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mony, and above all, a party-spirited opiniatrety, dilgraced, and vulgariz'd the oratory of the contending parties, who, like mere
atrornies, maintained their cue of talking eternally on one fide • of the quellion, without knowing the value of making those • fair concessions, those occasional acknowlegments of right,
even in their opponents, which are so great a grace, and form ** such favourable prepossessions of the candor and wisdom of the
party who makes them. The prevalence of the chiefs of the parties, more than any concern for the public, engrossed the attention, and zeal of the humble herds of their respective followers, whilft fome lay perdue, in readiness to side with the conqueror, as soon as it should be decided.
Quis nemori imperitet, quem fota armenta fequantur.
Yet, even in that wretched period, it is but fair to remark, that it was too often the cruel and unjust practice to accuse men ' in great employs, of dishonesty and corruption, whereas they
were in truth, rather objects of the greatel pity. Mere want of parts, or intellectual disability, after all, are misfortunes, and never crimes.' And again farther on in these,
It may be obterved, that in a late conflict of embattled parties, those unmeaning cant-words, his Mojcfty's service, and the good of the country, which used to be so falsely and undecently
treated as distinct points, and so emphatically resounded on • each fide, worn out as they were to windowed raggedness,
were at last honestly dropped. A new æra now opened: a more fair, if not a more modest system, took place of those ftale, and transparent impositions, by which the public had
been so long amused, and late, but at length, ceased to be « blinded. - The leaders of the conflicting parties put their dis• fenfions openly and avowedly on the foot of personal pretenfion
to power. Court and country were equally out of the question: nor was there any otber matter for wrangling, so much as pretended, than whether John-a-Nokes or Tom-a-Styles should be the pay-master, and of course, implicitly the general of the mercenaries; which, by the by, was a matter at bottom of about as much importance to the public, as which ideot of a horse-fancier should have won the last race at Newmarket; to
public I say, whom experience had long fatisfied, that power might change hands, without changing maxims or measures ; and that it was still the fame dull itata-farce, with perhaps a little alteration in the cast of parts.”
. He has also the following palfage in his last page but one. • Never were those great resolutions, which have so often saved nations on the brink of the precipice, mote necessary than now. Firm, and high spirited measures, and those alone, planned with coolness, and executed with fire, may yet repair
• that recent Tofs and dishonour, for which thousands of fucki • vorthless lives as his, whose crime in it, is more immediately ini
fight, can be but a paltry atonemert to a națion fo deeply in
jured, and so juftly incensed : whilst probably those who were • in a great measure, and primarily the occasion of it, would not • be sorry to see the people opening in full cry, and hunting the * change, till they had run their resentment out of breath, or
evaporated it upon that pitiful object.'
VI. Reafons humbly offered, to prove that the Letter printed at the End of the French Memorial of Justification, is a French Forgery, and faldly afcribed to his R-Hossá 8vo. Is. Collyer.
What is said of a Witch's prayer, is true, when applied to this performance: With the face of an out-work to this FortRoyal, it is, in effect, a battery raised again it: and it is no fault of the engineer who canducts the attack, and who seems to be tolerably well versed in his trade, if he does not lay it level with the ground.
His method of doing this is two-fold , we shall give a speci. men of each, and leave the Reader to his own reflections. First, undertaking to enumerate the great qualities of this great General, it is in this manner he makes out his lift.
Firft, no General so judicioufly distinguishes what men ought to be chosen for every kind of enterprize, either thots who are . to command, or those who are to obey.
Secondly, no Commander has ever been more intelligent; explicit, and just in his orders, to all those whom he has appointed to command.
Thirdly, no man is more acquainted with the Geography, • nature of the place, and pature of the enemy, againt whom
he fends an army, or plans an expedition, by what methods . fuccefs ought to be pursued, or is mo& eafly obtained.
Fourthly, no General is so well killed in all the precautions • which are neceflary to prevent a furprize, or the spreading a panie amongst an army.
Fifthly, no. General lo truly underftands the methods of regularly supplying an army wigh neceffary provisions, or how it may be transported from one part to another with the greatest facility to the foldiers.
Sixthly, no Commander has ever equalled him in deftining troops
to the dugies for which they are adaptedy from the saw• eft Ailitia and irregulars, to the bel disciplined and veterani • forces.
• All these qualifications being acknowl'eged, by nature and • study, to be inherent in bis
. -, and Orders repugnant « to them in the Letter; it is easy to prove fyllogistically, that • he cannot be the author of it, in the following manner : Major. No great General can be author of ridiculous orders.
Minor. The supposed R- Dictator is the greatest General in
the world. Conclusion. Therefore the R- Dictator is not the author of those Orders.? (This is almost as good logic as Dr. Free's.]
Secondly, in his analysis of the Letter, the vein runs as fol. lows. 35" Should the Ohio expedition continue any considerable time, S and Pls and sly's regiments be found enough to S undertake, in the mean while, the reduction of Niagara, his “ R-Hss would have you confider whether you could
go there in person, leaving the command of the troops on the “ Ohio to some Officer on whom you might depend, unless you « should think it better for the service, to send those troops un“ der some person whom you have designed to command on the " Ohio ; but this is a nice affair, and claims your particular at* tention.”
Very farcaftical, indeed, Monfieur ; you have written this paragraph long since you have known that the Ohio expedition was finished in an hour, and that no Officer under Mr. Braddock was thought fit to be intrusted with the command in chief. Very fneering, indeed, you call that a nice affair to determine, whether a man Mall resolve to attack du Quesne, which cannot
affect Niagara ; or Niagara, which must cause the surrender of • du Quesne, reducing Braddock, and even his supposed R-1 Re
commender, to a more despicable situation than the ass between * two bundles of hay, which was fufpended by the equality of ? the objects; whereas you have infinuated those Generals to be
held in suspense by unequal objects, the next paragraph declaring Niagara of the greatest consequence.
• This ungentleman-like insinuation seems designed to invali• date the force of the second military excellence also. Believe
me, it is in vain; your army may as well take Gibraltar, by
throwing eggs at it, as diminish the fame of him againft whom • this whole malice is intended.
Now follows another paragraph of Orders, equally malicious and impoffible.
“ If, after the Ohio expedition is ended, it shall be necessary
with your whole force to Niagara, it is the opie "nion of his R--I Hals, that you hould carefully en" deavour to find out a shorter way from the Ohio thither, than " that of the Lakes, which, however, ye are not to attempt un
any pretence whatsoever, without a moral certainty of be"ing fupplied with provisions, &c. "As to your design of mak“ing yourself master of Niagara, which is of the greatest con“ sequence, his R-H -fs recommends it to you, to leave “ nothing to Chance in the prosecution of that enterprize."
This Order of finding a shorter way by land than through • the lakes, is another severe sneer upon the cutting down whole
forests to make a road to dy Quesne, where the English army
never ought to have gone; but as chat command has been al.
ready proved impofüble to proceed from the supposed great • Dictator's mouth, so must this for the fame reason; besides
which, the directing Book to find a shorter way than
through the lakes, is the grofielt afíront that ever was offered to • fo august a person. Can the R General have imagined, • that there is a shorter way than a strait line between two points? • Or would he have given such Orders, without observing, that
a line drawn between du Quefne and Niagara, mutt pass through * almost a hundred miles in length of the lake Erie ?
* A Command the like of this, is jutt faying, Go the farthest way about, spend me two or three months in cutting roads for a hundred miles through foreits, otherwise iin pariable, harrass your men and horses to death with needless fatigue, lole your artillery in the road, lay yourselves open to inomentary am• buscade, fickness, and death, notwithitanding you can pass the
whole way by water in a few days, without labour or d'anger,
carrying all the ammunition, baggage, and provifion, with • the greatest care to the whole army. This was contrived to destroy the belief of the fourth article of military excellence. • As to the attempting the passage by land or water, without a moral Certainty of provision, it is morally certain equally ridi• culous ; yet at the same time a tenth part of the provision, • which is ten times as easily provided, will be fufficient by water,
which is necessary by land; because the journey will not take up a tenth part of the time.
• The laft fentence is, however, eminently beyond all the • former, it is only to be paralleled by itself, as has been already • mos happily expressed and remarked, by former writers on • former occasions.
" You are to leave nothing to Chance in prosecuting the fiege “ of Niagara."
This, indeed, would have been most excellent advice, if, • like Harlequin's dead horse, it had not one small fauit attend
ing it, that of never being capable to be of ufe. For example, • by what kind of fagacity, though the admonition was ever so • well recommended, could Mr. B- -k have guarded againit • the Chance of being killed by a shot from the Fortification, if
he went to the fiege ; the Chance of being beaten by a fupe. rior nụmber of the enemy; the Chance of being out,generalled
by the antagonist Commander ; the Chance of fickness and • death of him and his troop: ; the Chance of interception of
provifion, and raising the siege through want of fupplies; and • the Chance of a thousand other accidents? When such Orders are given, without telling how they may put
into execarion, • What is it but commanding impoflibilities ? And whoever had "-received this Command, io leave nothing in Chence in acrack. sing Niagara, ought to have confitiered it as a: abloltite pohi.
bition from attempting it at all, the only nethod by which all Chance of miscarriage could have been avoided.'
VII. A serious Defence of some late Measures of the Administration; particularly with regard to the Introduction and Establishment of Foreign Troops. 8vo. 15. Morgan.
This is another ironical performance; and tho' not directed against any particular personage, is calculated to inflame the political Tetter, at present gathering and spreading, by the fame kind of tickling irritation. Neither this, nor the former, it is reasonable to believe, are wholly the work of those Gentlemen, who, according to the City-watchmaker,* are Patriots through their Indigence ; some particular marks of intelligence, which are to be distinguished in each, seeming to argue, that the documents, at least, in which they are founded, were furnished by persons who stood higher, and saw farther, than they can be supposed to do.
Two excerpts, taken out of different parts of this performance, will serve to give a tolerable idea of the political knowlege contained in it : viz.
Though our misfortunes and disgraces in the Mediterranean, • have, of late, been the general-topic of conversation, few or
none of my countrymen, so far as I observe, have reasoned
upon them with propriety, or traced them to their proper 5 fource; but have contented themselves with assigning causes, which, when examined, do not appear adequate to the effect.
• Thus some have pleased themselves with throwing all the « blame upon the ministry at home, who have been accused of
want of abilities or want of honesty, of having neglected or betrayed their truft ; and it hath been no unusual fund of clamour
against them, that they deferred sending a fleet into the Medi• terranean, till it was too late to save our possessions there, and
at laft, fent it fo weak as to be unable to save them, even if • it had failed much sooner. But Gentlemen who reason in this manner, are not aware that unanswerable arguments may be
urged, to free che administration from any blame on this head. ! In a word, the French preparations for invading Britain, could
not but alarm the wife patriots who preside in the cabinet.. . For tho?: Admiral Hawke was sent to cruize off Brest, in the
beginning of March, with a fleet superior to that of the enemy blocked up there; tho'a vaft fleet besides, lay at Spithead
ready to defend our coasts ; and tho' it was well known, that "no ships were collected in any port of France for an embarka. tion of troops, except at Toulon; yet as Maréchal Belleille, (who knew the road to Windsor, had been nominated General
upon the sea-coafts ; as the French ministers at foreign courts,
who cannot be supposed to be politicians at the expence of • truth, made no fecret of the intended invasion of England; • and as the Dutch Gazettes, remarkable for conveying authen.
tic intelligence, gave ys formidable accounts of French troops
• See Art. II. of this Catalogue. Rev. Sep. 1736.