the lady promised to do it.'

We shall select one other paffage, and leave our readers to . make their own comments. In different places the steps were digged up:

106.' Froftenden, April the 8th. zo superstitious pictures, one crucifix, and a picture of God the Father, and St. Andrew with his cross, and St. Catherine with her wheel; 4 cherubims on the pulpit; 2 crosses on the steeple; and one on the chancel. And Mr. Ellis, an high constable, of the town, told me, " he saw an Irish Man, within 2 months, bow to the cross on the fteeple, and put off his hat to it.The steps were there to levell. which they promised to do.' The History of Henry VII. King of England. Written in the rear

1616. By Francis Bacon, Lord High Chancellor of England. Svo. 5so in Boards. Murray.

Bacon's History of Henry VII, is a valuable work; but, from the great change which has taken place in the English language fince that period, it has now loft much in respect of per{picuity, as well as elegance of compofition. The present volume, by modernizing the style, is intended to remove those defects, and the translator, for such we may call him, has executed the talk with propriety. Rope's End for Hemipen Monopolists. 8vo. 25. 6d. Stockdale.

This pamphlet contains a Dialogue between a Broker and a Rope-maker, &c. in which are represented the pernicious effects of the rife of hemp. The object of the author's animadversion is the conduct of certain merchants and their broker, who, it is affirmed, have done great injury to this country by a late monopoly of hemp. The Dialogue is written with good sense and vivacity, and represents the transaction as highly prejudicial to the public. Tracts on Subjects of National Importance. By the Rev. John

M'Farlan, D.D.F.R.S. Scot, 8vo. 15. 60. Murray.

The first of these Tracts is employed in shewing the advantages of manufactures, commerce, and great towns, to the population and prosperity of a country, and in the second, the author states the difficulties to a proposed assetsment of the land. tax; suggesting, at the same time, another subject of taxation, inot liable to the same objections with the former. What we allude to is a tax upon stock, which the author affirms to be entirely confifient with the spirit and defign of the land-tax, as originally imposed by the legislature. These Tracts are written in a plaufible manner, abounding with that intelligence

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