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must certainly conduce to the increasing of the tropical heat, to a degree much beyond that under the equator.

Thus far Mr. Sheldrake. And we are very much mistaken, if most of our Readers, when they have attentively surveyed this chain of thought, will not readily agree with what we have said of it-That it is somewhat fingular. For when this writer, in favour of his opinion, that the heat under the tropic is equal, or fuperior, to that under the equator, urges the foʻlasting vicinity of the sun, the tardiness of his motion, and the superior number of hours that, in one half of the year, he remains above that horizon; does he not, at the same time, seem to forget the valt distance to which the sun afterwards retires from the tropic; the length of time he keeps away, and the superior number of hours, that, in another half of the year, he remains below that horizon? If to this we subjoin an obfervation or two of bis own, " That cold is ''increased by the obliquity of the fun's rays, the swiftness

of his motion, and the time of his absence below the hori. (zon;" as also, that cold increases, notwithstanding the

fun's approach, till his thinly dispersed rays become closer

collected together, and his presence is longer with us ;' and apply these observations to the case of the tropics, will not his reasoning still appear fingular,?' And yet, altho' we, for our own parts, are persuaded, that the action of the sun is much stronger under the equator than at the tropics, because the sun never recedes farther from the equator than twenty-three degrees, thirty minutes, por continues his absence longer than fix months, whereas he retires from each tropic to twice that distance, and remains absent for twice that time: there are, however, two confiderations, which not a little weigh with us in favour of Mr. Sheldrake's opinion; fo far, at least, as to imagine the degree of heat to be nearly equal, at different times, all over the corrid zone. One of thefe confiderations is founded upon an observation of our Author's, viz. :* that 6 water-clouds will make the air cool. Now if this obfervas tion be just; and if, as seems to be probable, and is a greeable enough to the accounts we have of the seafons in that part of the world, the stronger action of the fun will collect the greatest quantity of this fort of clouds; it may, from this füpposed state of the atmosphere,, happen, that notwithstanda ing the sun acts with greater force at the equator than at the tropics, the air may be rendered, when the sun is on the equator, full as cool as when he is on the tropic. The other conta fideration, which influences us to favour Mt. Sheldrake's opinion, is also what we owe to himself. For, full of this Review, Nov. 1756.



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notion, that the degree of heat yearly at the tropics, equalled at least that which happens femi-annually at the equator, he formed a scale for a thermometer, by which is shewn, how much the heat of summer, or the cold of winter, in any

other place exceeds, or falls thort, of that degree of each, which he amigns to England. And this, he assures us, he had done with fo much exactness, that when he came to read Boyle's History of Cold; the account given by the Academy of Sciences, at Paris, of the cold of the northern circle; what Boerhaave reJates of the cold of Iceland, and Leyden; Ray's Collection of Travels; and Rollin's Antient History; none of which he had recourle to for fixing the points of heat and cold in his tables ; finding them so nearly answer to what he had previously laid down for the heat and cold of thofe countries, it gave him, he owns, no small satisfaction: and as we cannot suspect this writer's integrity, what he thus advances, in corroboration of his opinion, seems to us one of the best proofs that can fupport any opinion; a proof from nature and fact.

A System of Divinity and Morality; in a Series of Discourses

on all the cffential parts of Natural and Rescaled Religion : Conilod from the works of ibe following eminent Divines of the curch of England, viz. Atterbury, Balguy, Barrow, Bentle!, B veridge, Blackball, Bundy, Burnet, Ben. Cala my, Clagett, Clarke, Dorrington, Gibson, Goodmau, Hickman, Hole, Hopkins, Hort, Jackson, Ibbot, Littleton, Lupton, Misre, Mifs, Pearson, Rogers, Sharp, Synge, Stanhope, Stilling fleet, Tillotson, Iake, and Others. To which are addeit, Some Occasional Discourses. The whole reviled and corretted, by Ferdinando Warner, LL. D. Rector of Queenhithe, London. In four volumes. 8vo. Il. bound. Griffiths.

F this Collection, which first made its appearance in

1750, in five volumes, twelves, we gave some account in the fourth volume of our Review." Of the present edition, Jittle need be added to what Dr. Warner hath himself obo served, in his preface; an abstract of which is here fubjoined.

" It was thought proper,' says he, to give a general view ¢ of the undertaking; that its usefulness may be known to • those who are unacquainted with it, and who may other

wise consider it only as a collection of good sermons, with which, in this country, we already greatly abound.

« To the honour of our country, and of this present age, it must be owned, that we do abound with such productions : - but then the sermons of our eminent, and most admired, preachers, taking them all together, as they are to be met with in their works, are many of them critical and controverfial, and so not very useful to families, and people unacquainted with learned fubjects : yet these are the people, who seem most to stand in need of a clear and judicious explanation of the principles of religion, and on whom the practice of it should be enforced with the most convincing arguments.

The necessity of this explanation has been much increased $: by the indefatigable labours of the enemies of our faith;

and of those who, tho' they are friends, yet, through ignorance and enthufiafm, have disgraced and wounded it. The advocates of infidelity were formerly men of letters, of birth, of leisure, and of superior rank; whose ill lives would suit but ill with any religion at all. But the poison has been spread with such diligence and success--that infidelity is now ' become the profeffion of the lowest of our people ; of little

mechanics, filly women, and of people of all ranks, that Care ignorant of letters and reasoning,

Belides those which point their weapons against all revealed religion whatlover, there is a second sort of enemies aided, tho' undefigncdly, by the first, against whom it be

hoves us to be on our guard, and who, among the common { people, are as successful as the others. These are the emisJaries of the church of Rome, who labour incessantly to

draw men over to the errors and absurdities of popery, not only with specious arguments, but where it is necessary, with money, and temptations more alluring than truth and reason. “To these there must be added another set, who, tho' professed friends to Christianity, yet pervert and disgrace so much the genuine doctrines of the gospel, under a pretence of preaching Christ with more propriety, that they have done infinite mischief to the religion which they zealously

mean to serve. It is a melancholy thing to observe so many ! well-disposed people among our modern methodists, abused < with words and phrases, which either signify nothing at all, (or which have a bad, or at least, a doubtful meaning.

The religion of Christ, as it is in the gospel, is a short ' and plain inititution, founded in reason, obvious to common fense, and which appeals to the consciences of mankind : • but this is defaced and obscured by paradoxes, myfteries, li 2


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and fenseless ipropofitions, which defeat the very end for which Christ was fent, or che gospel published. To preach Chrift with them, is not to preach Christian morals, how much soever Christ did it himself; but it is to play off a set of phrases, without ideas, and without connection, in which

the word Christ is always mentioned; and instead of per! fuading to the virtues which he taught by his life and doc.

trine, to recommend an amorous and enthusiastic forti of ? devotion, in admiring his personal excellencies, his grace, and fulness.

MOTO . Amidst the delufions therefore which thus obtain, and are propagated with so much zeal, it is a matter of real concern, that people of every rank should be furnished with a

proper remedy: to prove, against the first, that the divine 1. original of the revelation which they deride, is established

upon incontestible external evidence, and its own intrinfic

excellence and usefulness, and to teach them, against the laft, “ what in religion is truly good, and what accidentally fo; “ what they ought not to be satisfied without, and what they

may innocently not concern themselves with ; in a word, “ what will carry them to heaven safely, and what answers

other purpose, than either to furnith matter of dispute for * wrong-headed writers, or to employ the idle hours of de

votees." ( A collection of sermons from the ablelt divines of the church of England, in the way of a fyftem of doctrinal and practical divinity, it is easy to see, would answer this purpose very effectually: and such a collection was often with

ed for, and recommended, by some of the greatest men we " have had; as an undertaking that would be extremely useful,

not only to the younger and inferior clergy, but also to other ferious people, of all ranks and orders.

vbor, . Indeed, the importance of the subjects that are treated of ! in these discourses, which explain and recommend the great

duties leading to the highest good of man, makes it a work 4 of universal utility and extent. As the subjects are of the

first importance in theinselves, so the discourses which illusstrate them, are moft of them extracted froin the sermons of

those preachers, which, for the purity of their language, the perfpicuity of their expression, the elegance of compofition, the strength of reasoning, and the justness and dignity of their sentimentz no other country in the Christian world can equal.

Die We may therefore presume to think, that if this feries of discourses is attended to as it should be, it may contribute to


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promote the knowlege and practice of Christianity in its purity; to item the torrent of infidelity, popery, and enthusiasm, which are deluging our country, and to reform (the follies, and amend the wickedness of the age. In short,

the whole collection, may be said to be a concise, and at the same time, a comprehensive system of natural and revealed religion, never before attempted in this method, and which is very entertaining, as well as extremely useful, for the family and the closet,

At the end of the fourth volume, are added, frve occasional discourses, in lieu of two, on the beatitudes, by Norris, judi. çiously struck out of the present edition, viz. 1. A faft-sermon, preached at Kensington, by Archbishop Herring. 2. On the 30th of January, before the Lords, by Bishop Sherlock. 3. On the 29th of May, before the Lords, by Bishop Secker. 4. On the fire of London, at St. Paul's, by Dr. Warner.

5. On the 5th of November, at St. Paul's, by Mr. King.

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Account of Norden's Travels concluded.
E are now come to the second volume, which is writ-

ten in a different manner from the first. It is drawp up from the journal kept by the Author, and perhaps differs Wittle from Mr. Norden's first sketeh. We shall extract fuch

parts as are new or entertaining; which is all our Readers are to expect from us. Omitting, therefore, the circumftances of the wind and weather, the little accidents to which all travellers are liable, the name; of such places as the Author has not thought fit to describe, the repetition of what has al

ready been said of the pyramids of Sakarra, and what is called in the false pyramid, (for which see the Review for September) 7. We begin at page 131, where our Traveller arrives at Sheche

Abade, formerly called Antinoé, the capital of Lower Thebes. 2 Here are several antiquities, constructed of stones, about the fize of those whereof the triumphal arches at Rome were built; and not of such enormous lize as the old Egyp:ians used in their edifices.

Amongst other ruins are seen three grand portals, the first of which is adorned with columns of the Corinthian order, futed: the other two are less ornamented. These ruins of antient Antinoé, are at the bottom of certain mountains near the Nile. The walls of the houses were built of brick, and to this day appear as red, as if newly made. Ii 3


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