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though, through, head, dead, earl, bowl, four, soul, fourth, dread, sweat, mould, deaf, mourn, morn, there, where, then, when, an'y, man'y, among', amongst', rude, rue, rule, true, truth, who, whose, whom, wound, prove, juice, fruit, pour, tour, soup, group, lose, move, full, put, push, bush, pul'pit, bullet.
door, floor, of'ten, sof'ten, wind, wind'y, to wind, wind'ing, wound, lux'ury, luxurious, luxu'riously, luxuʼriant, luxuʼriance, enthu'siasm, enthusiastic, fra'grance, fra'grant, experience, exper'iment, experimen'tal, exterior, infeʼrior, inferior'ity, supeʼrior, superior'ity, sublime', sublime'ly, sublim'ity, sub'lunary, create', crea'tion, crea'tor.
si'lence, bi'as, sen'tence, tri'umph, com'fort, sol'ace, con'strue, res'cue, res'pite, gov'ern, harʼass, can'cel, men'ace, canal', hab'it, tep'id, sin'ner, con'scious, sub'ject, pageʼant, valʼiant, palace, estabʻlish, imag'ine, cav'ern, fam'ine, fam'ily, tal'ent, pa'tent, cush'ion, bullion, butch'er, guard, large, charge, mas'ter, fa'ther, rath'er, oblige', pa'tron, patronage, ma'tron, an'cient, fa'tal, com'fort.
can'dour, valour, above', type, guile, guise, ty'rant, tyr'anny, tyrannize, tyrʼannous, tyranʼnic, tyranʼnical, geʼnii, raʼdii, cheer'ful, cheer'fully, cheer'less, cheer'lessly, sti'pend, pi'lot, climb, ide'a, he'ro, hero'ical, heroine, her'oism, feʼver, cleanse, pleasʼant, pleas'ure, treas'ure, peas'ant, jealous, weap'on, endeav'our, el'egant, ev'ident, neigh'bour. The diphthong oi, which always sounds oy, is, in many counties of Scotland, pronounced so as to rhyme with the Scotch sound of i, in time, mine, thine, &c. This may be guarded against by frequently pronouncing the following words, carefully observing to sound oi so as to rhyme with oy in toy, boy, joy, cloy, &c.
oint, joint, conjoint', disjoint', anoint', point, appoint', disappoint", voice, void, void'able, avoid', oil, boil, coil, accoil', recoil', foil, moil, bemoil', turmoil', spoil, despoil", broil, embroil', disembroil', soil, toil, coin, foin, join, subjoin', adjoin', rejoin', enjoin', benzoin', conjoin', interjoin', disjoin', misjoin', loin, purloin', quoif, quoif'fure, quoit.
Sounding w like v before r is also a common error.
wrath, wrath'ful, wretch, wretch'ed, wretch'edly, wretch'edness, wrist, writ, write, writ'er, writhe, writ'ing, writ'ten, wrong, wrong'ful, wrongly, wrote, wroth, wrought, wrung.
Such as lisp, or cannot sound the letter s properly, should often pronounce the following words; carefully observing, that in sounding the s, the tongue should be pointed above the teeth, and not protruded between them.
boss, moss, gloss, miss, bliss, hiss, guess, sess, press, dress, some, such, sure, shall, succeed', success', suc'cessor, sim'ple, safe, sis'ter, society, social, suspense', suspenʼsion, sustain', sus'tenance, sat'isfy, satisfaction, susceptible, assume', assump'tion, assert', access', recess', transgress', suppose', assess', possess', count'ess, host'ess, dismiss'. Northumbrians, and those who bur, or give the letter r a guttural sound, should, in pronouncing the following words, trill that letter with the point of the tongue upon the roof of the mouth.
are, were, there, where, share, stare, fear, near, rear, spear, tear, bear, se'nior, ju'nior, infe'rior, exterior, war'rior, bar'ter, gar'ter, char'ter, convert'er, pervert'er, com'forter, import'er, support'er, extort"er, dream'er, stream'er, rum'mer, astron'omer, for'mer, reform'er, perform'er, gar'dener, war'rener, marʼiner, cri'er, dri'er, bar'rier, carʼrier.
The following Words admit of a variety in the pronunciation.
when emphatic or in the
Unless the subject be grave, you, though
In the Sacred Scriptures, and in other
In all language but that of Scripture,
In the language of endearment, or
either when a personal or an adjective pronoun,
it should never be sounded,
when emphatic, or in grave subjects,
when unemphatic, or of no great importance,
These signs of cases, of, from, by, for, are, in the middle of a sentence, sometimes liable to a double sound; but when at the end of a sentence, or member of a sentence, and succeeded by it, him, her, or them, they are invariably pronounced ov, from, bi, for.
in conversation, however, we sometimes hear the to pronounced tē, thus,
in the language of Scripture, and in poetry, when the rhyme requires it, the i has its long sound,
this word is often irregu larly and inelegantly pronounced, so as to rhyme with pool, poor.
Perhaps it would be better to avoid this sound of the to even in conversation.
The verb to wind, that is, to blow, to en-
According to MR WALKER, goldbeater,
ON PAUSES OR POINTS.
There are two kinds of pauses, viz. Grammatical and Rhetorical pauses. Grammatical pauses are denoted by certain points or marks; at which it is necessary to pause or stop a little, for the purpose of breathing and elucidating the meaning of a sentence.
Rhetorical pauses are those stops made by a reader or speaker, which, though frequently not marked, serve to beautify delivery, by giving it all that variety and ease of which it is susceptible.
The Grammatical pauses are distinguished into
And those which are accompanied with an alteration in the tone of the
Besides these, there is another pause called the hyphen or dash, marked with a short line, thus
The number of pauses may be reduced to three; namely,
The Smaller Pause
The Greater Pause> answering to the Semicolon and Colon,
The interrogation and exclamation points are said to be indefinite as to their quantity of time, and to mark an elevation of voice; and the parenthesis, to mark a moderate depression of the voice, with a pause greater than a comma. The time of the hyphen or dash is also indefinite.
TABLE OF THE INFLECTIONS OF THE VOICE.
TABLE of the Two SLIDES, or INFLECTIONS of VOICE.
The acute accent (') denotes the rising, and the grave accent ()the falling inflection.
1. Did they act properly, or improperly?
2. Did he speak distinct'ly, or in'distinctly?
3. Must we act according to the law, or contrary
4. Did he go willingly, or un'willingly?
5. Was it done correctly, or in'correctly? 6. Did he say cau'tion, or cau`tion? 7. Did he say wisely, or wisely? 8. Did he say value, or value? 9. Did he say wis'dom, or wis'dom? 10. Did he say fame', or fame'? 11. You must not say fa'tal, but fa'tal. 12. You must not say e'qual, but equal. 13. You must not say i'dol, but i'dol. 14. You must not say o'pen, but o'pen. 15. You must not say dubious, but dubious.
16. They acted properly, not im'properly.
19. He went willingly, not un'willingly.