Imágenes de páginas

12mo. 58

which the reverend author, Dr. M.Farlan, discovered in his
Inquiries concerning the Poor,
A concise Abstract of all the Public Aas passed in the last Seffion of
Parliament, from January 26, to October 27, 12mo.

250 6d. Fielding.

A publication of this kind, when properly executed, is ob. viously useful ; and this praise we think due to the Abstract now before us; the work, we are informed, of Mr. Macnally. Of the private acts, as restricted to the benefit of individuals, he has only given the title and contents ; but in the abridgement of the public statutes, he has exhibited distinctly every section of each act. A Method to preserve Peach and Ne&arine Trees from the Effects

of the Mildew. By Robert Browne, Gardener. jewed. Walter.

This production teaches likewise a method of destroying the red spider in melon frames, and other infects, which infeft plants in stoves, and trees, fhrubs, &c. in the open garden. The price affixed by Mr. Browne to his performance, seems rather beyond the usual standard ; but we believe the defect of quantity will be fully compensated by the utility and importance of his instructions. The Art of Conversing on Moral, Religious, and Entertaining Sub

jects. By G. Wright, 6d. Turpin. The defign of this production, which is calculated entirely for the use of children, may seem fufficient to protect it from the severity of critical observation ; but even in such, however well-intended, we cannot overlook the most obvious violations of grammar. In this point, we are sorry Mr. Wright is.frequently defective.

Macbeth re-confidered; an Elay. 8vo. Is. Egerton. This pamphlet is intended to evince, against the opinion of Mr. Wheatley, that the courage of Macbeth, as drawn by Shakspeare, is unquestionable. The author arranges his reasoning under the three following heads : '1. a repetition of the fimple character of Macbeth, as it stands before any change is effcēted in it by the supernatural foliciting of the weird filters; 2. a confideration of his conduct towards Banquo and Macduff; and, 3. a review of his deportment, as opposed to Richard's, in Mr. Wheatley's Remarks.' By his arguments on these heads, the author seems fully to establish the intrepidity of the character of Macbeth. The Astronomy of Comets. By Blyth Hancock. 8vo.

Murray. The first part of this production exhibits the opinions of different philofophers, ancient and modern, relative to comets ; with a fhort description of the solar system, and some rational

25. 6d.

ideas respecting the fixed Itars. The second part is employed on curious calculations and tables, particularly with regard to the comet expected in 1789. A table is likewise given of several comets, accompanied with a specification of the parts of the heavens in which they were observed at different parts of their course. Historical, Monumental, and Genealogical Colle&tions, relative to the County of Gloucester; printed from the Original Papers of the late Ralph Bigland, Eja: Garter Principal King of Arms. Folio. N° 1. 25. 6d. Wilkie.

The late Mr. Bigland had made several genealogical collections, as additions to fir Robert Atkyn's History of Gloucester: thire. His design was to compile a history of its inhabitants, and their family connections. His office, as, garter principal king of arms, prevented his re-publicarion of the History ; and these collections are now published separately by his son, as supe' plements to the histories which have since appeared. He pur. poses to describe the different parishes; to remark any peculiarities obfervable in them; to point out the inhabitants who have distinguished themselves either in a civil or a military capacity ; to collect information from those inscriptions on the narrow cell,' which contains the last remains, as well as from the regifters of births, deaths, and marriages.

The first Number only is yet published. It contains an account of the parishes of Abbenhall, Abfton and Wick, Acton, Acton Turville, Addestrop and Alderton. Of the churches of the first and third, engravings are added as head-pieces. The little general information which we can collect is, that the num. bers in these parishes are increasing ; that the situations are healthy, since the ages on the tombs are commonly pretty great ; and that the births, even within these ferv years, increafe in a much greater proportion than the marriages.We hope, for the credit of those prolific parishes, that the author means the births of legitimate children.

CORRESPONDEN C E. H. M. is received; and he must, by this time, have perceived, that we cannot, with propriety, comply with his request.

ALTERCATION with M. Herrenschwand must be useless : our ideas of propriety and decorum, of just reasoning and fair argument, are so very different, that we cannot easly agree. Yet we are not angry with him for his lerter, and shall feel a real pleasure, if we are able to commend his new publication, consistently with the justice which we owe the world. There is an intrepidity and independence in his conduct wbich interests us: we wish he had thewn it in his Dedica. tion, where we still think that abject Aattery held the scales of justice with a partial hand,

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Foannis Brunonis, M. D. De Medicina Praelectoris, Societatis

Medicae Praefidarii, Artiquariorum apud Scotos ab Epiftolis Latinis, Element a Medicinae. Editio altera plurimum emendata, et integrum demum Opus exhibens, 8vo. 2 Vols. 8s. in

Boards. Murray. IT. T is a disagreeable talk to return repeatedly to subjects,

from which neither our knowlege or our temper can receive , any advantage. When we speak our sentiments on Dr. Brown's works, it is sounding the horn of battle, to assemble those in oppofition, who wish to acquire a science without the troubles of study, the pains of thinking, comparing, and revising. At the firit appearance of these Elements, we declined deciding on this author's 'theory and system.' We observed, that their propriety could not be ascertained till the accomplishment of • the work, of which we had then received only the first volume *.' From the pen of Dr. Brown's friend we had more copious information ; and we could not check the various emotions which the pomp, the folly, the arrogance, of the professor and his pupil excited t. We have now procured the entire work; and, if we had found that Dr. Jones had mis. represented his master's do&rines, we would willingly have detracted our censure. But on examining, very carefully, the whole, by labouring through the affected obscurity of his language, and the accidental errors of his printer, which are much more numerous than are observed in the table of errata, though it contains three pages, closely printed: after wading through the toilsome path, we do not hesitate in ftyling this work, as a fyftem, very generally imperfect, frequently trifling, and, in the most important instances, often erroneous.

We gave the outline of our author's division, in our review of Dr. Jones's work. It was censured as incomplete, by those who did not consider it as an outline only, or chofe who did not see the features of their mafter represented in a flattering * Crit. Rev. vol. 1. p. 317.

7 Crit. Rev. vol. lü. p. 374. Vol. LXIII. April, 1787.



likeness. We do not think the volumes sufficiently important to induce us to follow the author's steps exactly, or to compare the two editions *. We shall analyze with attention fome of the more important practical parts, and, that we may not be suspected of partiality, shall take the first disease which occurs, as an example.

It is the first complaint in the first form of general diseases, or a morbus Athenicus, which term we are desired to substitute for morbus phlogisticas.

The peculiar fymptoms of peripneumony, under which pleurisy and carditis, so far as it is symptomatic, are comprehended, are, a pain in some part of the thorax, often changing its seat, difficult breathing, cough, attended with an ex. pectoration of sputum, sometimes of blood.'

This definition is imperfect and erroneous : it is imperfect in not mentioning the fushed face, which is the most obvious and a very frequent symptom ; it is erroneons, as it includes, among the pathagnomonic symptoms, the change in the seat of the pain, which scarcely ever occurs, except when topical remedies are prematurely applied : at least it is much less frequent than pain, obftinately fixed, in the fame part of the cheft.

The author next tells us, as we suspect, for we cannot be sure of having seized the idea, in a language of which there, is no example : he tells us that the disease arises from no foreign matter introduced, but that its seat is in the nervous fyftem, and confifts in the increase of a diathesis, common to the whole body. He then properly shows that the pain is fecondary, and the inflammatory fever the principal complaint; that the real inflammation is in the part which answers to that where the pain is felt; that we cannot suppose, particularly in the higher part of the lungs, that the membrane of the pleura, or the membrane connected with it, can be inflamed' without the neighbouring parts being affected ; and that the distinction between membranous and a parenchymatous affection is without foundation.

The next paragraph, where he endeavours to establish tha part of the definition which relates to the change in the fituation of the pain, we must transcribe, lett we may be suspected of mutilating it.

Dr. Brown, we perceive, distrusted the account which he gave of his illumination in the first edition. He there attributed it to reading Triller : it is now attributed to a fit of the gout in the second luftrum, which was employed in explaining, cultivating, polishing, and doubting; he afterwards adds good living. Pref. p. 1. The Preface, and many parts of the fyftem, are materially different.


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Saepe fuam fedem, dolor, in morbi cursu, mutat; quia recta ejus caufa inflammatio pariter mutabilis eft, fedem primam linquens, vel partim servan, et in aliam vehementius irruens. Quod nota doloris mutatio, cum inflammationis respondentium locorum veftigiis, poft mortem deprehenfis, collata, firmat.'

It foon appears that our author thinks this fact nécessary to establish his opinion, that the disease depends on a general diathefis ; and we strongly fufpect chat, though he was writing about peripneumony, he was thinking of rheumatism.

Dr. Brown then explains the difficulty of breathing, from the compreffion of diftended and inflamed vessels, and the cough, from the irritation of mucus, fecreted and excreted in large quantities. But let us select the sections relating to this part.

• Tuflis caufa eft, humor exhalabilis, item mucus large few cretus, excretus, vascula aëri fera irritans, eorum, et omnium poteftatum, thoracis cavum amplificantium, incitationem augens, dein subito suspendens, et fic plenam tradtionem, plenam emiflionem, conjuncto partim voluntatis opere, peragens.

• Eadem minor aut nulla initio eft, quia, propter diathesin, adhuc extrema vascula valide obtinentem, idem humores, vaporis caeci forma, promanantes, minus irritant, et minorę molimine cum spiritu demittuntur.

• Eandem fputa propterea fequuntur, quod humores cemulati cum effectu fuo, cuffiendi conamine, in rapido aëris effluentis impetu, velut torrente amne, pervehuntur. Quibus quan doque mixtus fanguis fecretionis vim, supra explicatam indicat."

We shall not dwell on the numerous imperfections in this history, but shall only appeal to any candid practitioner, whether the man who can describe a disease fo loosely and vaguely, can be a proper instructor, either as an author or a lecturer? We have transcribed the whole which relates to the sputum, as a salutary evacuation. We are not told what its consistence usually is, what the changes are in the progress, or the different alterations in the complaint which attend these changes. They are still less attended to in the cure : bleeding and purg. ing are the specifics. It has happened, but the inttances are uncommon, where a natural diarrhea has superseded the necessity of expectoration. It is much more common to see a diarrhea check the excretion of well-concocted sputum, and hurry the patient to the last extremity in a few hours.

We may be asked, whether we have not seen peripneumonies cured without expectoration coming on We own that we have ; but we have not seen an instance where fome fixed complaint has not been left in the lungs in consequence of it. By means of expectoration only the complaint is radically removed. The effects of bleeding are considerable : Dr. Brown R2


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