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. sed. The Author looked for the edifices - from whence they

bad been taken, but could discover nothing but heaps of stones; l'all had been entirely deftroyed. is

At Garbe-meries are the ruins of an 'antient edifice and at Garbe-Dendour, a temple, of which our Author has given the plan, and the perspective. At Sherk-Girche, and GarbeGirche, are ruins, but not-antient. At Dekke are seen the

rests of an antient temple, without 'hieroglyphics. In the *neighbourhood of Sabua are fome antiquities, but not fo grand as those at Dekke. .. At Amada our Author went on fhore; to fee an Egyptian temple, converted into a church by the Chrifpaintings of the Trinity; the Apostles, and other Saints; but underneath, where the modern Coptic daubing had fallen down, the antient hieroglyphics still appear. The temple is yet entire, but the monastery adjoining to it, is in ruins. A little higher up the Nile, our Author faw the manner in which loaded camels pass the river. A man fwam before, with the bridle of the

first camel in his mouth; the second camel was tied to the tail

of the first, and a third to the tail of the second : another man, * fitting on a truss of straw, brought up the reat, and directed the second and third camel to keep their rank.”

Having passed some other villages, without seeing any more antiquities, our Author arrived at Derri; where he met with much ill usage from the Cacheff, and * Shorbatshe; and not without difficulty, did he and his companions, escape being put to death, on account of the suppoled riches they had on board. -But having given an abstract of all that Mr. Norden has faid in his great work, concerning the antiquities of Egypt, explained several oriental words that have occurred in his writings, and obviated fome of his principal errors, we will not lengthen this article, by relating the leffer accidents that

hapa pened to him, in his return to Cairo ; which is the substance of his eighth book, "..

Upon the whole, we should have been better pleafed if Mr. Norden's Editors had not omitted the dimenfions for which he fo often refers us to his defigns; we could likewise have wifhed, that when he mentioned the tomb of Osmandyas, he had not neglected to give us a plan of it; with a defcription of that part of the temple where, he says, he could discern the very spot, on which was placed the famous golden circle (360 cubits in circumference) which, at length, was carried away by Cam bylles, when he ravaged Egypt. For the sake of the genera

A Captain of the Janiffaries is called Shorbalhi.

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lity of our Readers, we should have been glad also to have explained some of his Arabic infcriptions, if they had been at all legible. In several inftances his editors might as well have put down any other scrawls: it is pity, too, that the Arabic, expressed in Roman characters, is not more correct.

We hope the next traveller into these remote parts will not fail to return with a larger quantity of hieroglyphic, and other inscriptions, and particularly those about the Temple of Ilis, in El Heiff, which is, in Mr. Norden's book, wrote Heit, over anå over again; but from the chart of the Nile, plate cxxxiii, where the name is given in Arabic, it appears to be El-hif; which, read in the European manner, as the Copts and Greeks read, from left to right, is the antient name Phile.ing swob asilsst burgidusb üstand anabo

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notinos volenon antud The Life of John Buncle, Esq; Containing various Observasestions and Reflections made in several Parts of the World; fins and many extraordinary Relations. 8vo. 6s. Noon.

HA

TTAVING, in our Reviews for Auguft and September,

1755, delivered, pretty much at large, our sentiments of this Author, and of his very extraordinary Memoirs of leo yeral Ladies of Great Britain, to which the present work is a kind of Supplement; we shall have little occasion to enlarge, on the Life of Esquire Buncle: under which (unicouth) appellative, we are to understand, the identical Mr. ****** Author of the aforesaid Memoirs, and of the work now under our consideration, which, he assures us, is a real account of bimfelf.

As much enquiry bath been made, after this uncommon, and unknown writer, it may be some satisfaction to our Readers, to learn, from his own pen, in fome measure what, tho' we are not yet to know who, he is. With regard to the authen: ticity of his information, as he has not thought proper to sign it with his real name, fome doubt may still remain : however, he makes large profesfions of veracity; 'declaring, that in re. spect of the strange things, however wonderful they appear, yet they are, (exclusive of a few decorations and figures) STRICTLY TRUE..

To publish some account of himself, was, it seems, deem ed requisite, by this Gentleman, in order to vindicate his

Should not this affer.

Necessary,' adds he, in all works." tion have had some limitation Rev. Nov. 1756.

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• charaéter from misrepresentation, and idle stories;' but he obferves likewise, that his principal intention, in this piece, c is to serve the interest of Truth, Liberty, and Religion, " and to advance uleful Learning, to the best of his abilities: He also judged, that it might serve to illusirate his Memoirs of Jeveral Ladies of Great Britain, and render them intelligible; as the volumes of that work, which are to be published,

would be quite dark, and not fo grateful as intended, without a previous account of the Author's life.'

Previous to the commencement of his narrative, our Author says some things concerning himself, of which it inay not' be an iss to take some notice, in this place.

'I was born,' says he, in London, and carried an infant* o to Ireland, where I learned the Irish language, and became * intimately acquainted with its original inhabitants. I was

not only a lover of books, from the time I could spell them, to this hour, but read, with extraordinary pleasure, before I was twenty, the works of several of the Fathers, and all

the old Romances; which tinged my ideas with a certain [mixture of, he should have said] piety and extravagance,

that rendered my virtues, as well as my imperfections, par

ticularly mine :--By hard measure I was compelled to be an so adventurer, when very young, and had not a friend in the « universe, but what I could make by good fortune, and my

own address :-my wandering life, wrong conduct, and the iniquity of my kind, with a paffion for extraordinary

things, and places, brought me into several great distresses; (from which I had quicker, and more wonderful, deliver

arces, than people in tribulation generally receive :-- the < dull, the formal, and the visionary, the hard-boneft man,

and the poor liver, are people I have had no connection with; < but have always kept company with the polite, the gene

rous, the lively, the rational, and the brightest Free-think«ers of the age : Betide all this, I was, in the days of my 'youti, one of the most active men in the world, at every

exercile, and to a degree of rathness, often ventrous, when there was no neceflity for running any hazard:Let all these things be taken into the account, and, I imagine, that • what Inay, at first, feem strange, and next to incredible,

Thi: Gentleman is not always accurate in bis diction. An kally reader migh almoit be led, by this paliage, to imagine, chat Mr. Buscle carried fonte infant to Ireland; cho', doubtiess, his meaning is; that he himself was carried thither, during his infancy.

+ I his compound eritiet is exquifitely characterical of your negativen y bone i mena

of

.. will not long remain fo, tho' you may think the relator an 9 odd man.' Very true, Sir!

Mr. Buncle now proceeds to his history. tor About fifty years ago,' fays he, the midwife wheeled me in, and much

sooner than half a century hence, in all human probability, (Death will wheel me out.--The things of my childhood are is not worth setting down, and, therefore, I commence my

life from the first month of the seventeenth year my age, < when I was sent to the university [of Dublin.] I was re& folved to read there, and determined to improve my natural

faculties to the utmost of my power.--To this purpose. I « devoted

my

college-life to books; and for five years that I "remained at the University, conversed so much with the of dead, that I had very little intercourse with the living.-My s time I devoted to philofophy, cosmography, mathematics,

and the languages, for four years, and the fifth I gave ta hiftoryut. '! lis b The first book I took into my hand, after receiving my

note of admiffion, was the Ebay of that fine genius, Mr. so Locke, and I was fo pleased with this clear and accurate * writer, that I looked into nothing else, till by reading it I three times over, I had made a thorough acquaintance with

my own understanding. He taught me to examine my abi

lities, and enabled me to see what objects my mind bo ted to deal with. He led me into the sanctuary of vanity

and ignorance, and shewed me how greatly true knowlege

depended on a right meaning of words, and a just significan- cy of expreffion. In fum, from the Efiay my understand

56-ing received very great benefits, and to it I owe what im: cprovement I have made in the reason given me.--in v When I had done, for a time, with this admirable Essay,

I then began to study the firit principles of things, the strucmellture of the universe, the coniexture of human bodies, the 16 properties of beasts, the virtues of plants, and the qualities te of metals; and was quite charmed with the contemplation 1 of the beautiful order, and wise final causes of nature in all - her laws and productions. The ftudy had a delightful influ*ence on the temper of my mind, and infpired into it a love 7 of erder in my heart, and in my outward manners. It 6 likewise led me to che

great first Cause,-gave me a due affection towards the infinitely perfect Parent of Nature, and as I contemplated his glorious works, I was obliged in transports to confess, that he deserved our love and admiration.-

* But upon ethics, or moral philosophy, I dwelt the longest, * This is the propertogd of the soul, and what perfects her is

was fit

all the virtues a:id qualifications of a gentleman. This sci"ence I collected in the first place from the ancient sages and "'philofophers, and ftudied all the moral writers of Greece 6 and Rome. With great pleafure I faw, that these immortal authors had delineated, as far as human reason can-go, that course of life which is most according to the intention of na ture, and most happy;. had shewn, that this universe, and human nature in particular, was formed by the wisdom and countel of a Deity; and that from the conftitution of out nature various duties arose :-- that as to ourselves, the voice • of reason declares, that we ought to employ our abilities,

and opportunities in improving our minds to an extenfive knowlege of nature in the sciences ; and by diligent meditation, and observation, acquire that prudence, justice, temperance, and fortitude, which fhould constantly govern our lives :=-That solid prudence, which abhors rashness, inconfideratene's, a foolish felf-confidence, and craft, and under a high sense of moral excellence, confiders and does what is really advantageous in life : Thät justice, which constantly regards the common interest, and in subserviency to it, gives

to each one whatever is due to him upon any natural claim: * That temperance, which restrains and regulates the lower

appetites, and displays the grace and beauty of maniers :And that fortitude, which repreffes all vain and exceffive

fcars, gives us a fuperiority to all the external accidents of Cour mortal state, and strengthens the soul against all poits or

dangers we may be exposed to, in discharge of our duty.

« This beautiful, moral philosophy, I found fcattered in * the writings of the old theist philosophers, and with great

pains reduced the various lessons to a system of active and virtuous offices : but this I knew was what the majority of

mankind were incapable of doing and if they could do it, "I faw it was far inferior to revelation. Every Sunday I ap

propriated to the study of Revealed Religion, and perceived

as I read the facred records, that the works of Platogiand • Cicero, and Epictetus, and all the uninspired sages of anti• quity, were but weak rules in respect of the divine oracles.com • What are all the reasonings of the philosophers to the melo<dy of that heavenly voice which cries continually, Come unto

ye

that travel and are heavy laden, and I will refresh ----And what could their lessons avail without those express promises of grace and fpiritual aliffance, which the blood of Bie the new covenaiit confirms to mankind? The philofophy of 10 Greece and Rome was admirable for the times and men; but it admits of no comparison with the divine leffons of our

holy

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