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tem, quàm tempeftiva ab- men, amongst us, chufe for them. Itinentia. Intemperantes felves the seasonsof eating, and leave homines apud nos, fibi ci- the quantity of their food to the bi tempora, modum cu physicians. Others again complirantibus dant. Rurfus ment the physicians with the tiines, alii tempora medicis pro but reserve the quantity to their own dono remittunt, fibi ipfis determination. Those fancythemmodum vendicant. Li- selves to behave very genteely, who beraliter agere fe credunt, leave every thing else to the judg qui cætera illorum arbitrio ment of the physicians, but inlist relinquunt, in genere cibi upon the liberty of chufire the kind liberi tunt; quali quæratur, of their food; as if the question was, quid medico liceat, non what the physician has a right to quid ægro salutare fit: cui do, not what may be falutary for vehementer, nocet, quo- the patient; who is greatly hurt, ties in ejus quod affümi as often as he tranfgreffes in the tur, vel tempore, vel time, ineasure, or quality of his modo, vel genere peccatur. food,

Whoever has sufficient leisure, and difpoficion, for an attentive perufal of this work, must perceive it has cost the Translator much time, care, and study; while the competent, the candid, and unprejudiced, we imagine, will admit, upon the whole, that Dr. Grieve has fhewn himself a gentleman of literature and application. How neceflary an English translation may be thought by some physicians and surgeons of our days, is a different consideration : Since we may reasonably fuppofe, that from the addition of a few important articles to our Materia Medica ; from the discoveries in natural.philosophy and anatomy; and from the augmented experience of time itself, physic and surgery are arrived at a state of greater maturity, than they had attained in the time of Celsus. We may venture, however, to affirm, that as many can now rem cur to him, who could not in the original, fo even some phyficians may find many of those difficulties removed, or lessened, which have formerly rendered him less current. And as some reasonable practitioners may undoubtedly have experienced inconveniences from a more limited education, such will enjoy an opportunity of observing the state of phyfic and furgery, at, and before, his time, while every sensible and ingenious reader must admire his candour and manliness, his excellent and dirtinguilhing judgment, (as often as it intervenes on difputable points) and his unaffected elegance. Neither can we suppose a translation of him as useless as some may have suggefiel; since we have accidentally learned, that an ingenious and emi

REVIEW, Oct. I756. Do


nent operator has declared Celsus's method of reducing the luxated humerus (see p. 510, 511) very adroit and eligible. For ourselves, as we have a pretty adequate notion of the difficulty of this work, (which is extended to 519 pages, exclusive of the preface, contents, and index) and as we always intend that impartial and disinterested investigation of truth, which Celfus himself happily professes, in his Sine ambitione verum fcrutantibus, we cannot forbear giving Dr. Greive our atteftation of his having competently translated a truly valuable book, which has been defired by fome, may be usefon to many, and which can injure no one, except its consequences should fail to reward himself, sufficiently. But if instead of this, he thall hereafter rencounter any cavilling brethren, who, te gardless of its merit, Thall ungenerously infist on, or even aggravate, a few trivial inaccuracies, he may refer them to the difficulties which the feveral reputable Editors of Celfus have confessedly experienced. "He may pretty sećutely invite even themselves to effect a better English translation than his own, entirely independent of it, and conclude, with Martialziigid

to 531611!10: Carpere vel noli noftra, vel ede tua,

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The Cadet. A Military Treatije, by an Officer, 8vo. 59.

Johnston. Yves

00115 9513 INCE the example of other European nations ifeems to

have rendered a standing army necessary in our own, every attempt to improve on the disciplíne of our foldiers, ought to meet with a candid reception. True, indeed, it is that illdisciplined forces may prove less dangerous to a free ftaten than a well-trained army; they may plague and injure particular persons, but they will hardly be able to introduce a Stratocracy: yet, where the number of national troops is not greaty land where men of independent fortunes share in the command, a Toldier cannot know his duty too well, nor can subordination be too much inculcàted : as the conftitution will then run the less risk. - To enforce á strieter discipline, and reform fome parts of the exercise at present practiced by our regiments, is the scope (or, as our Author would call it, the point de vue) of this treatile; which, in every respect, greatly surpasses another, and much larger (*), work, lately published, pretty much on the same subject. For our Author has not only made some oblervations himself, but has selected, from the best mi(*) The Target.


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litary books, in French, many valuable remarks: all which he has translated with a competent freedom of (pirit. An elegant (a) wiiter has said, 16 That Politicians and Generals have appear ed in all

ages ; yets tho' the British nation has never been exceeded in the career of glory, the Author of the Cadet obfervesy that sa disappointed search for books of this kind, in

our language, exonerates him from the guilt of plagiarifin Sy from his countrynien. 1. The list of English writers on military discipline is, indeed, not numerous; probably the jufi diffidence which we have always entertained of a standing army, has occafioned their unfrequency, yet are we not fo destitute of compositions of this fort, as our Author would infinuate; for, besides General Bland's excellent treatise on military discit pline, vhe would have found some good materials in Lord Orrery's Art of War. The last-mentioned book, indeed, is searce; but it is to be met with (b). Sr. w ponipitib s19 Nor has our Author confined his martial researches to the moderns only. He has invaded the Roman territories, and brought some claffic spoils from Vegetius : yet would his performance, which may be considered in the light of a military trophy, have lost nothing of its value, had it been enlarged with some materials from Frontinus, Ruffus, Modestus, Anonymus (de Rebus Bellicis), and particularly from Ælian. And tho' the French have wrote more on Tactics than any other nation, (Lewis XIV. being the first who put standing carmies on their present establishment) yet had our Officer trawerfedn the Pyrenees, and the Alps, he would have met with Spanish and Italian works, to recompence his labours : for, not to enumerate the military writings of Ludovicus Melzus, Elaminius sa Croce,o dos General Count Basta's Maeftro di Campo Generalez and his Governo della Cavalleria Leggiadra, have not yet been exceededois d lliw verdiful pole hetBut tho' every military writer has not been consulted by sout Author, many have; and when we mention, that a pretty sjudicious felection has been made from the works of Puysegur, Vauban, Follard, Turenne, the Duke de Rohan, and Marfhal Saxe (c), need more be said to recommend the Cadet to the gentlemen of bthe army? The quotations are, in gesneralzriappropriated to the titles of the chapters, where our

Author has posted them pland have a reference to our military Sparta) Voltaire. Esquut pinag te fasiqlo y1995 ni Nairlane gut 90Ü There was a little pamphlet published some years ago, by Cape. Mbab, ħow Major M Led on the exercise of a battalion, which might alfor have been of fervice to our Compiler. do 30 (c) We wonder our Author omitted Feuquiere's Memoirs.

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manæuvre (d)fometimes however they are wanting in both these respects. Thus, for instance, the following quotation from Marshal Puyfegur, (p. 52.) Most regiments have a pe

culiar method (viz. of exercise) of their own, which must «neceffarily be, when they have no fixed and written regu• lation, to reform their different opinions,' has no connection with us, who have stated regulations for our exercise Again, the passage from Vegetius, (p. 60). If the well-trained

foldier is arduous for engagement, so does the untaught ¢ fear it. Who will deny that discipline is superior to strength?

If we neglect or despise that discipline, where will be the

difference between the soldier and the peasant ?' had better have been arranged under his chapter, Of the necellity of military difcipline, than where it is. Besides, fince his book was to be a collection of quotations, why felect a passage from a modern, in which fome antient practice is recommended, and then quote the classic afterwards (e), who has preserved that practice? Might not either of them have sufficed? Or rather, should not the antient have stood single? There is another thing, likewise, which we wish had been attended to where quotations are pretty much detached from each other, ought not authorities to have been placed according to seniority? Yet, on the contrary, we here fee that great antient master of tactics, Vegetius, polted in the rear of a Mons. Bombelles, or a Monf. d'Efpagnac. Hi But waving these small improprieties, which are, indeed, no material objections to the work, we shall briefly consider that part of the Cadet which is more immediately our Author's own. It has often been remarked, that many of the Britila evolutions are not only insignificant, but impraticable, before an enemy: that some of our methods of loading and lockingup, are scarce to be preserved, even at a review: and that the square is very defective in its order, both standing and match ing, and dangerous for a retreat. To remedy these inconve. niences, qur Officer, in chap. vi. has proposed a new scheme of exercise, which fhall better wear the face of reality, by * supposing an enemy in front, and yarying the disposition, as

neceflity, or the fupposed maneuvre of the enemy fhall te squire:'' It would lead us too far from our purpose, and might not be be over acceptable to the generality of our readers, to give the whole of our Author's plan; we fhall there.

(d). We adope this word with relu&ance, for want of one equally expreflive in our own language, 6) See instances of this, P. 54, 533


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fore only observe, that we have read it with pleasure ; that it looks well upon paper ; but that we fear, it cannot be put in : practice in the day of battle. Twó, or perhaps more, regiments, fighting by the same signals, mighs engage in our Author's manner; but the noife, Imoke, and vanavoidable confusion of a general battle, muft, forever, render his new plan, at least in our opinion, less practicable thanoit may seem to the ingenious author. Besides, experience informs us, that defeats have been the consequence of a line's advancing (as this gentleman directs) when the enemy has fallen (per haps purposely) back, and is it military, that one line should retreat, when the enemy advances ? One part of the feheme, however, we think highly ràtional'; which take in our Aus thor's own words : To this exercise, I would, on every opportunity, add the cavalry in their different dispositions, and that means,

heans, endeavour to diveft both horfe and foot of those unnatural prejudices they too often entertain against each other. I would let them know, and practice, how efantot sentially necessary their mutual aslistance is, and in what

229010 non iont borstb stoom 91 915 At present our infantry are not at all acquainted with the benefic arising from the afiftance of the cavalry ; non are the latter conscious of the security and advantage they ac

by the former. They are exercised by themselves, and are for ever, during peace, ignorant of their connection. Should this be approved, I could recommend a scheme, by which it might be put in execution. Tho” our Author has not yet communicated this scheme, we have the pleasure to in form our Readers, that the Generals who commanded at Blandford, this summer, mixed our cavalry and foot in ima. ginary fights, retreats, &c. Any future publication, therefore, on this subject, will be the less neceffaryabagish yrav zi susuph

The last part of this fixth chapter, is employed in enumeratemah31

ing the inconveniences of the prefent hollow square and the seventh exhibits a new plan for performing that military movement, both in words, and by a platen : It is, in 09 deed, less exceptionable than the old method :- but we have often heard even some Martinets acknowlege,w that the square ought to be abolished; and if we are not mifinformed, it was not once used at Blandford the Reviews at that camp were express representations of a battle.

Chap. viii. is introduced with some fenfible quotations from Puysegur, recommending the Roman practice of officers commanding and charging at the head of their own companies. This is very practicable in the battalion, and would be pro


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