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Author being so much of a Scholar, as to understand Latin ! which is more than the generality of our modern Authors, in this branch of Literature, especially, can boat.
XVI. The Life and surprizing Adventures of Crusoe Richard Davis. 12mo. 2 vols. 6s. Noble.
From fome disagreeable peculiarities in the language, and a parity of nonsense, and ridiculous extravagance, we are led to conclude, that this is the manufacture of that potable genius, Mr. Adolphus Bannac, to whom the Public is indebted for. The Jilts, and, The Apparition. See our latt, p. 355-356. To say no more, is saying enough, on the present occasion.
XVII. Northern Memoirs; or, The History of a 'Scotch Family. Written by a Lady. 12mo. 2 vols. 6s. Noble.
This Lady seems to be one of the best hands employed in Meff. Noble's manufactory. There is, indeed, nothing excellent in her work; but there is less abfurdity, and rather better language, in it, than in any of her fellow-labourers productions that have come to market this season. If it affords no indications of genius, ît shews no want of invention; and if the incidents are not very affecting, they are more natural and more probable, than those with which most of our late adventure-books have been stuffed.
Should our fair Novelist chance to think this verdi&t not quite fo juft to her merits, ás a natural prejudice in her own behalf may have led her to expect --we beg leave to observe, that the has
no great reason to complain; and that she might have appeared to 4. fomewhat less advantage, had fhe not been favourably fet off
by the luckiest foils that fortune could poflibly have flung in Her way: As an Old-Bailey delinquent, (pardon, good Madam, lo homely an illustration) indicted for some flight offence, may, comparatively, appear almost a respectable personage, in the eyes of a jury, who have previously fat on the trials of a gang of the most attrocious malefactors.
XVIII. Les Vrais Principes de la Langue Angloise : Où le trouve developé tout ce qui est necessaire aux Etrangers pour apprendre facilement a parler, lire, et ecrire l'Anglois. Par V. J. Peyton. 12mo. 35. 6d. Nourse.
Fronti nulla fides.
ERRATA in our last.
characterical, r. characierifical.
much has already been said,' &c.
Α Ρ Ρ Ε Ν DI x
VOLUME the FIFTEENTH.
Mr. Hampton's Translation of POLYBIUS, concluded. See
Review for June 1756.
HE person who furnished the preceding parts of this Article
having been unexpectedly called abroad, it was thought proper to defer the remainder until his return, rather than destroy, by the interpofition of another hand, that uniformity of style, and manner, which are essentially requisite, in works of this nature especially. This, we hope, will be thought a fufficient apology for the delay that has happened.
By turning to the Review for last June, our Readers will find, that we accompanied our Historian to the conclusion of the Sicilian war, between the Romans and the Carthaginians; but that we left the latter engaged in a war against their revolted mercenaries: whom, in the space of three years and four months, they, at last, entirely reduced.
We come now to the second book of this excellent History; which contains a concise and general abstract of the chief events immediately following those we have already attended to: the first two books being designed only as an introduction to the whole. In the first chapter we find, that the Romans being induced to make a descent upon the coast of Greece, in order to revenge the many insults offered both to their Merchants and Embaffadors, by Teuta, Queen of the Illyrians; APP. VOL. XV.
this haughty Princess was foon compelled to fue for peace ; and, by treaty, was confined to a small part of her former domi
. In the second chapter of this book, our Historian, after having given us a geographical defcription of that part of Italy which was inhabited by the Gauls, proceeds in his concife, but accurate, narrative of all the wars between that people and the Romans; by which, however, the former were, at last, entirely subdued. He concludes his recital with the folJowing sensible and inftruétive reflections.
« Such was the end of the Gallic wars: which, if we regard only the daring spirit, and undaunted bravery of the combatants, the forces that were brought into the field, the battles that were fought, and the numbers that fell in those engagements, must certainly appear as great and formidable as any that are known in history. But, on the other hand, if we reflect upon the rafhness with which those expeditions were projected, or the absurd and senseless conduct, by which
* From the various transactions recorded in this chapter, M. Fo. Jard takes occafion to make many obfervations, which, to a military Reader, will afford both entertainment and inftruction. He thews us, that, in general, the events of war are not so entirely beyond the reach of human foresight as is imagined ; that a wife General may be more perplexed by engaging with an ignorant one, than if he had to deal with a man of equal intelligence with himself; that experience, grounded upon theory, will enable us, in fome degree, to judge of the future, so as to prevent, and fruftrate, the best concerted designs. We shall seled, from among the Test, his note upon that part of the treaty between the Romans and the Queen of Illyria, by which he was obliged, not to fail beyond Lillus with more than two frigates, and those unarmed ; and, as such fubjects are interesting, to this nation particularly, our Readers will, probably, thank us for a translation of the whole.
The first punie war, says M. Folard, had caught the Romans the vaft consequence of a strong marine force, and how necessary it is for a nation to keep up that force, if the means to become formidable to her neighbours. They had experienced how much the Carthaginian Republic, by their powerful Aleet, had made themfelves feared at sea, and, consequently, at land ; for he that commands on the ocean, will also be obeyed on Jbore. It were to be wished, adds our ingenious Commentator, that this maxim were written over the door of every 'apartment of the King of France, whose neighbours well know the truth of it. For not attending to this maxin, the Greeks loft their liberty ; and France, in the year * 1701, suffered many misfortunes. It is but now, that, by the wisdom of a worthy Minister, we haver at last, begun to open our eyes.
they they severally were carried into execution, nothing will be found more trifling or contemptible. For the Gauls, I do
not say most frequently, but even in every thing they at• tempt, are hurried headlong by their pafsions, and never < submit to the rule of reason. From hence it happened,
that they were in a short time difpoflefled of all the plains
that are watered by the Po; some few places only, at the $ foot of the Alps, excepted. I thought it necessary, there6.fore, to give some 'account of the conduct, and the for
tunes of this people, from their first fettlement in the coun: try, to the time of their final exclufion from it. + Such in6cidents very properly belong to history; and well deserve $ to be transmitted to all future times. For, from this poftea
rity may learn, what little cause there is to dread the rafh 6 and sudden expeditions of any of these barbarous tribes: 5 and in how short a time their strongest forces may be diffi
pated, by those who are determined bravely to refift, and * to struggle, even to the latest hope, rather than be deprived • of their juft and natural rights *.' - The remainder of this fecond book contains a flight sketch of the hiftory of Greece, previous to the period of time at which Polybius begins his grand History, and at which we are now arrived.
The world is now poffefsed of no more than one eighth part of this invaluable work: yet it may not be displeasing to such of our Readers as are unacquainted with Polybius, if, from the beginning of this book, we extract that part of it
Our French Commentator in speaking of the triumph of Flaminius, after a victory gained over the Inlubrians, takes occasion to enlarge upon the Roman custom of fatyrizing the triumphing GeDeral as he passed along in their fongs, in which they ladicroully exposed his foibles. He concludes his Note in these words; If M. de Turenne, after his many victories, had triumphed in Paris, his soldiers, in their songs, must have given him all the praises of which even Cæsar was worthy, without being able to discover a single blemish in his character. He would have returned home criumphant, not only possessed of every military virtue which adorned the Roman Hero, but also of thofe, few as they were, which in him were wanting. If Marlborough, whom the English have compared to this great Roman, had passed through the Atreets of Lön. don, feated on a triumphal car, on account of bis victories gained over us, with what vollies of rhiming wit would he have been laluted, in consequence of his avarice, which caroimhed all his other glorious qualities : a vice but little known among people of rank jo chat nation.'-o that this were but tree!,
which contains the Author's plan of the whole. From hence anly they will be enabled to form an idea of the irretrievable lofs which fucceeding ages have fustained, in the deltruction of fo considerable a part of fo accurate, so judicious, fo faithful an Historian.
The chief intention, then, of this History, is to shew at what time, in what manner, and from what causes, the 6. whole known world became subject to the Roman power.
And since this great evert had a known beginning, and is allowed to have been compleated likewise in a determinate
course of time, it will be useful to recapitulate all the chief transactions which passed between its commencement and its
completion.-Having first explained the causes of the war between the Carthaginians and the Romans, which is moft 4-frequently called the war of Annibal, we shall few in what
manner this General entered Italy, and gave so great a shock to the empire of the Romans, that they began to fear, that
ey should be dispofseffed even of their proper country and seat of government : while their enemies, elate with a fuccess which had exceeded all their hopes, were persuaded that
Ronie itself must fall as soon as they should once appear be“fore it. shall
We then thall speak of the alliance that was made by Philip with the Carthaginians, as soon as he had ended his war with the Ætolians, and settled the affairs of Greece. Next will follow the disputes between Antiochus and Ptole my Philopater, and the war that ensued between them for
the sovereignty of Cæle-Syria: together with the war which · Prufias and the Rhodians made upon the people of Byzantium, with design to force them to delift from exacting cer
tain duties, which they were accustomed to demand, from all 6 vessels that failed into the Pontus,' 'Thus inuch only remains of this History. What followed is entirely loft. Here, continues our Author, we shall pause a while, to take a view
of the form and conftitution of the Roman government : and, in the course of our enquiry, shall endeavour to demonstrate, that the peculiar temperament and spirit of their Republic, supplied the chief and most effectual means' by which this people were enabled not only to acquire the sovereignty of Italy and Sicily, and reduce the Gauls and Spaniards to their yoke, but to subdue the Carthaginians also; and when they had compleated this great conquest, to form the project of obtaining universal empire. We shall add, likewise, a short digrellion concerning the fate of Hiero's kingdom in Sicily: and afterwards go on to speak of those commotions that were raised in Ægypt, after the death of