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equally Esays, &c. by the Edinburgh Society: 391 Half of this was directed to be taken immediately, drinking. after it a cup of brandys; and the other half in fix hours after. The consequence was that after the first dore, her stomach was no more convulsed, and she was in general much better. By a more frequent repetition of the fame medicine, in 'larger quantities, a profuse sweat was obtained, which continued jor two days; and by the 4th of December the patient was able "to go abroad. But may not a medical critic be inclined to afk, How are we to be a ffured, that the disorder here described
really the gont in the stomach, leeing most of the symptoms are perfectly hysterical? And again, it may be entired, What Share of merit ought to be allowed the cinnabar in the above composition?nog
to be Art. 13. An account of an uncommon effect of antimonialTVin, - by Dr. James Walker, Surgeon, and Agent for the Navys at Edinburghat yrity of Nes
ISO Dr. Walker having, on account of a cold, ordered some whey to be made for himself, the antimonial wine, initead of Lisbon, was by a mifake, made use of. Of this
, whey he drank a full English pint, in which was contained about a gill and a half of the wine, But instead of producing the effect that might naturally be expected from such a preparation, it brought on an unusual propensity to sleep, with a lassitude and numbness of his limbs. Two apprentices, who had eat the curd, were affected in the like manner.v.
Half an ounce of the fame antimonial wine was afterwards found to vomit a patient very well.---Query, If its combination with milk should be found not only to deprive the antimonial, wine of its emetic quality, but even to render it, in fome degree, narcotic, may not some useful hints be drawn from this case, to extend the use of that preparation in practiced At least the experiment may be safely tried, in proper quantities. h Art. 14. An obftinate Dysentery cured by Lime-waterý by James
3} Grainger, 21. D. Physician at London. lanol After the distemper before mentioned had, without intermilion, affected the unhappy patient for upwards of twelvemonths, and had baffled all the efforts of judicious practice, it manifestly appears to have been cured by the use of limewater only, in the space of "fix weeks. Another inftance is also mentioned, where the able in the same disorder. med sorosi
Art. 15. The'anthelminthic virtue of the Wild Cabbage, or Bulge
water Tree; by the late Mr. Peter Duguid, Surgeon, in famaica, in a letter to Alexander Monro, fenior, M. D. and Professor of Anatomy.
Mr. Duguid has justly observed that the writers on the difeases of the Weft-Indies have paid too little attention to worms; to which, especially in Jamaica, may be ascribed by far the greatest part of thc maladies that occur there, in persons of each sex, and of every age, rank, and colour. Nature, indeed, has provided that island with many excellent vermifuges, tho with none of more efficacy than that recommended by this gentleman, who informs his correspondent, that he was then mak
ing experiments for ascertaining the dose to patients of different
ages.' But from this he was prevented by an immature, and much-lamented death.--However, we shall endeavour to fupply the loss of his communication, by mentioning the observations of a gentleman, who resided some time there, and whole profeffion was phyfic: according to whom, the safest and moft effectual way of adminiftring this remedy is in decoction, allowing two drachms of the bark, to about twelve ounces of water; to be boiled till about four ounces are consumed. The remaining liquor, after ftraining, may be sweetned to the palate of the patient. Of this, one large spoonful is fufficient for a child of four years old, and should be taken two or three times a day. Art. 16. The description of a monstrous Fætus; by Mr. John
Mowat, Surgeon, at Largholin, in a letter to Alexander Monro, senior, M. D. &c.
Dissection of the same Monster, continued by Alexa ander Monro, junior, M. D. and Professor of Anatomy in!
the University of Edinburgh. Art. 18. Bones found in the Ovarium of a Woman, by Dr.
George Young'; and communicated to the Society by Dr. Fahn Bofwell, Fellow of the royal College of Physicians, in Edinburgh.
The three articles above-mentioned, are illustrated by plates, without seeing which, any extract will convey but an imperfect idea of the several subjects. Art. 19. Proofs of the Contiguity of the Lungs and Pleura ; by
Alexander Monro, Senior, M. D. &C. This ingenious Anatomist here directs the following as easier methods of proving the non-existence of air in the thorax, than that proposed by Lieberkuhn, and practised by Haller. ! 1.Dir
fect the teguments and intercostal muscles from the pleura
of either a dead man, or quadruped, without wounding this • membrane, in which there is no difficulty; then pull up, and
depress, alternately, the sternum and ribs, as often as you swill, the lungs are seen contiguous all the while to the • pleura; but on making a small puncture through this mem< brane, the lungs, if they are not grown to the pleura, which
is often the case in the human subject, Ay from the pleura, and are no more seen.
2. This connection of the lungs and pleura, more or less $ of which is seen in most human bodies, implies Atrongly a natural contiguity of these two parts.
3. Lay bare the pleura, without wounding it, between ç two ribs of any living quadruped, which requires no great
dexterity; and then the contiguity of the lungs and pleura
may be seen, tho' the lungs are constantly sliding and chang? ing place along the pleura, and tho' this membrane is in dif« ferent states: while the creature inspires, it is concave; s during exspiration, it is conycx, and prominent outwards,
for this plain reason, that while inspiration is performing,
the air does not pass so quickly at the narrow glottis, as to • fill the lungs at once with air, of density and weight equal 6 to the atmosphere, and during exspiration the air cannot
escape so fast at the glottis, as to prevent its more than ordinary condensation and expansibility in the lungs, than the
external air has.' Art. 20. An account of fome Experiments made with Opium, on
living and dying animals, by Robert Wbytt, M. D.. F. R. S. &c. &c.
Molt of these experiments are cited by the Doctor in his obfervations on fenfibility and irritability againft Haller. The design of them may be feen in our abftract of that work. Review, Vol. XIV. p. 139. Art 21. The history of a complete Luxation of the Thigh, in a
letter to Dr. John Rutherford, President of the Rayal College of Physicians, and Professor of Medicine in the University of Edinburgh, by James Mackenzie, M. D. late Physician at Iorcester,
The method used for reducing so uncommon a dislocation appearing to us well worthy a place in a literary register, we shall not scruple to give it at length. After mature deliberation *, it was agreed, that in case the usual extension
There were four physicians and three surgeons in the confultation, and the luxation appears to have been clearly ascertained.
did not fucceed, the vis percussionis (which is well known to • increase the force to a fürprizing degree, by accelerating the • motion) should next be tried. In order to both, therefore, • we provided a large strong table, of a proper length and " height, which we fastened with screws to the floor, and co« vered with such blankets and bolsters as we wanted; a piece 6 of strong cloth was also said upon the blankets, under the ' patient's back, of sufficient length to turn up between his
thighs, and pass over his shoulders down to the floor, where <both ends were fecurely fixed, with a view to refift or coun
ter-act the neceffary extension. We provided also two towels • of a convenient length and thickness"; one of which, at the 6 middle, was tied with a tight, but easy, knot, above the 6 patient's ankle, and the two ends, twisted together, were
given to three strong men to hold. The other towel was, ' in the fame manner, fastened above the knee, and the dou• ble end given to three more; while the surgeons stood rea<dy, one with his hand on the ball of the dislocated bone,
to direct it into the socket ; one at the knee, and another at 6 the foot, to turn them inwards.
< When all things were ready, the extenfion was begun in • the common method, by the towel-men; but tho they ex6 erted their utmost strength, the head of the bone was not • moved in the least, and their effort served only to increase
the poor man's torture to an intolerable degree. • Finding thus the extension of no significancy, and the patient's courage reviving after some respite, the vis percuffionis was carried into’execution after the following manner: ('the towel. men were directed to flacken their towels to a ? certain point, to 'ftand with their feet firm, their arms
streight, and their bodies bending a little forward ; and, upon a certain signal agreed on, were ordered to pull with
vehement and quick jirk, throwing themselves back with < all their might.
After every thing was in good order, and the affiftants apprised of the nature and necessity of the operation which they were about to perform, the signal agreed on was at last given. The towel-men
pulled in a moment with a strong ( and sudden spring the furgeons performed their parts dex
terously, and instantly there was a loud crash heard, which made one of the phylicians call out, Alas! the table is brokena but at the very, moment the patient, with a thundervoice, ,
And so it really was, for we immediately found the limb restored to its nacural position, length, and flexibility. The patient was put
* to bed, and, by a proper diet and care, recovered his former <health, and could walk perfectly well in three weeks.zi, Art. 22. Some observations on the new Method of curing the Cataraft, by extratting the chrystalline humour; by Thomas
Young, Surgeon, in Edinburg). Mr. Young's success in six patients, on whom he performed this operation, induces him to recommend it to further experience: the manner of performing it is here accurately describeds, and the necessary instruments are delineated in
a plate odle barvo goV Arte 23. A Hernia from the Omentum falling down into the
Scrotum ;o kyi Thomas Living stone, M.D. Physician at A91 berdeenscy bihinpilsonist * We find nothing so very remarkable in this cafe, as to make any further mention of it necessary here. Di in
Art. 24. A Child brought forth at a Rent of the Belly.
Extraordinary as this fact must appear, the truth of it seems well attested. In the fame article, Dr. Monro, fenior, has added an instance of a child's escaping at a rent of the womb into the abdomen, Art. 25. A preternatural Collection of Waters in the Womb with 550n: Twins; by Stephen Fell, Surgeon, in Ulverstone,
The quantity of water evacuated in this delivery, is said to be not lels than fix wine gallons. Art. 26. Históries of tophaceous Concretions in the alimentary
Canal, by Alexander Monro, senior, M. D. Sc. 20:51These histories, to say the least of them, may serve as
proper cautions against suffering any indigestible substances, as the stones of fruit, &c. to pass into the stomach. Art. 27. Remarks on Procidentia Ani, Intususceptio, Inflamma
tion, and Volvules of the Intestines; by the fame.*? Several curious and necessary observations on the above diforders are here illustrated by apposite histories, and a drawing of a remarkable intululception. The following we cannot but particularly recommend as generally useful premonitions :
The common practice of taking spirituous liquors, or the warm carminatives, when people feel cholic pains, is often unlucky, and public warning Thould be given against it ;
for tho relief is found from such things in the windy or 5 fpasmodic cholics, which is not a deadly disease, yet they hurry on the inflammatory ones so fast, that they soon prove