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shall now be as a sheep grazing upon the fruitful hills of Carmel and Bashan, &c.

L. 20 In those days, and in that time, saith the Lord, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found: for I will pardon them whom I reserve.

There shall not be found in Israel those sins, and that heinous iniquity, which was the cause of their late captivity; and the sins of Judah shall be done away, through my grace and mercy.

L. 21- Go up against the land of Merathaim, even against it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod: waste and utterly destroy after them.

Go up, ye Medes and Persians, against the territories of Babylon; even against the land of these proud rebels, against the land of those who have visited my people with the sword and merciless destruction, and do ye utterly destroy them.

L. 23 How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder and broken I

How is it, that Babylon, which was the hammer to beat all other nations in pieces, is now broken in pieces?

L. 36 A sword shall be upon the liars. A sword shall be upon their lying astrologers and diviners, unto whom they trusted.

L. 41 Behold, a people shall cotnefrom the north, He. So verse 3.

L. 44 He shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan, He.

See chapter xlix. 19. Behold the Babylonians shall come up &c.

L. 45 Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out. See chapter xlix. verse 20,

LI. 1 A destroying wind. ' i

A furious adversary, which shall come in, as a strong tempestuous wind.

LI. 2 And will send unto Babylon fanners, that shallfan her, and shall empty her land.

I will send unto Babylon the Medes and Persians, which shall put them to the fan of tribulation and dispersion.

LI. 3 Against him that bendeth let the archer bend his bow, and against him that lifteth himself up in his brigandine: and spareyt not her young mm t Hc.

Suffer not, O ye Medes, the Babylonian archers so much as to bend their bows, &c. But cut them off in the first offer of their assault; and make no spare of any of them.

LI. 6 Flee out of the midst of Babylon, and deliver every man his soul: He.

See chap. J. 8. Continue not in Babylon, while ye may be free; but depart away from the danger, both of her sins and |udgment.

LI. 1 Babylon hath been a golden cup in the Lord's hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of her wine , therefore the nations are mad.

Babylon hath been hitherto as a golden cup, out of which God would have all the nations of the earth drink their bitter draught of his wrath and indignation: they have drunk out thence, and have been so grievously afflicted by her cruelty, that they have been ready to run mad with grief.

LI. 8 Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed: howl for her; take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed. Babylon is suddenly fallen: howl and mourn, O ye her associates, for the downfall of so great a monarchy; and, if it may be, use some helps for her recoverv.

LI- 9 We would have healed Babylon, but she is not healed: forsake her, and let us go every one into his own country: for her judgment reacheth unto heaven, ~Kp.

Alas, we have not slackened our endeavours, shall they say, to have succoured and relieved her, but all in vain; for her wound, which God's wrath hath inflicted upon her, is utterly incurable: away therefore, let us shift for ourselves; let us run every man to his own country, and leave her to the revenge of the Almighty, whichis indeed so great, as that it reacheth tothe very heavens, &c.

LI. 10 The Lord hath brought forth our righteousness: come, and let us declare in Zion the work of the Lord our God. The Lord hath magnified his great mercy and truth to us, in that he hath taken upon him the patronage and protection of us his people, and hath been thus openly revenged of our enemies; oh come, therefore, and let us declare in his holy temple the great works of our God,

LI. 11 Make bright the arrows; gather the shields. Now, therefore, ye Medesand Persians, address yourselves to the fight; scour up your armours; brighten your arrows.

LI. 13 0 thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, and the measure of thy covetousness.

0 thou great and wealthy Babylon, that wert seated upon the famous river of Euphrates, which divided itself for thy commodity and made many islands for thy profit and defence, thine end is now come.

LI. 14 Surely I will fill thee with men, as with caterpillars; and they shall lift up a shout against thee.

1 will fill thee with enemies so thick, as if they were swarms of caterpillars. See for the rest of the verse, chap. xxv. verse 30.

LI. 17 Every man is brutish by his knowledge; fife. See chap, x. verse 14.

LI. 19 The portion of Jacob is not like them. See chap. x,, verse 16.

LI. 20 Thou art my battle ax and weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms.

O Babylon, I have hitherto made use of thee, for the subduing of divers kingdoms, and for breaking of many nations in pieces.

LI. 25 Behold, I am against thee, 0 destroying mountain, saith the Lord, which destroyest all the earth: and I will stretch out -Aiine hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain.

Behold, I am against thee now, O Babylon, thou huge pile of perdition; which hath hitherto crushed the whole earth with thy vastness and power, &c. I will make thee like a hill of rubbish, a heap of burnt ruins.

LI. 27 Call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashchenaz; appoint a captain against her; cause her horses to come up as the rough caterpillars.

Muster up together the kingdoms of both Armenias, and of the lesser Asia; set generals and captains over the appointed bands; cause the troops of horses to come in, as thick as the swarms of caterpillars ;* and all, to go up against Babylon.

LI. 33 The daughter of Babylon is like a threshing floor, it is time to thresh her: yet a little while, and the time of her harvest shall come.

The city of Babylon is like a threshing floor: the sheaves, that are in her, must be beaten and thoroughly trodden out: her harvest is now near at hand, wherein God will lay upon her, with the flail of his heavy judgments.

LI. 34 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, fife.

Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, shall Jerusalem say, hath devoured me; he hath utterly destroyed me.

LI. 35 The violence done to me and to my flesh Sfc. And now, let God repay to Nebuchadnezzar and his Babylonians the violence, which they did to me and my people.

LI. 38 They shall roar together like lions: Kc. They shall roar together, in their pain and horror, like lions, that yell for hunger. .

LI. 39 In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the Lord.

When they are heated with wine in their feasts, and drunken in their merry banquets, quaffing healths and praising their gods in the bowls of my temple, even then will I bring the sword of Cyrus upon them, and smite them that they shall sleep their last. See Daniel, chap. v.

LI. 41 now is Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised! Kc.

What an incredible thing is this? How can it be, that Babylon, the great mistress of the world, should thus be spoiled and defaced?

LI. 42 The sea is come up upon Babylon: He. The innumerable and mighty host of the Medes is, like a raging sea, broken in upon Babylon.

LI. 44 And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up. I will break in pieces and put to shame the idol Bel, that was worshipped of the Babylonians; and will fetch out of his mouth those many and rid» offerings, which were made to that dunghill deitytt. 45 Go ye out of the midst qf her. See verse 6.

LI. 46 Ruler against ruler. Cyrus against Belshazzar.

LI. 48 Then the heaven and the earth, and all that is therein, shall sing for Babylon.

The heavens and the earth and all creatures shall rejoice, and praise God for the just destruction, that is brought upon Babylon.

LI. 49 As Babylon hath caused the slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the earth.

As Babylon hath slain my people of Israel, so the Babylonians shall be slain, all the earth over; and in Babylon shall fall those of all the countries round about, which shall be there slaughtered.

LI. 51 For strangers are come into the sanctuaries of the hoKVt's house. \ Pagans have come into the sanctuary of God's temple, and have defiled it, and razed it to the ground. - ,

LI. 52 And through all her land the wounded shall groan. Through all her land, those, that are not slain, right out, shall lie groaning and roaring for the pain of their wounds.

LI. 57 I will make drunk her princes, Hc. See verse 39.

LI. 58 And the people shall labour in vain, and the folk in the fire, and they shall be weary.

In vain shall the people labour to quench that fire, which is kindled for the consuming of Babylon.


I. 1 How doth the city sit solitary, that wasfull of people I how is she become as a widow! she that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary! Woe is me for Jerusalem! How woefully is the case altered with her! She, that was of late exceeding populous, and thronged in her streets with men, is now left alone, like a solitary widow: she, that of late was a commander of many provinces, is now become a tributary to an usurping commander.

I. 2 She weepeth sore in the night, and her tears are on her cheeks. No time gives her any respite from her mourning: night and day doth she pour out her tears.

I. 3 Judah is gone into captivity because of affliction, and because of great servitude: she dwelleth among the heathen, she fndeth no rest: all her persecutors ovei-take her between the straits. Many Jews, to avoid the miserable servitude of the Chaldees, have betaken themselves to a voluntary transmigration to other nations, hoping there to find rest; but even there, have these Babvlonian persecutors overtaken them, so that they are surprised in those straits, which could no way be avoided.

I. 5 Her adversaries are the clnef. Her adversaries are her commanders.

I. 9 HerjUthiness is in her skirts; she remembereth not her last end; therefore she came down wonderfully: she had no comforter. She cannot hide her shame any longer: that loathsome annoyance of hers, which she would fain have concealed, appears even in her very outward garments; and so faithless is she grown, that she will not apprehend the assurance of her final deliverance.

I. 12 Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by? behold, and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow.

0 all ye passengers, that travel this way, stay awhile, and behold my miserable ruins; and indeed, can ye pass by, and not view them, and not seriously consider of them? And, if ye do seriously think of them, say then, was there ever city or people in so woeful a plight as I am?

I. 13 From above hath he sent fire into my bones, and it prevaileth against them.

God hath seemed from above to cast firebrands into my towers and palaces, whereby my goodly buildings are consumed.

I. 14 The yoke of my transgressions is bound by his hand. That yoke of my grievous servitude under the Chaldees, which my sins have justly called for, is bound about my neck by his punishing hand. *

I. 17 Jerusalem is as a menstruous woman among them. Jerusalem is counted as an abomination unto them, as loathsome and unclean.

I. 19 I called for my lovers, but they deceived me.

1 called for the aid of my associates and allies, but they deceived me.

I. 21 Thou wilt bring the day that thou hast called, and they shall be like unto me.

Thou wilt bring upon them the judgments, which thou hast threatened ; and then, they shall be in the like plight that I am in.

II. 1 And remembered not his footstool in the day of his anger. And remembered not his temple, the place of his former abode, in the day of his anger.

II. 3 He hath cut off in his fierce anger all the horn of Israel He hath, in his anger, weakened and cut off all the strength of Israel.

II. 6 And he hath violently taken away his tabernacle, as if it were of a garden: he hath destroyed his places of the assembly. That tabernacle of his, which he had settled amongst us for our comfort and protection, he hath now turned up, as if it were a garden, fit to be digged up for the use of plantation.

II. 1 They have made a noise in the house of the Lord, as in the day of a solemnfeast.

As we had w ont, in our solemn feasts, to. make a noise of joy and thankful acclamations in thy temple, so now they make no less noise of tumult and insultation over us.

II. 8 He hath stretched out a line.
He hath destinated and appointed it to razing and ruin.

II. 13 What thing shall I take to witness for thee? tCc.
With what example of like misery shall I go about to comfort tbee

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