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" and there, forests and falling streams covered the sides of the • hills. Rivers in many places, in the most beautiful cascades,
were tumbling along; and cataracts, from the tops of moun• tains, came roaring down. The whole was grand, won• derful, and fine. On the top of one of the mountains 'I
passed over at noon, the air was piercing cold, on ac
count of its great height, and so subtle, that we breathed ' with difficulty, and were a little fick. From hence I saw • several black fubjacent clouds, big with thunder, and the • lightning within them rolled backwards and forwards, like • shining bodies of the brightest luftre. One of them went off
in the grandest horrors through the vale below, and had no
more to do with the pike I was on, than if it had been 'a « fummit in another planet. The scene was prodigious fine. • Sub pedibus ventos & rauca tonitrua calcat.
« Till the evening, I rid and walked it, and in numberless 'windings round unpaffable hills, and by the sides of rivers it (was impossible to cross, journeyed a great many miles : but
no human creature, or any kind of house, did I meet with ' in all the long way; and as I arrived at last at a beautiful
lake, whose banks the hand of nature had adorned with vast cold trees, I sat down by this water, in the shade, to dine on
a neat's tongue I had got from good Mrs. Price; and was « so delighted with the striking beauties and stillness of the • place, that I determined to pass the night in this sweet retreat.
That our Readers may have an opportunity of viewing this uncommon Writer in all lights, we shall subjóin a specimen of his folitary humour, when he chuses to indulge in a rural reverie , which is not unfrequent with him: he seems, above all things, to have a prevailing taste for country-retirement. We just now left him determined to pass the night in a pleafant valley, by the side of a beautiful lake. « Nor was it one
night only,' says he, that I would have rested there. Of• ten did I wilh for a convenient little lodge by this sweet (water-fide, and that with the numerous swans, and other
fowl that lived there, I might have spent my time in peace • below, till I was removed to the established seat of happio ness above.
• Had this been possible, I should have avoided many an affliction, and had known' but few of those expectations and • disappointments, which' render life a scene of emptiness, ' and bitterness itself. My years would have rolled on in • peace and wisdom, in this fequeitered, delightful scene,
and my filent meditations had been productive of that good temper, and good action, which the resurrection of the dead,
• the dissolution of the world, the judgment-day, and the eter's (nal state of men, require us to have. Free from the various
perplexities and troubles I have experienced, by land and fea, in different parts of the world, I should have lived, in this Paradife of a place, in the enjoyment of that fine hap
piness, which easy country business, and a studious life, at. ford; and might have made a better preparation for that 6 hour which is to disunite me, and let my invisible spirit de
part to the shades of eternity. Happy they, who, in some • such rural retirement, can employ some useful hours every
day, in the management of a little comfortable farm, and
devote the greater portion of their time to facréd knowlege, • heavenly piety, and angelic goodness ; which cannot be dir
folved when the thinker goés, nor be confined fo the box of • obscurity, under the clods of the earth: 'but will exist in ? out fouls for ever, and enable us to depart in peace tờ the • happy regions. This has ever made me prefer à retired
country life, when it was in my power to enjoy it.
• The lake I have mentioned, was the largest I had feen ' in this wild part, being above a mile in length, and more
than half a mile broad; and the water that filled it, burit with the greatest impetuofity from the inside of a rocky mountain, that is very wonderful to behold." It is a vart, craggy precipice, that ascends till it is almoft out of light, and by its gloomy and tremendous air, strikes the mind with
a horror that has fomething pleasing in it. This amazing • cliff ftands perpendicular at one end of the lake, åt the air• tance of a few yards, and has an opening at the bottom,
that is wide enough for two coaches to 'enter at once, if the • place was dry. In the middle of it there is a deep channel, • down which the water rufhes with a mighty swiftness and
force, and on either side, the stonte rises a yard above the • impetuous stream. The ascent is eafy, Aat, and plane.
How far it goes, I know not, being afraid to afcend more • than forty yards; not only on account of the terrors com
mon to the place, from the fall of fo much of water with a ftrange kind of roar, and the heighth of the arch which covers the torrent all the way; but becauses as I went up,
there was of a sudden an encrease of noife fo very terrible, " that my heart failed me, and a trembling almost disabled
The rock moved under me, as the frightful founds encréased, and as quick as it was possible for me, I came • into day again. It was well I did; for I had not been many 6 minutes out, before the water overflowed its channel, and * filled the whole opening in rushing to the lake. The int
crease of the water, and the violence of the discharge, were an aftonishing fight. I had a great escape.'
Mr. Buncle here takes occasion to introduce his favourite conjecture concerning the great abyss; the existence and reality of which he is at some pains to demonstrate. "As the rocky * mountain, (juft mentioned) says he, is higher than either
Snowden, in North-Wales, or Kedar-Idris in Merioneth
shire, (which have been thought the highest mountains in (this ifland) that is, it is full a mile and an half high from
the basis, as I found by ascending it with great toil on the • side that was from the water, and the top was a flat dry rock, " that had not the leaft spring, or piece of water on it, how . fhall we account for the rapid flood that proceeded from its ? infade? Where did this great water come from?-I an
fwer, might it not flow from the great abyfsand the great • increafe of it, and the fearful noile, and the motion of the
rock, be owing to fome violent commotion in the abyss, oc• cafioned by fome natural or fupernatural cause?
• That there is such an abyss, no one can doubt that be. • lieves revelation, and from reason and history it is credible, ¢ that there are violent concussions on this vast collection of
water, by the Divine appointment: and therefore I ima'gine it is from thence the water of this mountain proceeds, • and the great overflowing, and terrifying sound, at certain <times. To this motion of the abyss, by the Divine power ! exerted on it, I afcribe the earthquakes; and not to vapour,
or electricity. As to electricity, which Dr. Stukeley makes
the cause of the deplorable downfall of Lisbon, in his book • lately published, (called, The Philosophy of Earthquakes) there ! are many things to be objected against its being the origin
of such calamities :-one objection is, and it is an insuper• able one, that electrical shocks are ever momentary, by every • experiment, but earthquakes are felt for feveral minutes. • Another is, that many towns have been swallowed up in a earthquakes, though Lisbon was only overthrown. Such • was the case of the city of Callao, within two leagues of • Lima. Though Lima was only tumbled into ruins, Oct. 6. 28, 1746; yet Callao funk downright, with all its inhabi« tants, and an unfathomable sea now covers the finest port in + Peru, as I have seen on the spot. In the earthquake at Jas maica, June 7, 1692, in which several thoufands perished,
it is certain, that not only niany houses, and a great num
ber of people, were entirely swallowed up; but that, at 4 many of the gapings, or openings of the earth, torrents of
water, that formed great rivers, issued forth, .This I had Review, Dec. 1756. Qq
< from a man of veracity, then on the spot, who was an eye. (witnefs of these things, and expected himself every minute
to descend to the bowels of the earth, which heaved and “swelled like a rolling sea. Now to me the electrical stroke • does not appear fufficient to produce these things. The
power of electricity, to be sure, is vast and amazing. It
may cause great tremours and undulations of the earth, and • bring down all the buildings of a great city: but as to split
ing the earth to great depths, and forcing up torrents of wa. ter, where there was no sign of the fluid element before, I
question much, if the vehemence of the elemental electric < fire does this.-Beside, when mountains and cities fink in
to the earth, and the deepest lakes are now seen to fill the < places where they once stood, as has been the case in many · countries, where could these mighty waters come, but from
the abyss? The great lake Oroquantur, in Pegu, was once • a vast city. In Jamaica, there is a large deep lake, where
once a mountain stood. - In an earthquake in China, in the • province of Sanci, deluges of water burst out of the earth, • Feb. 7,1556, and inundated the country for 180 miles.
Many more instances of this kind I might produce, exclu« five of Sodom, the ground of which was inundated by an ir
ruption of waters from beneath, (which now forms the Dead
Sea) after the city was destroyed by fire from above; that (the land which had been defiled with the unnatural lüfts of " the inhabitants, might be no more inhabited, but remain a
lasting monument of the Divine vengeance on such crimes,
to the end of the world: and the use I would make of < those I have mentioned, is to fhew, that thefe mighty wa"ters were from the furious concussion of the abyss that caused
the earthquakes. Electricity, I think, can never make seas and vast lakes to be where there were none before. Locha erne, in the county of Fermanagh, in the province of Ulfter in Ireland, is thirty-three miles long, and fourteen broad, and as the old Irish chronicle informs us, was once a place where large and populous towns appeared, till for the great
iniquity of the inhabitants, the people and their fair habi« tions were destroyed in an earthquake, and mighty waters
from the earth covered the place, and formed this lake. Could the electrical firoke produce this fea, that was not to
be found there before the destruction? Is it not more rea. fopable to fuppofe, that such valt waters have been forced
by a supernatural commotion from the great aby?s, in the
carthquake that destroyed the towns which once ftood in ' this place ? Le biline to in
* To this, then, (till I am better informed) I must ascribe such earthquakes as produce great rivers and lakes: and
where no waters appear, I believe the earthquakes are caused • by the immediate finger of God; either operating on the
abyss, though not so as to make the water break out on the ( earth ; or by directing the electrical violence or stroke; or • otherwise acting on the ruined cities, and shattered places.' · Our Author now digresses, further, into a long train of reflections on second caules, the immediate and universal operation of the Deity, the reason of the tides, muscular motion, &c. &c. He says abundance of good things, and thews a great deal of reading and reflection upon each of these to pics: and his deductions from the whole appear to breathe the true spirit of piety towards the Almighty First Cause, the God and Father of all.
In page 190 this ingenious Visionary (pardon the expression, Sir! it is dićtated by our real opinion; and we are persuaded you are too good a man to wish, that we should disguise or fuppress any honest sentiment, or requisite circumstance, on this, or any other occafion) resumes his description of the natural curiosities he met with, in and about the delightful valley and lake; and from an extraordinary unfathomable loch, on the top of a high mountain, he again attempts to provę his hypothesis concerning the great abyss, or vast treafury of waters within the earth, which he considers as the cause of all such lochs. As what he fays on this subject, may afford entertainment to many of our Readers, we shall here give a larger extract than ordinary.
Another extraordinary thing I saw in the place I have • mentioned, was a water on the top of a hill, which stood at • the other end of the lake, and was full as high as the moun<tain, from the side of which the water poured into the lake, • This loch measured three quarters of a mile in length, and
half a mile over. : The water appeared as black as ink, but in a glass it was as clear as other water, and bright in running down. It tasted sweet and good.' At one end, it runs • over, its rocky bank, and in several noisy cascades, falls down the face of the mountain to a deep bottom, where a river is formed, that is seen for a considerable way as it wanders along. The whole is a striking scene. The swarthy loch, the noisy descending streams, clumps of aged trees on the mountain's fide, and the various fhoars and vallies below, afford an uncommon view. It was a fine change of ground, to ascend from the beautiful lake, (encompassed with mountains, and adorned with trees) into which was