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under each of which heads the Reader will find abundance of entertainment. But having said enough in this, and my preceding Letter, to give a juít idea of the work, I fhall therefore conclude; and am,
The Subtil Medium proved: or that wonderful Power of Na
fure, so long ago conjectured by the most ancient and remarkable Philosophers, which they called, sometimes Ether, but oftener Elementary Fire, verified. Shewing, that all the distinguishing and effential Qualities ascribed to Æther, by them, and the moft eminent modern Philosophers, are to be found in Electrical Fire, and that too, in the utmost degree of Perfection. Giving an Account, not only of the Progress, and several Gradations of Electricity, from those ancient Times to the present, but also accounting, first, for the natural Difference of Electrical, and Non-Electrical Bodies. Secondly, hewing the Source, or main Spring, from whence the Electri Matter proceeds. Thirdly, its various Ujes in the Animal Economy, particularly when applied to Maladies and Diforders incident to the human Body. Illustrated by a Variety of known Facts. Fourthly, the Method of applying it in each particular Case. And, iafily, the several Objections brought against it accounted for, and answered. By R. Lovett, of the Cathedral Church of Worcester. 8vo. 2 s. Hinton.
R. Lovett has saved us the trouble of telling the Reader
what he may expect to meet with in this pamphlet, the above title being a coinpendious Epitome of the whole performance. It will also be sufficient to apprise him, that whatever discoveries may be contained in it, they are not delivered in a very elegant manner. Our Author has, in his Preface, made an apology for this, and candidiy owns, he has been
unhappily deprived of those acquired abilities of polite education, &c.' And adds, that, therefore, whatever can
be plainly and clearly made appear, by one in such a situa5 tion, will be allowed to be the effect of undisguised truth
only, as depending principally on facts. But the want of literary accomplishments is not his only defect; for tho he seems to have delivered his sentiments with candour and fincerity, yet, at the same time, it appears, that he is a stranger REvi Dec, 1756
to several of the common principles of the Newtonian Philosophy, and, consequently, but indifferently qualified to account for the many surprising Phänomena of Electricity. But notwithstanding this, his book may, at least, be of as much advantage to Society as many others that are written in a more scientifical, and more elegant manner; the removing those distempers to which human nature is subject, being of infinitely greater consequence than many of our most refined philosophical speculations. Of this application of Electricity, Mr. Lovett has treated very fully : enumerating the cautions necessary to be observed, in order to render the Électrical Shocks useful; obviating the several objections made to the medicinal uses of Electricity, and accounting for the miscarriage of the several attempts, of that kind, made by others. The following instances will fhew what success Mr. Lovett has had in curing diseases by Electricity; and we could wish they would excite others to make experiments of the same kind, that it might be finally determined, whether Electricity may, or may not be rendered useful in medicinal intentions.
Norte inte A young Lady was very much afflicted with fits, for near seven years, which seized her without giving any warning, and threw her flat on her face; for which reason it
dangerous to go near the fire, or even walk abroad by herself; notwithstanding the scarce ever, excepting once, continued in that insensible state so long as a minute, and oftentimes not half so long
Their returns were very frequent; sometimes twice in a day; tho' sometimes, perhaps, after beginning with a fresh
medicine, she would find some relief; but nothing could be . found which was likely to prove an absolute cure, till Elec
tricity was advised, and complied with : what rendered the cure the more difficult, was a very great coldness in her feet; and physicians were of opinion, that the fits would not be easily conquered, except the coldness of the feet could be firit removed : this I did not know till afterwards; but as she told me it fometimes seemed to begin in her stomach, I was not much at a loss to know how to convey the fire through 6 both stomach and head at the same time; for, whatever be
the part affected, and I have a desire to pass the fire thro'
that particular pari, it is only to form a circuit, as in the • manner described by Experiment the fourth, and to cause
that particular part to make a part of the circuit, and it is done: and since it is equal, by the same experiment, whether the circuit be long or short, the most eligible way must
be, to have her stand upon the wire or chain coming from
the leaden coat of the condensing-phial, and then to com Spleat the circuit, by laying another wire to any particular
part of her head; by which means the fire will be conveyed s to that particular part of it; for as the line of direction of the fire, is always the shortest poflible, by always taking the
nearest way, as is evident by that experiinent, it may be < guided to a very great exactness: this being the method that
was taken, and the fire going thro' the feet, as well as the < ftomach and head, all seemed to receive an equal fhare of
the benefit; and a compleat cure was effected, both of the «fits, and coldness of the feet; and both appearing to be con
quered at the same time, 3. The operation was shocks only; and the Subtile Medium
performed the circuits from the fole of the feet, through the crown of the head.
A young Gentlewoman of the parishi of Clifton, about ten miles from Worcester, some time after being recovered of a fever, was seized with violent hysterics; the effects of
which were so bad, as very soon to deprive her of both me. • móry and understanding; and fo continued for a consider
able time, notwithstanding the best advice of two eminent physicians.
In this melancholy state she was brought to Worcester, to try the effect of Electricity: I told the person who brought her, it would be necessary to perform the operation
at first, in a very flight manner, left it should starile her, 16 and by that means so intimidate her, as to prevent her com*ing again: but the replied, there was no danger of that, for the could not remember half an hour to an end.
As the head was the part affected, I guided the fire ( chiefly to that part, in as plentiful a manner as I well 6 could, and caused it to pass quite through, several times < each day, fo long as she staid in town, which, tho' scarce i á week, yet it seemed to have the desired effect; for, altho '
before she came to Worcester, she could not remember half
an hour to an end, yet, soon after her return home, she (could remember the most remarkable things she saw done in • Worcester; and not only her memory, but her understand o ing also, returned, and the very soon became perfectly well.
• The operation was sometimes fhocks, fometimes drawing off sparks from the head.
i Mr. Perkins, Surveyor of the roadsz a year or two ago, • had a light touch of what he thought a palfey, or something near askin to it; for, all on a sudden, his arm dropO. 2
ped down, as effectually as in any paralytic ftroke; but, by rabbing it, the use of it was again soon restored. • The same day he had another; and in some little time after he had a third; which still, after it had been well rub6 bed and chaffed for a time, became! fo well again, as ito
have the use of it, particularly at the upper and middle joint; but the lower part of it was by no means fo ftrong as before, nor could he have wrote his name, if he might have gained the Indies by doing it: after this he had a desire to try the effect of the Electric Shock; which relieved him so effectually, as that he was very foon perfectly well again. The operation was fhocks in the army
The same person had lately a much worse stroke of the "fame kind; all the right fide was so affected, that he could
not walk without the affistance of two to support him : when it first happened he was out of town, fo that it was two or three days before he could apply for help again "the fame way. After he had made use of Electricity two or • three times, he was able to walk with the support of one
only; and, in a fortnight, or three weeks, without any one
to affist him ; and soon became well again. ** The operation was performed thus --Firft standing with
his right foot on the connecting-line, coming from the condensing phial.—Then, at bringing a finger of the right-hand
to the apparatus, the shock was given, and the circuit of 6. Æther continued from the foot, the nearest way thro’ the
body, to the arm, and each finger: this was several times repeated.'
The Ecclefiaftical History of England, to the Eighteenth Century.
In two Volumes. By Ferdinando Warner, L. L;D. Retor of Queenhithe. Folió, Vol. I.
Folió, Vol. I. "Il. 4's. in Boards.. Ofborn, Payne, &c.
F Experiencé be the surest guide to Wisdom, and if all Sci
ences arise from the contemplation of Nature, as most certainly they do, the progress of Knowlege, considering how limited the life, the powers, and the capacities of men are, must needs be very flow; and would be also very imperfect, were individuals left entirely to their own researches, with'out incans of improving one another by a communication and " comparison of discoveries and observations. And altho' we cannot boast of abilities adequate to a thorough comprehension of Nature ; yet, by the proportion of time allotted us, by the faculties with which we are naturally invested, by the means of communication we enjoy, one with another, whilst alive, and of lettered converse with the dead, we have reafon to be very thankful, that our powers are suited to our situation, and capable of extending knowlege, so far, at least, as to be not only fufficient for our well-being, but conducive to our amusement.wr; ). The proper study of mankind, is man; fays a great Poet, in one of his most philosophical works : and true it is, that a right conception of human Nature, so as to comprehend not only wherein its dignity consists, but also its depravity, is that basis on which alone we can raise any just scheme of Politics, Morality, or Religion. Man, or Human Nature, as an object of contemplation, must be that subject, which, above all others, deserves our utmost attention.
On other subjects we are left to our own observations, and the experiments made by others; and have it in our power, by renewing our own efforts, and reiterating theirs, to ascer
tain the degrees of our knowlege, correct mistakes, separate - the certain from the uncertain, and thus gradually enlarge the
boundaries of science. But on this fubject, and this alone, we have not only all the advantages which can arise from our own application, and the affiftance of others, but such a confcioufness of the fubject itfelf, and such a connection and intimacy with it, as places it not only nearer us, but in a stronger and fuller light, than any other.
True it is, however, that we cannot with historical facts, as we may with philosophical enquiries, recal the events, and put them again to the test: but we need not, therefore, be imposed upon by them. Wecan, and where no divine authority interposes to the contrary, we furely ought, to reduce all human evidence to the standard of probability. We know the extent of human power, its adventitious aids, the inanders of men, the course of providence, the turns and accidents that may happen; all these we know, not only by our own experience in present times, but by the concurrent report of the best and wifest men, who have transmitted to us the history of former ages; and we find human abilities, and propensities, so much the fame, and Providence fo regular and uniform, that ail accounts too much magnifying the one, or diversifying the other, may justly appear romantic and fabulous ; especially whrn