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1-terfering on the continent, beyond the juft measure and reserve of

which the cool folidity of Queen Elizabeth set us an example;sixty a hint towards an examination, whether the general dissatisfac

tion that has gone forth against palt measures, is with, or with

out foundation, &c.-All fenfibly, though nightly, touched ; all of deserving a good degree of regard, though liable to some objec

cions, under the head of arrangement; and all animated with such se a spirit as the times mod certainly stand in need of : as proofs

of which, the Reader is desired to accept of the two following

passages and if the Author, who appears weekly under Mr. v Hooper's colours, was to avail himself of the lesson contained in

them, it would be no dishonour to his parts, nor disservice to his caufe.

On this occasion, to be of any party, but that of one's country, must be at once the height of folly, and the height of treason. Neither persons, or things, can now deserve the public attention, but so far as they relate to the retrieval of the public affairs. All internal divisions, all little passions of re

venge, or interest, cannot confiftently with the fafety of the • nation, but yield to chat great common cause of union against • the French King; who, after having rent from us a limb, the

acute feelings of pain for which, are rather exasperated than
abated by reflection, will hardly stop, or give us breathing-
time, before he pursues his froke at the vitals of Britain'-
: The Public will then, most probably, make the just allow-
ances for the evidently disadvantageous conjuncture, in which
such accepters may come in, and fairly distinguish between the
consequences of prior delinquencies, either impoffible, or at
lealt extremely difficult, for them to repair, and those acts pure-
ly their own. If their good intentions are cordial, they need

not fear juftice being done to them. The heart judges the • heart. There is no one, too, can be insensible, not only of "the up-hill labour that awaits them, to regain the loft advan

tages over foreign enemies, alert and flushed with their first fuccelles, but of the gain-sayings, and opposition they will have to meet with from domestic ones; from the different opinions, in short, inflexible obstinacy, and prejudices of those, to wbom no Syltem, however adapted to the public good, will be wel. come, unless it coincides with, or takes in their own private

interest, to say nothing of the resentments always following re• movals, and the yet more, malignant rage of those, whose • clearest revenue, founded on too long tolerated abuses, muft • fubfide on the re-establishment of that public economy, which, • under a judicious controul, equidistant from the vice of either extreme, can never be but commendable, but is now an absolute neceffity. Such enmities then they need not have much penetration to anticipate, nor much firmness to defpife. The Thame would be not to deserve them. Folly ever murmurs at the reign of wisdom, villainy at that of honesty, and Chaos complains of order, If, too, they are really estimable them

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• felves, they will be the cause of esteem to others, who, from

thinking theirs worth gaining, will exert themselves to gain it, and in course deferve that of their country: and they will thus be the authors of all the good done for the sake of imitating, or of being approved by them. Whereas, it is unconceivable 'the damage, hurt, and dishonour, resulting to the public fer• vice, from subordinates despising their superiors, a contempt

which can never grow up without cause, and from which there is never any recovering. The little non-expletives then of

great offices, can only serve to fink and degrade the authority • of those offices, but can never make the awe of them, give a

competent fupplement of dignity to the intrinsic nothingness of their personal character. Yet, how often has the Public groaned at seeing places of the highelt importance bestowed on those, • whose only title seemed to be that of the most affured incapa

city for them; and sometimes, though not quite so often, thek « fecondaries and fubalterns chosen by the same standard ; ! fome of whom, and those, indeed, often the least worthless,

were pinned on the public, purely to save the expence of a private gratification for private service, or even for domestic drudgery, and thrust into posts they were unfit to enjoy, with

much the same propriety that Mahomet gave his camel a ptace • in his Paradise, for having proved a faithful beast of burthen to

him.' II. A Letter to the Duke, concerning the standing Force neceffary to keep this kingdom in a good posture of defence. By a Country Gentleman. 4to. 6 d. Baldwin.

The design of this Discourle is to convince his Royal Highness, that the interest of the King, and Royal Family, the Proteftant fucceffion, and his own peculiar influence, greatness and glory, would be more enlarged, and better secured by a conftitutional militia, of 160,000 free Englishmen, to be augmented, upon any emergency, to 200,0co, or a yet greater number, chan by any

number of mercenary, or foreign forces, that can poflibly be kept $is up, and maintained, by all the wealth of this kingdom.

The plain, frank, honest, fenfible, manly character of a country Gentleman, is so well sustained in it, that there is hardly a thread of the Courtier to be found inter-tissued through the whole piece. And if it has met with as good a reception as Paul did with Agrippa, who confessed he was almost persuaded to be a Chriftian; or Harrington with Cromwell, wben the Protector was induced by that Writer's book to say, “ The Gentleman had « like to have talked me out of my power ;" he will deserve a public congratulation upon it.

III. The Case of the Importation of Bar Iron from our own Colonies of North America. Humbly recommended to the confideration of the present Parliament, by the Iron Manufactusers of Great Britain. 8vo. 6 d. Trye.

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- In whatever name this Cafe appears, the dome of St. Paul's is

pot more obvious than the hand that compiled it. The Reverend Xavili na terenima is to be traced in every propofition, every deduction, 29 every conclufionism and as no fmall degree of credit ought to $i refult to the Author from fo accurate a piece, fo the point

contended for in it, namely, the admiffion of Bar-Iron from our 391 colonies, daty-free, feems to deserve all the encouragement that **5 the legiflature can give it.

IV. "An Answer to a Pamphlet, called, " The Conduct of the Ministry imparcially examined. In which it is proved, that neither imbecility nor ignorance in the M-, have been the causes of the prefent unhappy situation of this nation.

By the Author of the four Letters to the People of England, 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Cooper,

13* * As it has been a role with the Reviewers, not to below any t'in particular attention on the productions of this intemperate Writer,

fontorhing particular will be faid of this But if one of fo humble a clafs as ours might presume to fuggest a hint to a state-underta

Ķer of his felf-fufficience, it hoold be, not to expose the naked. "nefs of his country, for the future, as he was hitherto done, with Pl the air of a Satyr, more delighted with the advantage, than

fhocked at fo indeticate an office.

V. Reflections previous to the Establishment of a Militia. Svo. is. Dodsley.

Of all the numerous treatises which have appeared on this in:: teresting and important subject, this, in oar humble opinion, de

ferves the preference. It is founded on the broadelt bafis,--the elements of human nature, the particular state, difpofitions, and exigencies of the times, the preparatories necessary to be made, che alteratives to be introduced, ihe diversity of confiderations to be attended to, the stimulatives on one hand, the preventives on the other; and, indeed, whatever may either forward or retard the defired effect. The Author is apparently of ng party, and

seems to be actuated by no principle, but the laudable ambition 30. of making his abilities, natural and acquired, useful to the com

munity: he is defective in no lights that history can give him ; he follows pone fervilely; and though he has not only genius *r enough co discover the sources of intelligence, but also to direct - 4x the current as he pleases, it blushes chrough a veil of modesty,

which renders it so much the more captivacing, if not the more

meritorious. shows an To illutisate all that is here faid, would be to recite the whole

piece: for which reason, a few instances mult serve. Having watated the difference between the military state, and military apcitudes of this country, now and formerly, when all the growth of the soil was from a military root; the causes of that difference ; the propriety of conforming our future regulations thereto, and the insufficiency of our present martinet fyftem, as practised it the army, he proceeds to say, “The feeling of a man unaccus. APPENDIX, Vol. Xy.



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tomed to use a weapon, is a fear that it may hurt himself; and • that of a man familiar with the use of it, is a confidence that it

will hurt his enemy' He proposes next, that every restraint by which the people are hindered from having, or amusing themselves with, arms, may be taken away, notwithstanding the affociation for preserving the game ;-that prizes may be given to the most dexterous markímen, in order to inspire a love of arms, as yet not so much as dreamed of among our Paraders ;-explains himself farther by specifying two requisites to the creating the military in question ; namely, that the body of the people out of which our regiments are to be formed by rotation, should not only be acquainted with arms, but value themselves upon the use of them ; and that the proper degree of authority, and subordination, should be established, and the habit of military obedience provided for som answers the common, trite, vulgar objections, derived from our divisions, discontens, &c.-infinuates more, and more juft, causes of apprehension from a standing mercenary army ;-recommends an institution formed on inclination, rather than compulfion;--takes it for granted, that this inclination may be formed, if it is not al. ready to be found ;--as also, that the principles of love of glory, and dread of. disgrace, are frong enough, if properly managed, to bear any itress ;--touches on the means, and concludes with a brief of his plan, which is here subjoined.

• Let the proper officers in every county, city, and borough, • be directed to make out complete lists in the following terms.

• Of the noblemen, and gentlemen, possessed of a certain va* luation, qualified for the rank of Colonels.

· Of all possessed of a lower valuation, qualified for Field• officers.

Of another valuation, qualified for Captains. And let all • freeholders, having the valuation of one hundred a year, be un• derstood to be qualified for inferior Officers, and not obliged to • serve as soldiers.

• Let the remaining list confist of such as possess a certain extent of ground, and under one hundred a year. Let a similar " method be followed in all cities and boroughs, that the lower

class, here likewise, may consist of such as are respectable among the inhabitants. • This lower lift, to avoid repetition, I shall call, that of free

It excludes all cottagers, day-labourers, and servants. • It must likewise exclude every person at present, or for the fu

ture, who has, or shall be, convicted of any criminal, or infamous charge, before the civil magistrale.

When his Majelly is pleased to appoint his Officers, let them • draw by lot, from the list of freemen, the names of such per• • fons as are to take the first turn of military duty ; and when their time is expired, a new appointment of officers may proceed in the same manner, until the whole have taken their turn. vLet it be lawful for a freeman to substitute another freeman in his place : but the substitute alone, in this case, Thall enjoy



every company, once in three months, a

• the honours and privileges of the militia. Let it be lawful for sa Freeman to substitute his son, who, though not in the lift of . freemen, whilft he lives in his father's family, fhall, in this

cafe, enjoy the honours of the militia, and communicate the • fame to his father likewise. Let the names of such as refuse to present themselves, or substitute another in the above terms, be Itruck off the list of freemen, and excluded for life : let this, if thought necessary, affect their children.'

If it is apprehended, that the lift qualified for the rank of ainferior officers, may exceed, in proportion, the other classes, ** Tet'the number of such officers, appointed to a regiment, be inncreased accordingly. And when, in the field, the several posts *& in a battalion are disposed of, according to rank and feniority, , *The fupernaneraries may take pot by the colours, which they

are supposed to carry and defend. To this particular, which sfeems to relate immediately to the form of a regiment, I will

prize thall be contended for, by shooting at a mark. That all • who have ever won such a prize, in different companies, thall,

when the regiment' is affembled, form a division a-part, and taken

post in the Aank, or advanced in the front, commanded by four officers from the colours. • Such broken hints may illustrate the meaning of this essay. A perfon, though all qualified to adjust every particular, may yet frike out general views, not unworthy of the public attention. I will conclude this tedious performance with observing, that if we rest our militia upon its proper basis, a general use of arms, and the love of honour, we shall find men hardy enough to

serve their country, that duty will employ the moit deserving of our people, whose sword, without alarming the public

liberty, will be a fure defence against a foreign enemy. if, on * the contrary, these points are neglected, the form and pretended • discipline of a militia will be vain, and our arms must come by * fubditation into the hands of the least reputable class of the

people, who cannot be reduced into the order of an army, and 15 who are strangers to the sentiments and the attention to personal Si character," which such a duty would require.'

VI. A political Discourse upon the different kinds of Militia, whether national, mercenary, or auxiliary. By Joachim Christian, Pupil to the celebrated Conringius. Translated into Englith, with a preface, suited to the present important crisis. By Thomas Whiston, M. A. 8vo, 25. Whifton and White.

It is true, that there never was a crisis more proper for an Enge lish translation of this treatise, than the prelent, when the national cry for a militia has been so loudly raised, and so graciously heare'. It is at least a testimony in favour of that cry, and contains a variety of instances to encourage those to persevere, who firt began it: but then is favours more of the college than of the world; and X x 2


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