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Frances, daughter of Thomas Hart, was baptized
Aug. 8, 1760.
Jan. 16, 1767.
O&t. 10, 1774.
The following instrument is copied from the
original in the College of Heralds: It is marked
G. 13. p. 349. To all and finguler noble and gentlemen of all estats and degrees, bearing arms, to whom these presents shall come, William Dethick, Garter, Principall King of Arms of England, and William Camden, alias Clarencieulx, King of Arms for the south, east, and west parts of this realme, sendethe greeting. Know ye, that in all nations and kingdoms the record and remembraunce of the valeant facts and vertuous dispositions of worthie men have been made knowne and divulged by certeyne shields of arms and tokens of chevalrie; the grant and testimonie whereof apperteyneth unto us, by vertu of our offices from the Quenes moft Exc. Majeslie, and her Highenes inot noble and victorious progenitors: whereof being solicited, and by credible report informed, that John Shakspeare, now of Stratford-upon-Avon, in the counte of Warwick, gent. whore parent, great grandfather,
6 In the Herald's Office are the firt draughts of John Shakspeare's grant or confirmation of arms, by William Derhick, Garter, Principal King at Arns, 1596. See Vincent's Press, Vol. 157, No. 23, and 24. STEEVENS.
In a Manuscript in the College of Heralds, narked W.3. p. 276, is the following note: * As for the speare in bend, it is a patible difference, and the perfon to whom it was granted hath borne magiftracy, and was justice of peace at Stratford-upon-Avon. He married the daughter and leire of Arderne, and was able to maintain that cliaie." MALONI.
and late antecessor, for his faithefull and approved service to the late most prudent prince, king Henry VII. of famous memorie, was advaunced and rewarded with lands and tenements, geven to him in those parts of Warwickshire, where they have continewed by some descents in good reputacion and credit; and for that the said John Shakspeare having maryed the daughter and one of the heyrs of Robert Arden of Wellingcote, in the said countie, and also produced this his auncient cote of arms, heretofore alligned to him whileft he was her Majesties officer and baylefe of that towne;' In confideration of the premilles, and for the encouragement of his posteritie, unto whom suche blazon of arms and achevements of inheritance from theyre said mother, by the auncyent custome and lawes of arms, maye lawfully defcend; We the faid Garter and Clarencieulx have assigned, graunted, and by these presents exemplefied unto the said John Shakspeare, and to his posteritie, that shield and cote of arms. viz. In a field of gould upon a bend Jables a speare of the first, the point upward, hedded. argent; and for his creft or cognisance, A falcon with his wyngs displayed, standing on a wrethe of his coullers, supporting a speare armed hedded, or sleeled sylver, fyxed uppon a helmet with mantell and tasfells, as more playnely maye appeare depested on this margent; and we have likewise uppon on other escutcheon impaled the same with the auncyent
7 mois auncient cote of arms, heretafore ai gned to hin whileft he was her Majesties officer and baylofe of that lowre; ] This grant of arms was made by Cock, Clarencieux, 1569, but is
extant in the Herald's-Office, MALONE.
arms of the said Arden of Wellingcote; fignifieng therby, that it maye and fhalbe lawfull for the said John Shakspeare, gent. to beare and use the same shield of arms, single or impaled, as aforesaid, during his naturall lyffe; and that it shalbe lawfull for his children, yslue, and posteryte, (lawfully begotten,) to beare, use, and quarter, and show forth the same, with theyre dewe differences, in all lawfull warlyke facts and civile use or exercises, according to the laws of arms, and custome that to gentlemen belongethe, without let or interruption of any person or persons, for use or bearing the fame. In wyttnesse and testemonye whereof we have fubfcrebed our names, and fastened the feals of our offices, geven at the Office of Arms, London, the
in the xlii yere of the reigne of our most gratious Soveraigne lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God, quene of Ingó land, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith, &c. 1599.
- and we have likewise -- impaled the fame with the auncyent arms of the said Arden -- ] It is said by Mr. Jacob, the modern editor of Arden of Feversham (frit published in 1592 and republished in 1077) that Shakspeare descended by the female line from the gentleman whose unfortunate end is the subject of this tragedy. But the assertion appears to want fupport, the true name of the person who was murdered at Feversham being Ardern and not Arden. Ardern might be called Arden in the play for the sake of better found, or might be corrupted in the chronicle of Holinshed: yet it is unlikely that the true fpelling should be overlocked among the Heralds, whose interest it is to recommend by oftentatious accuracy the trifles in which they deal. STEEVENS.
Ardern was the original name, but in Shakspeare's time it had been foftened to Arden. See P. in, 2.
M Ô RTG
MADE BY SHA K SPEARE,
A. D. 1612-13.
THE following is a transcript of a deed executed by our author three years before his death. The original deed, which was found in the year 1768, among the title-deeds of the Rev. Mr. Fetherstonihaugh, of Oxted, in the county of Surry, is now in the possession of Mrs. Garrick, by whom it was obligingly transmitted to me through the hands of the Hon. Mr. Horace Walpole. Much has lately been said in various publications relative to the proper mode of spelling Shakspeare's name. It is hoped we shall hear no more idle babble upon this subject. He spelt his name himself as I have just now written it, without the middle e. Let this therefore for ever decide the question.
It should be remembered that to all ancient deeds were appended labels of parchment, which were inserted at the bottom of the deed; on the upper part of which labels thus rising above the rest of the parchment, the executing parties wrote their names. Shakspeare, not finding room for the whole of his name on the label, attempted to write the temaining letters at the top, but having allowed himself only room enough to write the letter a, he gave the matter up. His hand-writing, is much neater than many others, which I have seen, of that age.
, VOL. I.