Imágenes de páginas

• ied. The Author looked for the edifices from whence they

bad been taken, but could discover nothing but heaps of stones; 'all had been entirely deftroyed. *2 1371

W At Garbe-merie; åre the ruins of an antient edifice and at Garbe-Dendour, a temple; of which our Author has given the plan, and the perspective. At Sherk-Girche, and GarbeGirche, are ruins, but not-antient. At Dekke are seen the Brests of an antient temple, without "hieroglyphics. In the * neighbourhood of Sabua are fome antiquities, but not fo grand

as those at Dekke. -At Amada our Author went on fhore, to i fee an Egyptian temple, converted into a church by the Chriftianss, as was eafily discerned from the walls, on which were paintings of the Trinity, the Apostles, and other Saints ; but underneath, where the modern Coptic daubing had fallen down, the antient hieroglyphics still appear. The temple is yet entire, but the monastery adjoining to it, is in ruins. A little higher up the Nile, our Author saw the manner in which loaded camels pass the river. A man fwam before, with the bridle of the

first camel in his mouth; the second camel was tied to the tail of the first, and a third to the tail of the second : another man,

fitting on a truss of straw, brought up the rear, and directed - the second and third camel to keep their rank.”

Having palled some other villages, without seeing any more antiquities, our Author arrived at Derri, where he met with much ill usage from the Cacheff, and * Shorbatshe; and not without difficulty, did he, and his companions, escape being put to death, on account of the supposed riches they had on board. But having given an abftract of all that Mr. Norden has faid in his great work, concerning the antiquities of Egypt, ex plained several oriental words that have occurred in his writings, and obviated fome of his principal errors, we will not lengthen this article, by relating the lefser accidents that hapë pened to him, in his return to Cairo; which is the fubftance of his eighth book. 1"." • Upon the whole, we should have been better pleafed if Mr. Norden's Editors had not omitted the dimenfions for which he fo often refers us to his defigns; we could likewise have wished, that when he mentioned the tomb of Osmandyas, he had not neglected to give us a plan of it; with a description of that part of the temple where, he says, he could discern the very spot, on which was placed the famous golden circle (360 cubits in circumference) which, at length, was carried away by Cams byfles, when he ravaged Egypt. For the fake of the genera

* A Captain of the Janissaries is called Shorbalhi.



The Life of John Buncle, Eja; Containing various Obfervaa Sestions and Reflections made in several Parts of the World; fins and many extraordinary Relations. 8vo. 6s. Noon.a TTAVING, in our Reviews for Auguft and September,

1755, delivered, pretty much at large, our sentiments of this Author, and of his very extraordinary Memoirs of lear veral Ladies of Great Britain, to which the present work is a kind of Supplement; we shall have little occasion to enlarge,

the Life of Esquire Buncle : under which (uncouth) appellative, we are to understand, the identical Mr. ****** Author of the aforesaid Memoirs, and of the work row under our considerations which, he assures us, is a real account of bimfelf.

As much enquiry bath been made, after this uncommon, and unknown writer, it may be some satisfaction to our Readers, to learn, from his own pen, in some measure what, tho we are not yet to know who, he is. With regard to the authens ticity of his information, as he has not thought proper to sign it with his real name, fome doubt may still remain : however, he makes large professions of veracity; 'declaring, that in respect of the strange things, however wonderful they appear, yet they are, (exclufive of a few decorations and figures *) STRICTLY TRUE..

To publish some account of himself, was, it seems, deem, ed requisite, by this Gentleman, in order to vindicate his

Necessary,' adds he, in all works.' Should not this asser. cion have had some limitation: Rev. Nov. 1756.



• character from misrepresentation, and idle stories;' but he observes likewise, that his principal intention, in this piece,

is to serve the interest of Truth, Liberty, and Religion, < and to advance uleful Learning, to the best of his abilities: He also jud red, that it mnight serve to illustrate his Memoirs of several Ladies of Great Britain, and render them intelligible; as the volumes of that work, which are to be published,

would be quite dark, and not fo grateful as intended, without a previous account of the Author's life.?

Previous to the commencement of his narrative, our Author says some things concerning himself, of which it inay not be amiss to take some notice, in this place.

« 'I was born,' says he, “in London, and carried an infant* • to Ireland, where I learned the Irish language, and became * intimately acquainted with its original inhabitants. I was ( not only a lover of books, from the time I could spell them,

( to this hour, but read, with extraordinary pleasure, before vo I was twenty, the works of several of the Fathers, and all

the old Romances; which tinged my ideas with a certain [mixture of; he should have said] piety and extravagance, 17 that rendered my virtues, as well as my imperfections, par

ticularly mine :-By hard measure I was compelled to be an jo

adventurer, when very young, and had not a friend in the • universe, but what I could make by good fortune, and my

own address my wandering life, wrong conduct, and the iniquity of my kind, with a passion for extraordinary things, and places, brought me into several great distresses ; from which I had quicker, and more wonderful, deliverarces, than people in tribulation generally receive :-- the du!!, the formal, and the visionary, the hard-honest f man,

and the poor liver, are people I have had no connection with; < but have always kept company with the polite, the gene

rous, the lively, the rational, and the brightest Free-think« ers of the age : Betide all this, I was, in the days of my

youtil, one of the most active men in the world, at every exercile, and to a degree of ralhness, often ventrous, when there was no neceffity for running any hazard :

-Let all these things be taken into the account, and, I imagine, that • what may, at firft, feem Itrange, and next to incredible,

* This Gentleman is not always accurate in bis diction. An bally reader nigh almoit be led, by this pasiage, to imagine, chat Idr. Buncle carried fone infant to Ireland; tho', doubtiess, his meaning is; that he himself was carried chither, during his infancy.

+ This compound epidiet is exquifitely characterical-of your negativeny konei meri

will not long remain fo, tho' you may think the relator an
od:d man.' Very true, Sir!
Mr. Buncle now proceeds to his About fifty

years ago,' says he, the midwife wheeled me in, and much i rooner than half a century hence, in all human probability, • Death will wheel me out. The things of my childhood are

not worth setting down, and, therefore, I commence my « life from the first month of the seventeenth year of my age,

when I was sent to the university (of Dublin.] I was re$ folved to read there, and determined to improve my natural y faculties to the utmost of my power. To this purpose I • devoted my college-life to books; and for five years that I

remained at the University, conversed so much with the dead, that I had very little intercourse with the living.--My s time I devoted to philosophy, cosmography, mathematics, 6 and the languages, for four years, and the fifth I gave ta is hiftoryut...! Jis i The first book I took into my hand, after receiving my "se note of admission, was the Eflay of that fine genius, Mr. 56 Locke, and I was fo pleased with this clear and accurate 6 writer, that I looked into nothing else, till by reading it

three times over, I had made a thorough acquaintance with 046 my own understanding. He taught me to examine my abi796 lities, and enabled me to see what objects my mind was fitborted to deal with. He led me into the sanctuary of vanity ve and ignorance, and shewed me how greatly true knowlege

5) depended on a right meaning of words, and a just significan- 6 cy of expreffion. In sum, from the Efray my understandsing received very great benefits, and to it I owe what im

provement I have made in the reason given me.-in * When I had done, for a time, with this admirable Effay,

I then began to study the firit principles of things, the strucAlture of the universe, the contexture of human bodies, the 16 properties of beasts, the virtues of plants, and the qualities

of metals; and was quite charmed with the contemplation 4of the beautiful order, and wise final causes of nature in all - her laws and productions. The study had a delightful influe

ence on the temper of my mind, and infpired into it a love is of order in my heart, and in my outward manners. It 6 likewise led me to the

great first Cause,–gave me a due affection towards the infinitely perfect Parent of Nature, and < as I contemplated his glorious works, I was obliged in transports to confess, that he deserved our love and admiration.--* But upon ethics, or moral philofophy, I dwelt the longest, This is the proper food of the foul, and what perfects her is

all the virtues a:id qualifications of a gentleman. This fci"ence I collected in the first place from the ancient fages and

philofophers, and studied all the moral writers of Greece * and Rome. With great pleafure I faw, that these immortal "authors had delineated, as far as hunian reason can go, that * course of life which is most according to the intention of na * cure, and most happy ;. had shewn, that this universe, and "human nature in particular, was formed by the wisdom and counsel of a Deity; and that from the conftitution of our

nature various duties arose :-that as to ourselves, the voice • of reason declares, that we ought to employ our abilities,

and opportunities in improving our minds to an extenfivé • knowlege of nature in the sciences; and by diligent medita

tion, and observation, acquire that prudence, justice, temperance, and fortitude, which should constantly govern our

lives :That folid prudence, which abhors rashness, incon& fideratene's, a foolish felf-confidence, and craft, and under a • high sense of moral excellence, confiders and does what is

really advantageous in life : That justice, which constantly regards the common interest, and in subserviency to it, gives

to each one whatever is due to him upon any natural claim:-“That temperance, which restrains and regulates the lower

appetites, and displays the grace and beauty of manners: “And that fortitude, which repreffes all vain and exceffive

fcars, gives us a fuperiority to all the external accidents of our mortal ftate, and strengthens the foul against all soils or dangers we may be exposed to, in discharge of our duty

This beautiful, moral philosophy, I found fcattered in the writings of the old theist philosophers, and with great pains reduced the various leffons to a system of active and virtuous offices : but this I knew was what the majority of

mankind were incapable of doing; and if they could do it, • I law it was far inferior to revelation. Every Sunday I appropriated to the study of Revealed Religion, and perceived

I read the facred records, that the works of Plato, and Cicero, and Epictetus, and all the uninspired fages of antiquity, were but weak rules in respect of the divine oracles. What are all the reasonings of the philosophers to the melody of that heavenly voice which cries continually, Comàunto Ti me all ye that travel and are heavy laden, and I will refrelh

952!--And what could their lessons avail without those express

promises of grace and fpiritual aliistance, which the blood of © the new covenant confirms to mankind? The philofophy of ? Greece and Rome was admirable for the times and men ; but it admits of no comparison with the divine lesions of our


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