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I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.-St. Paul.




Stereotyped by J. Fagan...... Philadelphia.

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Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1839,

BY JOHN M. BUTLER,. In the clerk's office of the district court of the eastern district of


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MANY persons of piety and good taste in literature, have lamented the prosaic and inelegant style of most of the hymns and spiritual songs in general use. Watts, Rippon, the Wesleys, and other devout men, have undoubted claims to our grateful regard for their lyrical compositions—but we should not so reverence their labors as to forego the advantages of improvement.

In the preparation of the selected hymns in this volume, I profess to have disregarded the originals, wherever departure therefrom appeared desirable. Extensive alterations have been made in imagery, expression, rhythm and rhyme. In some cases, the hymns have been so remodelled as to present slight indications of their primitive form, and in many instances new stanzas have been substituted for exscinded portions. For this reason, the names of authors are omitted, and the alterations are not in any way designated. It is believed that much has been done in the way of improvement-and conceded, that much more remains to be accomplished. Many original hymns are inserted. To some of them the initials of the writers are affixed, and the authorship of others is acknowledged in the Index. These are not presented as specimens of what sacred lyrical poetry should be—but as a contribution to the materials from which a volume of better compositions may hereafter be arranged.

In the preparation of the music, simplicity and variety were consulted. The tunes are generally easy of execution; and a sufficient number is furnished to gratify every reasonable taste. The solemnity of Old Hundred, and other pieces of the olden time; the brilliancy of Refuge and Gospel Banne: ; the exultation of Ilford and Creation; and the pathos of Benneville and kindred harmonies,are here presented in varied but not incongruous affinity. And believing that many of the most beautiful secular melodies might be profitably appropriated to devotional purposes, a number of them have been harmonized and inserted in this work. Care has been taken to select such as are disconnected with improper associations. But should some pious persons disapprove this appropriation, they may set aside the harmonies referred to, and find herein a sufficient variety of music originally composed for religious use.

In some of the tunes, those who have studied music as a science will find deviations from established rules. Were the book prepared exclusively for the use of scientific persons, these deviations would be excluded-but it should be remembered that a tune which is condemned as a barbarism by one, may be highly valued by another-and since a sufficient variety is presented to gratify the taste of all, without injury to any, it is hoped that occasional eccentricity will be considered admissible, even by musical critics.

The sentiment of the hymn should always determine the style of execution in the music. Singing is but speaking with greater modulations of voice-and as in speaking, so in singing,—the movement should be faster, or slower-the expression exulting or pathetic, and the tone louder or softer, according to the nature of the theme.

And since the corresponding words in the several stanzas of a hymn, seldom properly admit of the same expression, it is manifest that the musical marks of piano, forte, and the like, are of little service, excepting in music to which words have been expressly adapted-as in Anthems. For this reason, I have omitted all such marks, saving in a few instances. He who understands and

feels the sentiment, will cause sense and sound to correspond, if he possess but ordinary knowledge of music and a tolerable voice,-while he who either does not understand, or, understanding, feels no sympathy with the sentiment ex. pressed, will sing with little profit to others and less to himself, however scientific his execution, or melodious the intonations of his voice. The motto of this volume is full of meaning: “I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.”

I gratefully acknowledge my obligations to Rev. Thomas Whittemore, of Bos. ton, editor of the “ Songs of Zion;" Rev. Joshua Leavitt, of New York, editor of the “Christian Lyre ;” and Lowell Mason, Esq., of Boston, editor of “The Choir,"—for permission to copy music from these publications, respectively. The tunes will be found duly credited-but I feel that I should not do myself justice without inserting this prefatory notice of the favor received. Especially are my acknowledgments due to the gentleman first named, for unrestricted per. mission to copy from his late valuable work.

A.C. T.


Acquaint thee, O mortal ... Hymn 477 | Blest be the dear uniting love ..H. 166
Afar from all these scenes of ..... 246 Blest be the tie that binds ........ 284
Affliction's faded form draws nigh. 40 Blest Saviour, who didst ......... 68
Again the day returns of holy ... 463 Blow ye the trumpet, blow ...... 416
Again the Lord of life and light .. 1 Bowed beneath the weight of .... 336
All glory to our God above ....... 270 Bread of heaven, on thee we feed 391
All hail Almighty Power ........ 123 Breathe, Holy Spirit, from above.. 12
All hail redeeming Lord ......... 434 Brethren, beloved for Shiloh's sake 143
All hail the power of Jesus' name. 182 Bright was the guiding star .......
All hail, ye hosts of seraphs ..... 525 By faith may Jesus dwell ........ 307
All power and grace to God belong 113
Almighty and immortal King .... 34 Cease, ye mourners, cease to ..... 354
Almighty Father, gracious Lord .. 219 Celestial worlds in glory bright .. 262
Almighty Father, gracious power. 185 Children of the heavenly King ... 410
Almighty Maker, God ........... 287 Christians, dismiss your fear ..... 322
Although no flowers the fig tree . . 159 Christians, hail the happy morning 346
Although the vine its fruit deny .. 275 Christ the Lord is risen to-day ... 4
And can my heart aspire so high.. 169 Clay to clay, and dust to dust .... 394
Angels heard with admiration ... 348 Come, blessed Spirit, source of ...
Angels roll the rock away ....... 397 Come, gracious Lord, descend .... 20
Another six days' work is done... 115 Come, gracious Spirit, calm each.. 24
Arise, and hail the happy day ... 272 Come, gracious Spirit, come ...... 302
Arise, ye people, and adore ...... 250 Come, gracious Spirit, heavenly .. 62
Arrayed in clouds of golden light.. 124 Come, Holy Spirit, come ......... 288
Assembled here, a brother-band .. 65 Come, Holy Spirit, heavenly Dove 161
As the sweet flower that scents.. 19 Come in, thou blessed of the Lord 71
At thy command, O gracious Lord 63 Come, let us join our cheerful .... 221
Author of good, we rest on thee .. 292 Come, Lord, and warm each ..... 168
Author of holiness, light of ......*521 Come, O my soul, in sacred lays .. 73
Awake, and sing the song ....... 299 Come, said Jesus' sacred voice.... 389
Awake, my soul, in joyful Jays... 59 Come, sound his praise abroad ... 296
Awake, my soul, to sound his .... 189 Come, then, O my soul, meditate . 492
Awake, my tongue, thy tribute .. 74 Come, thou Almighty King ...... 440
Awake the song that gave to earth 92 Come, thou Fount of every ...... 342
Awake, ye saints, and raise your.. 147 Come, thou soul-transforming .... 357
Away with our sorrow and fear .. 552 Come, ye disconsolate ........... 520

Come, ye who know and fear .... 191 Before Jehovah's awful throne ... 29 Come, ye who love the Lord .....

292 Before the world was made ...... 432 Begin, my soul, the lofty lay ..... 268 Dear Father, to thy mercy seat .. 155 Begin, my tongue, the heavenly .. 224 Dear Friend of friendless sinners . 499 Behold our Lord, who, slain of ...*571 Dear Lord, we now must part .... 285 Behold the fleecy snow ........... 435 Dear Saviour, thy victorious love 258 Behold the lofty sky ............ 291 Dear Saviour, we are thine ...... 306 Behold the morning sun ......... 295 Dear Saviour, we meet in thy .... 574 Behold the throne of grace ....... 314 Descend from heaven, immortal .. 57 Behold what condescending love .. 261 Dismiss us with thy blessing, Lord 48 Believers in the holy Lord .......*125 Divinely blest are they ..........*328 Be thou exalted, O my God ...... 31 Be thou, O God, exalted high ..... 121 Earth and time are darkly smitten *536 Blessed Saviour, aid thy servant .. 359 Earth with her unnumbered ..... 406 Blessed Saviour, we adore thee ... 364Enduring, Lord, thy mercies are .. 146 Bless, O my soul, the living God .. 69 Eternal God, celestial King ...... 52 Blest are the sons of peace ....... 280 Eternal God, in whom we live ... 265

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