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V REFA CE.

h any man, who shall desire a more particular account of the several Alterations in any part of the Liturgy, shall take the pains to compare the present Book with the former, we doubt not but the reason of the change may easily appear.—Preface to the Book of Common Prayer, 1662.

HE object of the following work is to exhibit the Prayer Book of the Church of England telling its own history. It is an attempt to arrange the authorized Liturgies of our Church, together with that set forth by King Charles I. for the use of the Church of Scotland, in such a manner as to enable the reader at one view to compare their variations, and thus to trace out for himself an explanation of the Rubric and Ritual, as well as the progress of the changes which they have undergone. A work similar in character to the present was published in the year 1659, entitled “The Alliance of Divine Offices,” with Annotations, &c. by Hamon L'Estrange, Esq.; and another, similar both in arrangement and character, appeared in the year 1838, under the following title, “The Two Books of Common Prayer, set forth by Authority of Parliament in the Reign of King Edward the Sixth, compared with each other,” with a Preface, by Dr. Cardwell, Principal of St. Alban's Hall, Oxford. It will be obvious however from the date in the former case, and the title in the latter, that both these works are of much more limited extent than the present. The six Liturgies here compared are arranged in four columns; the variations of the Scotch Service-book from those of King James I. and King Charles II. being principally noted at the foot of the page. The first column contains the Liturgy as revised after the Savoy Conference, in the reign of King Charles II. [1662.] The second column contains the Liturgy as revised after the HamptonCourt Conference, in the reign of King James I. [1604], together with the 'Scotch Liturgy authorized by King Charles I. [S. L.]; precedence

' This Liturgy was framed by the Scottish Bishops; and submitted, by the King's command, to the review of Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, Juxon, Bishop of London, and Wren, Bishop of Norwich.-Collier's Eccl. Hist, vol. 8, p. 113, 8vo. Ed.

Upon the application of the Bishops of Scotland for a Liturgy for that Church, it was the opinion of Abp. Laud (to use his own words) that, “if his Majesty would have * Laturgy settled there, it were best to take the English Liturgy without any variation, *hat so the same Service-book might be established in all his Majesty's Dominions. * * * * Ilis Majesty inclined to my opinion, to have the English Service without any

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