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tors of the new edition of the BIOGRAPHIA BRITANNICA,-in conjunction with Dr. Kippis. Art. 37: The Unlawfulness of Polygamy evinced; or Observa

tions occafioned by the erroneous Interpretations of the Passages of the New Testament respecting the Laws of Marriage, lately published in a Treatise on Female Ruin. 8vo. I s. 6 d. Kearsley, 1780.

This judicious pamphlet is, like the foregoing Dialogues, a very proper check on the licentious principles of Mr. Madan's perform

The Author hath detected his blunders in criticism, and exposed his dilingenuity with a laudable spirit. The following observation is very juit :— With respect to our Lord's disciples, the very reply which Christ made to cheir conclusion (viz. from his positions relating to a man's putting away his wife and marrying another] evinceth that his discourses related both to polygamy and divorce; or at least that the former was deducible from, and necessarily implied in them.-Our Lord's disciples say,

" If this be the case between a man and his wife, it is not good to marry.” But he said unto them, All men cannot receive this saying (that it is not good to marry), but only they to whom it is given (or who are able to subdue their inclipations to the conjugal fta:e].” If polygamy was allowed as lawful by our Lord, and his disciples had more than one wife each, his reply would not have been pertinent to their inference. For in such a case, there would have been no occasion to have said, that “all men could not receive this saying ;” since if one of a disciple's wives was disagreeable to him, he would have had others that would prevent his inability to receive that saying, or govern his inclinations towards the conjugal union. The disciples therefore meant, not that they had beiter have no wife at all, if they could not have more than one; but that, as they could not have more than one wife at once, they had better not marry, than be obliged to retain such a one as might render thern unhappy. The conclusion, therefore, is by no means foreign to the matter of polygamy, any more than to that of divorce; but is evidently deduced from their obligations to have no more than one wile at one time, and undeniably evinceth, thac they anderstood our Lord's discourse to relate both to polygamy and to divorce.'

It is in vain to press Mr. Madan with such arguments as these. What he cannot answer, he wisely passes over in filence. In his second edition he permits all his false criticisms, and detected errors, 10 hold their original place: while he himself maintains the solemn port and dread consequence of a messenger, from heaven ; and instead of answering his opponents by reason or fcriprure, hath recourse to the old refuge of hypocrisy, and warns them to take care left they should be found fighting against God! Art. 38. Remarks on Polygamy, &c. In Answer to the Rev.

Mr. Madan's Thelyphthora. By Tho. Wills, A. B. Chaplain to the Countess of Huntingdon, and late of Magdalen Hall, Oxford. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. Hughes. 1781.

Another attempt to rescue Methodism from the reproach of the scornful, on account of the apoflacy of its great hero!


The Author hath so good an opinion of himself as well as his undertaking, that his vanity doth not even preserve common and decent appearances.

See how it overflows in the following profefions, coaceflions, exclamations, &c. &c.

• Had this treatise been written by a professed libertine and aban. doned debauchee, it would not have been a maiter of surprise : “ had it been an open enemy, then I could have børne it :" or had it been a production of a priest of the Church of Rome, “ the Mother of Harlots, and the Abominations of the Earth," it might be easily accounted for; nor hould I have troubled the world or myself on such an occasion. But for a minister of the Reformed Church, a minister of the Gospel, a minister once deservedly had in great reputation for his diftinguished talents, filled with more than ordinary zeal in the cause of God, and at that time allowed to be faithfully devoted to the service of the Sanctuary; for such a one to embark in such a cause, and to publish to the world fo gross a work, as it hath given great “occasion to the enemies of the Lord to blafpheme," so must it cause those that are faithful in the ministry to mourn over him, saying, Alas! my brother !”-and, with the Prophet, to exclaim, “ How is the gold become dim, and the most fine gold changed !"

• Elaborate, however, as this gentleman's treatise is, and long as it hath engaged his attention and kudy, even no less, as I am informed, than fifteen years (would to God he had been better employed)! I dare not say, I much dread the present undertaking --though this must be a hafty performance, having begun to read his treatise since the commencement of the present year. Yet stripling as I am in knowledge and in grace, 1 shall not fear, in the name of the Lord, to meet the stouteft Goliath who dares to

defy the armies of Ifrael."

Bold words !- but our Atripling stole both the fling and stone ; and never attacked Goliath, till the same fling had laid his ponderous carcase on the ground. Art. 39. Polygamy indefensible ; Two Sermons preached in the

Parith-church at Naniwich, in Chelire, on Sunday roth of Dec. 1780, occafioned by a late Publication, entitled Thelyphthora. To which is prefixed a Letter to the Rev. Mr. Madan. By John Smith, A. B. Rector of the said Parish. 8vo.

Hogs. 1780. This reverend gentleman does us the 'honour of introducing the Monthly Review into the pulpit. We are ever disposed to be civil from motives of common goo-nature: and when graticude iteps in, obligation seconds what inclination prompts. And yet it would be streiching our civility too far to return the Author's compliment. - We are very sorry for it! Art. 40. Mr. O'Leary's Remarks on the Rev. Mr. Wesley's

Letters in Desence of the Protestant Associations in England. To which are prefixed, Mr. Wesley's Letters. Dublin printed. London reprinted for Coghlan. 8vo. I s. 1780.

We have already given our opinion very freely on the subject of this controversy. It would be needless to repeat it. Suffice it to add, chat experience hath only tended to strengthen our obfervarions ; and we are happy to reflect, that the MONTHLY Review, from the



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beginning, entered its protelt against the Protefiant Asociation, from a firm conviction, that its boasted APPEAL., however right in some of the principles it defended, and some of the facts it itated, was wrong in its conclusions, and highly pernicious in its tendency. We delivered our sentiments as ProTE TANTS-a name we shall ever glory in; but while we seek to support the honour of such a character, we must avoid the absurd and dangerous extreme of those zealous partizans, who in their rage for Protestantism have acted like Papists, and have turned perfecutors under the pretence of guarding against persecution !

Mr. O'Leary, the Author of this pamphlet, is not a feigned chaFacter. He appeals to several respectable genilemen who can avouch his being the identical person he here appears to be. He disclaims, the principles with which Mr. Wesley harh charged the Roman Ca. tholics--thofe principles, we mean, which have that political pravity in them, which, as Mr. Welley says, oughe not to be tolerated by any State under heaven. I am (says he) a member of that communion which Mr. W. aspersed in fo cruel a manger. I disclaimed upon oath, in presence of Judge Henn, the creed which Mr. W. attributes to me.

I have been the first to unravel the intricacies of that very oath of allegiance, proposed to Roman Catholics, as it is worded in a manner, which, at firit fighr, seems abitruse. And far from believing it lawful to violate faith with heretics, I folemnly swear, without equivocation, or the danger of perjurv, that in a Cathólic country, where I was chaplain of war, I thought it a crime to engage the King of England's soldiers or failors in:o the service of a Catholic Monarch, against their Protestant sovereign.-I refitted she folicitations, and ran the risk of incurring the difpleasure of a Minifter of State, and losing my pension; and my conduct was approved of by all the divines in a monaltery to which I then belonged, who unanimously declared, that in cooscience I could not have behaved otherwise.'

This Writer mingles a considerable share of humour with his arguments against Mr. Wesley and the Associators. “We [i. e. the Irish Catholics) are too wise, says he, o quarrel about religion. The Roman Catholics fing their Píalms in Lauin, with a few inflections of the voice. Our Protestant neighbours fing the same Psalms in English, on a larger scale of Erglish notes. We never quarrel with our honelt and worthy neighbours i he Quakers for not finging at all : nor shall we ever quarrel with Mr Wesley for raising his voice to heaven, and warbling forth his Canticles on whatever tune he pleases, whether it be the tune of Guardian Angels or Lango-lee. We love social harmony, and in civil music hate discordance. Thus, when we go to the thambles, we never enquire into the butcher's religion, but into the quality of his meat. We care not whether the ox was fed in the Pope's territory, or on the mouniains of Scotland; provided the joint be good : for though there may be many herelies in old books, we discover neither heresy nor superllition in beef and claret. We divide them chearfully with one another, and though of different religions, we fit over the with as much cordiality as if we were as a Love-feast. . . . When he [Mr. W.) felt the first-fruits and illapses of the spirit; when his zeal, 100 extensive to be con

fined within the majestic temples of the Church of England, or the edifying meeting. houses of the other Christians, prompted him 10 travel over most parts of Europe and America, and eitablish a religion and houses of worship of his own, what opposition bath he not met with from the civil magistrate !—what insults from the rabble ! broken benches, dead cats, and pools of water, bear witness!Was he then the trumpeter of persecution ? Was the pulpit changed into Hudibras's 6 drum ecclefiaftic?" Did be aber banishment and proscription on the score of conscience? Now that his Tabernacle is established in peace, after the clouds * having borne testimony to his mission, he complains (in his second Letter, wherein he promises to continue the fire which he has already kindled in England) that people of exalted ranks in Church and State have refused entering into a mean confederacy (viz. the Protestant Asociation again ft the laws of nature and the rights of mankind. In his first Letter he disa claims perfecution on the score of religion ; and in the same breath ftrikes out a creed of his own for the Roman Catholics, and says, That they should not be tolerated even among the Turks.” Thus the Satyr in the fable breathes hot and cold in the same blast, and a lamb of peace is turned inquifitor!'

This thrust is well aimed; how the old prize-fighter will be able to parry the blow, we know not. He hash had long practice on the itage ; and hath minded his hits as much as any man. dear honey, he may be too hard for you yet!

letus pifcator sapit. * See an Abridgment of Wesley's Journal, wherein he says, that in preaching one day at Kinsale a cloud pitched over him.

Arrah! my

S E R M O N. Sympathy in Distress. Recommended in a Sermon occafioned by the

heavy Sufferings of our fellow Subjects in the West-India Inands. Preached in the Parish Church of St. Mary, Whitechapel. By Robert Markham, D. D. Rector of the faid Parilh, and Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty. 4to. 6 d. Rivington. 1781. The Preacher excites the benevolence of his Hearers by urging the most proper, appropriated motives and confiderations; and we have the satisfaction to hear that they were not urged in vain.


THE large and curious account, given in your last Appendix, of

the newly discovered Hymn to Ceres, is abridged, I fee, in the Gentleman's Magazine. The compiler of that paper expresses a wish, to have Mr. Potter, the elegant translator of Æschylus, undertake the translation of this hymn from the original Greek. I have the highest opinion of Mr. Potter's learning and ingenuity, and doubt bot, but ihat he could execute this business to his own credit and the faşisfaction of the Public. But as the author of the criticism in your 4


Review appears to have made this hymn the subject of his particular ftudy, why dosh be not undertake it himself? I would recommend it to him through the channel of your Review, and thall be happy to be informed that my wishes meet with his inclination,

I am, Sir,

Your very humble Servant, Oxford, March 10, 1781.

An Occafional Correspondent.

The Editor of Jeremy White's treatise on the Reftitution of all Things hath informed us, that an Anchorite, named Juliana, who lived about the year 1373, advanced some pofitions which seem very ftrongly to favour the same benevolent hypothesis. She was indeed a pretender to divine revelations, and our Correspondent is inclined to pay fome deference to her pretensions. We shall not enter into any argument with him on this head : bui mall transcribe the passage which he has produced, as very extraordinary for the dark age in which it was penned. She says, Our good Lord revealed in me, all manner of things shall be well.In the discusion of these words, she adds, “ One point of our faith is, Many shall be damned to Hell avithout end, as Holy Church teaches me to believe." She was then favoured with this answer from God." That which is impoffible with thee, is not impoflible with me. I shall save my word in all things, and shall make ALL THINGS WELL.

This benevolent and pious lady is totally unknown to us, and perhaps to moit of our Readers. We wish our Correspondent had referred to the authority from whence his quotation is made.

A. B. will find an account of the Free Thoughts on the Toleration of Popery," in our Number for November last. See the Catalogue part of tha: Month's Review,

Staffordienfis proposes what is totally impracticable, with regard tä Foreign Literature.

W. B. censures, with fome appearance of justice, our management in regard to a circumitance which owes its birth merely 10 accidente We are, however, obliged to the gentleman for his remarks,

Mr. T-m-n will perceive, in the perufal of a preceding, Article in this month's Review, what use we have made of his acceptable communication.

The Conclusion of the Account of Moore's “ View of Society and Manners in Italy,” begun in our laft, is unavoidabiy poltponed to our next month's Rewiew,

Several Letters are received, the contents of which are under confideration.

The FOREIGN LITERATURE in our next month's Review, +++ Due attention to Mr. Lyon's Letter in our next.

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