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Essay VIII. Preservation of power of enjoynient
organs of nourishment-mechanical functions of stomach
chemical-digestion how impaired-spirituous liquors in
what state most injurious—to whom-how to drop them
-first baneful operation-full-formed indigestion indi-
gestion and bad spirits-boys destroyed by being put out
as merchants' clerks---hysteria-preventing regimen and
injurious means of relief-moral treatment of hypochon-
driacs-liver complaints--consequences-—what expecta-
tions can be formed under the preceding complaints
palsy-gout-history--is gout å preservative from other
complaints-cure of gout

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-Now have we many chimneys, and yet our tenderlings complain of rheums, catarrhs and poses. Then we had none but reredosses, and our lieads did never ache. For as the smoake in those days was supposed to be a sufficient hardening for the timber of the house, so it was reputed a far better medicine to keep the good man and his family from the quacke or pose, wherewith, as then, very few were oft acquainted.

Harrison's Description of England.

Without meaning to boast, I may say of myself that my armour was to me as easy as the softest down: and such is my custom that when I now go the rounds of my district, I never take a bed with me, unless 1 happen to be attended by strange cavaliers. In which case I do it to avoid the appearance of poverty or penuriousness. But by my faith, when I have one, I always throw myself on it in my clothes. Such it is to be a true soldier. - Another pecaliarity I have is, I cannot sleep through the night, but always awaken anıl get up in order to contemplate the heaven and stars. And thus I amuse myself, walking backwards and forwards, as I used to do when on guard, for a good space of time, without hat or cap:--and glory be to God! I never yet caught cold, nor was a jot the worse for it. And this the reader must pardon me for mentioning, it not being from vanity, but that I wish him to know what kind of men we, the true-bred soldiers and real conquerors of Mexico were.

Bernard Diaz del Castillo.

ESSAY

ON

TEMPERATURE

AND

HARDINESS;

WITH

REMARKS ON DIET.

THERE are scarce any topics, which popular writers on regimen labour so little as those of the present essay. Yet there are none better entitled to their care. A hundred pages of plain and appropriate instruction how to secure the advantages of temperature, and how to escape from its mischiefs, would be of more service than a hundred volumes of such discourse as we commonly meet with on the comparative merits of fish, flesh and fowl. There are, in reality, very few persons who are not the worse for their own want of information on this head, or for that of others. Erroneous practices at one time give rise to the most tedious, and at another to the most severe illnesses.

What subject of contemplation is more melancholy than the uncertainty of life during its first stage? What oftener intrudes upon the purest and most placid domestic enjoynients, than the alarming recollection of this uncertainty? What plunges families into deeper distress than the occurrences, from which it is deduced by political arithmeticians ? It seems, however, clear that the knowledge and application of a few simple principles, would prevent the greatest part of this alarm and distress. Of two equal lots of infants, I do not entertain the smallest doubt but the mortality would be less by half, in that where these principles should be steadily followed. I will venture to say the same thing of sickness, at this and at every subsequent period ; and not of sickness only, but of that comfortless state, which wants a name, but will be well understood by the tenderer part of society, on recollecting their feelings in sharp weather, their greater weariness on waking than on going to sleep, their oppression after meals, and their sufferings on many other occasions, where the rest of animated nature finds solace.

During those epidemic pestilences of the dark ages, which were su destructive as to obtain notice in general history, the people

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