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though, through, head, dead, earl, bowl, four, soul, fourth, dread, sweat, mould, deaf, mourn, morn, there, where, then, when, an'y, man'y, among', amongst', rude, rue, rule, true, truth, who, whose, whom, wound, prove, juice, fruit, pour, tour, soup, group, lose, move, full, put, push, bush, pulpit, bullet.
door, floor, of'ten, sof'ten, wind, wind'y, to wind, wind'ing, wound, luxury, luxurious, luxuʼriously, luxuʼriant, luxuʼriance, enthu'siasm, enthusiastic, fra'grance, fra'grant, experience, exper'iment, experimenʼtal, exteʼrior, infeʼrior, inferior'ity, superior, superior'ity, sublime', sublime'ly, sublim'ity, sub'lunary, create', crea'tion, crea'tor.
si'lence, bi'as, sen'tence, tri'umph, com'fort, sol'ace, con'strue, res'cue, res'pite, gov'ern, har'ass, can'cel, men'ace, canal', hab'it, tep'id, sin'ner, con'scious, sub'ject, page'ant, val′iant, palace, establish, imag'ine, cav'ern, fam'ine, fam'ily, tal'ent, pa'tent, cush'ion, bullion, butch'er, guard, large, charge, mas'ter, fa'ther, rath'er, oblige', pa'tron, patronage, ma'tron, an'cient, fa'tal, com'fort.
can'dour, valour, above', type, guile, guise, ty'rant, tyr'anny, tyrannize, tyrʼannous, tyrannic, tyran'nical, geʼnii, ra'dii, cheer'ful, cheer'fully, cheer'less, cheer'lessly, sti'pend, pi'lot, climb, ide'a, he'ro, hero'ical, heroine, her'oism, fe'ver, cleanse, pleas'ant, pleas'ure, treas'ure, peas'ant, jealous, weap'on, endeav'our, el'egant, ev'ident, neigh'bour. The diphthong oi, which always sounds oy, is, in many counties of Scotland, pronounced so as to rhyme with the Scotch sound of i, in time, mine, thine, &c. This may be guarded against by frequently pronouncing the following words, carefully observing to sound oi so as to rhyme with oy in toy, boy, joy, cloy, &c.
oint, joint, conjoint', disjoint', anoint', point, appoint', disappoint', voice, void, void'able, avoid', oil, boil, coil, accoil', recoil', foil, moil, bemoil', turmoil', spoil, despoil", broil, embroil', disembroil', soil, toil, coin, foin, join, subjoin', adjoin', rejoin', enjoin', benzoin', conjoin', interjoin', disjoin', misjoin', loin, purloin', quoif, quoif'fure, quoit.
Sounding w like v before r is also a common error.
wrath, wrath'ful, wretch, wretch'ed, wretch'edly, wretch'edness, wrist, writ, write, writ'er, writhe, writ'ing, writ'ten, wrong, wrong'. ful, wrongly, wrote, wroth, wrought, wrung.
Such as lisp, or cannot sound the letter s properly, should often pronounce
the following words; carefully observing, that in sounding the s, the tongue should be pointed above the teeth, and not protruded between them.
boss, moss, gloss, miss, bliss, hiss, guess, sess, press, dress, some, such, sure, shall, succeed', success', suc'cessor, sim'ple, safe, sis'ter, soci'ety, so'cial, suspense', suspenʼsion, sustain', sus'tenance, sat'isfy, satisfaction, susceptible, assume', assump'tion, assert', access', recess', transgress', suppose', assess', possess', count'ess, host'ess, dismiss'. Northumbrians, and those who bur, or give the letter r a guttural sound, should, in pronouncing the following words, trill that letter with the point of the tongue upon the roof of the mouth.
are, were, there, where, share, stare, fear, near, rear, spear, tear, bear, senior, ju'nior, infeʼrior, exte'rior, war'rior, bar'ter, gar'ter, char'ter, convert'er, pervert'er, com'forter, import'er, support'er, extort'er, dream'er, stream'er, rum'mer, astronomer, for'mer, reform'er, perform'er, gar'dener, war'rener, mar'iner, cri'er, dri'er, bar'rier, car'rier.
ON PAUSES OR POINTS.
There are two kinds of pauses, viz. Grammatical and Rhetorical pauses. Grammatical pauses are denoted by certain points or marks; at which it is necessary to pause or stop a little, for the purpose of breathing and elucidating the meaning of a sentence.
Rhetorical pauses are those stops made by a reader or speaker, which, though frequently not marked, serve to beautify delivery, by giving it all that variety and ease of which it is susceptible.
The Grammatical pauses are distinguished into
And those which are accompanied with an alteration in the tone of the voice, into
Besides these, there is another pause called the hyphen or dash, marked with a short line, thus
Some writers suppose that the
-is a pause double the time of the
Others are of opinion that the
the time of the Comma.
is a pause
Perhaps the Pupil might be told to pause
Semicolon while he could deliber-one, two.
one, two, three.
one, two, three, four.
The number of pauses may be reduced to three; namely,
The interrogation and exclamation points are said to be indefinite as to their quantity of time, and to mark an elevation of voice; and the parenthesis, to mark a moderate depression of the voice, with a pause greater than a comma, The time of the hyphen or dash is also indefinite.
TABLE of the Two SLIDES, or INFLECTIONS of VOICE.
The acute accent (') denotes the rising, and the grave accent ()the falling inflection.
1. Did they act properly, or improperly?
4. Did he go willingly, or un'willingly?
16. They acted properly, not im'properly.
19. He went wil'lingly, not un'willingly.
23. He said value, not val'ue.
24. He said wis'dom, not wis'dom.
25. He said fame', not fame'.
26. You must say fa'tal, not fa'tal.
29. You must say o'pen, not o'pen. 30. You must say dubious, not du'bious.
TABLE OF THE INFLECTIONS OF THE VOICE.