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<XIII. A short Epistle from a Country Gentleman to his Grace the Duke of Newcastle, on the present Conjuncture of Affairs. 4to. 4d. T. Payne.

This Politician affects the character of a Joker, in the out-fet of his Epistle; which, however, ends in a sober proposal relating to the method of establishing a proper Constitucional Militia. But here, where the Author least intended it, lies, we apprehend, the greatest Joke his performance can boalt: for, should

he not have bottled up his scheme as to the manner of raising a : Militia, till it became known whether, or not, we are to have a *+ Militia at all? Let but that fundamental point be settled, and then, no fear of Ways and Means..

MISCELLANEOU S. XIV. Bower. Vindicated from the false Insinuations and Ace cusations of the Papists. With a fhort Account of his Cha. racter. In Anfwer to the Pamphlet intitled, Six Letters & from And Burto Father Sheldon, &c. By a Country Neighbour. Svo. 6d. Doughty.

What Mr.Bower himself has to offer in answer to the heavy accusations urged against him by his opponents, is yet anknown to the public; but as to what is advanced by his Country Neighbour, it is extremely triding, and scarce worth taking notice of. The whole pamphlet is not equal in quantity to five pages of our Review; and we learn little more from it, than that Bower is very conkant at his parish church, esteemed a good husband, an enemy to nó man, and well respected by all his neighbourhood. In regard to the Six Letters, this Country Neighbour tells us, that they are nonfenfical forgeries, and that Bower's second affidavit before John Fielding, Esq; is fufficient to convince any person that they are fo: This, to be sure, is very fatisfactory evidence.--As to the money-transaction, we are told, that about the year 1741, Bower had a sum of money by him, which he went to lend to the Trustees for building Aldgate church, but was too late ; that in returning from thence, he accidentally met with Father Hill, to whom he told his disappointment; and that Hill immediately offered to take his money on the same terms he was disappointed of with the Trustees, which Bower, through hafte, inadvertently accepted; but when he began his History of the Popes, thought it prudent to desire back his money, which request Hill complied with. Our Author refers to Bower for every particular of this transaction, and advises him, as a friend, to publish the whole of it to the world, in his own vindication. He allows this transaction with Father Hill to have been an indiscretion; but obferves that the like has been practised, for many years past, by Proteftants as well as Roman-Catholics. As to the charge against Bower, of his being met by an acquaintance, coming out of a house of civil-reception in Covent Garden, this Author tells us, that he lias heard Bower fay, he went to that house on a laudable oc


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cafion, viz. to fetch a young Gentleman from thence as from a house of ill-fame, and that all the relations of that young Gentleman are at this time in great friendship with him. This is the fubftance of what is advanced by Bower's Country Neighbour ; and we shall leave our Readers to their own réflections upon it.

XV. Geographical, Historical, Political, Philosophical, and Mechanical ĒJays. No. II. By Lewis Evans. 4to. Is. 6d. Doddley.

In the Review, vol. XIV. p. 29, feq. we gave some account of the first part of Mr. Evans's ingenious, public spirited, and useful work; which we are truly forry he did not live to complat. This second part is employed in refuting a Letrer published in the New York Mercury of January 5, 1756; containing objections to those parts of Evans's General Map and Analysis, which relate to the French title to the country on the north-west side of S:. Laurence river, be.ween Fort-Frontenac and Montreal, &c. and representing, also, the impropriety of fending forces to Virginia; the importance of taking Frontenac ; and that the preservation of Oswego was owing to General Shirley's proceeding thither. To all these particulars our Author replies, with the appearance of much solidity of argument, as well as honelty of intention. He was, certainly, a sensible man, a good geographer, (so far, at least, as concerns that part of the world he treats of) and a true friend to his country; so that his death may justly be deemed a public lofs.

XVI. Reasons for Building Barracks; Difincumbering the Inn-keepers and Publicans ; restoring Discipline to the Army; and a right Understanding between the Soldiers and the People ; with some casual Remarks on the Nature, Genius, and Aptitude of a British Milita, 8vo. Is. Cooper.

It is very well known, that, in this land of liberty, soldiers as well as other subjects, when not on military service, have no other obligation to good behaviour than the fear of ineurring the nalties affixed to any, and every, infringement of the laws of their country. It is equally true, that they are always deemed inconvenient, and expensive to the public-houses; where, from the neceílity of their being in some manner provided for, they are quartered. The prevention of future ofience, the removal of some just complaints, and a proposal to render these disciplined geo:lemen of somewhat more use to the community, are the reafins afsigned for this publication : the author of which seems not inadequately acquainted with his subject.

XVII. The Sham-fight; or Political Humbug. A State Farce, in two Ads; as it was acted by some Persons of Dirtinction in the M-N, and elsewhere. 8vo. Is. Sold at Hogarth's Head, Fleetstreet.

This Political Humbog is comprized in several miserable buffoon dialogues; and is, on the whole, a more wretched catch5



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penny than many of the common ballads, on the subject of our late misconduct in the Mediterranean, &c.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. XVIII. Comparative Theology: or, the true and solid Grounds of pure and peaceable Theology: a Subject very necessary, tho hitherto almost wholly neglected. First laid down in an University discourse, and now translated from the original Latin. 12mo.

IS. Printed for Cadell, Bristol, and fold by Cooper, London. 12. This is a new edition of an excellent tract, written originally

in Latin, by Dr. James Garden, who was Professor of Divinity in the King's college, Aberdeen, for several years before the Red volution, but, after the establishment of Presbytery in Scotland, was deprived of his professorship, for refusing to subscribe the Westminster Confession of Faith, and the Formula. In the preface we have a short account of the Author, and of the work itself, which, we are told, was an introductory oration to one of the annual courses of divinity lectures. There have been several editions of it, both in Latin and English.

XIX. A Reply to Mr. Abraham Bourn's Free and Candid Considerations, lhewing the Impropriety and Incompetency of that Work, &c. With a Preface addressed to the Gentlemen of the Presbyterian Persuasion, especially in Liverpool. By Peter Whitfield. 8vo. Is. Liverpool printed, by R. Williamson, and fold by Hitch, &c. in London.

In the Review for March latt, p. 258, we just mentioned Mr. Bourn's pamphlet, which was an answer to a tract of Mr. Whitfield's, occafionally written in vindication of the Author's conformity to the church of England, contrary to the principles of his education. This tract (which was only the preface to a book not yet publijhed*) we had not then seen ; but it hath. fince fallen in our way. The Author; who is a person in trade, appears to be a man of good sense, considerable learning, and extenfive reading ; and is by no means a contemptible Controversialist. Mr. Boorn, his antagonist, is also a lay-man, and a man of business, with the advantage of a liberal education : however, both these champions have given rather too much way to sarcasms, and sneers at each other; as is too often the custom in literary, as '

well as other, debates. But this practice is both

* Entitled, The Christianity of the New Testament ; or a scholaftic Defence of the Scripture Do&trines of Redemption, Propitiation, &c. From a Comparison of the original meaning

of those terms in the Hebrew of the Old Testament, and the • Greek Version of the fame, with their Use and Application in • the Writings of the New Testament, againt the Infidels and Libertines of this Age.'



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unbecoming, and impertinent. It has nothing to do with argument, especially on seligious subjects ; and rather seems to indi

defire to mortify his opponent, than to afcertain a Truth.

As to the points in debate between Meffrs.Whitfield and Bourn, we leave them to secele maicers between themselves, as well as they cans for controversies of this nature, are neither very entertaining, or improving, unless when treated in the most masterly manner, indeed ; i. e. with the utmolt candour and decency ; with learning fally adequate to the subject; and a thorough know

lege of human nature : without which Revelation itself will nenot be fo completely underftood, as it ought to be, by those who fet up for its Commentators and Expounders.

XX. A Reply to a Quære concerning Confirmation, in * Letter to a fcrupulous Friend. By a Prefbyter of the Church of England. 8vo. 6d. Rivington.

The question, to which an aniwer is here given, is this : In cale any person has received the holy Communicn before Confirmation, is it neceffary for him to be confirmed afterwards! -In regard to this, our Author is of opinion, that the receiving the Lord's Supper prior to confirmation, cannot in the lealt superfede the neceility of receiving the latter, when a proper opportunity offers. For if the Lord's Supper could convey to us all the benefits which confirmation does, there would then, he says, be no occafion for Confirmation at all ; and our Church, as well as the primitive one, would be to blame for appointing two ordiDances to effect that which may as well be effected by one. But that the Church of Chri: in all ages has apprehended a special difference between the Graces and Effects of these two ordinances, he thinks evidently appears from the distinction, which has ever been observed between the Officer administring the one and the other. All in Prirfts orders, and sometimes even Deacons, have a power to consecrate and administer the elements in the holy Excharift; whereas the office of Confirmation has ever been reserved to the Episcopal order. In a word, he is of opinion, and he is certainly in the right, that a BISHOP can confer some peculiar graces, which an ordinary Prief cannot.

He tells us further, that the gift of the Holy Ghost is generally the effect of Confirmation ; that the Fathers of the Church alone have the power velled in them of conferring, by impofition of hands and prayer, the manifold gifts of the Holy Gholt; that in the Sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper, the Holy Spirit communicates such mystical virtue to the outward figns as cleanses the foul from fin, and produces the spiritual life; but in Conformation he communicates himself, fanctifies our persons, takes up his refidence in our souls, and makes our bodies to become his tempies. If it be necessary for Chrillians to be furnished with ftrength against their spiritual enemies, with divine graces to render them aceptable to God, and (in a word) to receive the Holy


Ghoft, how can we depend, he alks, on any means for procur. ing such inestimable benefits, but those which God has appointed in Confirmation

Notwithstanding all that is said of the inestimable benefits de: șived from Confirmation, many very ferious and sensible persons are of opinion, that this ceremony, as it is at present appointed and practised in our church, is so far from conducing to the purposes of piety and virtue, that it tends to cherish in mens minds false and presumptuous hopes, and to delude them into wrong notions as to the safety of their state, and as to the terms of acceptance and favour with God, whether this be so or not, certainly deserves the serious cenfideration of chose who are concerned for the interests of religion, or for the honour of our church,

XXI. No Protestant Popery. A Letter of Admonition to the Rev. Mr. Samuel Pike. Occasioned by some very offensive Passages in his Affembly's Catechism analized, explained, &c. which are animadverted upon, and the fole Authority of the facred Scriptures defended. By Caleb Fleming, Author of the Scale of Principles, &c. 8vo. 6d. Noon.

We have read this little piece with great pleasure, as we do. every thing that is written in defence of the fundamental principles of Protestantism, the facred and unalienable rights of private judgment, which Mr. Fleming vindicates with Ipirit, sense, and freedom. He animadverts very smartly, and with a becoming severity, on Mr. Pike's remarks upon the Afembly's Gatechism, and makes some very pertinent observations on the recommendation of that work by the Rev. Fa: hers Bradbury, Guise, Hall, Rawlin, and King. His principal design is to vindicate the authority of Scripture, and the rights of Reason, the first and best of God's gifts to men. What he says of the Assembly's Catechism, appears to be very just: he is of opinion, that it prejudices the mind against the plainness and fimplicity of the Gospel doctrine; that it has contributed not a little to promote the cause of Infidelity; and that the decay of Religion among us, and a contempt of the Bible, is, probably, much owing to the misrepresentations therein given of the Christian doctrine. -As for Mr. Pike, if there are any of our Readers who are unacquainted with his charazter, it may not be improper to inform them; that he is Orthodox to the Back-bone: it is a delicious part of hi: divinity, he tells us, that the Father, the Son, and b. Spirt, zere Jonally distinct from each other, are each of them truly divine and poßeffed of all the perfections of Deitv.---This sweet; de icious morsel he may enjoy alone for us, unenvied : such delicacies may be very proper for weak ftomachs, but we require more fubftantial food.

XXII. Observations on the Doctrine of an Intermediate State, between Death and the Resurrection. With some remarks on


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