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not so much owing to any error of the understanding, as to a malignity of heart : and here he mentions, particularly, the Author of the Efray on Spirit, as chargeable with this crime ; probably * with no other view than that of gaining an opportunity of paying a compliment to Dr. Randolph, whole Answer to the Effay OR Spirit, indifferent as it is, he highly commends. 'Tis unnecessary, we apprehend, to take up any more of our Readers time with an account of this performance; the small specimen we have already given, being fully fufficient to fhew the discerning Reader what is to be expected from this Author, on the subject of Fundamentals; a subject which, in our opinion, may be discussed in a very narrow compafs. The fundamental doctrines of Christi-anity, it should seem, can be no other than what are expreisly required to be believed, in order to our obtaining the Chrillian Salvacion. Now of this kind we find nothing in the whole New Teftament but that single article, that Jesus is the Chrift, the Son of God. Whosoever Mall confefs that ejus is the Son of God, says the Apostle John, God dwelleth in him, and be in God. So that every one that aflents to this fundamental truth, and sincerely en

deavoars to understand the revelation, and act according to it, x must be a true Christian, and entitled to all the privileges of Chris

tian communion.

2. Preached at Christ Church in Newgate.street, on Tuesday the 21st of September, 1756, before the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, the Aldermen, and Governors of the several Hospitals in this City By the Rev. James Penn, Under-grammar Master of Christ's Hafpital: 400 6d. Say, in Newgate-itreet. Be The words from whieh Mr. Penn here discourses, are these vi And when Ahitophel" far that bis. counsel was not followed, he

faddled bis ass and arole, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put his houshold in order; and banged himself.- From so uncommon 'a

"'a'text, we expected something uncommon in the fermon; upon reading it, however, we found only fome trite observations on the efficacy of religion, to procure the divine protection againf our enemies ; interlarded with some scraps

of history, and arguments in favour of a Militia; a subject not - very properly' introduced in a pulpit. But this Gentle.

man, from the choice of his text, and, indeed, from the whole of his fermon, seems to have little regard to connexion or propriety ; for had he selected any other passage in the Old Testament, it could scarcely, have proved much less suitable to his dis

course. What has the suicide of Ahitophel to do with national * Reformation, or the establishment of a National Militia ?

3. Frugality the Support of Charity--At the anniversary meeting of the Governors of the Infirmary for the counties of Durham, Newcastle, and Northumberland, June 23, 1756. By Edm. Tew, D.D. Rector of Boldon, in the county of Durham. To which is annexed, a state of the charity, list of subscribers, &c. 4to. bd. Hitch, &c.

4. Preached

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4. Preached at the ordination of the Rev. Mr. William Porters July 7, 1756, at Miles's Lane, London. By John Conder. To: gether with an introductory Discourse, by Timothy Jollie; Mr. Porter's Confession of Faith; and an exhortation to him; by Thoa mas Hall. 8vo. 18. Buckland.

5. The Character of faithful Minifters, and the Resped due to their Memory, confidered, On the death of the Rev. Mr. William Notcutt. Preached at Ipswich, July 25, 1756. By Ebenezer Cornel. 8vo. 6d. Field. 26. The Character and Death of Abraham, ---Occasioned by the death of the Rev. Mr. Caleheth. : Preached at Stockport, in CheShire, June 3, 1756. By John Milne. 8vo. 6 d. Griffiths.

7. On the Decrease of the Chriftian Faith. By Joseph Greenbilly Rector of East-Horsley, and Ealt Clandon, in Surry. 4to. Crowder.

8. Morality and Religion effential to Society. At Leicefter-aflizes, Aug. 12, 1756. By Ralph Heathcote, A M. 8vo. 6d. Payne.

9. The odious Nature of Unfaithfulness in general, with fome par ticular aggravations of its guilt, and preservatives from it. Ac Stafford Afizes, Aug. 22, 1756. By Joseph Crewe, D. D. Rector of Maxon, Saffordshire. 4t0 .6 d. Whilton.

10. Grace considered in its Operations on the Understanding, the Will, and the Affections ; before the Univerfity of Oxford. At St. Mary's, Odt. 5, 1755. By John Bilftone, M. A. Chaplain of All-foule Svo. 6d. Rivington.

11. The Good Man's Character and Reward.–At the Charter», house Chapel, Dec. 12, 1755. at the anniversary commemoration of che Founder, Thomas Sutton, Esq; By Robert Norton, M, A. Rector of Southwick, in the county of Suffex, and Chaplain to the Duke of Richniond. 4to. 6 d. Bathurst

. 2.12. On Benevolence; with a fummary of the life and character of Dean Collet. In the cathedral church of St. Paul, June 29, 1756, before the gentlemen educated at St. Paul's School. By D. Bellamy, Chaplain of Petersham and Kew, in Surry, and Vicar of St. Stephen's, in St. Albans. 4to. 6 d. Davis.

13. Religion and its temporal promises confidered. Before the University of Oxford, at St. Mary's, on A&-funday, July 11, 1756. By Edward Blake, D. D. Fellow of Oriel College, Vicar of St. Mary's, and Chaplain to the Bishop of Sarum. 8vo. 6di Rivington.

14. In Lambeth-Chapel, at the confecration of the Right Rev. Fathers in God, John, Lord Bishop of Brittol, and John, Lord Bishop of Bangor, July 4, 1756. By John Spry, B.D. Archdeacon of Berks. Sro. 6 d. Rivington.

Errata in our talt. P. 241, 1. 18. for, fixed the stars, r. the fixed Aars. P. 274, 1. $. for, he, r. they. P. 285, 1. 11, for, Virgil, read Horace: P. 290, 1. 3. for, Gotto, r. Gyotto.

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Three Tracts. 1. Remarks. upon this Question: Whether the

Appearances under the Old Testament were Appearances of the

true God himself, or only of some other Spiritual Being, repres * fenting the true God, and

acting in his Name. 2. An Élang on the Schechinah. Or, Confiderations on the divine Appear

ances mentioned in the Scriptures. 3. Texts of Scripture, reAlating to the Logos, considered. By the late Reverend and

Learned Moses Lowman. 8vo. 35. Noon. THIS Author is well known, and his former writings

have been well received by the public, particularly this Differtation on the Civil Government of the Hebrews; and, therefore, it is not to be doubted that due regard, and attention, will be shewn to these Tracts. But had Mr. Lowman been an obscure writer, the recommendation of those learned Gentlemen, who have ushered this pofthumous piece into the world, with a Preface signed with their names*, would have been fufficient to have procured it a favourable reception.

Before we proceed to give an account of the Tracts, it may not be improper to observe, that the reverend and learned Editors, tho' they recommend the book, and think “ fome late « favourite opinions will be nearly affected hereby, do not “ think themselves accountable for any particular sentiments “ of the Author's, or explications of texts of Scripture which

Samuel Chandler, Nath. Lardner, Edward Saundercock. Vol XV.


16 he

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" he hath given; but judge the performance highly deserving " the public perusal.” But, pity it is, that when they took the pains to amend“ some incorrectnesses that arise from the hafte

of writing, or the want of a revisal,” they did not allo affist the Reader with some observations, to secure him from error. The more learned and ingenious Mr. Lowman was, the more likely this book to propagate errors, if his opinions were wrong; and no m men more proper than his learned Editors, to have guarded against those errors. If " some late fa" yourite opinions” are wrong, why not openly declare them to be fo? If right, why this infini on against them? viisui,

The first Tract contains Rema upon this question:

Whether the Appearances under the Old Testament were •

Appearances of the true God himself, only of some other

Spiritual Being, representing the true God, and acting in < his Name.' con

• They who apprehend these appearances to have been the

proper and real appearances of God'-only mean, that God did, on some particular occasions, manifest himself to others

by some special and particular actions, which he designed • should be taken as the marks and evidence of some special * and particular presence,

moingo There are several characters given to these appearances, that belong only to the true God. An acknowlegement of " the Unity of God, and that this one God was the God of

Ifrael, who appeared to the Jewish church in the Schechinah, and dwelt among them as his people, in his temple, seems the

first principle, and fundamental doctrine of religion, in the • Jewish Dispensation: Page 5.-We may further observe, • that the forms of expression used in the descriptions of these appearances, are such, that none of them oblige us to admit any representation, or even any ways so much as intimate to us; or lead us to suppose, that the person appearing did not {peak, and act in his own name; or that he spake and acted only in the name of another : Page 8.-The reasons commonly given for supposing some inferior Spirit or Angel, personating God in these appearances, will, be found, on a closer examination, very infufficient to support it.”-As to the opinion of the fathers in this case, our Author thinks it differs very much from that of the moderns. For they firm

ly maintained, that the style, the titles, the chara&ters of these appearances, did all of them properly belong to the Logos himself; not that they belonged to the Father only,

and were made use of by the Logos, as acting in the < Father's name. In fupport of this assertion, Tertul8



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Author aflerts; but then

lian, and Irenæus, ' and Augustin, are quoted. The form it is not as being properly in the Son, but as communicat ed to him, for if all things that the Father hath are mine, Why not the names Omnia, inquit, Putris mea sunt. Cur

et nomina? But, it is said, over and over again, that the Father bath appointed, or committed, or given, all things into his hands? It thould therefore reem to be no other than a delegated power. Juftin, one of the earliest of the Fathers, also distinguishes the fupreme God and Father of all, by perpetually naming him the one and only unbegotten Deity; Movos Xarayevulos. Christ, according to him, is the only Son properly so called, as being the Logos, and First-born, and Power: and in another part of his firft Apology he fays, no other Power Or Spirit, Πνευμα και δυναμις, are to be fuppored, εδεν αλλο vono an, it is not lawful to understand any other from God, wapo To Fix than the Logos, the First-born of God, as the prophet Moses has fignified. What was the notion of this Father concerning the appearances under the Old Dispensation, may be seen page 129, of the Effay on the Schechinah, where it is intimated That it seems to have been Justin's real opinion (Dial. cum Tryphone, p. 283, 284) that the Angel (pake in the name of God, as not really present at all, any otherwise than by the presence of the Logos, as his Angel, and Messenger.

It may not be amiss to observe here, that if, together with the Lives of these Fathers, as they are called, we had an History of their Opinions, it would be of great service. They certainly differed from one another, and, as Chillingworth says, not feldom from themselves. They espoused opinions that were not in the Creeds of their days, and blended Christianity with the philosophy of their feets; which was one great source of corruptions." Van Dale, in one of his books, mentions a design he had of writing a History of the Opinions or Doctrines of Christian


different of the Church; but he did not live to execute it. To return, from this short digrellion, to our Author.

The truth of the cafe,' says he,"feems to be this: « That properly speaking, nothing was visible' but what

could be visible, viz. the Cloud, the Fire, and the other material parts of the Schechinah': No Spiritual Being at all'was properly seen, or heard. It was only the voice of the Oracle, or an articulate found, that was heard ; and only the Cloud and the Fire that were seen ; that is, the

fymbols of the appearance only, not the Spiritual Being it* felf, whose presence was manifested in the appearance, of

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