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• presenting the victories of Lewis XIV:At this gate your • chaise and baggage will be ftopt, in order to be searched by

officers appointed for that purpose, who have it in their power to give you a great deal of trouble; but by making them a present of Half a crown, and ordering your servants to address them in a complaisant manner, which they seem to regard as highly as the money, you will pass to your hotel, or inn, with

little molestation.

ವಿ ವಿ ಎ ಸಿ P. 15. I cannot omit one particular, which does great ho

nour to the Hotel Dieu ; and that is, they adinit all man • ner of patients, without paying any regard to their country, egion, or disease; and morcover, they require no fecurity

in case of death: whereas the practice of most of our hofpitals in England, is widely different. The reftrictions of admission being such, as frequently deprive many of receive

ing the benefit first intended by the charitable founders. Add ' to this, those who are so unhappy as to labour under an incur

le disease, are never discharged; tho' with us, the reverse is constantly practised.--- A Britiso hospital, for the reception of Incurables, would be a lasting honour to the present age, already distinguished by many charitable foundations.

P. 17. Our Author has the following account of the college of the English Benediclines ; particularly of forall

room, hung with black cloth, on which are several efcat• cheons of the arms of England. In the middle of the ' chamber, under a canopy, lies the body of the late unfortu

nate King James II. who here ended his days in obscurity, and by his bigotry, and the influence of his popith wife and counsellors, lost his kingdoms; and will remain an everá:

lafting testimony of the inconsistency of a popish head over . a protestant people. Near this Prince's coffin is that of his ! daughter, who is said to have been born in France ; the • heart of the late Duke of Berwick, natural son of the afore

faid Monarch, who was shot at the siege of Philipsburgh *, • is here preserved in a leather case, to which is affixed a « small lock. The person who shewed the room, desired & me to take it in my hands, as a great relic!T this perfon was

an old woman, who, with a little broken English, haran

gued a long time on the merit of the deceased King, & in quitting his kingdoms (when he could keep them no

When the French King received the unhappy news of his death, he said, " The loss of fo brave a General is of niore con"fequence to me, than 50,000 of my beft men. 4:



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? longer), for the sake of the true religion (as she called it) for

which he was, without doubt, a great faint. The zeal of

the old lady made me smile, at which she grew angry; but • on my presenting her with a gratuity for ihewing me these « sacred remains, as the often called them, we became good • friends again. I then asked her the reason, why they did • not inter his Majesty, and not fuffer' him to be exposed • there, as an unhappy monument of his folly;" or otherwise

to put up a new set of hangings, as those at present were grown

old and rufty, and made but a very mean appear«ance. She answered me with a frown, and in an angry • tone, that he was to lie in that manner till his corpse could < be conveyed to England, in order for its being interred with « his royal ancestors in Westminster-Abbey; and to have a . religious procession from the Tower of London to the faid • Abbey. I paid a visit to the convent of the Carthusians « This order was formerly one of the stridtest in all the Roo

mith church. The Monks were permitted to speak to each

other one day only throughout the year: but by this re<striction, some funk into the deepest melancholy, and others

hanged themselves. The Pope of those days, taking these

things into his consideration, indulged them with greater li« berties; and, ever since, they have been permitted to con6 verse together on every Thursday, but at no other time, $ Every Monk has a small house, at about twenty yards dif

tance from each other; these houses form a large square,

with a piazza entirely round it, where they generally walk: ? their apartments are kept very neat; their shirt is made of • coarse hair; their outward garment, which is made of fine • white fannel, has a decent appearance; and, notwithstand• ing their total abstinence from Aesh, they look hearty and

chearful... They are permitted, however, at any time to • converse with a stranger ; I spent an hour with one of them, « whose conversation and behaviour were those of a gentle

man, which I did not expect to meet with in the severity ! of a cloister. They lay their own cloth, dine alone in « their apartments, and receive their provisions by the help of ga machine, which turns round, and is fixed in the wall.

Monasteries and Abbeys, instead of promoting religion, abufe it, and are founded neither in reason nor Christianity. What

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* For a fuller account of the Carthufians, fee R. Hofpinianus, de Orig. Monachat, p. 309-311,


«fervice can it be to mankind, to have so many persons of « both sexes, secluded for ever from the rest of their fellow

creatures, and maintained like so many idle drones, by the « mistaken piety and folly of othersi' P.78. •From Avignon, I set out for Aix, the road to which lies through the most beautiful country I ever faw: you pass over several downs, covered with lavender, thyme, rosemary,

and other sweet aromatic herbs: the vallies are filled with groves of olive, and almond-trees, &c. intermixed with ¢ vineyards. The air of Aix is esteemed the best in France, 6 which draws abundance of quality, especially foreigners, to

refide here. It is seldom without some English families. « The situation is another great inducement, having on one < fide a beautiful plain, abounding with vineyards, orange, o

live, fig, and almond-trees; and on the other side, at a fmall distance, very high mountains. It is a parliament town,

genteelly built, and the streets are large, and well laid out. & The Cour, or public walk, is very beautiful, much resem < bling the Mall, in St. James's Park; there are four fine foun Stains, at proper distances, continually playing; the trees on

each side form a bower, which agreeably shelters you from © the heat of the fun. Behind the trees are two rows of well

built houses; fo that, altogether, it is one of the pleasanteft «ftreets I ever met with. Of a summer's evening, it is full

of polite company.' P. 84. ' The French, in general, are lively, and full of gaiety, in a greater degree than any nation, I believe, upon

earth; owing, in a great measure, to the purity of the air, " and charming temperature of their climate. They are lo. quacious, free, and open, at their first acquaintance, when

you see the whole of them, for they feldom improve after• wards. They are inconftant, and full of levity. Their

noblefie are the politeft in Europe, but their civility is at• tended with little sincerity. They are fond of outside thew 5 and grandeur, 'and delight in making a figure at the Capital

for a few months ; tho' they live but meanly the rest of the year, at their country-seats. The women are very free in their behaviour, and have an air of ease and gracefulness pé

culiar to themselves : are extremely talkative, and of an ! insinuating difpofition. In some parts of France they may « be reckoned handsome, but, on the whole, are vastly infe

rior, in point of beauty, to the English ladies. They are naturally coquettes, and given to intrigue. They deform nature by art, and paint their faces moft extravagantly; and want that bloom which is so conspicuous in our lovely

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countrywomen. The common people are the poorest, and & at the same time the merrieft, in the world. They seem

very devout in their churches, except on festivals, when they

are too much taken up in admiring the music and trappings s of the church. They are in general complaisant, tho' too

often hot and fiery. In war, greedy of glory, and brave at the first onset; but, if once repulsed, they feldom rally. They go on like thunder, and come off like smoke. In politics the French facrifice all to the glory of their Monarch; this is their darling passion, in the prosecution of which, they regard neither oaths, nor the most folemn treaties; and being slaves themselves, would gladly reduce mankind to their own miserable condition. The neighbouring nations, but especially the English, cannot be too much on their guard against the perfidy and ambitious designs of the French.

P. 96. Their public executions at Sienna, are the strangest s, in the world : I shall therefore give the Reader an account of 6 the ceremonies observed at the hanging of two Sbirries, or

Baillies, As soon as a person is committed to prison, (if his crime deserves it) he never comes from thence, till he goes be executed, and is not allowed a fair public trial, as in Enge land. Nay, when condemned, he does not know that he is to die, nor the day when, till about nine o'clock the preced« ing night. I was an eye-witness of the following ceremony.

A lupper being prepared for the criminals, the goaler in the

evening goes into the cell, according to his usual custom, 5. to give them water, &c. on his returning back, he leaves

the door a little open, which is the fatal lign of their exit the next morning; the prisoners perceiving the door not quite close fhut, and uncertain whether it is the dread fignal, or whether left open through forgetfulness and neglect, one of them trembling crept out of the dungeon in a state of fufpence, if possible, more terrible than death itself, and comes into a lofty hall, or very large room in the prison, with hopes of finding a door open, or some convenient place, whereby they might make their cscape: to that end, he softly searches about, almost in the dark, there being no other light, than that of a small glimmering lamp, which afforded but just fufficient light to make this gloomy, melancholy scene appear more dismal and shocking; after searching fome time, he finds all barricaded too fast; his hopes then fail him, and every moment he expects the dreadful ceremony is going to be performed, of which he foon had top certain proof; for prefently a little square window opens, large enough for a man to put his head through, from • which he hears-one call with a loud voice, Chi e la? that 4 is, Who is thered the prisoner in his fright does not an


fwer, but endeavours softly to return to his cell, but before ¢ he can accomplich it, he hears the same terrifying voice $ again, to wbich he answers; the goaler then informs him,

that it is the will of God, and the Great Duke, that they must die the next morning, and that the company of death

were ready to assist them all night, in order to make their « peace with God, and prepare themselves for another world;

this company of the dead are between thirty and forty in number, and all of them persons of quality ; their outward gar- ment is made like our tallow-chandlers frocks, but of black

linnen, and a hood of the fame over their heads, two holes

being cut for their eyes, with a large black ftraw hat on, • three or four yards in circumference, which, altogether, . e made them resemble so many devils; they continue the whole i night with the prifoner, or prisoners, (according as it hap

pens) praying and exhorting them to repentance; this cha

ritable office of the noblemen pleased me greatly, but their * charity and humanity ftops not here; for, at their own ex

pence, they bury all who are accidentally killed, if their • friends are unable, and all persons executed, and accom• pany them to the grave. In the morning, about ten o'clock,

the prifoners were brought out, and the black company walked two and two before them; a priest attended each prisoner, talking to them all the way, and a large crucifix

was carried before them; they walk in procession round the • square or piazza, and stop at a little open chapel, where the

priest at the altar repeats several, prayers, the prisoners kneeling all the while on the steps of the door when he says the Lord's prayer, and when he comes to those words, lead us not into temptation, they are ordered immediately to

rise up; for if they were permitted to stay till the priest had pronounced that part which follows, deliver us from evil, they could not, according to the law of the country, have been hanged: the goaler is obliged to take particular care not to let them continue to hear the above words. From this chapel they are conducted to another; and after having "faid some more prayers, a man brings a piece of black cloth, 4 with a death's head, and bones, painted on it, and ties it over ! the prisoners eyes; so that after this, they never see any more

in this world: they are then led through St. Mark's gate to the gallows, which is about half a mile distant from the


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