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Fiom Europe, or laden with European goods. Ports from whence the

No. of General Contents of Lading. several thips came.

fhips. Dry goods, of British and Indian

manufactures per cockets, From London di

wines, iron, and copper-ware, > 40 rectly

refined fugars, tobacco-pipes,

&c. From London and, Dry goods, and beef, pork, but

ter, tongues, &c. the produce Cork

4 of Ireland From London and

8 Madeira From London, Cork,

and Madeira From London and Mules, affes,camels, and Spanish

I Cape de Verds

? wines, all from Cape de Verds
Dry goods of British and Irish

manufactures, copper and iron From Bristol directly ware, ship-chandlery ware, 8

bottled beer, cheese, cyder, and
refined sugar

} Dry goods and wines
} Dry goods, provisions, and wines

}

2

Fromark Brikol and { Gords if the fame fort, and Irish } 15

}
Chiefly provisions
} Manufactured cottons and wines

Cork

Manufactured mahogony and From Liverpool di

cottons, ale, cheese, cyder and 3 rectly

potatoes From Liverpool and Ireland

17 From Liverpool and

I Madeira

99 the only inaccuracy we meet with in his figures. For instance, the article rum he computes at 4600 puncheons, or 50,6co gallons, amounting to 69,5751. At this rate a puncheon would contain no more than eleven gallons, and the price would be 275. 6d. per gallon. How widely diftant this is from truth, is manifest to every one in the least conversant with this commodity. Numerical errors oughe very particularly to be guarded against, secing they are less perceptible, and at the same time more apt to mislead, than mere literal mistakes. However, this matter may be easily rectified ; our Author need only advertise his readers to add a single cypher to the number of gallons, and the puncheon will be reitored to its usual contents, 110 gallons, and the value reduced to a tolerably moderate price, viz, 2 s. 9d. a gallon.

From

Brought over

99

From Lancaster di-{ Manufacture carte matured dry}

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rectly

goods of a coarse nature From Lancaster and s Goods of the like kind, and proIreland

visions From Huil, Ply

mouth, and the other out-ports of

Dry goods per cockets, ship

chandlery ware, herrings, shads England, of which

and a few wines from Madeira two called at Ma

deira From Great Britain, by the way of Af

of Af- Slaves (k) rica. English fhips entered

directly from fo

reign ports, viz. From Madeira

Wines

29

4

4

5

}Dry goods and provisions

2

I

wines From Bourdeaux In ballast From Lisbon Ditto From different parts

of Scotland di- ÇDry goods and herrings

rectly
From Scotland and

Ireland
From Scotland and
Madeira

Dry goods and wines
From Scotland and
Philadelphia

Herrings, provisions, and Lumber
From Ireland di-

.

Beef, butter, pork, tongues, and rectly

herrings, a few French wines,

and some Irish linnens From Ireland and

Madeira
From Barbados, An- European and American goods,

tigua,and the other not in demand in those Tettle-
windward islands. ments

I

,
{
}Provisions and wines

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15

190 (k) The number of new negros annually imported is said to have diminished, since the commencement of the late war, from about 9000, which was then nearly the medium, to 6624, the number imported in the year 1752 ; but that they have lately begun to increase.

D 3

Vessels

Vefsels from North America. Ports from whence General Contents of Lading. Veliels.

No. of the Shịps came.

The vessels from these places bring the fame commodities,

viz. flour, bread, beef, pork, From New York, hams, dried and pickled fish, 40 From Boston, onions, apples, corn, peale, 33 From Rhode-Idland, rice, soap, cheese, and can- 28 From New-London, dles; horses, sheep, hogs, 8 From Piscataway,

ducks, geese, and turkies; but- 8 From Salem. ter, lard, tallow, pitch, oil, tar, 7

and turpentine; planks, boards,
ftaves, hoops, headings, thin-
gles, and bricks.

Bread, four, hams, and From Philadelphia. Jumber, faves, hoops, headgammons; iron in bars, bricks,

4? Ling, shingles, &c. From Virginia and r Pease, four, bread, pork, Maryland ; of

bacon, foap, candles, tar, and which one called

17 fhingles. at Madeira. From Nor. & South

Rice, leather, lumber, shinCarolina, Georgia,

gles, and tar, and Cape Fair. From the Inands of

Brazileito, turtle, falt, fish, Bermudas, Turk, poultry, onions, and building 6 zni Providence. itones.

38

227

From different Parts { come gort and filver specie.

Vessels trading to the Main,

S Mules, horses, cocao, and of the Coast. fome gold From Hispaniola. {

Mules, indigo, and a few

wines (1). From Curassoa.

Mules.

} 23

3

9

Carried forward

35

(1) · The wines imported from that island are but few, and gene. rally run, as they cannot be entered in the Coftom-House ; they are commonly cordial wines, and much wanted in Jamaica in fickly seasons, therefore overlooked,'

Brought

35

Vessels trading to the Main. Brought forward

of Honduras.

} From the Musquitos Mahogany, cedar, logwood, Shore.

{ cacoa, and turtle.

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9

5

49

Total of Vessels trading to Jamaica (m).
European
North American
From the Coast and the neighbouring Inands

190 227 49

466

The value of the principal commodities, annually imported into Jamaica, comes next under our Author's consideration; he would willingly,' he tells us, have gone through

the whole, could the quantities or value of them be ascer<tained; but this was impossible, where the greatest part of

the imports pay no duties; and many principal articles are entered fo confusedly, that no just calculation can be made,

either of their quantities or value;' for which reason he takes notice of only such as admit no doubt. • The most expensive articles,' he observes,

those immediately introduced from England; the value of these has been lately

calculated, to be laid before the parliament; " and, on an exact computation, for four

years, ending in December 1751, has been • found, at a medium, to amount to

2617281. 55. fterl. per annum, which, < in that island, would amount to 4589241. • 8s. 9d. currency, as goods are generally « debited there(n). But as we may reasonably

+ suppole

are

(m) Our author is a little mistaken in the addition of these several totals; for, tho’according to his account of particulars, the amount of the whole number of thips is as we have ftated it; he makes the total of European vessels 189, and of North American 230.

(n) It is to be wished our Author had informed us at what rate Eusopean and other foreign goods are commonly debited in Jamaica ; or by what rule he has been guided (not only in this, but also in fume

Other

D 4

6

1. S. d. suppose a fourth part of these, at the most « moderate calculation, to be imported by the

Planters themselves, and subject to none of

those extraordinary changes to which debited "goods are liable;' the Doctor computęs the « annual amount of the whole at

431676 8 3 To which he adds, for expences of Planters residing in England, and in the education of their youth here

70000 For new Negros, 6624,

235000 0 Irish provisions, in the year 1752, were as follows, viz. 1992 1 barrels of beef, 43071 barrels of pork, and 15876 firkins of butter, rated at 874931. But deducting for what may be imported by the Planters themselves, this fum will be reduced to

78309 170 Madeira wines, 827 pipes,

26464 0 North American commodities (0)

75000

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Total of Imports, currency, 916450, 534
Which is equal to, sterling, 654607 672

From this state of the Jamaica trade, a tolerable judgment, we apprenend, may be formed of the opulence of its inhabitants, and the advantages derived from that ifland to Great

other respects) in forming his calculations, several of which, especially in the larger numbers, seem very doubtful; nor is it poflible, for want of this knowlege, to judge with any tolerable exactness of their rectitude. We would not have Dr. Brown entertain any opinion, that our mention of this, or of some other evident mistakes, was made with a view of depreciating his work. We believe he is often pretty nearly in the right; but it would certainly be a greater satisfaction to his readers to find him perfectly fo. One, and not the least, purpose, in these remarks, was to put him in mind of revising his arithmetical computations; in which, as his plan is not compleated in this volume, he may, in his future publication, take an opportunity of rectifying the errors he shall find; and, surely, the discovery will come with a better grace from himself ihan any body else.

(0) The imports from North America are, justly, observed to be the articles most immediately necessary for a Sugar Colony. The Doctor rates them at 70 or 80000l. per annum, we have taken the medium.

Britain

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