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terfering on the continent, beyond the juft measure and reserve of

which the cool folidity of Queen Elizabeth let us an example: costs a hint towards an examination, whether the general dissatisfac

tion that has gone forth against palt measures, is with, or without foundation, &c.-All sensibly, though nightly, touched ; all deserving a good degree of regard, though liable to some objecisions, under the head of arrangement; and all animated with such

a spirit as the times mod certainly stand in need of : as proofs of which, the Reader is desired to accept of the two following passages and if the Author, who appears weekly under Mr. Hooper's colours, was to avail himself of the lesson contained in them, it would be no dishonour to his parts, por differvice to

his cause. O: On this occasion, to be of any party, but that of one's

country, must be at once the height of folly, and the height of treaton. Neither persons, or things, can now deserve the public attention, but so far as they relate to the retrieval of the public affairs. All internal divisions, all little passions of revenge, or intereft, cannot consistently with che fafety of the nation, but yield to chaç great common cause of union against the French King; who, after having rent from us a limb, the acute feelings of pain for which, are rather exasperated than abated by refle&ion, will hardly stop, or give us breathingtime, before he pursues his froke at the vitals of Britain'

The Public will then, most probably, make the just allowances for the evidently disadvantageous conjuncture, in which such accepters may come in, and fairly distinguish between the consequences of prior delinquencies, either impoffible, or at lealt extremely difficult, for them to repair, and those acts purely their own. If their good intentions are cordial, they need

not fear justice being done to them. The heart judges the : heart. There is no one, too, can be insengible, not only of

the up-hill labour that awaits chem, to regain the loft advan

tages over foreign enemies, alert and flushed with their firt fuc' ceffes, but of the gain-sayings, and opposition they will have to

meet with from domestic ones; from the different opinions, in short, inflexible obstinacy, and prejudices of those, to wbom na Syftem, however adapted to the public good, will be wel.

come, unless it coincides with, or takes in, their own private • interest, to say nothing of the resentments always following re' movals, and the yet more, malignant rage of chofe, whose • cleareft revenue, founded on too long tolerated abuses, must • fubfide on the re-eltablishment of that public economy, which,

under a judicious controul, equidistant from the vice of either extreme, can never be but commendable, but is now an absolute neceflity. Such enmities then they need not have much

penetration to anticipate, nor much firmness to defpife. The • Thame would be not to deserve them. Folly ever murmurs at

the reign of wisdom, villainy at that of honesty, and Chaos complains of order. If, too, they are really estimable them

• felves

• felves, they will be the cause of esteem to others, who, from

thinking theirs worth gaining, will exert themselves to gain it, and in course deserve that of their country: and they will thus be the authors of all the good done for the sake of imitating, or of being approved by them. Whereas, it is unconceivable "the damage, hurt, and dishonour, resulting to the public fer* vice, from subordinates despising their superiors, a contempt • which can never grow up without cause, and from which there

is never any recovering. The little non-expletives then of great offices, can only serve to fink and degrade the authority of those offices, but can never make the awe of them, give a competent fupplement of dignity to the intrinsic nothingness of their personal character. Yet, how often has the Public

groan• ed at seeing places of the highest importance bestowed on thofe, whose only title seemed to be that of the most assured incapacity for them; and sometimes, though not quite so often, thek secondaries and fubalterns chosen by the fame itandard ; : fome of whom, and those, indeed, often the least worthless,

were pinned on the public, purely to save the expence of a private gratification for private service, or even for domestic drudgery, and thrust into posts they were unfit to enjoy, with much the same propriety that Mahomet gave his camel a place in his Paradise, for having proved a faithful beast of burthen to him.'

II. A Letter to the Duke, concerning the standing Force neceffary to keep this kingdom in a good posture of defence. By a Country Gentleman. 4to. 6 d. Baldwin.

The design of this Discourle is to convince his Royal Highness, that the interest of the King, and Royal Family, the Proteftant fucceffion, and his own peculiar influence, greatness and glory, would be more enlarged, and better fecured by a conftitutional militia, of 160,000 free Englishmen, to be augmented, upon any emergency, to 200,000, or a yet greater number, chan by any

number of mercenary, or foreign forces, that can pollibly be kepe ** up, and maintained, by all the wealth of this kingdom.

The plain, frank, honest, fenfible, manly character of a country Gentleman, is so well sustained in it, that there is hardly a thread of the Courtier to be found inter-tissued through the whole piece.---And if it has met with as good a reception as Paul did with Agrippa, who confessed he was almost persuaded to be a Chriftian; or Harrington with Cromwell, wben the Protector was induced by that Writer's book to say, " The Gentleman had « like to have talked me out of my power;" he will deserve a public congratulation upon it.

III. The Case of the Importation of Bar Iron from our own Colonies of North America. Humbly recommended to the confideration of the present Parliament, by the Iron Manufactuusers of Great Britain. 8vo. 6 d. Tryc.

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In whatever name this Cafe appears, the dome of St. Paul's is ge not more obvious than the hand that compiled it. The Reverend word niemand is to be traced in every propofition, every deduction, & every conclufion and as no fmall degree of credit ought to

refusc to the Author from fo accurate a piece, fo the point * contended for in it, namely, the admiffion of Bar-Iron from our

colonies, duty-free, seems to deserve all the encouragement that ***t the tegiflature can give it.

IV. An Answer to a Pamphlet, called, “The Conduct of Tues

the Ministry imparcially examined. In which it is proved, that neither imbecility nor ignorance in the M-1, have been the causes of the prefent unhappy situation of this nation. By the Author of the four Letters to the People of England, -8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Cooper,

*JIN* As it has been a role with the Reviewers, not to bestow any din particular attention on the productions of this intemperate Writer,

to nothing particular will be faid of this ---But if one of fo humble

a clafs as ours might presume to fuggest a hint to a state-underta. ... Ber of his felf-fufficience, it hoold be, not to expose the naked

*** nefs of his country, for the future, as he aas hitherto done, with tsh the air of a Satys, more delighted with the advantage, than

thocked at fo indelicate an office.

V. Reflections previous to the Establishment of a Militia. 8vo. is, Dodsley.

Of all the numerous treatises which have appeared on this ini terefting and important fubject, this, in oar humble opinion, de

ferves the preference. It is founded on the broadest basis,--the elements of human nature, the particular state, difpofitions, and exigencies of the times, the preparatories necessary to be made, the alteratives to be introduced, the diversity of consideracions to be attended to, the stimulatives on one hand, the preventives on the other ; rand, indeed, whatever may either forward or retard the defired effect. The Author is apparently of no party, and seems to be actuated by no principle, but the laudable ambition of making his abilities, natural and acquired, useful to the community: he is defective in no lighưs that history can give him ;

he follows* none fervilely ; and though he has not only genius expoenough co discover the sources of intelligence, bet also to direct cabe current as he pleases, it blushes through a veil of modesty,

which renders it so much the more captivacing, if not the more

meritorious, less To illufisate all that is here said, would be to recite the whole

w piece : for which reason, a few instances mult serve. Having amaced the difference between the military state, and milicary apciitudes of this country, now and formerly, when all the growth of

the soil was from a military root; the causes of that difference ; the propriety of conforming our future regulations thereto, and the insufficiency of our present martinet fyftem, as practifed int the army, he proceeds to say, • The feeling of a man unaccuf. APPENDIX, Vol. XY.



tomed to use a weapon, is a fear that it may hurt himself; and • that of a man familiar with the use of it, is a confidence that it • will hurt his enemy.' He proposes next, that every restraint by which the people are hindered from having, or amusing themselves with, arms, may be taken away, notwithstanding the association for preserving the game ;-that prizes may be given to the most dexterous marksmen, in order to inspire a love of arms, as yet not so much as dreamed of among our Paraders ;~-explains himself farther by specifying two requisites to the creating the military in question ; namely, that the body of the people out of which our regiments are to be formed by rotation, should not only be acquainted with arms, but value themselves upon the use of them; and that the proper degree of authority, and subordination, should be established, and the habit of military obedience provided for answers the common, trite, vulgar objections, derived from our divisions, discontens, &c.-infinuates more, and more juft, causes of apprehension from a standing mercenary army ;-recommends an institution formed on inclination rather than compulsion;---cakes it for granted, that this inclination may be formed, if it is not al. ready to be found ;---as also, that the principles of love of glory, and dread of disgrace, are ftrong enough, if properly managed, to bear any itress ;--touches on the means, and concludes with a brief of his plan, which is here fubjoined.

• Let the proper officers in every county, city, and borough, • be directed to make out complete lists in the following terms.

• Of the noblemen, and gentlemen, poffeffed of a certain valuation, qualified for the rank of Colonels.

Of all poffefred of a lower valuation, qualified for Fieldofficers.

Of another valuation, 'qualified for Captains. And let all • freeholders, having the valuation of one hundred a year, be un

derstood to be qualified for inferior Officers, and not obliged to serve as soldiers. . Let the remaining lift confist of such as possess a certain extent of ground, and under one hundred a year. Let a similar

method be followed in all cities and boroughs, that the lower 166 class, here likewise, '

may consist of such as are respectable among

the inhabitants. This lower lift, to avoid repetition, I fhall call, that of free

It excludes all cottagers, day-labourers, and fervants. • It must likewise exclude every person at present, or for the fu

ture, who has, or shall be, convicted of any criminal, or infa. 'mous charge, before the civil magistrate. *3**. When his Majelly is pleased to appoint his Officers, let them • draw by lot, from the list of freemen, the names of such per• • fons as are to take the first turn of military duty; and when "their time is expired, a new appointment of officers may proceed in the same manner, until the whole have taken their turn.

• Let it be lawful for a freeman to substitute another freeman *** in his place : but the substitute alone, in this case, thall enjoy


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• the honours and privileges of the militia. Let it be lawful for * a Freeman to subititute his son, who, though not in the list of

freemeň, whilft he lives in his father's family, fhall, in this • cafe, enjoy the honours of the militia, and communicate the • fame to his father likewise. Let the names of such as refuse to present themselves, or substitute another in the above terms, be

Itruck off the list of freemen, and excluded for life : let this, if thought necessary, affect their children.'

If it is apprehended, that the lift qualified for the rank of sa inferior officers, may exceed, in proportion, the other classes, JA let the number of such officers, appointed to a regiment, be in"creased accordingly. And when, in the field, the several pofts

in a battalion are disposed of, according to rank and feniority, **the fapernumeraries may take polt by the colours, which they

are supposed to carry and defend. To this particular, which speems to relate immediately to the form of a regiment, I will add another *; 'that in every company, once in three months, a

prize fhall be contended for, by ihooting at a mark. That all who have ever won fach a prize, in different companies, fhall, when the regiment' is allembled, form a division a-part, and take

post in the Aank, or advanced in the front, commanded by four officers from the colours.

Such broken hints may illustrate the meaning of this essay. --A perfon, though ill. qualified to adjust every particular, may yet ftrike out general views, not unworthy of the public attention. I will conclude this tedious performance with observing, that if we rest our militia upon


proper basis, a general use of aims, and the love of honour, we shall find men hardy enough to serve their country ; that duty will employ the most deserving of our people, whose sword, without alarming the public liberty, will be a fure defence against a foreign enemy. If, on the contrary, these points are neglected, the form and pretended discipline of a militia will be vain, and our arms must come by

fubditation into the hands of the least reputable class of the Red people, who cannot be reduced into the order of an army, and 15 who are ftrangers to the sentiments and the attention to personal

chara&ter, which such a duty would require.' --VI. A political Discourses. upon the different kinds of Militia, whether national, mercenary, or auxiliary. By Joachim Chriftian, Pupil to the celebrated Conringius. Translated into Englim," with a preface, suited to the present important crisis. By Thomas Whifton, M. A. 8vo, -2 5. Whifton and White.

It is true, that there never was a crisis more proper for an Enge lish translation of this treatise, than the present, when the national cry for a militia has been so loudly raised, and so graciously heard'. It is at least a testimony in favour of that cry, and contains a va

riety of instances to encourage those to persevere, who first began tit: but then is favours more of the college than of the world ; and X x 2


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